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Voting and attendance record, Representative John W. Byrnes, 8th District, Wisconsin (83d Cong., 2d sess.)-Continued
Measure, question, and result
1954 Apr. 2
H, R. 7839, aiding in the provision and improvement of housing, the elimination and prevention of slums, and the conservation and develop
ment of urban communities: 46 do... On motion to recommit with instructions to provide 35,000 public housing units each year for 4 years. (Rejected, 176 to 211.).
Nay. 47 .do. On passage. (l'assed, 352 to 46.).
Ye3. 48 Apr. 5 Quorum call.
Present, 49 Apr, 7
Present. Apr. 8 .do
Present. H, R. 8619, authorizing the admission into evidence in certain criminal proceedings of wiretap information securoj in national security investi
gations: 51 Apr. 8 On amendment requiring a court order in order to make wiretap evidence admissible. (Passed, 221 to 166.)
Nay. 52 do On passage. (Passed, 379 to 10.)
Yea. A pr. 12 Quorum call.
Present. 54 Apr. 14 do
Present H, R. 303, transferring the administration of health services for Indians and the operation of Indian hospitals to the United States Public
Ilerith Service, now under the Department of Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs: Apr. 26 On passage. (Passed, voice vote)..
Yea. 55 Apr. 27 Quorum call
Present. H. R. 7397, amending the Public Health Grant-in-Aid Act by consolidating and simplifying the several public health grant-in-aid programs
for assisting States and local communities in providing necessary public health services: ...do. On passage. (Passed, voice vote).
Yes. Apr. 28 Quorum call.
Present. 57 Apr. 29 ..do
Present. II. R. 8873, appropriating funds for the Defense Department for fiscal 1955: 58 do On passage. (Passed, 377 to 0).
Yea. May 5 Quorum call.
Present 61 May 6 Quorum call.
Present. S. 2150, providing for creation of the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation to construct part of the St. Lawrence seaway in the
United States territory: 62 On motion to recommit. (Rejected, 157 to 242.)
Nay. do... On passage. (Passed, 241 to 158.).
Yes. May 10 Quorum call...
Present. do.. do.
Present. H. R. 2576, amending United States Code relative to extradition of certain fugitives from United States to countries occupied by United States
jointly with 1 or more powers: do. On motion that enacting clause be stricken out that the bill be killed). (Adopted, 228 to 68.).
Nay. 07 May 11 Quorum call
Absent. H. Res. 533, citing Bernhard Deutch for contempt of House of Representatives by refusal to answer questions before the Committee on Un
American Activities: 68 ...do. On adoption. (Adopted, 346 to 0).
Absent. H. R. 9040, authorizing cooperative research in education: May 12 On passage. (Passed, 296 to 55)
Yes, H. Res. 632, providing for consideration of H, R. 7434, establishing a National Advisory Committee on Education: do.
On resolution. (Adopted, 194 to 140). 71 May 13 Quorum call.
Present. N. R, 7434, establishing a National Advisory Committee on Education: 72 ..do.. On passóige. (Passed, 179 to 157.).
Yea. May 19 Quorum call
Present. H. R. 7601, providing for a White House Conference on Education: do. On passage. (Passed, 269 to 69.).
Yea. May 26 Quorum call
Present. H. R. 9212, authorizing certain construction at military and naval installations and for the Alaska communicationssystem: 76...do... On passage. (Passed, 346 to 0.).
Yea. H. Res, 568, providing for the consideration of H. R. 9366, amending the Social Security Act and Internal Revenue Code: 77 June 1 On adoption, (Adopted, 270 to 76).
Yea. H. R. 936i, amending the Social Security Act and the Internal Revenue Code so as to extend coverage under the old-age and survivors in
surance program, increasing the benefits payable thereunder, preserving the insurance rights of disabled individuals, and increasing the
amount of earnings permitter without loss of benefits: 78...do..... On passage. (Passed, 355 to 8).
Yea. H. J. Ros. 243, amending the pledge of allegiance to the flag of the United States of America by adding the words "under God" after the
words "one nation": June 7 On passage. (Passed, voice vote)..
Yea. H, R 2828, providing for per capita payments to members of the Menominee Tribe of Indians from the trust funds credited to the tribe and
for freeing the tribe from Federal supervision over a period of years: June 8 On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, voice vote.).
Yea. 79 June 9 Quorum call.
