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1466. Parmelee, Maurice. An introductory course to the social sciences. Ameri

can journal of sociology, 19: 236–44, September 1913.

Students need an "evolutionary background" before beginning the study of the social sciences.

Anthropology supplies this. 1467. Reavis, W. C. An experiment in the teaching of high school composition.

School review, 21: 538-41, October 1913.

Says that one of the greatest obstacles in the teaching of English composition is “the lack of

suitable material for themes." 1468. Riebesell, P. Der biologische unterricht in England. Monatshefte für den

naturwissenschaftlichen unterricht, 6: 449–65, heft 10, 1913.

A clear and complete statement of biological instruction in England. 1469. Sawyer, Nettie Alice. Five messages to teachers of primary reading.

Chicago, New York, Rand, McNally & company (1913). 219 p. 12o.

“Reference books”: p. 212–14. 1470. Sykes, Mabel. Chicago geometry syllabus. School science and mathematics,

13: 587-98, October 1913.

“This syllabus was presented to the mathematics section of the high school teachers of Chi

cago sometime ago, and by them presented to the superintendent of schools.” 1471. Wodehouse, Helen, and Medeley, Helen M. History teaching and inter

national peace. Journal of education, supplement (London) 45: 723–25, October 1913.

A discussion of the means by which some of the glamour and picturesqueness of war may be lessened and interest aroused in civic life.

KINDERGARTEN AND PRIMARY SCHOOL.

1472. Garcin, F. L'éducation des petits enfants par la méthode froebélienne.

Préface de M. Gabriel Compayré. Paris, F. Nathan, 1913. xiii, 287 p.

illus. 12o. 1473. Holland, E. O. The effect of kindergarten work on the progress of children

in the grades. Kindergarten review, 24: 65–71, October 1913.

Address given at Department of elementary education, National education association, Salt Lake City.

Investigations made show that there is no appreciable difference between the rate of progress

of those with and those without kindergarten training. 1474. Jacoby, George W. The Montessori method from a physician's viewpoint.

New York, William Wood & company, 1913. 25 p. 12o.

Reprinted from the Medical record, April 19, 1913. 1475. Klein, Félix. Mon filleul au "jardin d'enfants." Comment il s'élève.

Paris, A. Colin, 1913. 252 p. illus. 12o. 1476. Lynch, Ella F. How can I educate my child at home? Ladies' home jour

nal, 30:32, October 1913.

Third article of series. Shows the way it can be done at from 5 to 10 years of age. Examples

in teaching arithmetic. 1477. Margulies, A. Reno. Dr. Montessori and her method. Volta review,

15: 334-38, October 1913.

Says that Montessori principles are as applicable to the deaf child as to the normal child. 1478. Palmer, Luella A. The gifts. Kindergarten-primary magazine, 26: 32–36,

October 1913

Considers the purpose in the use of Froebel's gifts in the kindergarten. 1479. Vandewalker, Nina C. The standardizing of kindergarten training. Kin

dergarten review, 24: 72–78, October 1913.

Address given at the Training teachers' conference, International kindergarten union, Washington, D, C.

1480. Walker, Jane. The Montessori method of education. Educational review,

46: 300–7, October 1913.

Presents a favorable view. Writer says: "Dr. Montessori's method and her system of education have come to stay. They contain an eternal truth, and they are part of the great democratic movement going on all over the world.”

RURAL EDUCATION.

1481. Calfee, John E. Rural arithmetic. A course in arithmetic intended to start

children to thinking and figuring on home and its improvement. Boston, New York (etc.) Ginn and company [1913] vii, 119 p. 12o.

Among the important subjects treated are mill problems, feed problems, meat problems, dairy problems, soil erosion, cost of growing crops, idleness and carelessness, educated labor,

health and sanitation, fertilizers, cost of bad roads, etc. 1482. Coëffé, A. L'enseignement primaire en montagne. Étude faite dans la

circonscription de la Mure. Revue pédagogique, 63: 1-19, July 1913.

