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Gilbert, G. K. Rate of recession of Niagara falls. 1907. 31 p. illus. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Bulletin 306) 15 cts.

Ultimately the falls will disappear; when, how, and why. Interesting and authoritative. The half-tones of the falls from the earliest date it was pictured (1821) to the present have historical value. A rather readable little bulletin.

and others. The San Francisco earthquake and fire of April 18, 1906, and

their effects on structures. 1907. 170 p. illus. maps. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Bulletin 324) 50 cts.

Contains: Preface, by Joseph A. Holmes; The earthquake as a natural phenomenon, by G. K. Gilbert; The effects of the earthquake and fire on various structures and structural materials, by Hichard L. Humphrey; Effects on buildings, engineering structures, and structural materials, by John S. Sewell; On structural steel and steel-frame buildings, by Frank Soule.

Contains many picturesque incidents of the disaster, and more than 100 photographs showing exactly what an earthquake does to a civilized community.

Glenn, L. C. Denudation and erosion in the Southern Appalachian region and the Monongahela basin. 1911. 137 p. maps, illus. 4°. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Professional paper 72) 35 eta.

Discusses denudation and erosion, and their effects, by concrete examples. Many fine pictures. Text and illustrations clearly bring out the relation between forests and the water supply.

Hague, Arnold. Geological history of the Yellowstone national park. 1912. 23 p. illus. (Interior dept.) 10 eta.

Offers "such a general view of the region as will enable the tourist to understand clearly something of Its physical geography and geology." Ten half-tones and map.

Hayes, C. W. The state geological surveys of the United States. 1911. 177 p.

(Interior dept. Geological survey. Bulletin 465) 15 eta. Tells the history, work, and publications of 35 state surveys. Herndon, W. L., and Gibbon, Lardner. Exploration of valley of the Amazon.

1854. 2 pta. 417+339 p. illus. (Navy dept.) Each pt., cloth, 50 eta. Maps to accompany pt. 2. Cloth, 20 eta.

This report is given in narrative form, giving a great deal of Information about the native inhabitants as well as physical characteristics of the country. Still standard and interesting.

Howe, Ernest. Landslides in the San Juan mountains, Colorado, including a consideration of their causes and their classification. 1909 . 58 p. illus. 4°. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Professional paper 67) 25 cts.

Contains 20 splendid half-tones of landslides and their effects; the text describes the leading types.

International geographic congress. Eighth. Held in the United States, 1904. Report. 1905. 1064 p. maps. (State dept.) $1.

The papers are usually printed in the writers' native languages, although with English predominating. For the most part, they are readable and informative.

Matthes, F. E. Sketch of Yosemite national park and an account of the origin of the Yosemite and Hetch Hetchy valleys. 1912. 47 p. illus. (Interior dept.) 10 eta.

A popular account; 20 good half-tones, 3 diagrams.

Moore, Willis L. Report on influence of foresta on climate and on floods. 1910.

38 p. map. (House of representatives. Agriculture committee) 5 eta.

"As a result of careful consideration of Weather bureau data, Mr. Moore comes to the following conclusions:

"Precipitation control1; forestation, but forestation has little or no effect upon precipitation. "During the period of accurate observations, the amount of precipitation has not increased or decreased to any extent worthy of consideration. "The run-off of rivers is not materially affected by any other factor than the precipitation. "Floods are not of greater frequency and longer duration than formerly."

National parks.

The Interior department has issued circulars of general information on the following parks: Crater Lake, Glacier, Mesa Verde, Mt. Rainier, Sequoia, General Grant, Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Hot Springs of Arkansas. The circulars briefly describe the parks; give transportation and hotel rates; contain lists of books and magazine articles; and give the regulations governing them. The circulars are prepared especially for tourists' uso. They are free as long as the supply lasts.

People of Philippines. 1901. 76 p. (56th Cong., 2d sess. Senate doc. 218) 10 cts.

Contents.—Origin and different tribes.—Chinese.—Europeans.—Slavery.—languages.—Estimate of population in 1890.

