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tion by symbols, which prevailed in evening, and they requested me to send the times of Moses and afterwards. you the inclosed Minute which prohibits A wife, undoubtedly, if such as she us from acceding to your request.
“I am, respectfully, ought to be, is a moral security as
“ Your Friend, well as a help-mate to her husband; nor could the strength and position of
“ A Minute of the Yearly Meeting of one of his own ribs fail significantly to the Society of Friends, 1799. suggest to him, that she in turn ought
“ “ It is the judgment of this Meeting, to be an object near and dear to his that our Meeting Houses should not be heart.
lent to the Ministers of other Societies, BEN DAVID. who do not profess to depend on Divine
direction in every step taken in worship SIR,
1822. and ministry; and for the use of modes TH WE Unitarian Society at
and forms, from which we are religiously being necessitated to vacate their restrained. On this account, it is the chapel several Sabbaths, for the pur
further judgment of this Meeting, that pose of its undergoing some repairs, should be very cautiously applied for, or
the Meeting. Houses of other Societies made application to the Society of accepted ; and it is recommended on “ Friends," requesting their permis- such occasions, if unavoidable, that sion to make use of their meetingFriends endeavour in meekness and wisHouse at intervals in which it would dom to inform such as are free to offer not be occupied by themselves. The their Meeting-Houses, of the reasons by Friend to whom the application was which we are restrained from reciprocally first intimated, expressed his own in- granting our own."" clinations to be favourable to a com- As the above statement is made pliance, acknowledging that on occa- with no disposition to arraign the persions in which application had been sonal conduct of the parties immedimade by his brethren for the use of ately concerned in this affair before the Unitarian Chapel, it had been the tribunal of the public, I abstain readily complied with. He proceeded from the mention of their names and immediately to lay the case before his place of residence, as also from that friends ; by whom he was instructed of my own; which, however, I am to return an answer, which, with the ready to give, should it be required advice of several friends, I have judged in confirmation of the correctness of proper to offer for insertion in your what I have alleged. Repository. It may answer some use
AN UNITARIAN. ful purposes, both to those of our own persuasion and others, thus to be apprized of the judgment and feelings of
Clapton, a society, whose general amenity of Sir,
October 11, 1822. manners have justly attracted the N the last nuinber of your Reposiesteem of the liberal part of the com
tory, (pp. 523-525,) is a paper munity, upon the point merely of a by T. F. B., relating to the remission of reciprocal accomninodation in conduct- sins, as connected with the death of ing religious services. The even de- Christ; being the continuation of his mands of justice seem to require it to former remarks, inserted in the Numbe added, that on the applications ber for April (pp. 211–213).
In which have been made by the Friends another place, (p. 288,) are some obfor the use of our chapel in a few servations upon the same subject by instances since the adoption of their my valued and respected friend, Mr. prohibitory resolution, that part of Cogan. Should the following comit which requires their reasons to be munication, in reply to T. F. B., be alleged, restraining” them “ from deemed worthy to appear on your (reciprocally granting their own,” has pagès, it is submitted, not without not, so far as our information reaches, considerable diffidence, to the candid been observed. The following is a attention of your readers. copy of the answer made to our appli
Your correspondent thus states his cation.
