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STATUTE I.

Chap. XVI.-

An Act for the assessment and collection of direct taxes and internal July 22, 1813.

duties.(a) [Repealed.]

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Act of Janu- United States of America in Congress assembled, That for the purpose of ary 9, 1815, ch.

assessing and collecting direct taxes and internal duties, there shall be, 21, sect. 2.

and are hereby designated and established the following collection dis

tricts, to wit: Collection The state of New Hampshire shall contain five collection districts, as districts. follow : The first district shall consist of the county of Rockingham; the

New Hamp- second of the county of Strafford; the third of the county of Hillsboshire.

rough; the fourth of the county of Cheshire; and the fifth of the coun

ties of Grafton and Coos. Massachusetts. The state of Massachusetts shall contain eighteen collection districts,

as follow: The first district shall consist of the county of Washington; the second of the county of Hancock; the third of the county of Lincoln; the fourth of the county of Kennebec; the fifth of the county of Somerset; the sixth of the county of Oxford; the seventh of the county of Cumberland; the eighth of the county of York; the ninth of the county of Essex; the tenth of the county of Middlesex ; the eleventh of the county of Suffolk; the twelfth of the county of Norfolk; the thirteenth of the county of Plymouth; the fourteenth of the county of Bristol; the fifteenth of the counties of Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket; the sixteenth of the county of Worcester; the seventeenth of the counties of Hampshire, Franklin, and Hampden; and the eighteenth of the county

of Berkshire. Vermont. The state of Vermont shall contain six collection districts, as follow :

The first shall consist of the counties of Bennington and Rutland; the second of the county of Windham; the third of the counties of Windsor and Orange; the fourth of the counties of Addison and Chittenden ; the fifth of the counties of Franklin and Grand Isle; and the sixth of the counties of Caledonia, Essex, and Orleans.

The aforesaid counties, comprised in the said districts contained in the state of Vermont, shall be taken to comprehend such territory as was included in the said counties respectively, prior to the formation of the

county of Jefferson in said state. Rhode Island. The state of Rhode Island shall contain three collection districts, as

follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Newport and Bristol ; the second of the county of Providence; and the third of the counties of

Washington and Kent. Connecticut. The state of Connecticut shall contain seven collection districts, as

follow : The first shall consist of the county of Litchfield; the second of the county of Fairfield; the third of the county of New Haven; the fourth of the county of Harford; the fifth of the county of New London; the sixth of the county of Middlesex; and the seventh of the counties of

Windham and Tolland. New York. The state of New York shall contain twenty-eight collection districts,

as follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Suffolk, Queens, and Kings; the second of the city and county of New York; the third of the county of Westchester; the fourth of Duchess county; the fifth of the counties of Orange and Rockland; the sixth of the counties of Ulster and Sullivan; the seventh of the county of Schoharie; the eighth of the county of Columbia; the ninth of the county of Rensselaer; the tenth of the county of Washington; the eleventh of the county of Saratoga; the twelfth

(a) See notes to the act of July 1798, vol. i., p. 580, for a list of all the acts of Congress relating to the assessment of lands and slaves for direct taxes.

A bond given by the collector of the internal revenue, with sureties, conditioned that the collector had accounted and would account for all taxes collected or to be collected, is not binding on the sureties as to collections previously made. Armstrong et al. v. The United States, Peters' C. C. R. 46.

Collection districts.

New Jersey.

Pennsylvania.

of the counties of Essex, Clinton, and Franklin; the thirteenth of the counties of Albany and Schenectady; the fourteenth of the county of Montgomery; the fifteenth of the county of Herkimer; the sixteenth of the county of Oneida; the seventeenth of the counties of Lewis, Jefferson, and St. Lawrence; the eighteenth of the county of Otsego; the nineteenth of the county of Chenango; the twentieth of the county of Madison; the twenty-first of the counties of Tioga, Broome, and Steuben; the twentysecond of the counties of Onandago and Cortland; the twenty-third of the counties of Cayuga and Seneca; the twenty-fourth of the county of Ontario; the twenty-fifth of the counties of Gennessee, Niagara, Chautaque, Cataragus, and Allegheny; the twenty-sixth of the county of Richmond; the twenty-seventh of the county of Greene; and the twentyeighth of the county of Delaware.

The state of New Jersey shall contain six collection districts, as follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Bergen and Essex; the second of the counties of Sussex and Morris; the third of the counties of Somerset and Hunterdon; the fourth of the counties of Middlesex and Monmouth; the fifth of the counties of Burlington and Gloucester; and the sixth of the counties of Salem, Cumberland, and Cape May.