A discussion of conditions in the rural schools of southeastern France. 1483. Curtis, Henry S. The rural church as a social center. Education, 34: 111-18,

October 1913.

Dwells on the decadent condition of country churches, and urges more social and institu

tional work. 1484. Eggleston, J. D. and Bruère, Robert W. The work of the rural school.

New York and London, Harper & brothers, 1913. 287 p. illus. 12o.

CONTENTS.-Introduction. The community survey.-The health of the children.-School government and the course of study.-Widening outlook of the rural school.-Cooperative demonstration work.-Demonstration work through the rural school. The school-plant.-Some neglected factors in school equipment.- Consolidation and transportation.- The teacher who is the citizen-maker.-First aid to the citizen-maker.-Opportunity of the county super

intendent.-The state superintendent of public instruction. 1485. Farwell, Cecilia. Country schools. American motherhood, 37: 232–39, Oc

tober 1913.

A statistical stud. 1486. Foght, Harold W. The rural school. Journal of education, 78: 341-42,

October 9, 1913.

Report of the Committee on resolutions to the National education association.
Also in Texas school journal, 31: 10-12, September 1913.

Claims (1) that without strong men and women professionally prepared for their work in the redirected rural schools, there can be no satisfactory adjustment of rural life; and (2) unless the schools are reorganized on a more satisfactory basis for administrative and supervisory purposes the schools themselves cannot become genuinely "redirected" nor their management

become honestly efficient, economical, and intelligent. 1487. Lewis, H. W. The administration of country schools. American school

board journal, 47: 15, 56-58, October 1913.

Some opinions concerning the administration of rural schools, by one who for some years has

been district union superintendent of nearly fifty schools. 1488. Monahan, A. C. The rural school and the community. Atlantic educational

journal, 9: 12-14, September 1913.

Contains a score card for the teacher called a "self-grading certificate of success," which was prepared by E. M. Rapp, superintendent of schools of Berks county, Pa., and distributed by

him to all his teachers. 1489. Richeson, J. J. The trained teacher, the key to the rural school problem,

Ohio teacher, 34: 54–56, September 1913. 1490. Stimson, R. W. Educational possibilities in the rural high schools. Rural

educator, 2: 62-63, October 1913.

Discusses the subject under three headings, namely, Preparation for college; Preparation for life, and Preparation for farming.

SECONDARY EDUCATION.

1491. Clarke, G. H. Practical work in secondary schools. School world, 15: 297–

302, August 1913.

A summary of the report of the Consultative committee on practical work in secondary schools. 1492. Johnston, Charles Hughes. Secondary education. Journal of education,

78: 316-17, October 2, 1913.

Claims that "in addition to the traditional and generally accepted problems of high-school administration and the supervision of instruction, there is evolving what we may term a new conception of supervision and a new educational conscience in regard to the strictly social admin

istration of high-school work.” 1493. Potter, George M. Relative efficiency of public and private secondary insti

tutions. School review, 21: 523–37, October 1913.

Presents a short historical sketch of the rise and development of each type of school. Gives a study of the records of the students of the University of Chicago, and comes to the conclusion that as "an agency preparing for college the high school is far superior to the academy."

TEACHERS: TRAINING AND PROFESSIONAL STATUS.

1494. Blaine, Anita McC. The ideals which led to the founding of the School of

education. Elementary school teacher, 14: 73–81, October 1913.

School of education, University of Chicago, founded by Col. Parker. Concluding paper. 1495. Claxton, Philander P. The teacher. American education, 17: 25-26,

September 1913.

Address delivered before the National education association, July 1913. 1496. Doughton, Isaac. A needed reform in teachers' institutes. Pennsylvania

school journal, 62: 174–77, October 1913. 1497. New certificating law in Illinois. School news and practical educator, 27: 37–38, ·

September 1913.

A synopsis of the certificating bill as given in the Illinois educational press bulletin. 1498. O'Connor, David. The beginnings of normal schools. Journal of education,

supplement (London) 45: 655–57, September 1913. 1499. Smith, Frank W. The normal school ideal. Education, 34: 104-10, October

1913.

