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sion. In this manner, he read through with a few interruptions, have regularly the New Testament sereral times with met together for public worship. great care: explained, as well as he could, Dr. Spencer had continued thus pubscripture by scripture ; interpreting what licly to read and expound the Scriptures, was obscure by what was clear, and for the space of about two years, when a registering and arranging as he went on gentleman, a resident of Glasgow, hapthe passages which appeared to favour or pened to hear him, who was so much to disprove the doctrines which are com- pleased with the service that he invited monly received as true. At the end of him to Glasgow, and requested him to this process, to his no smali astonish- · repeat the same service in that city. On ment, he found himself a Unitarian. acceding to this request, he was heard in Here, then, is an instance in which a Glasgow with so much acceptance, that man of a sound judgment, of sincere he was earnestly solicited by several perpiety, influenced by an ardent love of sons to fix his residence there, and, as truth, pursuing it with that patient in- an advantageous offer was at the same dustry and in that manner which are time made him which would enable him most likely to discover it, and with all to pursue his medical studies with satishis prepossessions in favour of Trinitari. faction to himself, he readily yielded to anism, becomes a Unitarian simply by the wishes of his friends. Thus he bereading the New Testament in the lan came the public and avowed preacher of guage in which it was originally written. Unitarianism in Glasgow, and although He perused no other book : he consulted his style of preaching was peculiarly scripno espositor : he was guided to the con- tural, the way in which he stated his clusion in which he rested by nothing but opinions guarded and jndicious, and the the language of scripture, operating on a manner in which he defended them unmind as favourably circumstanced as can commonly mild, yet so great was the well be conceived to interpret it aright. sensation produced, and so violent the Rarely, indeed, does there happen a con. opposition excited, that his very life was currence of circumstances so favourable in danger. Several fanatics threatened to the discovery of the real meaning of to lay violent hands on him; and his Scripture; and therefore both the fact friends, though not himself, were under and the consequence deserve to be re- serious apprehension that the menace corded. He often expressed his surprise would be executed. He fearlessly contithat Arianism should so universally be nued his labour: the ferment gradually considered as the direct route, the half- subsided. By his mild and judicious way house, as it has been termed, from manner, some of his most violent oppoTrinitarianism to Unitarianism : and he nents were induced first to examine and who considers what the most extraordi- next to believe ; and he had the honour nary and astonishing doctrines of Ari. of sowing that seed which, though at anism are, and contrasts them with the several periods it seemed to be lost, has simple and calm and cold language of the since sprung up abundantly, and is now evangelical narratives, will understand flourishing. the ground of his wonder.
After finishing his medical studies in On this change of opinion, after having Scotland, Dr. Spencer removed to Brisdistinctly stated to his congregation the tol, where he settled as a surgeon, and vature of it, the process which conducted by those who best knew him, and were to it, and the considerations which pro. best able to appreciate his worth, was duced it, he resigned the pastoral office, esteemed a inost judicions practitioner. aud finally determined on studying medi. He had indeed studied his profession with cine; intending still to perform the duties a diligence of which there are few examiof a Christian teacher, should he be ples, and his knowledge was not only placed in a situation in which his services uncommonly extensive, but precise and would be useful. In conformity with scientific. Yet he never neglected to culthis resolution, even while he was pur- tivate his prior, and perhaps his favourite, suing his professional studies at Edin- pursuit, that of theology. He possessed, burgh, he couducted a regular religious more in cousequence of extraordinary laservice iu his own lodgings every Sunday. bour than as an original endowment of This service was cominenced in the year nature, a great facility in acquiring lan1791, and he was occasionally assisted by guage, and he had an admirable method Mr. Fyshe Palmer, with whom he had of teaching whatever he knew. It was formed an intimate friendship, whose his custom to reduce every subject he altalents and excellences he respected and tempted to teach to its first or most simloved, and whose cruel persecution he ple principles; to begin with the inculcanever ceased to deplore, From that pe- tion of these, and then, in a regular riod, Edinburgh has never been without series, to advance to the higher and more a number of avowed Unitarians, who, complicated parts : and this he did in so
