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both within the pale of the church ; they that if the practice of the Right Reverend were articles of peace and union, and ob. Prelate could be justified by strict law, served a perfect and judicious neutrality. it was in itself a tremendous grievance, Whitgift had eudeavoured to add six arti. and a most cruel power, the exercise of cles wholly Calvinistic, but for the reason which ought to be controuled. The hardstated they were rejected. Down to ship in a case like that of the petitioner the reign of William III., that “discreet was extreme. By the resolutions in the laxity" of which Fuller spoke in his case of Horne Tooke it bad been settled, Church History, had always been allow. that when once a man was a deacon, he ed regarding the Articles. Coming down could look for advancement in no profesto a later date, he arrived at the great sion but the church. A man might be authority of Archbishop Wake upon this able to subscribe the Thirty-nine Articles subjcct-an authority to which he had with the latitude hitherto allowed, and before alluded. The injunctions he pro an opportunity of preferment in the diomulgated related solely to the testimo cese of Peterborough occurring, he might nials and to the morality of the candi have reasonably expected that no obstadate for a curacy or for holy orders, but cle would have been presented to his obsaid uot a syllable regarding rejection on taining it. But no : the Bishop stepped points of doctrine. He had held corre in, and put him to a new test by his spondence with the Protestants of Ge- eighty-seven questions, some of them of nera and Beru ; and in one of his letters no easy solution, and such as Archbishop to the latter, he had thus spoken of the Wake himself could not have answered. Thirty-nine Articles :-" I have never, to Still, answered they must be; and if it any man or men, given my opinions upon could not be done without it, the candithat subject, and I am determined never date must read over the Right Rererend to do it;" and further on, he had thus Prelate's long controversial work for his decisively expressed his opinions :-“It instruction. He had no choice has always been the policy of the Church

- extinctæ corpus non utile dextræ ; of England, and I trust in God it will always remain so, to require nothing and if he did not give satisfactory replies more than the mere subscription of the upon all the doctrinal points, he must be · Articles.” Thus it was evident, that content to be a beggar all his life. It Archbp. Wake could never have entitled might be true that only three had been himself to a curacy in the diocese of the rejected by the Right Reverend Prelate, Right Reverend Prelate. He, one of the but could he say how many had been de lottiest and ablest dignitaries of the terred from seeking advancement through church, must be abandoned by those who such an ordeal? There was one remark thought with the present Bishop of Peter. which he (Lord Holland) would not have borough, as a republican as one who made but for the charge of artifice which - would be willing to bring his sovereign had been made against the petitioner.

to the block, and as meriting all the re. He observed that the eighty-seven ques. - proaches and epithets which the Right tions were only propounded to young, iu. Reverend Prelate, in his truly Christian experienced men—to candidates for cura. spirit, had heaped upon the petitioner. cies or holy orders ; but they were never He (Lord Holland) hoped that some of put to beneficed clergymen who might be his learned brcthren of the bench would supposed to be more competent to refavour the House with their opinions, and ply. The truth was, that in such cases state the pature and object of their exa third persons were interested the lay minations. He had heard that some of patron-perhaps the crown ; and if obthe candidates to whom licenses were jections were made to the interrogatories, refused from the see of Peterborough the matter could be carried to another had obtained them elsewhere in other jurisdiction. He did not say that it was dioceses, without the lengthy examina- so, but it looked very much as if the tions now the subject of complaint. He Right Reverend Prelate was resolved to had read the answers to the eighty-seven go so far as he could without (to use a questions, and he could find no ground familiar phrase) being hauled over the at least for the charge of artifice, brought coals. By a practice like this, each sepaforward by the Right Reverend Prelate. rate diocese would be converted into a Had artifice been necessary, it would separate church, and divisions and sects have been displayed in a different way; would be endless. But since the Church the object of the petitioner was to gain of England was part of the law and conthe curacy, and but for his honest scru. stitution, Parliament was bound to interples of conscience he might have obtained pose in cases of necessity to preserve its it. He (Lord Holland) now came to the peace : he did not put it on the miseratopic of expediency, and he must observe ble ground of property, but for the sake of the interests of religion, the House was ought to be instituted into the matter. called upon to interfere and to take care He was satisfied, in regard to the church that the basis of the church was as broad and its welfare, that to varrow the base and solid as duty to God and the welfare was not the best method of securing the of the state would allow. The Right superstructure. The categories as we Reverend Prelate had done what, till his understood his Lordship) of the Right time, had not been attempted since the Reverend Prelate, he considered to be Reformation. He strove to straiten and clearly niost impolitic. While he (Lord narrow the basis of the church, and the Harrowby) was disposed to vote for the speech he had made shewed that those reading and laying on the table of the who wished for the peace and security of petition, he was far from pledging himself the country, ought either to put an end to support the proposed addresu. to the practice he had begun, or at least The LORD CHANCELLOR thought it to institute an inquiry into its legality and would be a most extraordinary course policy. The Right Reverend Prelate ob- for their Lordships to take, to refuse to jected to the extraordinary interference allow the petition to lie on the table, and of the House, yet he himself, day after yet not to reject it, but pernsit it to be day, had sat with exemplary patience to read. If the noble Earl who had spoken support a Bill of Pains and Penalties last saw nothing in this petition which against the first subject of the realm, on made it improper to be received, or to be the ground that the ordinary law did not allowed to lie upon the table, (taking it reach the case. Here the ordinary law to be a general representation of the sendid not reach the case, yet he contended tinents entertained by the gentlemen that there was no remedy but through a who had signed it, it appeared to him Convocation. As to the power of Conro. (the Lord Chancellor) that it ought to be cation, it was unquestionably a very permitted so tu be read and laid on the pretty power to be read of in books; but table, whether theis Lordships should God forbid that he (Lord Holland) or any choose to found any ulterior measure man should live to see the day when it upon it or not. Apd such a proposition should be again exercised in this king. he was himself inclined, therefore, 10 dom,

