« AnteriorContinuar »
of their undoubted rights; and because they would then often impel the aggressors to have remarked symptoms of increasing recede. Then the same mercenary mo indifference in the Dissenting body to the tive that induced the charge, would hapassertion of their right to equal protec- pily re-act; and the threatened charge tion and equal civil advantages with all would be omitted, or the claim foregone. other subjects of this realm.
Recent cases, render this result more proThe following ministers were present bable. At the Norfolk Sessions in the at this Meeting :-Rev. J. Fullagar, of last month, a decision had occurred unChichester; W. Marshall, of St. Albans; propitious to the clergy, and favourable E. Chapman, of Billingshurst; Dr. Morell to this mean of Dissentiog self-defence. and Ketley, of Brighton; W. Kite, of Dr. BULWER, Rector of Cawston, had Ditchling; J. Taplin and Horsfield, of appealed against a full charge for tithes : Lewes.
and his appeal was disallowed. He was Many new subscribers to the Institu- held liable to pay rates on the full value tion were obtained ; and as the Commit- of all his tithes : since, whilst the fall of tee are empowered by the Association to agricultural produce precluded farmers draw up and publish for the use of the from a profit, yet all the receipts of the Society a more extended catalogue of clergymen were profit, resulting too from Books and Tracts than that which has the capital and industry of those by whom hitherto been used, it is anticipated that no profit was obtained. The erection of a large increase will be made to the list new churches by the Church Society, and of subscribers before the next Aunual out of the parliamentary grants for those Meeting.
objects, would increase this mean of reT. W. HORSFIELD, sistance. In all those edifices, pews were
Secretary to be let, and their costly fanes would be
as rateable as the humbler NonconEleventh Annual Meeting of the Pro- formist House of Prayer. Thus the secu.
testant Society for the Protection rity from payment and vexation, which of Religious Liberty.
tolerating principles, public virtue and
true policy should have given unasked, (Continued from p. 520.)
may result from less poble motives—and On these subjects he would repeat for- the rery clergy and the euthusiasts for mer cautions and advice. Meeting Houses the Established Church become the earnwere rateable to the poor if any beneficial est advocates for an exemption they have occupier could be found. But all neces. been earnest to resist. sary outgoings, including reasonable sala. On these pecuniary affairs he was ries of ministers, were to be allowed out more diffuse, because a writer in the of the receipts. On the net remaining Edinburgh Review had made them the proceeds only could the charge be made. subject of remark. The article was obvi. The necessity of the expenses was then ously written by a hand neither unthe matter mainly to be discussed, and frieudly to himself nor to their cause; which Churchmeu, being the magistrates but it evinced that the magnitude and at Quarter Sessions, on an appeal against nature of these questions were not under. the rate, could alone decide." To prevent stood. As to turnpike-tolls it states, the vexation and expense of such appeals, "Disseuters are made to pay turnpikes he recommended, that in parishes where if they attend any place of worship out such charges were intended, the Dissents of their parish; so are Churchmen: if any ing inhabitants should attend the vestries relief is granted to Dissenters in this and there remonstrate. If that effort point, the difficulty will be to prevent was vain, then they should immediately frauds upon turnpikes; for if any man demand a copy of the rate ; being erer going to any place of worship is to be exmindful, that unless the appeal was made empted from tolls on Sundays, the uumto the next possible Sessions, the charge ber of religious persons rushing about on was confirmed. Having oblained the that day will be strangely increased ; copy, let them examine what property and the astonished toll-man will in vain was omitted or under-rated. Especially, look for a single person whose purpose is let them turn to the assessments of the secular, or whose master is Maimon. parochial officers, and the persons most
If the interests of the tabernacle and the desirous to burden them. Let them note toll-bar can be accommodated, the Diswhether the parsonage-house, the glebe, seuters certainly ought to be indulged.” the rectorial and vicarial tithes, the The cases supposed were not parallel, aud Easter offerings, and all monies received the difficolties apprehended did not exist. for pew rents in the church or Episcopa- Churchmen ought not to leave their pa. lian chapels were fully charged. of any rish and parish church, nor to mnigrate omissions or under-rating, let them com beyond the parochial boundary. In that plain on their appeal. Self-interestfold, and from the pastor whom the patron sent and the Bishop had ordained, not yet regain the equal rights they surthey must alone seek their spiritual sup- rendered formerly, from loyalty and reply. In that one