The state of Pennsylvania shall contain twenty-three collection districts, as follow: The first shall consist of the city of Philadelphia; the second of the county of Philadelphia; the third of the counties of Chester and Delaware; the fourth of the county of Montgomery; the fifth of the county of Bucks; the sixth of the county of Lancaster; the seventh of the counties of York and Adams; the eighth of the counties of Northampton and Wayne; the ninth of the county of Berks; the tenth of the county of Dauphin; the eleventh of the counties of Cumberland and Franklin; the twelfth of the county of Northumberland; the thirteenth of the counties of Mifflin and Huntingdon; the fourteenth of the counties of Bedford, Sommerset, and Cambria; the fifteenth of the counties of Fayette and Greene; the sixteenth of the county of Washington; the seventeenth of the counties of Allegheny and Armstrong; the eighteenth of the counties of Westmoreland and Indiana; the nineteenth of the counties of Centre, Clearfield, Potter, Jefferson, and M Kean; the twentieth of the county of Luzerne, having the same limits as it had before the counties of Susquehannah and Bradford were laid off; the twenty-first of the counties of Lycoming and Tioga, the same having the limits as it had before the county of Bradford was laid off; the twentysecond of the counties of Mercer, Butler, and Beaver; and the twentythird of the counties of Crawford, Venango, Erie, and Warren.

The state of Delaware shall contain three collection districts, as follow: The first shall consist of the county of New Castle; the second of the county of Kent; and the third of the county of Sussex.

The state of Maryland shall contain nine collection districts, as follow: The first shall consist of the counties of Somerset, Worcester, and Dorchester; the second of the counties of Talbot, Queen Anne, and Caroline; the third of the counties of Kent, Cecil, and Hartford; the fourth of the city and county of Baltimore; the fifth of the counties of Anne Arundel and Prince George; the sixth of the counties of Calvert, St. Mary's, and Charles; the seventh of the counties of Montgomery and Frederick; the eighth of the county of Washington; and the ninth of the county of Allegheny.

The state of Virginia shall contain twenty-six collection districts, as follow: The first shall consist of the counties of Lee, Russell, Washington, Wythe, and Grayson; the second of the counties of Montgomery, Tazewell, Giles, Monroe, and Botetourt; the third of the counties of Greenbriar, Kanhawa, Cabell, and Mason; the fourth of the counties of Harrison, Wood, and Randolph; the fifth of the counties of Monongalia, Ohio, and Brooke; the sixth of the counties of Bath, Pendleton, Hardy,

Delaware.

Maryland.

Virginia.

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Collection districts.

North Carolina.

and Hampshire; the seventh of the counties of Rockbridge and Augusta ,
the eighth of the counties of Rockingham and Shenandoah; the ninth
of the counties of Frederick, Berkley, and Jefferson; the tenth of the
counties of Bedford, Patrick, Henry, and Franklin; the eleventh of the
counties of Campbell, Charlotte, Pittsylvania, and Halifax; the twelfth
of the counties of Mecklinburg, Lunenburg, Brunswick, and Nottaway;
the thirteenth of the counties of Prince Edward, Buckingham, Cumber-
land, and Amelia; the fourteenth of the counties of Powhatan, Chester-
field, Dinwiddie, and Prince George; the fifteenth of the counties of
Greensville, Sussex, Southampton, and Surry; the sixteenth of the
counties of the Isle of Wight, Nansemond, Norfolk, and Princess Anne;
the seventeenth of the counties of Elizabeth City, Warwick, York, James
City, and New Kent; the eighteenth of the counties of Charles City,
Henrico, Goochland, and Hanover; the nineteenth of the counties of
Amherst, Nelson, Albemarle, and Fluvannah; the twentieth of the coun-
ties of Orange, Madison, and Culpepper ; the twenty-first of the counties
of Fauquier, Prince William, and Stafford; the twenty-second of the
counties of Loudon and Fairfax; the twenty-third of the counties of
Spottsylvania, Louisa, and Caroline; the twenty-fourth of the counties
of King George, Westmoreland, Richmond, Northumberland, and Lan-
caster; the twenty-fifth of the counties of King William, King and Queen,
Essex, Middlesex, Gloucester, and Mathews; and the twenty-sixth of the
counties of Accomack and Northampton.