support. But if it was intended, by layLord CALTHORPE contended that the ing the petition on their cable, to imply mode of proceeding adopted by the Right any censure on the Right Revereud PreReverend Prelate closed all those open- late, whose conduct it called in quesings in the Thirty-nine Articles purposely tion, he (the Lord Chancellor) would left for the scruples of conscientious vote against it, even in that stage of the minds. He thought it most desirable for question. He could not see how the the welfare, and most essential to the Right Reverend Prelate, indeed, could go peace, of the country and the interests of on to the subscription, without previous the clergy, that this House should ex- examination. In voting that the petipress its decided reprobation of the course tion should lie on the table, he (the which had been pursued by the Right Lord Chancellor) desired not to be underReverend Prelate. (Hear.) He did hope, stood as imputing any blame to the Right that their Lordships by their vote of that Reverend Prelate. evening, whatever it might be, would The petition was then read, and ordermake it clearly understood that they ed to lie on the table. would not lend their high sanction to a Lord Dacre then observed, he had inproceeding, more menacing and more fa. tended to have followed up the last motal to the prosperity of the church, than tion, by moring an address to the Crown any which had ever been ventured on by on that subject; but from what the noble any other Prelate, since the period at and learned Lord on the woolsack, and which the reformation of our religion was other learned Lords, had said, it was clear effected. (Hear.)

that he (Lord Dacre) should fiud much The Earl of HARROWBY said, that as difficulty and opposition if he persevered he had, on the last occasion of this sub. in his intention. He was therefore inject's being agitated, voted that the peri- clined to substitute for it a motion " that tion should not be laid upon the table, he this petition be referred to a Committee felt anxious now to explain the grounds to consider the matter thereof." upon which he should now be disposed The LORD CHANCELLOR having exto give a contrary vote. The allegations plained the terms on which he would which the petition contained appeared to consent that the petitiou be laid ou the he of the gravest character ; and, looking table, would only say that he could not to the high and important interests which consent to this motion. inight be in some sort affected by them, The question being put, he did think that some further inquiry The Earl of CARNARVON could not repress his astonishment on finding, that prepared. Mr. Buxton added, that wishwhen so importaut a subject as this was ing, if possible, to avoid introducing the brouglit before the house, the bench of discussion of such a subject into the Right Reverend Prelates had not declared House of Commons, he had not yet comin words-no, nor by a nod-nor even plied with the request of these two genby a gesture, whether they meant, to a tlemen. He had felt desirons, also, mau, to sanction or condemn the con- that their petitions should be considered duct of their Right Reverend Brother in the first place, in the House of Lords, (Hear, and a laugh.) Usually those Re- where the Right Reverend Prelate might verend Prelates were not backward in have the opportunity of vindicating himexpressing their opinions on subjects self from the allegations they contained. comparatively unimportant. They had That discussion having since come on, he long been in the habit of attending, and (Mr. Buxton) did hope that what had very regularly, the discussions of their been said by their Lordships might have Lordships; but whether for mere orna. the effect of inducing the Bishop to rement and appearance, or for any more consider the subject in question, and to useful purpose, their conduct on this return to that which had now for so long evening might possibly decide. Could a period been the practice of the Estatheir Lordships see with indifference a blished Church. If, however, the conBench of Bishops thus sitting in timid duct of the Right Reverend Prelate should silence? Was it not almost a desertion disappoint these hopes, Mr. Buxton said, of those whom it was the bounden duty he should consider it his duty to call the of those Right Reverend Prelates to in- attention of the House to this matter at struct ? On any great constitutional an early period of the next session."] question, particularly a year or two ago, they formerly could not complain that either the noble and learned Lord on the

HOUSE OF COMMONS, woolsack, or those Right Reverend Pre

JULY 31, 1822. Jates, were slow to give the House the benefit of their wisdom and experience.