edifice, whoever be the gard to the Protestaut faith ; but to be minister, and whatever be his talents or pushed yet more backward they could not his morals, they, if consistent Churchmen, endure. Therefore on this subject they should owy worship. The limitation of felt as the Reviewer did not feel, and not their exemption to their own parishes, interest only, but honour forbade them to therefore was correct. But has every recede. denomination of Dissenters in every pa- The same sentiment applied to the rerish, also its house of worship? Their marks of the Reviewer, on the assessment principles teach them to attend, where of the Meeting-houses to parochial rates. kindred spirits assemble, on the minister He says, “ Whether money be made or they choose, and where most religious not by it, must be left to the examination profit will ensue. To restrain the exemp- of those magistrates who decide small tion from coll, as to Dissenters, to the civil questions ; they may be indulgent or parishes where they reside, was mockery rude in this examination. This must de
-a very shadow of liberality and of relief. pend on accident, but the law surely is Nor had the legislature left the interests not unfair." Without re-stating, that of any tollman so unprotected as the founders of places for public worship writer had supposed. On those subjects, found the best charities--that charities clerks, commissioners, mortgagees, con- are exempt from assessment--that every tractors, and county members, were all patriotic and Christiau principle should astute. Each exemption clause imposed iuduce the freedom of such buildings from the proof of the right to exemption on such claims,-he affirmed, that Dissentthe claimant of the right, and appended a ers mainly objected to them, on account penalty of 51. or 101. on any detected of the degradation and dishonour coufraud. Amid such provisions folly alone nected with the proceedings and tribuual could meditate an evasion of a shilling that must graut redress. Could they toll, and the interests of the toll bar and pleasantly endure that at the sessions in the tabernacle might be alike secure. a corporate town, some worshipful talThe objections thus removed, it might low-chandlers and buttermen, pledged by be sufficient to add, as a reason for tena- the Holy Sacrament to fealty to the Estacity on such subjects, that a payment of blished Church,—or at the Quarter Ses. these tolls would impose a new yearly sions, a bench of clergy jastices, who burden on some congregations of fifty thronged it on those occasions-should pounds, and on Dissenters generally, examine the Meeting-house accounts, throughout England and Wales, a new discuss the expenditure, guage the merit special annual tax of at least twenty thou of a minister, and determine what remu.' sand pounds.
peration in collections and pew rents the But great as was that amount, there love of his grateful people should subwere other and higher feelings which on scribe? Patiently and without complain. that subject excited diligence and zeal. ing, these things were not to be borne. Since the Revolution and the introduction The honour of their ministers was inof turnpike acts, and in those reigns volved: and they were their ornament when Dissenters were treated with re- and boast. Though their conforts were spect by monarchs and their courts, the often too much neglected-they were turnpike exemptions were equally ex- known, admired, beloved. In the records tended to Dissenters as to Churehmen, of history, their learning, fervour and saand the clerical and ministerial office was crifices were inscribed. Neither in numdeemed alike entitled to respect. The bers nor in worth did they decline. restriction on these exemptions was an Mitres, robes, titles, they veeded not. innovation as it was a wrong. It was an Their labours brought them reverence ; assumption of a right of precedence before they were adorned with grace. He lookunclaimed. Honour, therefore, demanded ed around, and as he beheld a mnkitude the firm maintenance of the ancient pri- venerable for years and wisdom, great in vilege: and houour, especially as con. knowledge, by humility exalted, beaming nected with principle, Dissenters highly with holy light, patient, self-denying, in prized. If glory, with but the branch of beneficence unwearied, the “very salt of wild olive, the parsley wreath, or some earth ;" he saw the only true successors laurel crown, at ancient games, induced of prophets and apostles. He saw men mighty labours ; if an bonorary medal who had apostolic faith, disinterestedness and a courtly star inspired the bravest to and love; and for whom was laid up in transcendent deeds—ihe same regard to heaven an apostolic crown! “ Rudeniess” honour must induce Disschters not to toward such men was no light offence retrograde in their pretensions, nor sub.' their esposure to rudeness no light calamit to any new despoilment. They might mity; and zeal onght not to abate, till by exemption of their Meeting-houses more iniquitous, more impolitic, more from rates, at least oue occasion for such unjust. This attempt is as bad persecurudeness should for ever end.