own proposition : “I contend, in ef“ Respected FRIENDS,
fect, that the mediation of Jesus “ I have consulted my friends on the Christ, especially his sufferings and subject on which you spoke to me last death, are set forth in Scripture as the way or method in which it has seem- moted this end; in what way the ed good to the Divine Wisdom to forgiveness of sins' depended on his grant to mankind remission of sins, death.” I submit, then, that until T. that is, deliverance from the conse- F. B. more clearly explains in what quences of transgression, and restora- sense the forgiveness of sins. depends tion to the privileges of the Divine on the death of Christ, his doctrine is favour.” With deference to your cor- an unsubstantial phantom : whether respondent, this proposition, though it be true or false, I cannot easily deintended to concentrate and define termine; for he refuses to inform me his views, contains nothing very ex
wliat it is. plicit; nothing more, perhaps, than Your correspondent assures us, howevery Unitarian would unite with him ever, that “we find in the Scriptures, in asserting. He should explain to the inmediate connexion between us, what ideas he attaches to the term these two things, (the death of Christ mediation, and in what sense he sup- and the forgiveness of sins,) strongly, poses that the death of Christ parti. repeatedly and variously asserted, and cularly, any more than his life, or brought forward as a great and prohis teaching, or his resurrection, was minent truth of the gospel.” This is
the way or method in which it seem- language so unguarded, and so wholly ed good to the Divine Wisdom to unwarranted by the Scriptures themgrant to mankind remission of sins." selves, that I am surprised it should He complains, that the manner in have escaped from so sensible and which Unitarians in general explain candid a writer. I shall not content the phraseology of Scripture, is a myself, however, with returning a "violent straining of language." But, mere denial to this imposing assertion. Sir, it is at least one way of explaining In proof, then, that the immediate it, and the interpretation alluded to by connexion between the death of Christ Mr. Cogan is another. He who pub- and the forgiveness of sins, cannot, in licly declares himself dissatisfied with
any sense whatsoever, be regarded as both, is surely under obligation to “a great and prominent truth of the affix some other definite meaning to gospel,” I submit the following simthe language in question, consistent ple, and as it appears to me, decisive with the acknowledged character of facts. God, and with the general teaching of 1. This connexion is never declared the Scriptures. But your correspon- by our Lord himself, except in the dent rather appears to me willing to solitary instance of Matt. xxvi. 28 : adinit, that he can attach no meaning “For this is my blood of the New whatever to phraseology which he Testament, which is shed for many for yet contends was meant to convey one the remission of sins.” Is this fact of the most important doctrines of favourable to the supposition, that revelation. “In what way,” he asks, Jesus regarded the said immediate “does the death of Christ lead to the connexion as a great and prominent remission of sins ?” And immediately truth of his religion? How often does answers, “ This is not a necessary in- our Lord speak of his own death, but quiry,-neither can we find any for- with no particular allusion to the formal answer to it in the Scripture.” giveness of sins? How often does lie Surely, Sir, eitlicr this is a very neces- speak of the forgiveness of sins, but sary inquiry, or your respectable cor- without the most distant allusion to respondent has been wasting his labour his own death? Could this be, if and talents in endeavouring to prove these things were, as your correspondthat Unitarians in general view a very ent supposes, immediately connected ? unimportant subject in a false light. 2. This connexion between the Indeed, he had himself stated in the death of Christ and the forgiveness of preceding page, before he was fully sins, is never expressly asserted by aware, perhaps, what an indefinite and any of the apostles, in their many disindescribable doctrine he was about courses recorded in the Book of Acts. to advocate, that this inquiry was the To my humble judgment, this strong only question that required any discus- negative evidence against the doctrine sion. “ The only question, therefore, in question, is altogether irresistible. is, in what way our Lord's death pro. The silence of the great Teacher of Christians, and of his inspired apos- feet example, or to the several other tles, may well be regarded as its con- benefits which Unitarians in general demnation.
ascribe to the death of our Lord. In3. In no other part of the New deed, in most of these instances, the Testament can I find that this con- allusion clearly is to our Lord's benenexion is insisted upon, either so va- volent sacrifice of his life, viewed as riously, or so very repeatedly, as your an incitement to love and obey him; correspondent seems to imagine. I as in the following passage: “ For am not aware of there being more than the love of Christ constraineth us, benine or ten passages of Scripture, in cause we thus judge, that if one died which the connexion between the for all, then were all dead; and that death of Christ and the forgiveness of he died for all, that they which live sins, can be said to be expressly as- should not henceforth five unto them. şerted, or clearly alluded to. One of selves, but unto him who died for these passages (Coloss. i. 14) may them, and rose again.” I am aware be entirely dismissed; since, in the also, that we are often said to have judgment of Griesbach, the words, received remission of sins and for“ through his blood,” are decidedly giveness of sins through Christ; but spurious. With respect to the remain- with no particular allusion to his ing passages, * after the most careful death, more than to his teaching, to consideration, I must assent to the his promises, or to his present exaltaopinion of Mr. Kenrick, (see Sermon tion. The apostles, in the course of xiv. Vol. I.,) and indeed the opinion their preaching, frequently declare, of Locke, Chandler, Taylor, Benson, that which no Christian has ever disBelsham, and of all the most rational puted, that Jesus is the Mediator, commentators with whom I have any through whom we have received the acquaintance; namely, that there is Divine promise of forgiveness, and are little or no allusion in these passages, led into favour with God; yet withto moral offences, or sins, properly só out any mention of this supposed procalled, but exclusively to the restora- pitiation effected by his death. Now, tion of the Gentile world from their Sir, I must insist that these passages condition of ceremonial impurity, to a are not to be regarded as merely instate of religious privilege or cove- different in the present discussion : nant, such as had hitherto belonged they are fatal to the hypothesis of your to the Jews alone. +