Very interesting and instructive. The document was prepared in the Division of insular affairs of the War department, which administers the islands.

Salisbury, Rollin D., and Atwood, Wallace W. The interpretation of topographic maps. 1908. 34 p. 40 illus. maps. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Professional paper 60) $2.75.

The maps, numbering 170, represent nearly every type of topographic work. This work will enable any one to coastruct as accurate a mental picture of any region mapped as if he had been there. Many fine hall-tones are included in the volume.

The United States geological survey: its origin, development, organization and operations. 1904. 205 p. illus. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Bulletin 227) 25 cts. Also tells interestingly how maps are made, etc.

The weather bureau. 1912. 39 p. 16°. (Agriculture dept. Weather bureau) 5 cts.

An account of the bureau's organization and work. Weed, Walter Harvey. Geysers. 1912. 29 p. illus. (Interior dept.) 10 cts. A popular account, illustrated with some 25 excellent half-tones, maps, and diagrams.

COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY.

FOREST AND FOREST PRODUCTS.

Betts, H. S. Properties and uses of the southern pines. 1909. 30 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 164)

An encyclopedic account of the three principal varieties (longleaf, short leaf, and loblolly) with their economic importance. Particularly useful in advanced work through the South.

Boiseu, Anton T., and Newlin, J. A. The commercial hickories. 1910. 64 p.
illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 80) 15 cts.
An account of the hickories and their economic importance. For advanced use locally.

California tanbark oak. Part I.—Tanbark oak and the tanning industry. By Willis
Linn Jepson. Part II.—Utilization of the wood of tanbark oak. By H. S.
Betts. Appendix, Distribution of tannin in tanbark oak. 1911. 34 p.
illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 75) 15 cts.
Encyclopedic. For advanced work locally.

Chittenden, Alfred K., and Holt, W. K. The red gum, with a discussion of the mechanical properties of red gum wood. Rev. ed. 1906. 12 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 58)

Voluminous account of the variety of red gum. Economic importance. Useful in advanced work through the South.

Cleveland, Treadwell, jr. Status of forestry in the United States. 1909. 39 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 167) 5 cts.

The forest situation, and what is done nationally, by the states, and privately, to better it. For advanced work.

Cline, McGarvey, andKnapp, J. B. Properties and uses of DouglaBfir. 1911. 75p. illue. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 88) 15 cte. Part 1.—Mechanical properties. Part 2.—Commercial usee.

Part 2 (p. 59-75) constitutes the portion available for school use. This comprises a non-technical account of the wood's economic value.

Cook, O. F. The culture of the Central American rubber tree. 1903. 86 p. illus. 8* (Agriculture dept. Plant industry bureau. Bulletin 49) 25 cts.

Provides useful teaching material. The well executed half-tones, which are unobtainable elsewhere, are better for class-room use than is the text.

Dana, S. T. Paper birch in the Northeast. 1909. 37 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 163)

An interesting, simply written account of the tree, its cultivation and uses. Useful in advanced work, particularly in Maine.

Foster, H.D., and Ashe, W. W. Chestnut oak in the Southern Appalachians. 1908. 23 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 135) 5 cts.

Interesting account of a substitute for white oak. Useful locally In advanced work along the Atlantic seaboard.

Foster, J. H. Forest conditions in Louisiana. 1912. 39 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 114) 10 cts. Useful locally.

Fro thing-ham, E. H. Douglas fir: A study of the Pacific Coast and Rocky Mountain forms. 1909. 38 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 150) 5 cts.

Greeley, W. B., and Ashe, W. W. White oak in the Southern Appalachians. 1907.

27 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 105) Discusses the most widely used and one of the most widely distributed hard woods. Hall, William L., and Maxwell, H. Uses of commercial woods of the United States.

I. Cedars, cypresses, and sequoias. 1911. 62 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest

service. Bulletin 95) 10 cts.

Pines. 1911. 96 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin

99) 15 cte.

