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Attitude of American Courts in Labor Cases: A Study in Social Legislation
George Gorham Groat
Vista de fragmentos - 1969
accepted action adopted agree agreement appear argument association authority become boycott called carry cause citizen combination common concerned conclusion consideration conspiracy constitution contract course court dealing decision defendants demands deprived desire determine difficulty discharge discussion effect employ employer employment equal established evidence exercise exist expressed fact force freedom further give ground held importance individual industrial injury intended interest interference intimidation Judge Justice labor legislation legislature less liberty limits matter means natural necessary object opinion organization parties passed persons Ph.D picketing plaintiff police power present Price principles protection question reason recognized reference refuse regarded regulation relation require restriction result rules secure seems social society statement statute strike supreme court tion trade union United unlawful wages welfare workmen York
Página 328 - The liberty mentioned in that amendment means not only the right of the citizen to be free from the mere physical restraint of his person, as by incarceration, but the term is deemed to embrace the right of the citizen to be free in the enjoyment of all his faculties; to be free to use them in all lawful ways ; to live and work where he will ; to earn his livelihood by any lawful calling ; to pursue any livelihood or avocation, and for that purpose to enter into all contracts which may be proper,...
Página 291 - We think it is a settled principle, growing out of the nature of well ordered civil society, that every holder of property, however absolute and unqualified may be his title, holds it under the implied liability that his use of it may be so regulated that it shall not be injurious to the equal enjoyment of others having an equal right to the enjoyment of their property, nor injurious to the rights of the community.
Página 31 - But a constitution is not intended to embody a particular economic theory, whether of paternalism and the organic relation of the citizen to the state or of laissez faire. It is made for people of fundamentally differing views, and the accident of our finding certain opinions natural and familiar or novel and even shocking ought not to conclude our judgment upon the question whether statutes embodying them conflict with the Constitution of the United States.
Página 295 - That woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence is obvious.
Página 222 - I think that the word liberty in the Fourteenth Amendment is perverted when it is held to prevent the natural outcome of a dominant opinion, unless it can be said that a rational and fair man necessarily would admit that the statute proposed would infringe fundamental principles as they have been understood by the traditions of our people and our law.
Página 31 - This case is decided upon an economic theory which a large part of the country does not entertain. If it were a question whether I agreed with that theory, I should desire to study it further and long before making up my mind. But I do not conceive that to be my duty, because I strongly believe that my agreement or disagreement has nothing to do with the right of a majority to embody their opinions in law.
Página 270 - The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper, without injury to his neighbor, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
Página 217 - It is a part of every man's civil rights that he be left at liberty to refuse business relations with any person whomsoever, whether the refusal rests upon reason, or is the result of whim, caprice, prejudice or malice.
Página 350 - The legislation and opinions referred to in the margin may not be, technically speaking, authorities, and in them is little or no discussion of the constitutional question presented to us for determination, yet they are significant of a widespread belief that woman's physical structure, and the functions she performs in consequence thereof, justify special legislation restricting or qualifying the conditions under which she should be permitted to toil.
Página 150 - ... it is not within the functions of government — at least, in the absence of contract between the parties — to compel any person, in the course of his business and against his will, to accept or retain the personal services of another, or to compel any person, against his will, to perform personal services for another.