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by exemption of their Meeting-houses more iniquitous, more impolitic, more from rates, at least oue occasion for such unjust. This attempt is as bad persecurudeness should for ever end.

tion as that of Procrustes, and is contrary MR. WILKS then referred to cases to the law of the land." The non-liabi partly pecuniury. They included expen- lity of Mr. Evans was decided by this sive offices improperly obtruded on Dis- highest tribunal, and the judgment in his senters, and monies improperly withheld. favour was uvaoimously affirmed. Yet At Barnstaple, a minister was proposed the Corporation of York would revire the as constable, although certainly exempt. attempt which a great lawyer and a great The corporation of York had also occa- statesman had thus denounced. They sioned unexpected trouble and expense. too had their bye-law, and they would They had assailed one of the benefits in- have another Procrustean bed. But cident to Dissenters from their partial though the spirit of freedom slumbers it proscription--one of the lesser rights re- does not expire. Mr. Oswald ALLEN, sulting from a greater wrong. Corpora. an eminent surgeon and well-priucipled tions had occasionally wished to practise Dissenter, was chosen Sheriff for that austrange oppression. By the Test and cieut city. He would not hold an office Corporation Acts, Dissenters were ex on sufferance, and as a criminal under an cluded from corporate offices of emolu. Tademnity Act, for which, as a Disseuter, ment and honour, because they did not he was disqualified. He dared not qua. conform and these corporations sought lify; nor did he dare consent to pay any to impose on them fines for the non-ac- illegal fine. He applied for advice. The ceptance of offices which, without confor- recommendation of the Committe suited mity, they could not legally accept, This his principles and purpose. He refused plundering persecution was formerly at- the office ; an application was made to tempted by the Corporation of Loudou. the Court of King's Bench, and the valiIt was firmly and successfully resisted. dity of his refusal was proclaimed. SucFor the information of that part of this cess and honour were again the reward audience whose cheeks glowed with the of firmness-and another buttress was tints of health and whose bosoms glow- added to this little citadel of Dissenting ed with the love of freedom, he would rights! mention the decisions which ought ever

(To be continued.) to have exempted Dissenters from a renewal of those attempts. In the case of The King and Grosvenor, the Court of

Philanthropic Legacy. King's Bench would not grant an Infor. JOHN MACLACHLAN, Esq., formerly marion against Mr. Grosvenor for refus, teacher of Mathematics in Glasgow, who ing to act as Sheriff of London and Mid- died in spring last, in Calcutta, has bedlesex when chosen to the office. But queathed a handsome legacy, supposed to the great case of Evans, against the be about £20,000, the residue of his for. Chamberlain of London, was the pole-star tune, for the establishment of froe. by which Dissenters might securely steer. schools in Glasgow, for the education of The corporation of London made a bye- male and female children of poor Highlaw, imposing a fine of 6001, on every landers residing in and about the city. person who being elected should refuse and supplying books and stationery ió The office of Sheriff. Mr. Evans was a those who are not able to purchase them. Dissenter, was chosen and refused. An We have seen an extract from Mr. Macaction was brought for the fine, and was LACHLAN's will. The trust is confided to determined on appeal by the House of the Lord Provost and Magistrates of the Lords. The judges acquired immortal city of Glasgow, the Ministers and other honour. The speeches, especially of Members of the General Church Session, Judge Foster and Lord Mansfield, should and the Ministers and Managers of the be inscribed on the memory of every Gaelic Church or Churches of the said statesman, on the heart of every British city, for the time being, and to their sucyouth. “ Conscience," said Lord Mans. cessors in office for ever. The boys, befield, “ is not controlable by human laws, sides a grammatical kpowledge of the nor amenable to human tribunals. Per English language, are to be taught writsecution, or attempts to force conscience, ing, arithmetic and book-keeping; the will never produce conviction, and are girls, besides a proper knowledge of the only calculated to make hypocrites or English language, writing and the first martyrs."_“Than persecution, there is five common rules of arithmetic, are to nothing certainly more unreasonable, be instructed in needle-work, and such more inconsistent with the rights of hu- other useful employments as may enable man nature, more contrary to the spirit them to gain an honest living after learand precepts of the Christian religiou, ing school. This interesting circumstance

was communicated to Rowand Ronald, the public schools. The celebrated HipExq., of this city, lately of Calcutta, in a doo Reformer, Ram Mohun Roy, has held letter dated Calcutta, March 16, 1822. public monthly meetings at Calcutta, for Glasgow Courier.

the purpose of freely discussing the te. nets of his religion, and exposing the

cruelties practised under it. By the way, FOREIGN.

a Mr. Adam, a Baptist Missionary, awak

ened by the arguments of this Hindoo Free Press and Unitarianism in India.

