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they or either of them shall be so intended to be exported; whereupon it shall be the duty of the said ufficer to inspect, by himself or deputy, the packages so notified for exportation, and the same after such inspection shall be laden on board the same ship or vessel of which notice shall have been given, and in the presence of the same officer or his deputy who shall have inspected the same, which officer, after the same shall have been so laden on board, shall certify to the collector of the customs for the district the quantity and particulars of the refined sugar so laden for exportation.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the said allowance shall not An oath also be made unless the said exporter or exporters shall make oath or affirma- to be taken. tion that the said sugar so noticed for exportation and laden on board such ship or vessel is truly intended to be exported to the place whereof notice shall have been given, and is not intended to be relanded within the United States, and that he or she doth verily believe that the duties thereupon charged by this act have been duly paid or secured to be paid; and shall also give bond to the collector of the customs, with two Bond to be sureties, one of whom shall be the master or other person having the given for the command or charge of the ship or vessel, in which the said sugar shall landing of the be intended to be exported, the other such sufficient person as shall be reign port. approved by the said collector, in the full value, in the judgment of the said collector, of the sugar so intended to be exported, with condition that the said sugar (the dangers of the seas and enemies excepted) shall be really and truly exported to and landed in some port or place without the limits of the United States, and that the said sugar shall not be unshipped from on board the said ship or vessel whereupon the same shall have been laden for exportation, within the said limits, or any ports or harbours of the United States (shipwreck or other unavoidable accident excepted.) Sec. 11, And be it further enacted, That the said allowance shall not

When drawbe paid until nine

months after the said sugar shall have been so ex- back is payable. ported: Provided, That whenever the owner of any ship or vessel on

Proviso. board of which any such sugar is laden for exportation, shall make known to the collector, previous to the departure of such ship or vessel from the port where such sugar is laden, that such ship or vessel is not going to proceed on the voyage intended, or the voyage is altered, it shall

be lawful for the collector to grant a permit for relanding the same. Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That if any of the said sugar,

Penalties for after the same shall have been shipped for exportation, shall be unship reshipment of ped for any purpose whatever, either within the limits of the United United States. States, or within four leagues of the coast thereof, or shall be relanded within the United States, from on board the ship or vessel wherein the same shall have been laden for exportation, unless the voyage shall not be proceeded on, or shall be altered as aforesaid, or unless in case of necessity or distress to save the ship and goods from perishing, which shall be immediately made known to the principal officer of the customs residing at the port nearest to which such ship or vessel shall be at the time such necessity or distress shall arise, then not only the sugar so unshipped, together with the casks, vessels, and cases containing the same, but also the ship or vessel, in or on board of which the same shall have been so shipped or laden, together with the guns, furniture, ammunition, tackle, and apparel, and also the ship, vessel, or boat into which the said sugar shall be unshipped or put, after the unshipping thereof, together with her guns, furniture, ammunition, tackle, and apparel, shall be forfeited, and may be seized by any officer of the customs or of inspection.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That the bond to be given us How to aforesaid, shall and may be discharged, by producing within one year tablish a claim

D

to the allow- from its date (if the same shall be shipped to any part of Europe or ance of draw. back.

America, and within two years, if shipped to any part of Asia or Africa; and if the delivery of the sugar, in respect to which the same shall have been given, be at any place where a consul or other agent of the United States resides) a certificate of such consul or agent, or if there be no consul or agent, then a certificate of any two known and reputable American merchants, residing at the said place, and if there be not two such merchants residing at the said place, then a certificate of any other two reputable merchants, testifying the delivery of the said sugar at the said place, which certificate shall in each case be confirmed by the oath or affirmation of the master or mate or other like officer of the vessel in which the said sugar shall have been exported, and when such certificate shall be from any other than a consul or agent, or merchants of the United States, it shall be a part of the said oath or affirmation, that there