Marriage Act. But here, on a question of church policy, Mr. BUTTERWORTH wished to call the both were silent. That the Right Reve. attention of an honourable and learned rend Prelates had come down to vote one Member (Dr. Phillimore) to a clause in way or other, was evident enough ; but the new Marriage Act, which seemed to the grounds upon which their votes were him to involve considerable difficulty. to proceed, their Lordships were not to There were sects of Disseuters who did learn. What would the public think, not baptize their children until they bewhen it was informed, that of the very came adult, and in fact there were promany Reverend Prelates who had come bably a great many persons in the country down that night to the House, not one who, acting under their peculiar principle, was to be found who had a single word were nerer baptized at all. Now such to offer upon the subject before their individuals would be placed in a situation Lordships? (Hear.)

of great inconvenience by that part of the Strangers were then excluded from be new Marriage Act which went to provide low the bar.

that no person should be married without On our re-admission, we found the producing a register of his baptism. numbers to be on the question of refer Dr. PullLIMORE begged to be distinctly ring the petition 10 a Committee)

understood as having had nothing to do Contents, 19; Non-coutents, 58. Ma with the clause to which the honourable jority against the motion, 39.

Member adverted. The clause had been

inserted in the Upper House : if he (Dr. The ahore subject has been introduced Phillimore) had framed it, it certainly into the House of Commons also, as ap- would not have stood in its present shape. pears from the following paragraph in For the benefit of such persons as were the Times of Friday, June 28 :-"Wc unable to produce registers, there was, understand that, after a division which however, a saving provision in the Act : took place in the House of Commons on where it appeared that the register of Weduesday night last, and before the re. baptism could not be obtained, the Suradmission of strangers into the gallery, rogate might be satisfied by an affidavit Mr. Fowell BUXTON stated, that he had from any sufficient person, that the party been desired some time since to present unregistered was really twenty-one years two petitions from very respectable clergy- of age. That provision he (Dr. Phillimen of the diocese of Peterborough, com- more) apprehended was enough to replaining of the conduct of their Bishop, move the difficulty which the honourable with respect to the eighty-seven questions Member (Mr. Butterworth) complained which that Right Reverend Prelate -had of; but he personally knew nothing of the clause in question, and could only which the prisoners were tried. BENJArefer the honourable Member for farther MIN CONSTANT seems to have been partiinformation to the noble Lord above, who cularly aimed at, but he has detied and, had taken part in framing it.

as yet, repelled the malice of his persecuMr. BUTTERWORTH was obliged by the tors. One act of the French government answer of the honourable and learned has excited great attention in England: gentleman (Dr. Phillimore) : he had we feel so strongly upon the subject, tha: merely asked the question in order to set we are constrained in prudence to couthc public mind at rest upon the point. tent ourselves with recording the fact Many persons had been seriously uneasy without a comment. Our friend and as to the effect of the clause,

correspondent, Mr. JOHN BOWRING, has

been arrested by order of the government, FOREIGN.

and thrown into prison. He was on the

point of embarking at Calais for England, The news from the continent of Eu- when a telegraphic dispatch ordered his rope has been of late various and contra- detention and the seizure of his papers. dictory. The GREEKS are still struggling He was the bearer of dispatches from the with their oppressors, and have obtained Portuguese Ambassador at Paris to the some decided advantages in the Morea Portuguese Ambassador at London; and and at sea. SPAIN has been agitated it is conjectured that his arrest was com. with insurrections of the party who are manded for the sake of procuring these for restoring Absolute Monarcliy and the documents. He had about him, likewise, Inquisition : strange delusion! to bc ex- as we suppose every Englishman has who plained only by the yet remaining influ. returns from France, certain private letence of the Priesthood in that land of the ters, of the contents of which he knew Faithful. These mad attempts to plunge nothing. For having these in his posthe country back into superstition and session, he has been accused of being the despotism have generally failed, and the bearer of “ a treasonable corresponfailures will, it is to be hoped, strengthen dence." At first, his confinement was the hands of the Cortes and of the friends au secret, but we rejoice to hear that the of the new. Constitution. There is exter- severity of his prosecutors has been renal quiet, but deep dissatisfaction in cently relaxed. "It remains to be seen France. The press is shackled beyond whether he will be brought to trial : if all recent example, and the prisons are he be, we anticipate, even under French crowded with persons convicted or, which law, his honourable acquittal. Our own we fear is much the same thing in France, Government seem to have done every suspected of seditious designs. The scaf- thing in their power to vindicate the folds too have streamed with blood. In rights of an English subject, and to rethe trials of the persons who have pe- lieve the distress of Mr. Bowring's family rished, the unrighteous character of the aud friends, and of friends no man living French tribunals was most glaringly and has a wider circle, or in the circle more disgustingly exhibited; undisguised at that from qualities of both head and heart tempts being made by the servants of the make their friendship valuable. crown to implicate some of the distin. guished friends of liberty in the plots for