The state of North Carolina shall contain thirteen collection districts,
as follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Currituck, Camden,
Pasquotank, Perquimans, Gates, Chowan, and Hertford; the second of
the counties of Bertie, Martin, Northampton, and Halifax; the third of
the counties of Washington, Tyrrel, Hyde, Pitt, Edgecombe, and Beau-
fort; the fourth of the counties of Green, Craven, Carteret, Jones, Lenoir,
Johnston, and Wayne; the fifth of the counties of Warren, Franklin,
Nash, and Granville; the sixth of the counties of Onslow, New Hanover,
Duplin, Sampson, Brunswick, Bladen, and Columbus ; the seventh of
the counties of Cumberland, Robertson, Montgomery, Richmond, Anson,
and Moore; the eighth of the counties of Wake, Orange, and Person;
the ninth of the counties of Rockingham, Caswell, Guilford, and Stokes;
the tenth of the counties of Rowan, Randolph, and Chatham; the ele-
venth of the counties of Lincoln, Mecklenburg, and Cabarras; the
twelfth of the counties of Buncomb, Haywood, Burke, and Rutherford;
the thirteenth of the counties of Surry, Wilkes, Iredell, and Ashe.

The state of Ohio shall contain nine collection districts, as follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Hamilton, Butler, Warren, Clinton, and Clermont; the second of the counties of Greene, Montgomery, Preble, Miami, and Champaigne; the third of the counties of Pickaway, Franklin, Madison, Delaware, Knox, Licking, and Fairfield; the fourth of the counties of Ross, Athens, Gallia, Sciota, Adams, Highland, and Fayette; the fifth of the counties of Washington, Muskingum, Tuscarawas, and Guernsey; the sixth of the counties of Belmont and Jefferson; the seventh of the counties of Columbiana and Starke; the eighth of the counties of Trumbull and Ashtabula; and the ninth of the counties of Giauga, Cayahoga, and Portage.

The state of Kentucky shall contain ten collection districts, as follow: The first district shall consist of the counties of Clark, Estill, Montgomery, Bath, Fleming, Greenup, and Floyd; the second of the counties of Fayette, Jessamine, and Woodford; the third of the counties of Scott, Harrison, Pendleton, Campbell, Boone, Gallatin, and Franklin ; the fourth of the counties of Bourbon, Nicholas, Bracken, Mason, and Lewis; the fifth of the counties of Livingston, Caldwell, Christian, Breckenridge, Ohio, Grayson, Muhlenburg, Henderson, Hopkins, and Union; the sixth of the counties of Barron, Warren, Logan, Butler, and Cumberland; the

Ohio.

Kentucky.

seventh of the counties of Mercer, Garrard, Madison, and Clay; the

Collection

districts. eighth of the counties of Bullitt, Jefferson, Henry, and Shelby; the ninth of the counties of Lincoln, Rockcastle, Knox, Pulaski, Wayne, Adair, and Casey; and the tenth of the counties of Hardin, Nelson, Washington, and Green.

The state of South Carolina shall consist of nine collection districts, South Caroas follow: The first shall consist of the district of Charleston; the second lina. of the districts of Colleton and Beaufort; the third of the districts of Barnwell, Orangeburg, Lexington, and Richland; the fourth of the districts of Edgefield and Abbyville; the fifth of the districts of Pendleton and Greenville; the sixth of the districts of Laurens, Newberry and Fairfield; the seventh of the districts of Spartanburg, Union, York, and Chester; the eighth of the districts of Lancaster, Sumpter, Kershaw, and Chesterfield; and the ninth of the districts of Georgetown, Horry, Marion, Marlborough, Darlington, and Williamsburgh. The state of Tennessee shall contain six collection districts, as follow :

Tennessee. The first shall consist of the counties of Washington, Sullivan, Green, Hawkins and Carter ; the second of the counties of Claiborne, Granger, Jefferson, Knox, Cocke, Sevier, and Blount; the third of the counties of Anderson, Campbell, Roan, Bledsoe, Rhea, Overton, White, Warren, and Franklin; the fourth of the counties of Smith, Jackson, Sumner, and Wilson; the fifth of the counties of Davidson, Williamson, Rutherford, Bedford, and Lincoln; and the sixth of the counties of Maury, Giles, Hickman, Humphreys, Stewart, Dixon, Montgomery, and Robertson.

The state of Georgia shall contain six collection districts, as follow : Georgia. The first shall consist of the counties of Chatham, Bryan, Liberty, M'Intosh, Glynn, Camden, Wayne, Effingham, Bullock, and Tatnall; the second of the counties of Scriven, Burke, Richmond, Jefferson, Washington and Montgomery; the third of the counties of Columbia, Warren, Hancock, and Greene; the fourth of the counties of Lincoln, Wilkes, Elbert, and Franklin; the fifth of the counties of Oglethorpe, Jackson, Clark, and Morgan; and the sixth of the counties of Laurens, Pulaski, Wilkinson, Telfair, Twiggs, Baldwin, Jones, Putnam, and Jasper, formerly called Randolph.