tion as that of Procrustes, and is contrary MR. WilkS then referred to cases to the law of the land." The non-liabipartly pecuniury, They included expen- lity of Mr. Evans was decided by this sive offices improperly obtruded on Dis- highest tribunal, and the judgment in his senters, and monies improperly withheld. favour was unanimously affirmed. Yet At Barnstaple, a minister was proposed the Corporation of York would revire the as constable, although certainly exempt. attempt which a great lawyer and a great The corporation of York had also occa. statesman had thus denounced. They sioned unexpected trouble and expense. too had their bye-law, and they would They had assailed one of the benefits in- have another Procrustean bed. But cident to Dissenters from their partial though the spirit of freedom slumbers it proscription--one of the lesser rights re- does not expire. Mr. OSWALD ALLEN, sulting from a greater wrong. Corpora- an eminent surgeon and well-priucipled tions had occasionally wished to practise Dissenter, was chosen Sheriff for that anstrange oppression. By the Test and cieut city. He would not hold an office Corporation Acts, Dissenters were ex. on sufferance, and as a criminal under an cluded from corporate offices of emolu, Indemnity Act, for which, as a Disseuter, ment and honour, because they did not he was disqualified. He dared not quaconform and these corporations sought lify; por did he dare consent to pay any to impose on them fines for the non-ac- illegal fine. He applied for advice. The ceptance of offices which, without confor recommendation of the Committe suited mity, they could not legally accept. This his principles and purpose. He refused plundering persecution was formerly at- the office; an application was made to iempted by the Corporation of Loudou. the Court of King's Bench, and the valiIt was firmly and successfully resisted. dity of his refusal was proclaimed. SucFor the information of that part of this cess and honour were again the reward audience whose cheeks glowed with the of firmness—and another buttress was tints of health and whose bosoms glow: added to this little citadel of Dissenting ed with the love of freedom, he would rights ! mention the decisions which ought ever
(To be continued.) to have exempted Dissenters from a renewal of those attempts. In the case of
Philanthropic Legacy. The King and Grosvenor, the Court of King's Bench would not grant an Infor- JOHN MACLACHLAN, Esq., formerly marion against Mr. Grosvenor for refus- teacher of Mathematics in Glasgow, who ing to act as Sheriff of London and Mid- died in spring last, in Calcutta, has bedlesex when chosen to the office. But queathed a handsome legacy, supposed to the great case of Evans, against the be about £20,000, the residue of his forChamberlain of London, was the pole-star tune, for the establishment of free. by which Dissenters might securely steer. schools in Glasgow, for the education of The corporation of London made a bye- male and female children of poor Highlaw, imposing a fine of 6001, on every landers residing in and about the city, person who being elected should refuse and supplying books and stationery to ihe office of Sheriff. Mr. Evans was a those who are not able to purchase them. Dissenter, was chosen and refused. An We have seen an extract from Mr. Macaction was brought for the fine, and was LACHLAN's will. The trust is confided to determined on appeal by the House of the Lord Provost and Magistrates of the Lords. The judges acquired immortal city of Glasgow, the Ministers and other honour. The speeches, especially of Members of the General Church Session, Judge Foster and Lord Mansfield, should and the Ministers and Managers of the be inscribed on the memory of every Gaelic Church or Churches of the said statesman, on the heart of every British city, for the time being, and to their sucyouth. “ Conscience,” said Lord Mans. cessors in office for ever. The boys, befield, “ is not controlable by human laws, sides a grammatical knowledge of the nor amenable to human tribunals. Per. English language, are to be taught writsecution, or attempts to force conscience, ing, arithmetic and book-keeping; the will never produce conviction, and are girls, besides a proper knowledge of the only calculated to make hypocrites or English language, writing and the first martyrs.”—“Than persecution, there is five common rules of arithmetic, are to wothing certainly more unreasonable, be instructed in needle-work, and such more inconsistent with the rights of hu- other useful employments as may enable man nature, more contrary to the spirit them to gain an honest living after learand precepts of the Christian religiou, ing school. This interesting circumstauce
was communicated to Rowand Ronald, the public schools. The celebrated HipEsq., of this city, lately of Calcutta, in a doo Reformer, Ram Mohun Roy, has held letter dated Calcutta, March 16, 1822.— public monthly meetings at Calcutta, for Glasgow Courier.
the purpose of freely discussing the te. nets of his religion, and exposing the
cruelties practised under it. By the way, FOREIGN.