excellent a manner, that it may be justly some portion of the Scriptures daily: affirmed that of all his pupils there is not daily he meditated on the sublinie preone who does not feel deeply indebted to cepts they inculcate and the glorious him, not only for the actual kuowledge prospects they unfold, and he was uniwhich he gained, but for the improve- form in his attendance on the ordinances ment which his understanding received of public worship. In a word, hc was from his method of teaching. It was truly, what he ever deemed it his honour this valuable talent which reudered him to be, and to be estcemed, a Christian. so well qualified to commence that plan He was a Christian from conviction ; he of communicating an accurate knowledge was a Christian in feeling; he was a of the Scriptures wbich we owe to him, Christian in conduct. and which will render his name honoured
S. S. and revered. That plan occupied his thoughts many years : when he had suf Oct. 25, at Sheffield, where he had reficiently matured it, he spared no time sided for the last few years of his life, nor labour to carry it into effect. Aud the Rev. EBENEZER ALDRED, at the adhis efforts were crowned with success. vanced age of 77. His remains were He has added to the reasonableness of interred in the burial-ground belonging the plan, the proof from experience, that to the Unitarian Chapel at that place, it is capable of accomplishing, to a very Nov. Ist. The following extract from great extent, what it professes. It is an the funeral sermon has been kindly furinstrument of diffusing the knowledge of nished by Dr. Philipps, by whom it was Christianity in its genuine simplicity and delivered. The text of the discourse was beauty, such as has never before been taken from Acts xi. 24 : “ He was a good thought of, and such as, if fairly tried, man." cannot fail of success. And if through “I have been led to the choice of this the want of zeal or the want of virtue, subject in consequence of the death of Christians neglect it, it will afford ano- the Rev. Ebenezer Aldred, who for many ther melancholy proof that to think for years was the minister of the united conthe good of mankind, and to shew them gregations of Protestant Dissenters asthe clearest and surest means of securing sembling for public worship at Great it, is too often vain and futile.
Hucklow, Bradwell, Middleton and AshSeldom does there exist a more disin- ford, in Derbyshire. He was the son of terested mind than that of this excellent the Rev. John Aldred, formerly pastor to man. He was benevolent and virtuous the Presbyterian Chapel in Wakefield, in the highest sense, for he laboured for and was himself intended for the pulpit. the welfare of others simply from a desire The early part of his education was conto promote their happiness, and without ducted with a view to this object, but he any reference to his own gratification or entered on comercial life. In this walk profit. He was truly pious. There was he proved unsuccessful, and he determined always on his mind a serious and devout to retire from the world and devote himsense of the superintending providence of self to that profession for which he was the Deity: of his dependence upon him; originally designed, and was settled as it of his accountableness to him, and of the minister of the gospel in the places before duties which he owed him. Aud these mentioned. His public services were for duties it was his sincere and habitual en many years highly acceptable and useful ; deavour to perform. He knew the ten- but growing infirmities and increasing age dency of the pursuits of life to absorb compelled him to resign his office, and the mind, and therefore he was careful he removed to Sheffield, where, after a not to neglect the means of keeping up a confinement to his bed for some years, sense of religion in his heart. He read the scene of his pilgrimage and his life
.“ The character of Mr. Aldred for be• See a tract entitled, The Plan of nevolence, and that most feeling and Dr. Spencer's Institution in Bristol, for active, will long be remembered by the acquiring and communicating an accurate poor of Hucklow and its neighbourhood, and critical Knowledge of the Holy Scrip- where he gave the vaccine inoculation to tures without Expense. London: sold by many hundreds of families with the greatR. Hunter, (Successor to J. Johnson,) 72, est success, and was in the habit of perSt. Paul's Churchyard ; and by Barry and forming many other acts of kindness, Son, Bristol. 1817. See also The Chris rather beyond than below his scanty means tian Reformer, Vol. III. pp. 368-372; and income. He administered consolation and, for a still more detailed account, see and assistance to the sick wherever they The Monthly Repository for August 1822, were needed and desired, and this withart. Nonconformist, No. XXV. pp. 419 out regard to any religious opinions or
party whatsoever. He was in his religi. VOL. XVII.