Present H. Res, 580, providing for the consideration of H. R. 7494, extending the Trade Agreements Act for 1 year: June 11 On adoption.. (Adopted, 273 to 63.)
II. R. 7494, extending the authority of the President to enter into trade agreements under sec. 350 of the Tarii Act of 1930, as amended, for 81 On passage. (Passed, 281 to 53.).
Absent. June 14 Quorum call.
Present. H. R. 9517, appropriating funds for the government of the District of Columbia for fiscal 1955: June 15
On amendment fixing the Federal payment to the District of Columbia at $20 million instead of $16 million. (Passed, 186 to 168.) Nay. 84 June 16 Quorum call..
Present. H. R. 8729, extending for 2 years the present authority of the Federal Reserve banks to purchase securities directly from the Treasury in
amounts not to exceed $5 billion outstanding at any one time. do..
On motion to recommit with instructions to limit bond purchasing authority to periods when no cash is available. (Rejected, 80 to 250.). Nay. June 17 Quorum call.
Present. H. Res. 583. providing for disagreement to a Senate amendment to the Housing bill providing for public housing and agreeing to conference
requested hy Senate: 87 do. On passage. (Passed, 360 to 19.).
Yea. 88 June 28 Quorum call.
Present. S. Con. Res. 91, expressing the sense of Congress that the United States support the Organization of American States in taking appropriate
action to prevent interference in Western Hemisphere affairs by the international Communist movement: 89 June 29 On passage. (Passed, 372 to 0.).
Yes. June 30 Quorum call
Present. 1. R. 8678, promoting the security and foreign policy of the United States by furnishing assistance to friendly nations (mutual security bill): 91 ...do... On amendment stating it to be the sense of Congress that no funds should be used for governments which are committed by treaty to
Yea. maintain Communist rule over any defined territory of Asia. (Passed, 389 to 0.) 92. do... On passage. (Passed, 260 to 126.) 93 .do.. Quorum call
Present. 94 July 1 do..
Present. 96 July 2 do
Present. H. R. 9680, providing for continued price support for agricultural products, augmenting the marketing and disposal of such products, and
providing for greater stability in the products of agriculture: 96 do...
On amendment to provide flexibility in price supports from 8243 to 90 percent of parity for the 1955 crops of basic commodities. (Passed, Yes.
288 to 170). ...do.... On passage (Passed, voice voto).
Yes. II. R. 6342, amending the Public Buildings Act of 1949 relative to acquisition of real property and the construction of public buildings for
housing Federal agencies, including post oflices, by executing purchase contracts: July 7 On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, voice vote)...
Yes H. R. 3640, amending the Vocational Rehabilitation Act so as to promote and assist in the tension and improvement of vocational reha
bilitation services, provide for a more effective use of available Federal sunds and otherwise improve the provisions of that act: 97 July 8 On passage. (Passed, 347 to 0.).
Yea "Ii present, would have voted"
Voting and attendance record, Representative John W. Byrnes, 8th District, Wisconsin (83d Cong., 2d sess.)—Continued
July 8 I. R. 9709, a bill to extend and improve the unemployment compensation program:
H. R. 7839, the Housing Act of 1954:
107 ...do... On recommittal motion designed to provide 140,000 new units of public housing over a 4-year period in lieu of the 35,000 new units for fiscal Nay.
year 1955. (Rejected, 156 to 234.)
108 ...do... On adoption of conference report. (Adopted 358 to 30).
H. R. 9888, extending the time for initiating training under the Korean GI bill of rights to 3 years instead of the present 2 years after date of
109 July 21 On passage. (Passed, 399 to 0)....
H. R. 9020, granting increases in compensation and pension to veterans of all wars and their dependents:
110 ...do.... On passage. (Passed, 399 to 0.).
H. R. 9245, providing postal rate increases and postal pay increases:
111 ...do.... On motion to suspend rules and pass with an amendment. (Rejected, 228 to 171. A 35 majority is necessary for passage under suspension Yea.
of the rules.)
H. R. 7130, providing for loss of nationality by native-born or naturalized citizens upon conviction of advocating or conspiring to advocate the
overthrow of the United States by use of force or violence:
...do... On passage. (Passed, voice vote.)