a Mr. Adam, a Baptist Missionary, awakFree Press and Unitarianism in India. Reformer, has declared himself an Unita
ened by the arguments of this Hindoo “ It must gratify every friend to the rian, and established an Unitarian press. progress of human reason to learn, that This couversion gave great umbrage in notwithstanding the difficulties so long a certain quarter, and the Attorney Gene. considered iusuperable, a glorious change rul was applied to, to interpose the shield is effecting in "British India. The free of some antiquated statute, to protect press of Calcutta has operated most pow. spiritual intolerance. As became his erfully in reforming the most inveterate talents and his character, the enlightened and revolting abuses. The effect of seven Lawyer assured the that these native presses at work in that great city days were passed. Mr. Adam, conse. has been to triumph over Hindoo saper. quently, remains at Calcutta, supported stition in its strong hold. During the and encouraged by some of its respectable last festival of Jagarnaut there were so inhabitants, who are about to erect an few pilgrims present that they were una. Unitarian Chapel for him. Such are the ble to drag the car. The Brahmins called blessings of unfettered discussion." in other aid, but no devotee could be per- We copy the above paragraph froin the suaded to sacrifice himself to the Idol. They Morning Chronicle. The statement with now talk of removing the Rath to a more regard to Ram Mohun Roy and Mr. Adam central situation. The wily priesthood is quite correct, as we hope for an occa. hare sagacity enough to perceive that sion of shewing very fully ere long. Can they must remore the theatre of their the writer mean that the blank in the sanguinary superstition beyond the sphere passage should be filled up with the name of a free press; or that the bigotry of of Dr. Middleton, the Bishop of Calcutta? thirty centuries will disappear. To the Is it thus that Episcopacy displays its permanent glory of our Indian Adminis- novel front in the East Indies ? Has the tration, a large portion of the population learned Bishop no reliance upon his fond of Bengal are receiving the rudiments of argument against the Unitarians from an improved system of education, while the Greek article, and would he uphold thousands of elementary works are circu. the doctrine of the Trinity by banishing lating throughout our empire. Even its opponents from the earth ? Happily, Hindoo women, against whom widow- the recent law for the protection of Mis. hood, and consequent burning' alive, are sionaries in our Asiatic dependencies is denounced for learning the alphabet, and as good for Unitarians as for Athanasians who must uot read the Veda, under pain and Calvinists. of death, have placed their daughters at
CORRESPONDENCE. Communications have been received from Messrs. Turner, of Newcastle ; J. Mar. som ; G. Kenrick ; D. Davis ; D. A. Borrenstein ; also from Christianus; R. C. ; and C.
Vectis is respectfully informed that No. CXXI. for January 1816, may be had of the Publishers. There must have been negligence (we cannot suspect artifice) in the booksellers referred to.
When we have received another communication or two from Discipulus, we shall be better able to judge of his proposal ; but our Correspondents are none of them of the description that he seems to suppose.
ERRATA. P. 491, col. 1, middle, for the “ most high God, possessor of heared and earth," and his friend, read “ the most high God, possessor of Heaven and Earth, of his friend :" the sense is—he raised his hand to Jehovah, the same as his friend knew under the appellation of “the most high God," &c.
Mr. D. Logan requests that the title of his verses, p. 517, may be altered to The Christian Soldier's Song, and that the word of may be supplied at the beginning of the second line,
Blasphemy-Law in United States of America.
Philadelphin, of the verdict of a jury, and after a SIR
August 28, 1822. fair and full investigation. But I have N p. 224 of the Monthly Reposi- readers, that the 18th and 19th ArtiIN
the pleasure to be able to inform your tory for this year, an article ap- cles of the Constitution of the Propeared, signed “Garnaliel,” containing the following extract from Wm. vince, now State of New Jersey, make Cóbbett's Register for 2nd February liberty of all persons, and that, under
effectual provision for the religious last: “ In the year 1819, a man was tried in New Jersey, under the act of
this constitution, those of every ProHoly Trinity, found guilty, and pu- fices of trust, power and authority; King William III., for impugning the testant sect, who demean themselves
peaceably, are equally eligible to ofnished by imprisonment in the com- whether executive, judicial or legismon gaol." Assuming the fact to be as thus New Jersey under which a prosecu
lative; neither is there any law of stated, your correspondent expresses tion could be maintained for denying a wish that you may be furnished with the Trinity, or any other supposed some particulars; and makes such doctrine of Holy Scripture. The concomments as would only be proper stitution would be a dead letter did were the truth of what is alleged esta- it not abrogate whatever is inconsisblished by satisfactory evidence. If such an occurrence had really
tent with its spirit and express provi
sions. happened, so extraordinary and un
About two or three years ago, seveprecedented would it have been, that it could not have failed to create a ge- and punished by the Mayor's Court of
ral persons were prosecuted, convicted neral and strong excitement. newspapers would have circulated the Philadelphia, for uttering profane and news from one end of the United contumelious language, to the great States to the other, and comments annoyance of people who were returnwould not have been sparingly made ing from their place of worship ; and, Unitarians, more especially, (of whom on the part of the defendants, much I am one,) could not have been indif
was said about religious liberty, the ferent to so alarıning an attack on but the court very properly said, that,
rights of conscience, persecution, &c.; their religious freedom. But, happily, the news comes to us from the other
on their own principles, they ought to side of the Atlantic, instead of the suffer, because they could not plead of ,
conscience for disturbing the peace which divides the city of Philadelphia and interfering with the rights of from the state of New Jersey; and it
others. I have never heard of any is not a little suspicions, that neither person suffering from the civil power the place where this trial was had, the
in consequence of maintaining and enname of the offender, nor any particu- deavouring to propagate his religious lars relative to the court, jury, pro
opinions. But, then, this license ceedings, &c., are given by Wm.' Cobmust not be abused for the purpose bett, though enough is asserted for of uttering profane and impious rithe purpose of defamation.
þaldry. It might be sufficient to inform your
JAMES TAYLOR. readers, that this inan stands on the records of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania as a libeller, in consequence VOL. XVII.