ous sentiments a decided Unitarian Chris. On the 15th November, at her house, tian : and if he entertained certain no. the Willows, near Preston, Lancashire, tions upon the sacred prophecies which deeply lamented by her family and friends, are imaginary and erroneous, let it be Mrs. PILKINGTON, relict of ihe late John remembered that almost all who have Pilkington, Esq., whose death was represumed to apply these prophecies to corded in the obituary for Japuary last, the states and revolutions of Europe, have pp. 61-63. She was the second daughfailed in their conjectures, and that the ter of Mr. Ormerod, of Foxstones, near books of prophecy still remain, in many Burnley, in this county, and was born in respects, sealed up from human investi. the month of June, 1750. gation and developement.
Though educated in the principles and « The errors of a disordered imagina. accustomed to the form of worship of the tion, or a fond attachment to peculiar Established Church, she possessed a mind opinions, are not errors of the heart, and too independent to be confined within the cannot destroy the excellence of charac- limits of human creeds, too ingenuous to ter. The memory of the benevolent and attach infallibility to the opinions she had just is blessed.
imbibed, too charitable to condemn those “ Let us seek rather to attain the re- who differed from her in' matters of faith putatiou of the good than of the great. and worship, too deeply convinced of the Goodness, indeed, is true greatness, whe importance of right views of religion to ther in the humble and private walks of be indifferent as to the system she life, or in the broad and open path of espoused. With a mind thus adapted for activity and usefulness. A Cornelius, the reception of truth, she became the • who feared God with all his house;" a wife of one who encouraged and assisted Dorcas, who was full of good works,' her in the pursuit of it. and 'alms-deeds which she did ;' a Savi. By the study of the Scriptures, togeour, who went about doing good,'— ther with the conversation and example throw all the splendour of ambition in of her beloved partner, she was induced the shade."
gradually to abandon “ the traditions of Mr. Aldred possessed great integrity of the elders, and the commandments of mind, and was strictly conscientious in men," and to adopt the plain, but sublime, acting up to that which he considered as faith of the gospel. She rejoiced that his duty. The pure and simple doctrines her researches had introduced her to a of the gospel were firmly embraced by better knowledge of the only living and him. These he was zealously desirous true God, the universal Father, and to a to disseminate, and these were his solace more scriptural view than she had hitherand support during a long and truly pain- to entertained of the one Mediator be. ful illness. Consoled and animated by tween God and men, the Man Christ these, he looked forward to his approachJesus. ing dissolution with composure, and with It has been asserted that Unitarianism a well-grounded hope of immortality affords no healing balm for the ills of life,
One of Mr. Aldred's ancestors was of no firm and chastened hope of acceptance the number of Ministers ejected by the and happiness beyond the grave; in short, Act of Uniformity, 1662, and afterwards that it is the frozen zone of Christianity, was minister of Morley Chapel, near wherein the sun of Divine love and mercy Leeds, where his remains were interred. never shines, in whose ungenial clime the Several of the family were minister of fairest blossoms of religion wither, and note among the Protestant Dissenters. its choicest fruits fall blighted from the His father, as noticed above, was pastor parent tree. It is delightful, however, to of a very large and respectable congre- oppose to the dogmas of this uncharitable gation at Wakefield; and the subject of theory, the practice of one of the profesthis brief memoir was himself a warın sors of the faith every where spoken and decided advocate of the right of pri- against. She found it to yield comfort 'vate judgment, and of the liberty of wor- and happiness to her heart even when the shiping God according to the dictates of trials of life assailed her; and with rean enlightened conscience.