Kellogg, B. S. The forests of Alaska. 1910. 24 p. illus. map. (Agriculture der»t. Forest service. Bulletin 81)

An entertaining and very informative account of Alaska in general, with particular reference to its forests. A large map of the district, in colors, and many excellent half-tones.

Timber supply of United States. 1909. 24 p. map and diagrams. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 166) 5 cte.

Answers "many questions concerning the extent of our forest resources, their ownership, the rate at which they are being cut, and the outlook for a future timber supply." Popularly written; suitable for class use.

Leighton, M. O., and Horton, A. H. The relation of the southern Appalachian mountains to inland water navigation. 1908. 38 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 143)

Investigators prove that "the proper improvement of many rivers may be practically and thoroughly accomplished only by the use of storage reservoirs and the retention of the forest cover." Useful for advanced classes only.

Munger, Thornton T. Avalanches and forest cover in the Northern Cascades. 1911. 12 p. illus. map. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 173) 5 cts.

An Interesting, non-technical description of avalanches in general, with especial reference to the
Northern Cascade type; methods of prevention. Useful in advanced work.

National forests.

For information on publications dealing with any particular national forest, write the Forest service, Department of agriculture, Washington, D. C.

Plummer, Fred G. Chaparral. 1911. 48 p. illus. map. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 85) 15 cts.

A mixture of the technical and the general-informational. More useful in Pacific coast and southwest states than elsewhere.

Price, Overton W., Kellogg, B. S., and Cox, W. T. The forests of the United States; their use. 1909. 25 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Circular 171)

5 Ct8.

Discusses "what forests do, what forests we have, what is produced, used, wasted," etc. Shows where we stand on the subject of conservation, and what must be done to preserve the forests. Popularly written; suitable for class use.

Sterrett, W. D. Scrub pine. 1911. 27 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 94) 5 cts.

An encyclopedic account of a second-growth tree particularly common in Virginia and Maryland. Useful in local advanced work in Atlantic coast states from southern New York to South Carolina.

Sudworth, George B. Forest atlas: geographic distribution of North American trees: Pt. I. Pines. 1913. 4 p. 36 maps. 4°. (Interior dept. Geological survey) $1.

Tillotson, C. B. Tree planting by farmers. 1912. 11 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Yearbook. Reprint 566) 5 eta.

Farmers are responsible for nearly 90 per cent of the approximately 1,000,000 acres of forest plantations in the United States. Where the trees are planted; kinds planted; methods; and results.

Weigle, W. G., and Frothingham, E. H. The aspens: their growth and management. 1911. 35 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 93) 5 cts.

An interesting encyclopedic account of the most widely distributed tree in North America.
Useful in advanced work throughout the country.

Wood-using industries and national forests of Arkansas. Part I.—Uses and supply of
wood in Arkansas, by J. H. Harris and H. Maxwell. Part II.—Timber resources
of the national forests in Arkansas, by Francis Kiefer. 1912. 40 p. (Agri-
culture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 106) 10 cts.
Useful locally in secondary schools.

Zon, Raphael. Forest resources of the world. 1910. 91 p. (Agriculture dept. Forest service. Bulletin 83) 10 cts.

"But three important countries can increase their forest exports without lessening their forest capital." Detailed analysis of all countries. Useful in advanced work. Emphasizes the interrelationship between the extent and condition of other natural resources and their use. Many good tables.

MISCELLANEOUS.

Ashley, George H., and Fisher, Cassius A. The valuation of public coal lands. 1910. 75 p. (Interior dept. Geological survey. Bulletin 424) 10 eta.

Mr. Ashley discusses the value of coal land and Mr. Fisher depth and minimum thickness of beds as limiting factors in valuation. An interesting paper especially for use in the coal-mining district.

Beattie, W. B. The peanut. 1911. 39 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Farmers' bulletin 431)

Account of the plant—history, description, methods of cultivation, economic importance. Bitting, A. W. The canning of foods; a description of the methods followed in commercial canning. 1912. 77 p. (Agriculture dept. Chemistry bureau. Bulletin 151) 10 cts.

