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LILE's shop in Fleet Street, some of his husband, whose earnings are regular and writings, which were charged in the io- fully competent to make us comfortable; dictment with being “ blasphemous and besides this, I have myself been bred to profane libels of and concerning the a genteel employ, as a lace-mender, and Christian religion.” The prosecution was an embroiderer, at which I could earn at the instance of the “ Society for the double the wages that I hare received Suppression of Vice.” Mr. John Ellis, froin Mr. Carlile. I might almost say, as Junior Counsel, read the Informatiou; that I have served him gratuitously, for I and Mr. GASELEE (in the absence of Mr. have received no more than the additional Gurney, through indisposition) appeared expense which has accrued from my abas the advocate for the prosecution. He sence from home, and from my putting cominented upon certain passages in the out my child to the care of a purse. I works alleged to have been sold, which have stood forward in this righteous were decidedly Deistical, and some of cause, by and with the consent and advice them excessively gross and offensive. of my husband. I am not related to Mr. “ Christianity," "said the learned gentle. Carlile in the most distant degree. I am man, “ as the greatest authorities had scarcely known to him further than as a holden, was part of the English law, customer who has regularly called for his which would not permit any attempt to publications. I have imbibed his princi. subvert or turn into ridicule the religion of ples, and I stand forward this day to the country." This is rather broad ground, defend them, and to say to you, Gentleand standing up as the substitute of one men, that I am so far proud of them; I Dissenter, and having another at his el. am so far convinced they are virtuous, to bow, Mr. Gaselee should have taken care the very extreme of virtue, that with a not to frame his legal doctrine so as to better heart and motives than the Chris. make Dissent itself criminal; which it tian martyrs of old, who fell as ignorant must be according to him, if Dissenters and fanatical victims to Pagan persecuoppose the Church, and in their opposi- tion, I shall submit with pleasure and tion attempt to shew that some of its with joy to any paids and penalties that doctrines (the doctrine, for instance, of may fall upon me from this worse than every Bishop's being empowered to give Pagan persecution. Worse, because it is the Holy Ghost,) are absurd and ridiculous. hypocritical, and because, the pretended “ Still," the learned gentleman proceeded, suppressors of vice are the actual sup“ he would not have sought for a verdict, pressors of moral virtue !" if the Defendant had only discussed par- After asserting all the principles of ticular doctrines of the gospel with tem- the passages set forth in the Indictment, per and fairness ; but when a libel as- and pouring all manner of scoru upon sailed religion with mere calumny, and revealed religion, she proceeded to read represented it as ove entire system of as part of her Defence the whole of Mr. fraud and delusion, it became a duty to Fox's Sermon on “ The Duties of Chris. protect public morals by seeking the aid tians towards Deists,” including the Preof the law against its publishers." As face and the Postscript to the second edi. an advocate, he could not say less; but tion. The Chief Justice, who had several if the publication of such works injure times before interposed to stop the Depublic morals, those persons are not to fendant, though in vain, raised no objec. be vindicated from the charge of promot- tion here ; but Mr. DORNFORD, one of ing immorality who, by prosecutions and the special jurors, interfered in the readpunishments, lend wings to profane books, ing of a part of the Discourse, describing and cause them to be carried into un- the duties of Deists, and asked “if all numbered hands, which but for this im- this ought to be heard ?". politic interference they would nerer hare Chief Justice - It does not seem to defiled.--Mrs. Wright read her own de- me to be relevant, but one is unwilling fence, which was bold and honest, and to prevent a defendant froin urging all as little feminine as could be. Her situ- that she thinks may serve her. ation in life, her zeal in the cause of un- “ Mr. Dornford.—The mapeuvre is belief, her opinion of herself, and her quite evident, my Lord, to get all this estimate of some historic characters which published. the Christian world revere, will be ex- Chief Justice.--I shall stop her if she plained by one extract from the Defence, advances any thing which we ought not as given in Carlile's “Report of the to hear. 'Trial." I challenge my accusers to “ Mr. Dornford.—All this is an attack shew, that I have any sipister motives or upon Christianity, my Lord. lucrative ideas in this affair. No, Gen- " Chief Justice.-No, Sir, I understand tlemen, I have not. I am a married the reverse ; what she is pow reading is woman and a mother. I live on terms certainly inoffensive.” of affection and conjugal fidelity with my Mrs. WRIGHT then proceeded at great length to quote the opinions of other for the credit of Christianity and the inChristian writers against the prosecution terests of society if she were purposely of unbelievers, and to expatiate upon a forgotten, and the fanaticism of an unin. variety of other matters : in the midst formed and misguided female were not of which she “ requested permission," to be sanctified in the eye of the vulgar according to the printed Report, “to by severity of punishment, which they retire and suckle her infant child that will not fail to regard as cruel oppression. was crying. This was granted, and she was absent from Court twenty minutes,