spect to its influence on her temper and J. W. conduct, it produced those virtues, which
the apostle calls the “fruits of the spirit Oct. 26, at Salisbury, Samuel WHIT
long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
meekness, and temperance;" together CHURCH, Esq., the universal supporter of with that highest and best attainment of all Christian denominations and societies the Christian character, complete resignain the city. In him all men seem to have tion to the will of God. It was her aim lost a friend, for his charity was almost unbounded.-Evang. Mag.
and delight to observe strictly and conscientiously the several duties of her station ; as an affectionate and dutiful wife, a tender and anxious mother, a kind and sin. 280, and 331, and XV. 112.) This lady cere friend, few could equal her; and, had a great dislike to eulogies of the dead when iu tolerable health, she was never in the public prints, and enjoined her happier than in being employed iu useful surviving friends to avoid all comment in and benevolent works. At the head of announcing her own departure. an affectionate and uuited family, her life
T'estentur pauperes. might, perhaps, have afforded her as much enjoyment as is usually met with in this transient and chequered state, had it not pleased the Divine Providence to
Dec. 6, at Stoke Newington, in his 75th visit her with personal affliction. During
year, John Aikin, M. D., well known to
the world by his numerous elegant and the last fifteen years of her life, her health had been extremely delicate, but
useful contributions to English literature,
and the head of a family which perhaps more particularly so for the six years previous to her decease; within which
has done more than any other family in period her complaints were frequently
England for the promotion of knowledge attended with the most excruciating pains.
and the gratification of the literary taste. Yet in the midst of her sufferings, her
A memoir of this valuable writer is con
templated by his relatives, and when it daily and hourly prayer was, not so much to be released from them, as to be en.
appears we shall extract from it sone dued with strength patiently to bear that
biographical particulars. which her Heavenly Father allotted her. She was thus passing away the evening of
- 8, at Firle, near Lewes, Sussex, Mr. life in the practice of piety, when it
John MARTEN, in the 70th year of his pleased God to deprive her of her be
age. For many years he regularly assenlored partner.
bled with the Unitarians in the Chapel at - The friend and companion of fifty years
Southover, Lewes, and was highly esteemcould not be resigned without a struggle ed and respected by Christians of various too severe for her enfeebled frame, and denominations. His mild and upassumalthough she still bowed in submission to
ing demeanour, his humility of mind and the will of Heaven, yet her spirits and
patural sweetness of temper, could not
en cheerfulness forsook her, and she waited
but engage the esteem and affection of for her summons to depart hence and be all who knew him. He passed through at peace, “ more than they that watch
many weeks of languor, weakness and for the morning."
decay, without a single murmur of impaAnd here it is impossible not to votice
tience, and at length closed his eyes in the display of God's goodness, even in the death with hope and resiguatiou. His afflictive dispensation which deprived her
remains were committed to the receptafamily of a beloved parent, and which
cles of mortality at Ditchling, on the folmust tend powerfully to soothe their lowing Sabbath, when the Rev. James minds under the loss which they have Taplin, of Lewes, preached on the occaşustained.
sion from Heb. xiii. 14. The near approach of the destroyer was attended with po terrors, no painful suspense, no excruciating pains, for she - 23, at Homerton, Mr. JOHN CLENretired to rest in the evening at her usual NELL, aged 50. He was a native of Newhour, amidst the blessings of her chil- castle-upon-Tyne, where he was for a dren, to awake, in the morning, in the considerable period engaged in one of the world of spirits, and to join the innumer. manufactures of that town; but the arable company of those, who, having come dour of his mind impelled him to the pre“ out of great atfiction," or will hunger ference of literary pursuits, and in these no more, nor will they thirst any more; and in the congenial labours of tuition, nor will the sun strike ou them, or any his latter years were solely employed. heat. For the Lamb that is toward the His thirst of knowledge was very great, midst of the throne will be their shepherd, nor less his desire of its diffusion for and will lead them to fountains of waters general good. (See a Letter of his on of life ; and God will wipe away all tears Subscription Libraries, Vol. III. p. 132.) from their eyes."