H. R. 8180, increasing Federal contributions to State homes for disabled American veterans:
On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).,
112 July 22 Quorum call.
8. Res. 664, citing Bolza Baxter for contempt of the House of Representatives by refusal to answer questions before the Committee on Un-
113 July 23 On passage (Passed, 376 to 0.).
do. Quorum call
H. R. 9757, amending the Atomic Energy Act of 1946, as amended:
115 July 24 On amendment relating to atomic patents. (Passed, 203 to 159.)
116 July 26 Quorum call
H. R. 9757, amending the Atomic Energy Act of 1916, as amended:
117 do... On motion to recommit. (Rejected, 165 to 222).
On passage. (Passed, 231 to 154)..
119 July 27 Quorum call
H. R. 10051, the mutual security appropriation bill for fiscal 1955:
120 July 28 On passage. (Passed, 266 to 128).
H. R. 8300, a bill to revise the internal revenue laws of the United States:
On motion to recommit with instructions for House conserees to agree to Senate amendment which deleted sertion providing credit Nay.
against the income tax of an individual of a percentage of the dividends received from certain domestic corporations. (Rejected, 169 to
On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, 316 to 77.)..
123 ..do. Quorum call.
H. Res. 626, providing for the consideration H. R. 236, authorizing the construction, operation, and maintenance by the Secretary of the
Interior of the Fryingpan-Arkansas project, Colorado:
On passage. (Rejected, 188 to 195.).
H. R. 9756, increasing the borrowing power of the Commondity Credit Corporation:
125 July 29 On passage. (Passed, 317 to 57.)
H. Con. Res. 265, providing for sine die adjournment of the 2d sess. of the 83d Cong. on July 31:
On passage. (Rejected, 183 to 193.).
128 July 30
H. R. 7840, amending the Railroad Retirement Act, the Railroad Retirement Tax Act, and the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act:
129 ...do.... On passage. (Passed, 360 to 0.)
H. R. 9666, amending sec. 1001. par. 412, of the Tariff Act of 1930 with respect to hardboard:
130..do.... On passage. (Passed, 235 to 109.)
H. Con. Res. 266, providing for sine die adjournment of the 2d sess. of the 83d Cong. on July 31:
131 ...do..... On passage. (Adopted, 179 to 167.).
H. R. 8384, authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to construct, operate, and maintain the Talent division of the Rogue River Basin recla-
mation project, Oregon:
On passage. (Passed, 163 to 144.).
133 .doc Quorum call.
I. R. 9821, providing for orderly termination of Federal supervision over the property and members of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wis-
On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
H. R. 7785, making permanent the increases in regular annuities under the Civil Service Retirement Act:
..do... On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
H. R. 9909, prohibiting payment of annuities to Federal officers and employees convicted of certain crimes:
...do..... On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
H. R. 8006, safeguarding the rights of riparian landowners in Wisconsin whose title to property has been brought into question by reason of
errors in original survey and grant:
..do.... On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
S. 3681, authorizing Civil Service Commission to make available group life insurance for civilian officers and employees in Federal service:
On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
134 Aug. 4 Quorum call
s. 16, amending the immunity provision relating to testimony given by witnesses before either House of Congress or its committees:
On passage. (Passed, 293 to 55.).
Aug. 9 Quorum call
#. R. 9245, establishing a joint committee of Congress to study postal field service reclassification and providing a 7-percent pay increase for
137 ... do... On motion to discharge the Committee on Rules from further consideration of H. Res. 590, the rule providing for consideration of H. R. Nay.
9245. (Passed, 348 to 29.)
138 ..do... On passage. (Passed, 352 to 29.).
H. Res. 687, providing for consideration of S. 2033, relating to the labeling of foreign-produced trout sold in the United States:
139 ...do.... On passage. (Passed, 209 to 159.).
H. R. 9678, promoting the security and foreign policy of the United States by furnishing assistance to friendly nations:
140 ...do... On motion to recommit. (Rejected, 97 to 260.)
On passage. (Passed, 202 to 55.).
141 Aug. 16 Quorum call.
S. 3706, outlawing the Communist Party, prohibiting members of Communist organizations from serving in certain respresentative capac-
itics, and for other purposes;
On passage. (Passed, 305 to 2).
8. 2308, authorizing and directing the investigation by the Attorney General of certain offenses by Government officers and employees with
other Governmental agencies:
On passage. (Passed, voice vote).....
Voting and allendance record, Representative John W. Byrnes, 8th District, Wisconsin (83d Cong., 2d sess.)–Continued
Roll call No.