MISCELLANEOUS. in passing to and from which, to the GREAT disasters have this month bea Castle Coffee House, she was applauded fallen the shipping on the coasta The and loudly cheered, by assembled thou- storm on the night of Sunday the 13th sands, all encouraging her to be of good instant, was peculiarly fatal. The Eastcheer and to persevere.” She concluded ern coast was ravaged as by a hurricane, with telling the Jury that she scorned Amongst other inelancholy accidents, mercy and demanded justice.-The Lord which have been reported to us by private CHIEF JUSTICE, whose temper and con- letters, we have been deeply concerned duct throughout the trial cannot be too at the following account from Wisbeach. much applauded, “ after stating the sub- Mr. ROBERT GARLAND, youngest son stance of the Indictment, observed that of Mr. W. Garland, of Gedney, being in the Defendant was not called on to an- a delicate state of health, was advised swer any reasonable or fair discussion on to try the effect of a sea voyage. He the truth of Christianity in general, or accordingly entered a sloop in Wisbeach any of its particular tenets. The law river, on Saturday the 12th inst., which permitted that every subject, however sailed the same day down to the Wash, sacred, should be freely, yet moderately and the next day put out to sea, hut was and temperately discussed; but it would wrecked in the storm at night on the not yield its protection to gross and scan- Lincolnshire coast, when every soul on dalous calumnies on the established faith. board perished. The wreck was ascerIt would be a most extraordinary state of tained by fragments of the vessel and her society in which the privilege of defaming freight being afterwards washed on shore. that religion on which all its institutions On board this vessel, we are sorry to were built, should be conceded. The add, were the whole furniture, books and publication had been clearly proved ; in- other goods of the Rev. LUKE KIRBY, deed, it had been avowed and gloried in who is about removing from the neighby the Defendant; and, therefore, the bourhood of Wisbeach to undertake the only question would be, whether the pas- pastoral charge of the Unitarian congresages bore the character imputed to them gation at Thorne. This worthy man, by the record. The learned Judge then who is highly esteemed by all that know read the paragraphs set out in the indict. him, is by this casualty stripped of all ment, and left the Jury to say if they his property, and reduced to the deepest could doubt of their meaning. Much distress. Our correspondent informs us had been urged, to which, if applied to that it is proposed to enter into a suba different case, he should readily accede; scription for his relief, and to this meahe meant those arguments which had sure we shall cordially give our assiste been largely quoted to shew the impolicy ance. of attempting to support religion by the secular power; and these certainly would

LITERARY. have great weight if a grave and serious disquisition were indicted: but it would lish a second volume of Speciinens of the

Mr. BOWRING intends shortly to pubbe hard to shew that every society had not

Russian Poets. a right to support itself against calumny and slauder, and to protect the young and uninformed from the influence of

PROPOSALS are issued for publishing, mere contumelious abuse. If the Jury by. Subscription, in one volume, 4to., The thought these passages were only parts History and Antiquities of Lewes and its of a fair and temperate discussion of the vicinity, by the Rev. T. W. Horsfield, sacred topics to which they had reference, aided by J. WOOLGAR, Esq., M. A.S., and they might acquit the Defendant; but it the Natural History of the District by they considered them as gross and inde- GIDEON MANTELL, Esq., F.L. and G. s., cent attacks ou religion, they must find Author of “ The Geology of Sussex.” her guilty.” “ 'The Jury turned round The Work will be embellished with upin their box for about two minutes, and wards of Thirty Lithographic Drawings. then returned a verdict of GUILTY."