"The object of this bulletin is to give, in a rather popular form, a description of tho conditions in the better type of factories and the methods followed, so as to indicate to manufacturers what is expected in a modern plant; to give to teachers of domestic science more nearly accurate information upon this line of work than is now available, and to inform the consumer what goes into a can and what he may reasonably expect."

Bitting, A. W. Preparation of the cod and other salt fish for the market. 1911. 63 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Chemistry bureau. Bulletin 133) 15 eta.

The first 40 pages are given up to an interesting description, well illustrated, of the New England deep-sea fishing industry. The remainder of the bulletin consists of a technical paper on "a bacteriological study of the causes of reddening."

Brand, Charles J. Crop plants for paper-making. 1911. 20 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Plant industry bureau. Circular 82) 5 cts.

This circular is printed on 5 kinds of paper made wholly or in part from crop wastes and byproducts from corn, broom corn, rice, and cotton.

Cotton plant, The: its history, botany, chemistry, culture, enemies, and uses. 433 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Experiment stations' office. Bulletin 33) 60 cts.

Probably the best work of its kind on the plant extant. Good not only in geography, but alsc in nature study and agriculture. For advanced courses.

Cotton seed and its products. 1896. 16 p. (Agriculture dept. Farmers' bulletin 36)

A useful general treatise for any geography course. Davis, Charles A. The uses of peat for fuel and other purposes. 1911. 214 p. map (in pocket) (Interior dept. Mines bureau. Bulletin 16) 30 cts. A good encyclopedic account. Elliott, H. W. Seal-islands of Alaska. 1881. 176 p. illus. maps. 4». (Commerce dept. Census bureau) 25 cts. Tenth census. Well written and comprehensive. Ellis, Don Carlos. A working erosion model for schools. 1912. 11 p. illus." (Agriculture dept. Experiment stations office. Circular 117) 5 cts. Practical directions for its construction. Georgeson, C. C. Reindeer and caribou. 1904 13 p. illus. (Agriculture dept. Animal industry bureau. Circular 55) 5 cts.

An Interesting general account, with especial reference to North America. The half-tone pictures are very good for school use.

Gray, Edward D. Government reclamation work in foreign countries. 1909. 115 p. (Interior dept.) 15 cts.

Hawaii. 1897. 184 p. map. (American republics. Bulletin 85) 25 cts.

Contents.—Location, commercial and naval importance. Historical sketch. Area and population. Topography and climate. Agricultural resources. Foreign commerce. Tariff and customs regulations. Transportation facilities, postal system, etc. Patents, currency, etc.

Hawaiian Islands. Report from Committee on foreign relations and appendix in relation to Hawaiian Islands. 1894. [171] p. (53d Cong., 2d sess. Senate rp. 227) 10 cts.

Appendixes.—Instructions to Commodore Perry, Apr. IS, 1847. Early treaties. Report on physical features, climate, diseases, etc., by O. P. Scriven and J. Y. M. Blunt. Hawaiian Islands and people, by C. E. Dutton. Evolution of Hawaiian land tenures, by S. B. Dole. Hawaiian treaty and review of its commercial results. Hawaii and our future sea power, by A. T. Mahan. Translation of constitution of Hawaiian Government of 1840. An unpublished chapter In Hawaiian history, by Mr. Marshall. Extracts from history of Hawaiian Islands, by J. J. Jarvls. Extracts fnJm Honolulu directory, historical sketch of Hawaiian Islands witb chronological table of notable events, by C. C. Bennett. Constitution of 1864.

This document, together with committee hearings, influenced the annexation of Hawaii to the
United States.

Irrigation projects of the U. S. Reclamation service: National reclamation of arid lands. 1910. 32 p. illus., map. narrow 8°. (Interior dept. Reclamation service)* 5 cts.

Gives the text of the reclamation act and a brief statement regarding each project. Detailed information regarding any project of particular local interest may be obtained by writing to the statistician of the Reclamation service, Washington, D. C. The circular is useful in grammar grades.

♦Sold by Reclamation Bervice only.

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