Seventh article of series. Deals with the practice school. 1500. Willman, o. Der anspruch der pädagogik auf akademisches bürgerrecht.

Akademische rundschau, 1: 650–59, heft 11, 1913.
Pedagogy as a university subject. Mainly historical in treatment.

HIGHER EDUCATION. 1501. Atkinson, F. M. The civic university constitution and its reform. English

review, p. 294–305, September 1913.

Treats of the use and development of the new universities of the civic type. 1502. The Bristol university scandal. British review, 4: 34-45, October 1913.

A protest against the lavish granting of honorary degrees. 1503. Christensen, J. C. University business administration. [Manhattan, Kans.]

Kansas state agricultural college [1913?] 23 p. fold. chart. 8o.

Contains a paper entitled “Ideas gleaned in a recent trip of inspection for the study of university business administration,” and Organization charts for the Kansas state agricultural

college. 1504. Cook, George Cram. The third American sex. Forum, 50: 445–63, October

1913.

"In America there are three sexes-men, women, and professors. ... The way to secure aca. demic freedom and make university teachers free personalities is to transfer to them as a body

the powers now held by outside boards." 1505. Erben, Wilhelm. Die entstehung der universitäts-seminare. Internationale

monatsschrift, 7: 1335–47, August 1913. (A continued article.)

1506. Foerster, Norman, comp. Essays for college men; education, science, and

art, chosen by Norman Foerster, Frederick A. Manchester (and) Karl Young, New York, H. Holt and company, 1913. 390 p. 8o.

CONTENTS.The spirit of learning, by Woodrow Wilson.--Inaugural address, by Alexander Meiklejohn.-Knowledge viewed in relation to learning, by J.H. Newman.-Knowledge viewed in relation to professional skill, by J. H. Newman.-On science and art in relation to education, by T. H. Huxley.--The social value of the college-bred, by William James.-On the advisable ness of improving natural knowledge, by T. H. Huxley.-On the educational value of the natural history sciences, by T. H. Huxley.-A change of educational emphasis, by E. A. Birge.--An address to students, by John Tyndall.-Literature and science, by Matthew Arnold.-The study of art, by John Caird.–First principles, by G. E. Woodberry.--How to read, by Frederic

Harrison. 1507. Inauguration de l'Institut français d'Espagne. Revue internationale de

l'enseignement, 33: 8–21, 110–20, July, August 1913.

Discourses delivered at the inauguration held during Easter vacation 1913. The work is

carried on by the universities of Bordeaux and Toulouse. 1508. Key, David Martin. The function of the college. South Atlantic quarterly,

12: 256–68, July 1913. 1509. Kirkland, James H. Higher education in the United States of America,

Vanderbilt university quarterly, 13: 99–123, April-June 1913.

"Expanded from an address delivered February 28, 1912, on the 125th anniversary of the

founding of the University of Pittsburgh." 1510. Pier, Arthur Stanwood. The story of Harvard. Boston, Little, Brown,

and company, 1913. 256 p. illus. 8°. 1511. Scholz, Heinrich. Wandlungen im wesen der universität seit 100 jahren,

Preussische jahrbücher, 153: 316–28, August 1913.

1. Relation of universities to church and state in Germany. 2. Attitude toward concept of

science. 1512, Simon, Abram. The city mind; a plea for a municipal university, before the

Alumni association of Buchtel college, Akron, Ohio, June 18, 1913. Washington, D. C. [1913] 8 p. 8o.

"In connection with the proposal to turn over Buchtel college to the city of Akron and make it a municipal college. This has since been done and the University of Akron established.”

SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION.

1513. Brooks, E. C. Seven, eight, and nine years in elementary schools. Elemen

tary school teacher, 14: 82-92, October 1913.

Concluding article. Discusses promotion of students; influence of high school, etc. 1514. Ewing, E. F. Retardation and elimination in the public schools. Educa.

tional review, 46: 252–72, October 1913.

Writer says that the one absolute requirement for school progress is attendance. The first requisite in solving the problem of retardation is to have strict compulsory attendance laws

and enforce them strictly. 1515. Greenwood, James M. How New York city administers its schools,

Educational review, 46: 217–28, October 1913.