Penzance correspondent. Were the I have not made these statements connexion between the death of Christ without caution ; yet it is not impossi- and the forgiveness of sins so immeble that I may have overlooked one or diate and so important as he supposes, two passages, and if so, shall most it could not be that the apostles gladly see myself corrected. Let me should thus repeatedly speak of one, not be misunderstood, however, in with no direct allusion to the other. * that which I mean to state. In many The writer whose observations I am other places, doubtless, Christ is said to have “suffered for us,” to have
• It will be observed that I have made “ died for us,” to have “ given himself for us ;" but with no especial re
no allusion in these remarks to the Epis
tle to the Hebrews. This circumstance ference to the forgiveness of sins, I hope will not be attributed to my enter. more than to the confirmation of his taining the slightest apprehension that doctrine, to the finishing of his per- this Epistle contains any peculiar doc
trines, but solely to the following rea• John i. 29; Rom. iii. 25, 26, v. 1, sons : -1. The Épistle altogether is of 10; Ephes. i. 7, ii. 13; Coloss. i. 20; extremely doubtful authority. 2. Its style 1 Pet. i. 2, 19; Rev, i. 5.
is so peculiar and figurative, that it re. + It can scarcely be disputed by any, quires to be considered separately ;
and that this is the just interpretation of this communication is already too long. some of the passages alluded to. If this 3, If the doctrine in question cannot be be admitted, the remark of Mr. Cogan supported from other portions of the well deserves the attention of T. F. B.; New Testament, few persons will contend, namely, that this then becomes an indis. even should they suppose it taught in this putably scriptural interpretation when ap- particular Epistle, that it is therefore to plied to all the other passages.
be received as a Christian doctrine.
noticing, appears to me not less unfor. can presume to be, had already chotunate in his endeavours to illustrate sen this same method of illustrating the advantages and moral tendency of the mercy of God, by a comparison his doctrine, than in his attempts to borrowed from the natural relation of define or to prove it. He is of opi- child and parent. Jesus, however, nion that this supposed method of re, has entirely omitted in his description, demption by the blood of Christ, was that which your correspondent deems intended, and is admirably suited, to so essential to the finishing of the pic“ secure the Divine authority;" but ļ ture. Į allude to our Lord's toucham utterly at a loss to imagine what ing parable of the Prodigal Son, in definite views he can entertain of its which I cannot find that the elder son, suitableness to this purpose. He is though he had always “served” his most anxious to guard against the father and never transgressed 'his suspicion, that he entertains the doc commandment,” was obliged to solitrine of vicarious punishment, or of cit pardon for the returning prodigal, satisfaction to Divine justice: In before the father “had compassion, what way, then, has the death of and ran, and fell upon his neck, and Christ secured the Divine authority; kissed him." I must beg to be exor what security can this authority cused, Sir, in saying that I rather preever need? I fear your correspondent fer the Saviour's parable in its origiwill be again compelled to reply, that nal form; for I cannot think that it “ this is not a necessary inquiry, has gained much, either of simplicity neither can we find any formal answer or of pathos, by your correspondent's to it in the Scripture." Yet is it not ingenious addition. clearly evident, that if any such thing It may at length be inquired, were contemplated in the scheme of what then is the Scripture doctrine redemption, its whole efficacy must of redemption by the blood of Christ? be lost, unless we can be made to un. In my humble opinion, it cannot be derstand how it tends to this pur, justly said that there is any such doc
trine in the Seriptures. The doctrine Your correspondent has further pre, of the Scriptures is this, that if men sented us with the following illustra, repent of their sins, and turn unto tion of his doctrine: “A father has God in contrition of heart, and bring many children, all of whom but one forth fruits meet for repentance, he is have joined in an act of disobedience; always mercifully disposed to forgive and, moreover, ill-treated the dutiful their past transgressions, and to rechild for his singularity: they become store them to bis favour : and _Jesus sorry for their fault; but the father Christ is the “Mediator between God prescribes, as the condition of forgive, and men,” by whom this joyful assurness, that the dutiful child shall solicitance has been proclaimed and confirinpardon for the others.” Nothing, ed to the world. With respect to the surely, could be conceived of less association of our Lord's death with happy than this illustration. A wise this great doctrine of the gospel, it and good father, when convinced that will certainly appear, upon examinahis offending children repented of their tion, to be comparatively rare in the disobedience, and were become fit ob- Seriptures, even should it be proved jects of his forgiveness, a father, whose to occur at all, and that it does occur, heart rejoiced to behold the returning is probably to be regarded merely as affection of his offspring, would scorn an accommodation of Jewish ideas the trick of appearing (for it could be and phraseology, to the circumstances only appearance) to need the propi- of the Christian revelation ; a practiating intercession of a more dutiful tice very natural, indeed, in Christ and child, before he could be induced to the apostles, and, doubtless, to the manifest the natural dispositions of a mind of a Jew very illustrative, but parent's bosom. I am surprised it not intended to convey in itself any did not occur to the mind of your cor- doctrine, other than that which is respondent, when penning this exem- much more frequently expressed withplification of his doctrine, that a much out any such allusion. less fallible judge of the influence of
H. ACTON, Christian truth, than either he or I
Copy of a Letter from Mrs. Adams, these foes of the rights of human na.