Price, to Subscribers, £1. 118. 6.; to Mrs. WRIGIIt has not yet been called up

Nou-subscribers, £2. 28. for her sentence, and happy would it be

In a few days will be published, a new Lord DACRÉ observed that he had atoedition of the “Rudiments of Chemis- ther petition to the same effect from a try," in one small neat pocket volume, gentleman of the name of Knight, but it with Eight highly-finished Copperplate was not then necessary to present it, as Engravings, a Vocabulary of Chemical the question would be determined by the Terms, and a Copious Index. By Sa- fate of the petition pow read. The noble MUEL PARRES, P. L. S., &c. This little Lord professed himself to be a very unvolume, which has been much enlarged, learned man on subjects of this kind, and is printed on fine paper, the whole care. would therefore have hesitated to enter fully corrected, and adapted to the pre- the lists with one of the first controversent state of Chemical Science.

sialists of the age, had not the grievance complained of appeared to him so un

questionably severe. The subject of comPARLIAMENTARY.

plaint was briefly this—that persons who Peterborough Questions. had received holy orders were compelled HOUSE of LORDS, JUNE 7.

to submit to an examination of a very

extraordinary nature before they could Lord Dacre rose with reluctance to be licensed to curacies in the diocese of present a petition to their Lordships, as Peterborough. The questions of the Reit was directed against a person (the Bi. verend Prelate were delivered to the canshop of Peterborough) whose character didates printed. The candidate was ex. for piety and learning was eminent. But pected to annex his answer to each queshe should not do his duty if he did not tion, and then sign the paper ; but the bring it under the consideration of the questions were printed in so contracted House, because it appeared to him that a manner, that they could only be replied the conduct of which the petitioner com to in the most brief manner possible. plained savoured strongly of severity. His On Mr. Thurtell's appointment, the quespresent motion was for presenting the tions were sent to him, enclosed in a petition. After it should be read by the letter, from the Bishop, dated the 3rd of elerk, he would move that it be laid on August last. On the 11th, Mr. Thurteli the table. If their Lordships agreed to wrote to the Reverend Prelate, stating that motion, he would follow it up by that he had complied with his Lordship's moving an address to the Crown, framed request as speedily as possible ; that he in a manner which the case appeared to had considered the questions attentively, him to require. Their Lordships were and answered them, he trusted, consciennot ignorant of the nature of this case, tiously; but that some of the questions as it had been before the House in the involved points of so difficult and delicate course of the last session. He must here a nature, that he felt it impossible to observe, that if the Right Reverend Pre- answer them in a satisfactory manner in late had thought fit to act consistently the column appropriated for that pureither with the statute law or the canon pose ; and that he had therefore deemed law, he would not have given occasion it expedient to add av appendix, wherein to the present complaint. But he saw he inserted some of the authorities upon with regret that the Right Reverend Pre- which the answers were founded. The late, not satisfied with the eighty-seven Reverend Prelate, in return, wrote a letquestions, answers to which he originally ter to Mr. Thurtell, dated the 17th of required from all persons before he li. August, in which he says, “ The object censed them, had since added thirty-six of my examination questions is to ascermore, making one hundred and twenty- tain the religious opinions of the person three intricate questions on points of doc- examiued, that I may know whether they trine propounded to the petitioner. The accord with the doctrines of the Church. petitioner complained of this demand, For this purpose I want nothing more considering himself only bound to declare than short, plain and positive answers : his belief in the Thirty-nine Articles. He such are the answers which have been should now beg leave to present the peti. hitherto given to my questions, and such tion of the Rev. Thomas Shuttleworth I expect from every one. But instead of Grimshaw, Rector of Burton, Northamp- giving plain answers to plain questions, tonshire ; and Vicar of Biddenham, Bed- you have sent me a mass of dissertation, fordshire.

containing such restrictions and modifiThe petition was then read. It stated cations as prevent your real opinions from that the petitioner had appointed the appearing so plainly as they ought to do.". Rev. Edward Thurtell, Curate of Burton, He would not here enter into any discus. and complained that the Bishop had re- sion on the facility with which answers fused to license him on the ground of his might be given, farther than to remark, not giving satisfactory answers to his that what the Bishop called plain quesquestions.