And the state of Louisiana shall contain four collection districts, as Louisiana. follow : The first shall consist of the counties of Concordia, Ouachitta, Nachitoches, and Rapides; the second of the counties of Lefourche, Opelousas, and Attakapas; the third of the counties of Orleans, German Coast, Acadia, Iberville, and Point Coupee; and the fourth of the parishes of Feliciana, East Baton Rouge, Saint Helena, and Saint Tammany.

The several counties and districts heretofore enumerated, shall be held in reference to this act, to be such and with the same boundaries as they had at the time of taking the third census or enumeration of the people of the United States; and where any new county or district shall have been, or hereafter may be, formed within any state, out of any one or more of the counties or districts composing any one of the said collcction districts, such new county or district shall be considered as part of such collection district; and if such new county shall have been or hereafter shall be formed out of counties lying in different collection districts, then the Secretary of the Treasury shall determine to which of such collection districts it shall belong.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That one collector and one prin- Collector ard cipal assessor shall be appointed for each of the said collection districts, a principal aswho shall be a respectable freeholder and reside within the same; and sessor to be apif the appointment of the said collectors or any of them, shall not be each. made during the present session of Congress, the President of the United QualificaStates shall be, and is hereby empowered to make such appointment tions. VOL. III.-4

C

assessor.

assessors,

during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall

expire at the end of their next session. Districts to be divided by

Ser:. 3. And be it further enacted, That each of the principal assesthe principal

sors shall divide his district into a convenient number of assessment dis

tricts, within each of which he shall appoint one respectable freeholder Proviso, that to be assistant assessor: Provided, That the Secretary of the Treasury the Secretary shall be, and hereby is authorized to reduce the number of assessment of the Treasury districts in any collection district in any state, if the number shall apnumber of as- pear to him to be too great; and each assessor so appointed, and acceptsessment dising the appointment, shall

, before he enters on the duties of his appointtricts.

ment, take and subscribe, before some competent magistrate, or some

collector to be appointed by this act (who is hereby empowered to Oaths and af- administer the same) the following oath or affirmation, to wit: “ I, A. B. firmation of the do swear or affirm (as the case may be) that I will, to the best of my

knowledge, skill, and judgment, diligently and faithfully execute the office and duties of assessor for (naming the assessment district) without favour or partiality, and that I will do equal right and justice, in every case in which I shall act as assessor." And a certificate of such oath or affirmation shall be delivered to the collector of the district for which such assessor shall be appointed; and every assessor, acting in the said office, without having taken the said oath or affirmation, shall forfeit and pay one hundred dollars, one moiety to the use of the United States, and the other to him who shall first sue for the same, to be recovered with

costs of suit, in any court having competent jurisdiction. Secretary of Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury Treasury to es- shall establish regulations suitable and necessary for carrying this act tablish necessary regula

into effect; which regulations shall be binding on each assessor in the tions.

performance of the duties enjoined by or under this act; and also frame instructions for the said assessors, pursuant to which instructions, and whenever a direct tax shall be laid by the authority of the United States, the said principal assessors shall, respectively, on such day as may be fixed by law laying such a tax, direct and cause the several assistant assessors in the district, to inquire after and concerning all lands, lots of ground with their improvements, dwelling houses and slaves, made liable to taxation, under any direct tax so laid by the authority of the United States, by reference as well to any lists of assessment or collection taken under the laws of the respective states, as to any other records or documents, and by all other lawful ways and means, and to value and enumerate the said objects of taxation in the manner prescribed by this act,

and in conformity with the regulations and instructions above mentioned. Direct taxes

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That whenever a direct tax shall 10.be laid upon be laid by the authority of the United States, the same shall be assessed the value lands, &c. &c. and laid on the value of all lands, lots of ground with their improvements,

dwelling houses and slaves, which several articles subject to taxation,

shall be enumerated and valued by the respective assessors, at the rate Proviso.

each of them is worth in money: Provided however, That all property of whatever kind, coming within any of the foregoing descriptions, and belonging to the United States or any state, or permanently or specially exempted from taxation by the laws of the state wherein the same may be situated, shall be exempted from the aforesaid enumeration and valu

ation, and from the direct tax aforesaid. Lists of tax

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the respective assistant assesable property to be delivered to sors shall, immediately after being required as aforesaid by the principal assistant asses. assessors, proceed through every part of their respective districts, and shall

require all persons owning, possessing, or having the care or management of any lands, lots of ground, dwelling houses or slaves, lying and being within the collection district where they reside, and liable to the direct tax as aforesaid, to deliver written lists of the same, which lists shall be made in such manner as may be directed by the principal asses

Bors.

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