Measure, question, and result
1954 Aug. 16
H. Res 705, providing for House agreement to Senate amendment to H. R. 6672, providing for a temporary increase in statutory debt limits
until June 30, 1955:
and providing for greater stability in the products of agriculture: Aug. 17 On recommittal of conference report. (Rejected, voice vote.). ...do..... On adoption of conference report. (Adopted, 208 to 47.).
H. R. 10203, providing rewards for information concerning illegal manufacture or acquisition of special nuclear material and atomic weapons: do..... On passage. (Passed, voice vote.).
Yea. 143 ...do..... Quorum call.
Present. S. 3706, outlawing the Communist Party, prohibiting members of Communist organizations from serving in certain representative capacities,
and for other purposes:
Nay. 146 ...do... On motion ordering previous question on amendment providing $55 million and providing 80 percent of the foreign currency generated
ties, and for other purposes:
H, R. 2236, providing for regulation of certain public transportation in the Washington metropolitan area: 148 Aug. 20
On recommittal of conference report with instructions io eliminate establishment of Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Regulatory Nay.
Commission. (Rejected, 95 to 164.).
AN EXPLANATION OF TERMS
within the jurisdiction of Congress. any Member, supported by one-fifth of Of necessity the report contains par Many emergency laws carry the provi- a quorum, can ask for a rollcall. This liamentary and legislative terms with sion that they may be terminated by privilege is guaranteed by the Constituwhich the reader may not be familiar. concurrent resolution, thus eliminating tion. An explanation of some of these terms the possibility of a Presidential veto.
Fourth. Rollcalls place each Member may, therefore, be helpful:
Fourth. H. Res. (S. Res.) designates a on record on the particular measure inA. A quorum call consists of a calling simple resolution of either body. It does volved. Each Member's name is called of the roll of Members to determine not require approval by the other body and his vote recorded. Rollcalls constiwhether or not a quorum-a majority of nor the signature of the President. It is tute the official voting record of the Members—is present. No business may used to deal with matters that concern House. be conducted when it is found that a one House only, such as changing rules, The outcome of various votes are indiquorum is not present.
creating special committees, and so cated in parentheses in the record above. B. Recommittal: Generally, on all im- forth.
In the case of rollcall votes, the actual portant bills, a motion to recommit the D. Rule: Important bills, after ap- vote is shown—the yeas first and the bill to a committee, with or without in- proval of the committee concerned, go to .nays last. structions, is voted upon by the House the House Committee on Rules where a before it votes upon passage of the bill. rule, in the form of a House resolution If such a motion is adopted, it means (H. Res.), is granted covering the time
What My Home Means to Me that the bill will be changed, delayed, allowed for debate, consideration of or even killed. However, when a motion amendments, and other parliamentary
EXTENSION OF REMARKS to recommit is accompanied by instruc- questions. tions, the vote generally indicates E. Conference: Representatives from whether the Member is in favor of or both Houses of Congress meet in confer
HON. JAMES C. DAVIS opposed to the change in the legislation ence to work out differences existing in proposed by the instructions and does the legislation as passed by the two not necessarily indicate his position on bodies. Upon conclusion of their con
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES the bill as a whole. A motion to recom- ference, à report is submitted to each
Friday, August 20, 1954 mit with instructions, if adopted, does House setting forth the agreements Mr. DAVIS of Georgia. Mr. Speaker, not kill the bill.
reached. Each House then must act by under unanimous consent, I insert in the C. The type of bill can be determined way of adopting or rejecting the report Appendix of the RECORD a copy of a let-' by the letters which precede its number. in whole or in part.
ter by Mrs. Sylvia B. Zsuffa, of 886 CherAll bills that originate in the House are
F. Ordering the previous question: A
ry Street NW., Atlanta, Ga., which was designated by an H; those that originate motion to order the previous question, if
chosen for the first award in a contest on in the Senate by an S. There are four adopted, shuts off further debate on the What My Home Means to Me, sponsored main types:
question before the House and prevents by Home Modernizing magazine and its First. H. R. (5) designates a bill further amendments to such proposition. publisher, W. Wadsworth Wood, of Chiwhich when passed by both Houses in
G. A bill may pass, or be defeated, by cago, Ill.: identical form and signed by the Presi- one of the following kind of votes:
ATLANTA, GA. dent, becomes law.