tions involved some of the most intricate

and controverted points in theology. But in addition to the Thirty-nine Articles, the Right Reverend Prelate proceeded in which were the only lawful tests. In his letter to insist on his mode of exa- proof of the latitude of interpretation mination, which, he observed, depended allowed for the Thirty-nine Articles, he entirely upon his own discretion ; and he should now quote some of the highest concluded with saying, “ I think it right authorities of the Church. Bishop Burto inform you beforehand, that if you do net, in his History of the Reformation, not choose to conform exactly to the Book i. Part ii., speaking of the form in mode prescribe

you, you cannot be which the Articles of the Church had licensed." His Lordship was ready to been drawn up by those who framed admit that the mode of examination was them, states, that they cut off the errors left to the discretion of the Bishop; but of Popery and Anabaptism" avoiding then he must contend that the Reverend the niceties of schoolmen, or the perempPrelate was, both by the statute and toriness of the writers of controversy; canon law, bound to confine his mode of leaving, in matters that are niore justly examination within certain limits. He controvertible, a liberty to divines to folwould not dispute the right of even exa- low their private opinions, without theremining persons removing from one parish by disturbing the peace of the Church." to another ; but as this sort of examina. Fuller, in his Church History, observes, tion had not before been practised in the that the present Articles in the main Church, the learned Prelate ought not to agree with those set forth in Edward have been surprised at finding some he. VI.'s time, but those who drew them up sitation in those who were called upon wished to allow more liberty to dissentto submit to it. He would not contend ing judgments. He says,

" These holy that under the 48th canon such an exa- men did prudently pre-discover that dif. mination was not within the reach of the ferences in judgments would unavoidably Reverend Prelate's power.

But when arise in the Church, and were loth to spiritual persons removing from one unchurch any, and drive them off from charge to another produced proper testi- our ecclesiastical communion for such monials, such a course as that pursued petty differences, which made them pen in the diocese of Peterborough was alto- the Articles in comprehensive words, to gether unknown, because it was naturally take in all who, differing in the branches, to be presumed that such persons had meet in the root of the same religion." already been sufficiently examined. If The poble Lord then quoted the Bishop their Lordships referred to the Act of of Bangor, Bishop Horsley, and several 13th of Elizabeth, they would find that other eminent authorities for a wide inthe Bishop could only examine the candi- terpretation of the Thirty-niue Articles. date in order to ascertain whether he To these authorities he might add the could explain in Latin an account of his intention of the persons who established belief in the Articles of the Church. The the Articles, which appeared from the canon, in the same manner, requires the King's declaration prefixed to them. As candidate to give an account of his faith it thus appeared that the Articles of the in Latin according to the Articles. Thus, Church of England admitted of more than though the Bishop was at liberty to exa- one mode of arriving at belief in them, mine on his discretion with respect to he must contend that the learned Prelate the mode, yet he was limited, both by the was bound to receive every answer by canon and the statute law, as to the which a candidate could explain his belief object, which was merely to make the according to the Articles. The candidate, candidate give an account of his faith it appeared, was not admitted to examiaccording to the Articles. Here he wished nation until the questions were answered. their Lordships to consider what was But if the candidate was ready to account meant by giving an account of faith ac- for his faith according to the Articles, cording to the Articles. If a particular the Reverend Prelate was, according to ackuowledgment of the candidate's belief the statute of Elizabeth, bound to exain the Articles was required, it would be mine him. Disregarding the statute of easy by a single question. But if the Elizabeth, the canon law, and royal deArticles were framed so as to embrace claration which precedes the articles, the different opinions, then it would be com- Reverend Prelate persisted in submitting petent for persons to give an account of questions and demanding answers previiheir faith in inore ways than one. The ous to examination. These questions, questions of the learned Prelate were, too, were not of the plain and simple nahowever, of a leading nature, and often ture described by the Bishop; but were, admitted but of one answer. Indeed, he on the contrary, of a most metaphysical called upon the candidate to answer them description, and calculated to produce with Yes, or No. They were a series of great anxiety as to the answers. He tests, framed for the see of Peterborough, should quote one of the interrogatories

VOL. XVII.