• Reformer, has declared himself an Unita. “ It must gratify every friend to the rian, and established an Unitarian press, progress of human reason to learn, that This conversion gave great umbrage in notwithstanding the difficulties so long a certain quarter, and the Attorney Gere. considered insuperable, a glorious change rul was applied to, to interpose the shield is effecting in British India. The free of some antiquated statute, to protect press of Calcutta has operated most pow. spiritual intolerance. As became his erfully in reforming the most inveterate talents and his character, the enlightened and revolting abuses. The effect of seven Lawyer assured the --- that these native presses at work in that great city days were passed. Mr. Adam, conse. has been to triumph over Hindoo saper. quently, remains at Calcutta, supported stition in its strong hold. During the and encouraged by some of its respectable last festival of Jagarnaut there were so inhabitants, who are about to erect an few pilgrims present that they were una. Unitarian Chapel for him. Such are the ble to drag the car. The Brahinios called blessings of unfettered discussion." in other aid, but no devotee could be per- We copy the above paragraph from the suaded to sacrifice himself to the Idol. They Morning Chronicle. The statement with now talk of removing the Rath to a more regard to Ram Mohun Roy and Mr. Adam central situation. The wily priesthood is quite correct, as we hope for an occahare sagacity enough to perceire that sion of shewing very fully ere long. Can they must remove the theatre of their the writer mean that the blank in the sanguinary superstitiou beyond the sphere passage should be filled up with the name of a free press ; or that the bigotry of of Dr. Middleton, the Bishop of Calcutta? thirty centuries will disappear. To the Is it thus that Episcopacy displays its permanent glory of our Indian Adminis. novel front in the East Indies? Has the tration, a large portion of the population learned Bishop no reliance upon his food of Bengal are receiving the rudiments of argument against the Unitarians from an improved system of education, while the Greek article, and would he uphold thousands of elementary works are circu. the doctrine of the Trinity by banishing lating throughout our empire. Even its opponents from the earth ? Happily, Hindoo women, against whom widow. the recent law for the protection of Mis. hood, and consequent burning alive, are sionaries in our Asiatic dependencies is denounced for learning the alphabet, and as good for Unitarians as for Athanasians who must uot read the Veda, under pain and Calvinists. of death, have placed their daughters at

CORRESPONDENCE. Communications have been received from Messrs. Turner, of Newcastle ; J. Marsom ; G. Kenrick ; D. Davis; D. A. Borrenstein ; also from Christianus; R. C.; and C.

Vectis is respectfully informed that No. CXXI. for January 1816, may be had of the Publishers. There must have been negligence (we cannot suspect artifice) in the booksellers referred to.

When we hare received another communication or two from Discipulus, we shall be better able to judge of his proposal ; but our Correspondents are none of them of the description that he seems to suppose.

ERRATA. P. 491, col. 1, middle, for the “ most high God, possessor of heaven and earth," and his friend, read “ the most high God, possessor of Heaven and Earth, of his friend :" the sense ishe raised his hand to Jehovah, the same as his friend knew under the appellation of “ the most high God," &c.

Mr. D. Logan requests that the title of his verses, p. 517, may be altered to The Christian Soldier's Song, and that the word of may be supplied at the beginning of the second line.

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Philadelphin, of the verdict of a jury, and after a Sır,

August 28, 1822. fair and full investigation. But I have IN p. 224 of the Monthly Reposi

the pleasure to be able to inform your I tory for this year, an article ap

readers, that the 18th and 19th Arti

cles of the Constitution of the Propeared, signed “Gainaliel,” contain

vince, now State of New Jersey, make ing the following extract from Wm. Cöbbett's Register for 2nd February liberty of all persons, and that, under

effectual provision for the religious last: “ In the year 1819, a man was tried in New Jersey, under the act of

this constitution, those of every ProKing William III., for impugning the

testant sect, who demean themselves Holy Trinity, found guilty, and pu

peaceably, are equally eligible to ofnished by imprisonment in the com

fices of trust, power and authority;

whether executive, judicial or legismon gaol.” Assuming the fact to be as thus lative; neither is there any law of