First. Voice vote: The Speaker first
Mr. W. WADSWORTH WOOD,
Small Homes Guide, Inc., Second. H. J. Res. (S. J. Res.) desig- asks all in favor to say “aye" then those
Chicago, I. nates a joint resolution which must opposed to say “nay.” If there is no
DEAR MR. WOOD: We have just bought & pass both Houses and be signed by the question as to the result, this is sufficient. dream. To the passer-by, it is just another President before becoming law. It is Second. Division: If the result of the old house set high on a hill. Nothing smart generally used for continuing the life voice vote is in doubt, the Speaker asks
about it. But to us, it is our dream come
true. of an existing law, or in submitting to those in favor to stand, then those opthe States a constitutional amendment, posed to stand. He counts in each in
The past few years have not been easy. It
is not easy when you're 40, with a growing in which case it does not require the stance and announces the result. If he
family to go into the Army for a second time, signature of the President but must be is in doubt, or if demand is made by one
when your country calls; to pull up roots; to passed by a two-thirds majority of both fifth of a quorum, then
face long separation, then the difficult adHouses.
Third. Tellers are ordered. A Mem- justment to an alien environment. Third. H. Con. Res. (S. Con. Res.) ber on each side of the question is ap
Now we have a home. Home? What does designates a concurrent resolution. To pointed as teller, and they take their
it mean to us: First of all, it means "tobecome effective it must be passed by places at each side of the center aisle.
getherness"-my husband near; the children
busy at homework in the evening. both the House and Senate but does not Those in favor walk through and are
Second, it means permanence. A strange require the President's signature. It is counted. Those opposed do likewise. word in these impermanent times. But we used to take joint action which is purely The result settles most questions, but can't name anything that would give us a
greater sense of permanence than our own- viding substantial benefits in other deduc- It ended the fighting in Korea, secured ing a few feet of land in this, our country, for tions and allowances for individuals and the exchange of prisoners, and began the which my husband fought. enterprise.
peaceful reconstruction of that war-torn And last, our home means adventure. The We acted to end the shameful waste of country. By strengthening Korean troops, cooperative excitement of building a new farm surpluses, and to provide farmers with the administration was able to bring home kitchen; of learning how to use a sander;
a long-range program for an independent, several American divisions. wield a paintbrush. In short, of making our self-reliant agriculture, with Government It kept America out of a hot war in Indohome a livable dream, which, like all dreams,
providing a shield against destructive forces china while giving France aid and support is measured by the amount of personal strug- beyond farmer control.
until a negotiated truce was signed. gle put into them.
We continued, strengthened, and enlarged It played an effective part in ending the Sincerely,
programs to meet human needs, to Communist regime which had seized power Sylvia B. Zsuffa
strengthen civil rights, to aid our veterans in Guatamala.
to provide adequate care for the disabled, to in all parts of the world
conferences. The Republican Record
We arrested the trend toward destructive By a congressional resolution supporting
socialistic tendencies in Government by the a united Germany. EXTENSION OF REMARKS
encouragement of private competitive en- By a Senate resolution condemning the terprise, thrift, and the self-reliance of our Soviet mistreatment of minorities and its people.
callous disregard of human rights. HON. WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND
We encouraged the States to meet their By reaffirming official policy denying Red OF CALIFORNIA
proper responsibilities; urged labor and pri- China's admission to the United Nations.
vate enterprise to solve their own problems By leading American states at Caracas in IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
without Government interference;
the adoption of a resolution declaring comFriday, August 20, 1954 worked to make all our people more self
munism to be a threat to freedom and peaco reliant. We restored to the States the rights
in the Americas and pledging full consulMr. KNOWLAND. Mr. President, I of the States to develop submerged lands,
tation in the event of any aggression. ask unanimous consent to have printed
and other resources within their boundaries. By negotiating arms pacts to strengthen in the Appendix of the RECORD, The Re- In these and all other respects a Repub- central American countries against Com. publican Record of the 83d Congress. It lican administration and Congress fostered
munist subversion. is understood, pursuant to the prior or- the forward progress of a free nation under
By taking appropriate steps to oust Ameri.
cans in the United Nations who serve the der, that additions and corrections may
a government without favoritism, without be made at a later publication date; but corruption, without waste or extravagance,
Communist cause and by Instituting an I desire to have the material printed in but efficient, economical, trustworthy, and
FBI check on the fitness of Americans for fair to all.
loyal service. the Appendix of today's RECORD.