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as an example of the rest. It was in the House by this test ; but before he did so, following terms:-“Is not the power of he must beg leave to make some prelimiGod equally manifested, whether he ope- nary observations on the speech of the rates on man iminediately, as in a mere noble Lord by whom the petition was passive object, or whether he acts medi- introduced. In the first place, it rather ately through the agency of man himself, made against the petitioner that the noble and by means which, as creator of alí Lord was not instructed by him to state things, he must have previously impart- to the House the circumstances in which ed?” The Reverend Prelate's questions his complaint originated. These circum. were either identical with the Thirty-nine stances the petitioner must have designed Articles, or they were not. If they were to conceal, and this wish for concealment identical, they were unnecessary; and was not consistent with a desire for a just if they differed, and imposed another test and impartial decision. The person whom previons to examination, they were un- he (the Bishop of Peterborough) refused lawful. Their Lordships had been una- to ordain was nominated by the petitioner nimous in their condemnation of the last autumn. Conceiving that it was not learned Prelate, when this subject was only his right but his duty, as Bishop of agitated last Session ; aud yet he had the diocese in which the cure was to be still persisted in putting those questions, served, to examine the qualifications and and denied their Lordships' jurisdiction. doctrines of the candidate for orders, he 'Their Lordships, howerer, must perceive (the Bishop of Peterborough) required that if this course was permitted in one an answer to certain questions which he diocese, it might be generalized. Erery put to him. Now, if the ifht to examine Bishop might have his particular set of existed, the examiner must be permitted questions, and their clergymen would be to proceed in that mode of examination driven to study these papers, in order to by which his mind could best be satisfied discover to what diocese it would be most of the doctrines held by the person who convenient for 'them to go. To act on he subjected to examination. The ques such a system was nothing else than re- tions which he put were not tests or articruiting for Dissenters. There would cles of faith, they were merely designed soon be an Episcopacy, with questions to draw forth answers as to the candiand articles, on one hand, and a Dissent- dale's faith, which might afterwards be ing population on the other. It was the tried by the Liturgy and the Thirty-nine boast of this country, that there was no Articles. Their conformity or non-conwrong for which the law had not a re- formity with the doctrines of the Church medy: Was this system of clerical inter- could then be decided. The Liturgy and Togation to forin an exception? If there Articles were therefore the test, and not was no remedy in the hands of their the list of questions which he propounded. Lordships, they might at least be the And had not he (the Bishop of Petermeans of procuring redress. The Crown borough) a right to follow the dietates of might refer the case to the Convocation, his own judgment in framing such questions or some other mode of settling the ques. as in his opinion would best accomplish tion might be found. Their Lordships the object of an examination which his ought, therefore, to agree to the address duty commanded him to institute? If he intended to move after the petition the mode of examination was objected to, was laid on the table. The purport of and if the House of Peers tras to be called the address would be to request that his upon to interfere in every particular case Majesty would be pleased to order an in which a candidate for a license, or inquiry to be made to ascertain whether for orders, objected to the set questions any innovatious had taken place in Church put by Bishops, the applications to their discipline. He hoped that nothing he Lordships would be codless, and the allhad stated would be considered as arising thority of the Episcopal order would cease from any personal objection on his part to exist. Such an interference with the to the Right Reverend Prelate, whose rights and daties of Bishops had not taken learning and character he respected. He place since the Church was established; attributed the conduct of the Reverend nor would the Establishment long conPrelate solely to zeal in the adoption of tinue if motions like the present were one view of the subject. The noble Lord agreed to. If their Lordships attended concluded by moving that the petition do to the prayer of this peritioper, they lie on the table.

might soon expect similar applicatious The Bishop of PETERBOROUGH began from every diocese of the kingdom. Every by remarking, that the value of a petition, curate who was refused a license, and and the propriety of granting or refusing every candidate for orders whose claims its prayer, must depend on the truth of were rejected, would declare themselves the allegations on which it proceeded. aggrieved--would complain of hard trcat. He would examine the petition before the ment, and petition the House for redress.

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