New Jersey under which a prosecustated, your correspondent expresses

tion could be maintained for denying a wish that you may be furnished with

the Trinity, or any other supposed some particulars; and makes such comments as would only be proper

doctrine of Holy Scripture. The conwere the truth of what is alleged esta.

stitution would be a dead letter did

it not abrogate whatever is inconsisblished by satisfactory evidence. If such an occurrence had really

tent with its spirit and express provi.

sions. happened, so extraordinary and un

About two or three years ago, seveprecedented would it have been, that it could not have failed to create a ge

ral persons were prosecuted, convicted neral and strong excitement. Our

and punished by the Mayor's Court of newspapers would have circulated the

Philadelphia, for uttering profane and news from one end of the United

contumelious language, to the great States to the other, and comments

annoyance of people who were returnwould not have been sparingly made.

ing from their place of worship ; and, Unitarians, more especially, (of whom

on the part of the defendants, much I am one.) could not have been indif. was said about religious liberty, the ferent to so alarining an attack on

rights of conscience, persecution, &c.; their religious freedom. But, happily,

* but the court very properly said, that, the news comes to us from the other on

on their own principles, they ought to side of the Atlantic, instead of the su

end of the suffer, because they could not plead other side of the river Delaware, cor

conscience for disturbing the peace which divides the city of Philadelphia

and interfering with the rights of from the state of New Jersey; and it

others. I have never heard of any is not a little suspicious, that neither

person suffering from the civil power the place where this trial was had, the in consequence of maintaining and enname of the offender. nor any particu. deavouring to propagate his religious lars relative to the court, jury, pro

opinions. But, then, this license ceedings, &c., are given by Wm. Cob

must not be abused for the purpose bett, though enough is asserted for

of uttering profane and impious ri

baldry. the purpose of defamation. It might be sufficient to inform your

JAMES TAYLOR. readers, that this inan stands on the records of the Supreme Court of Penn- sylvania as a libeller, in consequence

VOL. XVII.

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Letters betroeen Rev. Jos. Cornish, of. A cheap edition of it would prove a

Colyton, and Mr. T.: Williams, public benefit. prosecuted in 1798, for selling Not, however, to intrude on your Paine's Age of Reason.(Come time, your acceptance is requested of municated by Mr. Cornish.) five guineas, as a small help under the No. I.

expenses of a prosecution so injudi

ciously, some think wickedly, encouMr. Cornish to Mr. T. Williams.

raged by political religionists,--the Colyton, Sept. 1798. worst eneinies, and in general the IT'HOUGH an utter stranger to greatest strangers, to the religion of

1 your person, my feelings at your the heart. treatment are most indignant. Firmly Public wisdom, for which many probelieving the Christian revelation to fess a wonderful reverence, is, to adopt be the best gift of the great Father of the language of the admired Dr. Jormercies, and that the evidences of its tin, “a mere Proteus, and, pot to condivine original must prove irresistible sider it in Pagan or Mahommedan on a candid examination, unless to countries, it was once the wisdom of minds very peculiarly disposed, all at- Ahab and Jezebel, and afterwards of tempts to stifle objections appear to Annas and Caiaphas; and in Christian me not only unwise, but directly con- countries it hath appeared in a huntrary to its spirit and design.

dred shapes. It sets out with a great The blessed Jesus and those who show of religion: it begins with the were commissioned by him, appealed Gospel according to St. Matthew, and to the reason and understandings of it often ends in the Gospel according men; the Sacred Scriptures also re- to Mr. Hobbes.". peatedly commend attentive hearers This gospel according to Mr. and diligent inquirers. Scoffers are Hobbes, who teaches, “that religion sharply rebuked, and awful threats de- is merely what the civil power in any nounced against them; but the New country hath decreed to be so named," Testament in no place countenances is the gospel of too many politicians, the infliction of penalties, by the civil and it is to be feared of not a fery power, on any who should reject or priests in every establishment now exderide its teachings, leaving men en- isting on the face of the earth. The tirely, así to belief and profession, to gospel of real Christians is that of the God and their own consciences. blessed Jesus, " whose kingdom is « What,” said St. Paul, “have I to not of this world,” therefore, its true do with those who are without? Those subjects in defending it will employ who are without, God judgeth.” The no worldly arts or weapons. . regulations of a Christian Society had The times are now so difficult, that nothing to do with Jews or Heathens. the generous find it necessary to set