Communications have been received from Messrs. Kentish ; Bransby; Bateman; James ; T. C. Holland; Acton; H. Mace; and J. Cornish : from Captain Ross: and from Ben David; an Unitarian (Maidstone); Euelpis; F. B.; a Barrister (Harrowgate); and Edinburgensis.

The “ Account respecting Coventry” is not yet received.

Had R. C. (whose communication was acknowledged last month) written as an inquirer, we should probably have inserted his letter; but he could not surely expect that we should publish common-place objections to Christianity which are completely refuted in the works of West, Ditton, Sherlock, and a hundred other writers, and which are repeated in as dogmatic a inanner as if they were discoveries.

We have extended the present number beyond the usual length, in order to intro duce some articles of Intelligence, which, though they are no longer novelties, appear to us suitable and necessary to our work, which professes the peculiar object of registering all documents and proceedings relating to and affecting the great question of ecclesiastical reforin and religious liberty.

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Select Memoirs of Italian Protestant Confessors.

No. II.

Bernard Ochinus.* " THE whole life of Ochin was a purity, and spoke it, in his public

I paradox.” Such is the state discourses, with a fluency and a force ment with which a Catholic writer of eloquence which charmed and capcommences his memoir of this cele- tivated his hearers. Early in life he brated person ; t and certainly, if we became a monk of the order of St. are to receive as credible all that Francis, and took the habit of the has been related of him by friends and Cordeliers. In 1534 he exchanged his enemies, among Catholics and Protes- habit for that of the Capuchins. This tants, his character will appear to be was a reformed branch of the same made up of the most discordant quali. order, who pretended to observe the ties that ever were found united in rule of St. Francis with greater strictthe same individual; for he is alter- ness, and derived their name from the nately represented as the greatest and long and pointed form of their hoods, the weakest of men, the most exem- which, they maintained, bore the nearplary saint, and the most profligate est resemblance to that which had sinner, a zealous and devoted confes- been worn by St. Francis himself. sor in the cause of truth, and the most Beza and others, with unaccountable shuffling prevaricator and hypocrite; inaccuracy, have represented Ochin an angel of light and a fiend of dark as the founder of the Capuchins ; but ness; novus Satan et filius lenebra- this honour, whatever it may be, berum.

longs to a fanatical monk of the name Bernard Ochin was a native of Sic of Matthew de Bassi, who was shortly enna, in Tuscany, where he was born joined by a man of greater talent, about the year 1487. Of his parents Louis de Fossombrone, who chiefly nothing certain is known: it is pro contributed to the final establishment bable that they were of a humble con of the order. The Capuchins made dition in life, as the son appears to their first appearance in 1525; the have enjoyed few advantages of early order was confirmed by a Bull of Cleeducation, and evidently owed his ad- ment the Seventh in 1528; and they vancement and celebrity to his per- are reckoned to have been three hunsonal conduct, and the native force of dred in number by the year 1534, his extraordinary genius. He seems when Ochin took their habit.* to have known but little of Latin. Ochin observed the rules of his orOf his native tongue he was an accom- der with exemplary strictness, and by plished master, wrote it with great the austerity of his manners, and the

sanctity of his life, secured universal

*This name is variously spelt. In Latin writers it is commonly written Ochinus, • See a curions little work intituled, sometimes Occhinus, and occasionally “ La Guerre Séraphique, ou Histoire Ocellum. In the title-pages of his Italian des Perils qu'a courus La Barbe des Ca. works it is printed uniformly Ochino. puchins par les violentes Attaques des The name is abbreviated from Occhiolino, Cordeliers. La Haye, 1740.” Under which is a diminutive of Occhio, an eye, this quaint title the author has published and has the same meaning as the Latin an account of the rise and establishment Ocellum, “a little eye." By French of the Capuchins, with the view of corwriters it is written Okin.

recting the mistakes and exposing the + Lamy, Histoire du Socinianisme, p. extravagances of Boverius, the professed 229.

annalist of the order. VOL. XVII.


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