He published many years ago an “ Essay C. R. on the Disclosure of the Processes of
Manufactures," first read to the Literary
and Philosophical Society of his native Dec. 3, at Barrington, in Somersetshire, town, of which, as of several other simiat the advanced age of 91, Mrs. HANNAH lar institutions in Scotland, he was a WEBB, relict of the late Francis Webb, member. For some time he conducted Esq. (See Mon. Repos. XI. 70, 189, a periodical work, devoted to his favou
rite object of making the secrets of arts July 8, at Calcutta, T. F. MIDDLETON, and manufactures public property. He D.D. F. R. S., Bishop of that Diocese. was also a contributor to several of the He was interred with great solemnity in Cyclopædias. Natural diffidence of man- St. John's Cathedral. ner prevented him from making the most advantage of his respectable powers of mind; but he was ever forward to re
At Venice, Oct. 12, ANTONIO CANOVA, commend and prepared to assist every
the great sculptor. He had arrived there plan for bettering the condition of his
from Rone on the 4th, when he was fellow-creatures, towards all of whom,
seized with the illness that terminated his whaterer were their opinions, he indulged
life. He died with the utmost resigna. truly friendly sentiments. His own faith
tion. In a codicil to his will, he ordered as a Christian was steady, and confidence
his body to be interred in his native place in the Divine Government was his sup
of Passagno, and his heart to be depoport under all his troubles and amic sited at the Imperial Royal Academy of ijons. As his life appeared to draw to a
Fine Arts at Venice, of which he was Chief close, he was anxious that his family
President. The funeral obsequies were should take notice that he found in the
very splendid. Canova is said to hare Unitarian scheme of the gospel all that
devoted a great part of his fortune to fainting nature could desire. His end benevolent uses. With the title of Mar. was calm and placid: his last thoughts chese, the Pope couferred upon him 3000 and affections were Christian, and there. piastres of rent, the whole of which he fore happy.
dedicated to the support and encourage ment of poor deserving artists. He was
building a church in his natire village, Dec. 26, at his residence, Walthamstow,
which he is reported to have left funds after a long, honourable and useful life,
to complete. This edifice is to be esSAMUEL THORP, Esq., at the age of 85.
riched and ornamented with some of his He was the father of Alderman Thorp,
greatest works. and one of the oldest liverymen of London. He distinguished himself in the city, Lately, (Dec. 1821,) at Shires, in Pero many years ago, as the supporter of the sia, Dr. TAYLOR, formerly a Missionary. principles of liberty, and as the friend of the late Alderman Coomb, the only representative of London who adhered to Lately, in the Island of Jamaica, aged the politics of Mr. Fox, during several 44, Dr. SAMUEL FOTHERGILL, for many successive parliaments.
years a physician of eminence in London. He went to Jamaica for a change of climate, where he practised his profession
with success for many years. Deaths Abroad. May 27, at Malacca, the learned and Lately, on his way to Geneva, ALEXrespected Chinese Missionary, Dr. MilNE, ANDER MARCETT, M. D. F. R.S., Honofour days after his return from Sincaporé rary Professor of Chemistry at Genera, and Penang, which islands he had visited and some years eminent as a physician with the hope of recovery.
in Russell Square.
The accounts of the treasurer were
laid before the meeting, duly audited by Manchester College, York. Mr. Edward Hanson and Mr. S. D. DarThe thirty-sixth annual meeting of the bishire, and were allowed. trustees of this institution was held in Unanimous votes of thanks were then the Cross-Street Chapel Rooms, Man- passed to the President, Vice-Presidents, chester, on Friday the 2nd of August last, Visitors, Committee, and other officers, John Touchet, Esq. in the chair.
for their valuable services during the past The proceedings of the Committee year; after which the following officers since the last annual meeting of the were elected for the year ensuing, viz. trustees were read, approved of and Joseph Strutt, Esq. of Derby, President; confirmed.
James Touchet; Esq. of Broomhouse,