By undertaking to share information on Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. Mr. Presi
atomic weapons with allies in the common dent, reserving the right to object, and
defense against Communist aggression. I shall not object, is this confined to the In two busy, exacting sessions, the 83d
And by proposing an international pool of Republican record of the 83d Congress, or Congress carried through to enactment an
atomic energy for peace. is it the record of the 83d Congress?
outstanding program of constructive legis- At the same time the administration
lation. It did this even though Republican acted resolutely to reinforce the defenses of Mr. KNOWLAND. It is the record of control rested on slender voting margins.
the free world. It pressed France and Italy the 83d Congress; but I believe it is cus- The Senate began and ended with a bare for action on the European Defense Comtomary for both the majority leader and Republican majority of one. For almost a
munity by indicating that American aid may the minority leader to have it printed. year after the death of Senator Taft, Re
not be forthcoming unless EDC or a satisThere being no objection, the matepublicans were actually in the minority. In
factory alternative is carried through. It rial was ordered to be printed in the RECthe House the Republican margin in the first
continued to train and build up the NATO ORD, as follows: session started at 7 but fell to 4 at the close
forces and to equip them with planes, of the second session through deaths and
guided missiles atomic weapons, and other THE REPUBLICAN RECORD resignations.
materiel. New air bases were acquired in The Eisenhower administration and the The achievements of the Congress were Spain and the bases elsewhere improved. 83d Congress worked together and our joint made possible by close coordination between European recovery and security are now so efforts resulted in the following notable House and Senate and harmonious relations well advanced that American aid may be with the President and the executive de
steadily and safely reduced. Military aid We ended the fighting and sacrifices of partments and agencies. Congress' heaviest was given to Pakistan and aid to Nationalist American lives in Korea; kept the United workload-the regular annual appropriation China continued. States out of the war in Indochina; liqui- bills—was efficiently handled and fully comdated the Communist foothold in Guate
Security pacts pleted in the 1954 session before the start of mala; strengthened the free nations; and
In addition to our network of security the new fiscal year July 1. This removed confronted Russian imperiallsm and Com- confusion and uncertainty from Government pacts with 39 nations, a treaty was conmunist aggression with the firm determina
cluded with Korea, a mutual assistance administrative in the executive branchtion to safeguard freedom and attain genu- an achievement which Democratic-controlled agreement was signed with Japan, and ne
Congresses utterly failed to accomplish in gotiations were begun on a security pact for We reorganized and strengthened the na
southeast Asia. The Senate ratifled three recent years. tional defense by policies and programs
treaties providing for the legal status of Party support of the Republican leadership capable of providing security over the long
United States forces in Europe, and four and of the President ran exceptionally high. treaties to settle claims and improve repull at substantial savings and without undue strain on the national economy. Congress was neither a rubber-stamp nor
lations with Germany. The Senate apan unruly critic of the President's program. We acted decisively to safeguard the Natlon from enemies within its borders and to Beginning with White House conferences proved authority for the President to take
appropriate steps consistent with constituwith Republican leaders in both Houses ríd government, labor, education, and all
tional processes to restore German soverincluding standing committee chairmen, other phases of American life from Com
eignty. and continuing with weekly conferences munist infiltration and subversion.
Working strongly for world economic throughout the session, Congress and tho
progress, the Congress and administration We successfully bridge the difficult transl
President cooperated for the good of the tion from war to peace and maintained pros
Nation. Detailed and continuous bipartisan simplified customs procedures, made new perity at the highest level in the Nation's consultations, not only on foreign policy studies of the trade agreements program
and extended the act for another year, and history. Price, wage, and rent controls were but on domestic legislation as well, were
continued the International Wheat Agreeended, freeing American enterprise from uncarried on by the President and the Republi
ment. It concluded treaties of commerce due Government interference. The national can leadership with Democratic Party leaders
and friendship with several nations, agreeeconomy was stabilized and the value of the
in both Houses of Congress. dollar strengthened, ending the cheating of The major accomplishments in detail are:
ments on sugar production and marketing. our people by inflation and avoiding the dis
and treaties concerning German debt settleREPUBLICANS END KOREAN WAR AND PRESS FOR tress of deflation, while employment, pro
ments, Mexican migratory labor and duty
PEACE WITH HONOR duction, wages, and earnings remained high.
free trade with the Philippines. It climaxed By placing American interests foremost years of hope and effort by arranging for We cut taxes by nearly $742 billion, re- and with firm, realistic policies, the Repub- American participation in the St. Lawrence ducing individual income-tax payments, exclse taxes on goods consumers buy, and pro
lican administration accomplished the fol- seaway, opening the heart of the Nation to lowing in its conduct of foreign relations: ocean shipping.
