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and have a part of the whole programme. The spirit of progress is abroad, is in the air, as seen by the dust of dusty King street on this memorable "half holiday”! “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,” and makes my dear American people very tired, and often tiresome. Let us have a “feed” (English, you know), at least once in seven, of surf and music and ball! Why, every native knows that that is a wise adjustment. A native boy when pushed or overcrowded with work in school will coolly tell you“No more, no use, some more to-morrow." The Hawaiians are a small race, but God has given to them a share of wisdom.


ALTHOUGH the municipal and social life of Il Honolulu may be said to date from the arrival of the American missionaries in 1820, from which time its growth has been steadily progressive, it was

An interesting event was chronicled in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser of Honolulu, shortly after its foundation in 1856, which goes back to 1814. It is a narrative of the first celebration of the ever-glorious Fourth of July on these Islands. On the Fourth of July, 1814, there were moored in the quiet and newly discovered harbor of Honolulu three American merchant ships engaged in the Northwest trade-Isubella, Captain Davis; O. Kane, Captain Jona Winship; Albatross, Captain Nathan Winship, with which last named vessel Captain Alexander Adams, late of Kalihi, and one of the designers of the Hawaiian flag, was connected.

At this time the only pilot to the new harbor was the king, Kamehameha I., who, in his royal double canoes, each seventy-five feet in length, manned by two hundred brawny arms, always first boarded each vessel, and taking command brought her into harbor.

“Those were fabulous days, when the royal pilot stood up, and with his sword in hand, waved the motion of a hundred paddles.” Thus this great prince encouraged commerce by his personal aid and example, and laid the foundation for the commercial supremacy of the newly-founded capital of his united kingdom.

The brothers Winship, by the consent of King Kamehameha I., determined to celebrate the anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence in a becoming manner. Each vessel fired three salutes,

one in the morning, one at meridian, and the third at * sunset. In the afternoon, says the narrative from which we quote, a royal banquet was prepared, such as the days of Kamehameha the First only witnessed. Mats and tables were spread on the open plain in the rear of the Catholic Church lot. In 1814 there were no houses except along the beach and up the valleys. The King's residence was in an inclosure where the old fort stood (near the store of Messrs. Hackfeld & Co.), and the grounds inclosed also what was subsequently the Hudson Bay Company's premises. The great Kamehameha's house stood on the site occupied by Messrs. Hackfeld & Co.'s store. The premises of the Hudson Bay Company are now occupied by the Beaver Block. In 1814 a grove of cocoanut trees grew on the site of the fort and the premises of Messrs. Allen & Robinson, shipbuilders, where for many years afterwards the only wharf at Honolulu stood. These old landmarks have long since been removed.

His Majesty Kamehameha I., who was the warm

friend of the foreigner, had ordered his servants to prepare liberally for the feast, and the tables and mats were loaded with all that royal munificence could provide. It was a grand day. All foreigners, including those connected with the vessels in port, sat down to the feast. There also were the noble Kamehameha's chiefs and his priests. There was Mr. Marini, or Manini, long since deceased (one of whose sons was subsequently employed in the Advertiser office); also John Young, Governor of Hawaii-names venerated in Hawaiian history. There, too, was the young Prince Liholiho, then about nineteen years of age, from whom, at the earnest entreaty of foreigners, the King had removed the sacred tabu, so that he might join in the festivities of the day. Ten thousand natives crowded around to witness the feast. Such was the first Fourth of July ever celebrated in the Hawaiian Kingdom.

It is noteworthy that one of the seamen engaged in firing the salute had his hand blown off, and similar accidents occurred at each one of the four succeeding celebrations of the Fourth of July at Honolulu.


TOU wish I would not make use of the exclamaV tion point so often-you are tired of seeing it? So am I, milady. But, “my gracious!”'I wish to goodness," then, that you, or somebody else, had invented a new set of punctuation marks before it became my“ bounden duty” to write what I saw in this wonderful wonder of a country, with its magnificently magnificent waterfalls, not to speak of its million and one exquisitely exquisite smaller ones, and all the way down to the tiniest tiny-its very loveliest loves of rainbows—and its most superbly superb coloring, over and around and under them all-in earth, and sky, and sea! A single exclamation point, forsooth! Why do I not live-and die there? “Don't be sassy ! ” You are not my father-confessor, nor even my confidential friend and adviser!

When I speak of a native hut, or grass-house, you may, naturally enough, fancy it means a very despicable sort of a domicile or residence! Not at all. It is often a very picturesque and comfortable abode ; airy, light, cool and clean. There are natives and natives ! And now and then one will be seen-like to poor Lelea's “ Brown ”-as lazy and shiftless as the most

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