Wife of Mr. Adams, a Member of ture: our commerce has been destroy. the American Congress, to the Rev. ed, our cities burnt, our houses plunMr. Smith, then of Sidmouth, in dered, our women sacrificed to brutal Devonshire, but a Native of Boston, lust, our children murdered, and even in Nero Englund, which place he the hoary head of age has oftentimes left at the Commencement of the glutted their savage malice. These War, and returned to it at the are indisputable facts, and will, I Peace. (Communicated by the Rev. hope, be recorded by the faithful hisJoseph Cornish.)
torian, to the everlasting infamy and October 30, 1777.
disgrace of Britain ; and almost tempt
us to imitate the example of the parent Dear Sir,
of Hannibal, and swear the rising geneoffering by Mr. Austin of writ- But as Christians, though we abhor ing to you, compliance with the their deeds, we wish them reformation request of your papa, as well as my and repentance. We most sincerely own inclinations, I embrace it. There wish for peace upon honourable terms. have been but few opportunities of Heaven is our witness that we do not conveyance either to or from you, and rejoice in the effusion of blood, or the uncertainty, whether a letter would the carnage of the human species; but reach you has been the occasion that having forced us to draw the sword, little else has been wrote than the we are determined never to sheath it place of one's abode and their state of the slaves of Britons; and whether it health.
is credited or not, it is a truth for But whether this meets with the which we have great reason to be fate of some others or not, I am de- thankful, that we are at this day in a termined to congratulate you upon much better situation to continue the our present situation. When you left war for six years to come, than we your native land, it was in a state little were to contend for six months in the able to defend itself, to all human commencement of it. We have deappearance, against the force which fended ourselves hitherto against a had invaded it: but Providence has force which would have shaken any remarkably smiled upon our virtuous kingdom in Europe, without becomexertions in defence of our injured ing tributary to any power whatever, and oppressed land, and has opened and trust we shall continue to, with resources for us beyond our most san- the blessing of Heaven. guine expectations; so that we have Providence has permitted for wise been able not only to repel, but con- ends, that every one of the United quer the regular troops of Britain, States should feel the cruel depredathe mercenaries of Germany, the sa- tions of the enemy; that each one vages of the Wilderness, and the still should be able to sympathize with the more cruel parricides of America, with other, and this, so far from weakening, one of the most celebrated British has served to strengthen our bond of generals, Burgoyne, at their head. union; it is a thirteen-fold cord, which
I have the pleasure to inform you, all the efforts of our enemies have not Sir, that the British arms have sub- been able to break. The particulars of mitted to American fortitude, courage the capture of General Burgoyne and and bravery, and have received terms, his whole army I leave to be transmitthough humiliating to them, the most ted to you by other hands. I wish I generous ever granted to an 'enemy. may be able to congratulate you upon a Their deserts they never can receive similar account from the Southward ; in this world, nor we inflict, but must but whether I am or not, as the events submit them to that Being who will of war are uncertain, you may rely equally distribute both rewards and upon it that the invincible American punishments, and who hath assured us spirit is as far from being conquered that he will espouse the cause of the as it was the day the cruel mandates widow, the fatherless and the op- were issued against her. Our cause, pressed.
Sir, is, I trust, the cause of truth and Cruel have been the depredations of justice, and will finally prevail, though