Compared with previous years, the Ad to June 30, 1956, the President's authority to Continuing its great humanitarian tradi
ministration has achieved greater actual de allocate scarce and strategic materials in tion the United States sent food to East fense power at lower costs and with substan. emergency and under the V-loan program, Germany, wheat to Pakistan, and entered tial savings to taxpayers.
whereby the Government guarantees qualiupon a comprehensive program for distribute
The new program includes greater atten- tying types of defense contract loans. ing farm-surplus commodities for famine tion to continental defense by extension of In line with Republican campaign pledges and distress relief, and in exchange for stra
the radar system to the Far North in coop to remove the Government from competition tegic raw materials. A program was enacted
eration with Canada, by a new continental with private business, the Congress acted to offering refuge for 214,000 Iron Curtain refu
aid defense command with improved fighter- dispose of some 28 federally owned synthetic gees, including many orphaned children.
interceptor forces and antiaircraft weapons, rubber plants and restored to States their By many changes and improvements, the
by coordinating communications systems rights to develop oil, minerals, and other
throughout the country, by increasing the natural resources. administration has achieved better manage
role of the National Guard in home defense, ment in handling foreign affairs. The State
Construction activities encouraged-small The Foreign
and by building cooperation in civil defense Department was reorganized.
business aided between local, State, and Federal units. Operations Administration and United States
Congress enacted a great number of laws to Information Service were set up as inde
NATO forces improved
help maintain a healthy, growing economy. pendent agencies. The Voice of America was Our striking and defensive force in global In the construction field alone, this Congress greatly improved. Regulations on security operations has been strengthened by the ac compiled a notable record. It voted funds risks have been tightened and at the same quisition of bases in Spain and by improve and encouraged the building of such things time the rights of individuals have been pro ments in other foreign installations provided as houses, ships, hospitals, health clinics, tected. By a complete overhaul, national for in military public works appropriations. highways, airports, and rivers, harbors, and defense policies and programs were brought
NATO forces in Europe have been improved flood-control projects. into more realistic relationship with foreign in organization, by provisions for the ex Small business already is benefiting from policies and commitments. And in this field change of information on atomic technology, the Small Business Administration, created of heavy executive responsibility for the con. by new equipment for conventional weapons, by the Republican 83d Congress to make duct of foreign affairs, the President worked guided missiles, and atomic cannon, and by loans, sublet prime contracts, and otherwise in close cooperation with Congress and with enlarged training programs for handling strengthen the backbone of America. bipartisan representaitves in both Houses. these newer weapons.
All business will be stimulated and more REPUBLICANS INCREASE NATION'S DEFENSE AT
By extended research and development, Jobs created as a result of the tax laws en
advances in technology and new production acted by the 83d Congress. LESS COST
arrangements, all the armed services are im Congress increased Federal research funds By departmental reorganization, better
proving the effectiveness of equipment and so that new ideas and technological promanagement, and a thorough overhaul of
material. Congress provided $5 million for cesses can be made available for commercial the entire national-defense program, the Re
special air research and facilities at selected uses, in turn meaning more jobs and better publican administration has built a highly
airbase laboratories. The President ap- products. flexible, mobile Army, Navy, and Air Force
proved an expanded stockpiling program for In a variety of ways the Republican Concapable of handling anything short of a the purchase of some 35 to 40 strategic metals gress and administration moved to aid those major international war requiring all-out and minerals from domestic producers wher relatively few areas of chronic and temporary mobilization. Should an all-out war occur, ever possible. The Army concentrated its unemployment. At least a dozen projects this program would and could be rapidly medium-tank production for greater effi- worth more than $20 million are being built enlarged. ciency at less cost.
in distressed communities through the taxMost significant are the actions (1) to Many changes have been instituted to im benefit program of the Office of Defense Momaintain large, well-rounded, highly prove service morale. Legislation
bilization. Congress extended unemploytrained and equipped military force for the passed to provide control of promotions and ment compensation coverage to some 4 milindefinite future; (2) to incorporate atomic better proportion between grades of officers. lion workers. It also strengthened the unand other new weapons into the regular The program for handling security risks has employment compensation system by setmilitary arsenal for strategic and tactical been firmed up. Commissions will be denied ting up a reserve of $200 million from which use; (3) to establish an Air Force Academy to doctors and dentists if they turn out to be States may borrow when necessary, and in comparable to West Point (Army) and An security risks. Segregation in the services addition it provided for the refund of exnapolis (Navy); and (4) to gear our military has been ended.
cess tax collections to States, enabling them program to our foreign policies and commit
to increase benefits to unemployed workers,
NATION PROSPERS UNDER REPUBLICANS ments.