Discusses the report of Dr. E. C. Moore on school administration in New York city to the

Committee on school inquiry. 1516. Howerth, Ira W. The apportionment of school funds. Educational review,

46: 273–84, October 1913.

Presents a plan of apportionment, which, to the writer, seems to offer a better method than

those now employed in many of the states. 1517. Jessup, Walter A. The shifting school population. School review, 21: 513

22, October 1913.

Owing to the impermanence of school boards, superintendents, teachers, high school principals, and students the best work can not be accomplished in education. “An analysis of the careers of over 850 high-school teachers in Indiana brought out the lact that almost 40 per cent of these teachers were new to their positions last year.”

1518. Pearse, Carroll G. The city school system in American education. Journal

of education, 78: 258–59, September 18, 1913.

Discusses the subject under the following headings: Problem, Instrumentalities, Organiza

tion, and Administration. 1519. Schinz, Albert. Difference between the work of the high school, college, and

graduate school. Educational review, 46: 237–51, October 1913. .

A discussion inspired by the idea that there is something wrong with the facts, namely, that preparatory schools try to do college work or college institutions are obliged to do high school work, and with an actual lack of criterion regarding the delimitation between undergraduate and graduate work.”

SCHOOL MANAGEMENT.

1520. Bagley, W. C. Some problems of school discipline. Discipline and the

psychology of work. School and home education, 33: 7-10, September 1913.

Discusses the subject under the following headings: The “warming-up” period; Difference between being bered and being fagged; Fatigue and discipline; Short recitation periods waste

"swing;” General “swing;” and, Factors which block “swing.” 1521. Finkelstein, I. E. The marking system in theory and practice. Baltimore,

Warwick & York, inc., 1913. 88p. 12°. (Educational psychology monographs, ed. by G. M. Whipple, no. 10.) (Studies from the Cornell Educa

tional laboratory, no. 14.) 1522. Hooves, S. A. The value of examinations. Ohio educational monthly, 62:

463-66, September 1913.

The author makes the following suggestions concerning examinations: 1st, There should be sufficient variation from the class work and text to show that the pupil is honest; 2d, Enough requirement of detail to show his accuracy; 3d, Enough theory to show his grasp of the subject,

and 4th, Enough practice to show that he can apply his knowledge. 1523. Matics, R. L. Some means of keeping the boy in school. West Virginia school journal, 42: 212–14, October 1913.

SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE.

1524. The school arts list of works of fine art for schoolroom decoration. To help

those who wish a conservative guide in selecting pictures and casts. School

arts magazine, 13: 117–24, October 1913. 1525. Shepherd, John Wilkes. Some experiments on the ventilation of a school

room. Educational bi-monthly, 8: 51-66, October 1913.

"A paper read before the Fourth International congress on school hygiene, Buffalo, N. Y.,

August 25-30, 1913." 1526. Winter, Otto. Moderne landschulbauten. Archiv für pädagogik, 1: 641-61,

numbers 11–12, 1913.
An illustrated article describing German rural schoolhouses.

SCHOOL HYGIENE AND SANITATION.

1527. Finegan, Thomas E. The medical inspection of public schools in New York

state. American education, 17: 81-84, October 1913.

An address before the Fourth International congress of school hygiene at Buffalo, N. Y. 1528. Kennaday, Paul and Hendrick, Burton J. Three-cent lunches for school

children. McClure's magazine, 41: 120–28, October 1913. 1529. Laselle, Mary A. An open-air class for healthy children. Popular educator,

31: 65-68, October 1913.

Describes the open-air classes of the Horace Mann school, New York city. 1530. Lasher, G. S. Safeguarding rural children. Moderator-topics, 34: 87-89,

October 2, 1913.

“A paper read before the meeting of the Fourth International congress on school hygiene, Buffalo, August, 1913."

“Very explicit and complete statement of the physical conditions in Michigan's rural schools. It contains a fair survey of the situation, and some very striking deductions."

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