Concerning your ideas on religion, I bounds to their exertions, very painam as much a stranger as to your ful to their feelings, and the friends of person. If you have not already at- liberty particularly have been called tended to the subject, Lord Lyttelton to repeated pecuniary aids. It may, on the Conversion of St. Paul, Dr. however, be hoped, that a sufficient Doddridge's three sermons on the number of genuine Christians, or, to Evidences of Christianity, price 6d., use Mr. Wilberforce's expression, not to mention innumerable other friends to “ vital Christianity," will be brief and valuable publications, would found disposed to manifest their reprobably remove all doubt and create gards to the gospel, which they value a firm belief in truths which yield the more than their own lives, by effectumost effectual support under every ally espressing their ablıorrence of a worldly sorrow. Dr. Leland's Advan- prosecution so disgraceful to all who tages and Necessity of the Christian took a part in it. Revelation, besides being highly enter. If they were actuated by a zeal for taining and interesting, carries convic- God, it was not according to knoir. tion in each important page, and richly ledge, and no way becoming the disdeserves the attentive and frequent ciples of the meek and holy Jesus, perusal of all who think religion an who came to promote peace on earth object worthy of serious consideration. and good-will towards men. Clearly, hoivever, did this Divine Instructor tion for the Christian religion if he foresee that numbers of his professed had used his influence to suppress and pretended disciples and ministers the prosecution ; and if he could not would excite division and wield the have accomplished it privately, he, as sword.

a servant of Christ, should have pubThe truth as it is in him will finally lished to the world the words of his prevail, and then no civil forms of Lord and Master, who metaphorically religion will domineer, or rational be- says, St. Matt. xxvi. 52, “All they ings, whether professing Christianity that institute persecution shall perish or not, for their mere profession, either with persecution." in speaking or writing, be domineered With respect to my ideas on reliover. The ablest advocates for Chris- gion; I presume when I inform you tianity, like the great Lardner, have that I am by trade a book-binder, and decidedly expressed their abborrence that for six years last past, my chief of persecuting measures.

support has been by binding the difThis little help would have been ferent works of the late venerable John forwarded long ago, but it was thought Wesley, for Mr. G. Whitfield, one of best to wait till the sentence was pass the preachers and bookseller belonged, and opportunity did not immedi- ing to that Society at the New Chaately offer.

pel, City-Road, Moorfields, you will It would be worthy of the ministers be satisfied that I am not a very imof the gospel, publicly to petition the moral character; for it is to be preKing to give orders for your immedi- sumed that no Christian Society will ate release and the remission of your prefer supporting a person of that fine, and, like a true Defender of the class to one of their own principle. Faith, discountenance and reject every In regard of petitioning the King, I other mode of defence but reason and am satisfied there is no chance of one argument.

being conveyed to him, for the hearts That you may be delivered from of those through whose hands a petievery effect of the prosecution under tion must go, are as callous as the which you suffer, and be savingly en. stone-floor of the melancholy cell I am lightened in the knowledge of the best now locked up in; and I conceive the things, is the fervent prayer of only effectual means of procuring me Yours, most sincerely,

any liberation, would be for some phiJOSEPH CORNISH. lanthropist to write an energetic let

ter to the Bishop of London, who is No. II.

president of the conspirators against

the gospel of our blessed Saviour and Mr. T. Williams to Mr. Cornish.

the liberty of religious opinion. PerHouse of Correction, Clerkenwell, mit me to inform you that I have peSept. 16, 1798.

titioned the Society before I received

sentence, to stop all farther proceedI ITH heartfelt gratitude I return ings, when Mr. Wilberforce, the Bi

you my sincere thanks for shops of London (Porteus), Durham your liberal donation in support of my (Barrington) and St. Asaph (Bagot), fainily; and believe me, as God is just, with other persons, came to the followthe persecution of me is unjust; for I ing unanimous decision: “That they am not publicly charged with any did not feel themselves justified in inthing but selling the book which was timating a wish to shew lenity;" which answered by the Bishop of Llandaff, answer precludes me from making any Watson; and it was his answer that further personal application, although induced me to publish it, conceiving by my being kept from my business my the work was sanctioned by his pub- family are literally starving to what they lishing an answer to it, and physically would be if I was with them to render no man can be considered capable of my efforts in their support. And performing an idea of an answer, (whether mit ine to picture to your mind what it be to the purpose or not, unless he my feelings inust have been since the be permitted to peruse the work which first of May last, in the course of gave cause to it, and if I have been which month I was so ill, that I lay guilty of any crime in publishing it, without the least expectation of seeing the Bishop of Llandaff was the cause the month through ; in which time of it, and would have evinced his affec. I had one of my children died of the

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