As 25 States have already done.
President Eisenhower and the Republican These are history-making decisions. They Congress have given the Nation its greatest
In addition, the Government has a whole result from a fresh appraisal of our defense period of prosperity in history—and have
arsenal of economic weapons which Repubprogram by a new team of military and civil
licans have pledged to use, if it should bedone so despite the adjustments required in lan officials following the end of fighting in changing from a war to a peacetime economy.
come necessary, to maintain a high standard Korea. Their main object is to bring our
of living for our people.
The depression predicted by calamity defense program abreast of latest develop- howlers and partisan critics did not mate economic barometers read "fair weather
Under Republican leadership, the Nation's ments in policy, technology, strategy, and rialize. tactics. Recognizing the long-term threat
Prosperity was not accident, however. and varied tactics of Communist aggression,
REPUBLICANS MAKE RECORD-BREAKING TAX The Republican Congress and Administrathe new program replaces crisis planning for
REDUCTIONS tion took positive steps to instill public conpeak danger years with continuous combat fidence, to smooth out the bumps that ap
Republicans kept their pledge to reduce readiness for any contingency. Research, peared here and there, and to spur peace
taxes—by a whopping $7.4 billion in 1954, the production, procurement, and expenditures time activity to supplant declining war-de
largest tax cut the American people ever enare better coordinated to fit the large mill. mands. Yet the Government did not re
joyed in a single year. tary program into the framework of a sound
sort to any of the deadly socialistic drugs Individual income taxes were reduced by civilian economy which the Nation can afford prescribed by left-wing economic medicine about 11 percent beginning January 1, 1954, to sustain indefinitely if necessary. men.
the first tax cut since the Republican 80th Many billions available for defense
Cost of living stabilized
Congress. Only because the Republican Defense Department appropriations for The cost of living was stabilized. In con Congress and administration slashed Gov1955 alone total $28.8 billion of which $7.6 trast to the 6 percent average annual in
ernment spending by billions of dollars was billion is for the Army, $9.7 billion for the crease in living costs under the Truman ad
the $3 billion income-tax reduction possible. Navy, $10.9 billion for the Air Force, with the ministration, the cost of living has been held By contrast, under Democrats taxes remainder for other departmental expenses. down to only slightly more than 1 percent reached an all-time high in 1952. In fact, Supplemented by $55 billion in carry-over since Republicans took charge. Likewise Democratic Congresses voted 14 out of 15 funds, the total available for expenditure the rapid decline in purchasing power of the
income-tax increases since the first income will be $83.8 billion. In addition, $1.3 bil dollar occurring under the Democrats has tax law was passed in 1913 by Democrats. lion has been authorized for military public been stayed. The value of the dollar has Excise tax cuts voted by the 83d Congress works and large sums for atomic energy, mer varied only one-half cent in the past 18 means savings for everybody-in all, some chant marine, and other programs related to months.
$999 million-and will stimulate business the regular defense establishment. For 1955 Republicans moved quickly to wipe out activity and employment. Excise taxes were it is planned to have an Air Force of 120 restrictive controls. Less than a month after reduced on such things as stoves, refrigerawings with 970,000 men and women as part inauguration the President voluntarily ended tors, clothes driers, handbags, cosmetics, adof a planned buildup to 137 wings by 1957; wage controls. Price controls were removed mission tickets, sporting goods, telephone an Army of 17 divisions with 1,173,000 men by March 17, 1953. Federal consumer and calls, and telegrams. To offset this loss to and women; and a Navy and Marine Corps real estate credit controls were abolished. the United States Treasury, existing excise of 689,000 personnel operating 1,080 ships and Many other emergency powers over various rates were continued on such items as liquor, 13,200 aircraft. Plans for improving the aspects of the Nation's economy were re beer, cigarettes, gasoline, automobiles, and Reserve force are in the making.
pealed by law, although Congress continued cabaret admissions.