were not, upon diligent inquiry, to be found two merchants of the United Proviso. States at the said place: Provided always, That in case of death, the

oath or affirmation of the party dying shall not be deemed necessary; Proviso. And provided further, That the said oath or affirmation, taken before

the chief civil magistrate of the place of the said delivery, and certified under his hand and seal, shall be of the same validity as if taken before a person qualified to administer oaths within the United States, or such bonds shall and may be discharged upon proof that the sugar so exported was taken by enemies or perished in the sea, or destroyed by fire; the examination and proof of the same being left to the judgment of the collector of the customs, naval officer and chief officer of inspection, or any two of them, of the place from which such sugar shall have been

exported. And in cases where the certificates herein directed cannot be Proof of land- obtained, the exporter or exporters of such sugar shall nevertheless be ing the goods. permitted to offer such other proof as to the delivery of the said sugar,

without the limits of the United States, as he or they may have; and if the same shall be deemed sufficient by the said collector, he shall allow the same, except when the drawback to be allowed shall amount to one hundred dollars or upwards ; in all which cases the proofs afore said shall be referred to the Comptroller of the Treasury, whose decision

thereon shall be final. Collectors to Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the collect the du- collectors aforesaid, in their respective districts, and they are hereby ties, &c. &c.

authorized to collect the duties imposed by this act, and to prosecute for the recovery of the same, and for the recovery of any sum or sums which

may be forfeited by virtue of this act. And all fines, penalties, and forfeitPenalties.

ures which shall be incurred by force of this act, shall and may be sued for and recovered in the name of the United States, or of the collector aforesaid, within whose district any such fine, penalty, or forfeiture shall have been incurred, by bill, plaint, or information ; one moiety thereof to the use of the United States, and the other moiety thereof to the use of the person who, if a collector, shall first discover, if other than collector, shall first inform of the cause, matter, or thing whereby any such fine, penalty, or forfeiture shall have been incurred; and where the cause of action or complaint shall arise or accrue more than fifty miles distant from the nearest place by law established for the holding of a district court within the district in which the same shall arise or accrue, such suit and recovery may be had before any court of the State

holden within the said district, having jurisdiction in like cases. Duration of Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in this act to Feb. force until the termination of the war in which the United States) are 17, 1816. 1816, ch.9. now engaged with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,

and the dependencies thereof, and for one year thereafter, and no longer.

APPROVED, July 24, 1813.

taxes

STATUTE I. CHAP. XXII.-An Act to establish the office of commissioner of the revenue. (u)

July 24, 1813. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the

(Obsolete.] United States of America in Congress assembled, That for superintending Office of com. the collection of the direct tax and internal duties, laid by the authority missioner of of the United States, there shall be an officer in the Department of the lished for superTreasury, to be denominated commissioner of the revenue, who shall be intending the charged, under the direction of the head of the Department, with

collection of

internal paring all the forms necessary for the assessors and collectors of the tax and duties. and duties aforesaid ; with preparing, signing, and distributing all the Duty of Comlicenses required by any law imposing any of the duties aforesaid; and missioner.

Act of NOwith the superintendence generally, of all the officers employed in

vember 22, 1314. assessing and collecting the said tax and duties.

ch. 7. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said commissioner of the To superin. revenue shall likewise superintend the collection of the residue of the tend the collec: former direct tax and internal duties which may be still outstanding, and of former direct shall also execute the services with respect to light-houses and other tax, &c. objects which were usually performed by the former commissioners of the revenue. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the

Secretary of Secretary of the Treasury to place also the collection of the duties on Treasury auimposts and tonnage under the superintendence of the said commissioner thorized to of the revenue, if, in his opinion, the public service will be promoted by place collection transferring that duty from the comptroller to the said commissioner. impost, &c. &c.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the compensation of the said Compensation commissioner of the revenue shall be the same with that of the auditor of the commis

sioner and of the Treasury; and that he shall, for the present, be allowed a number of clerks whose salaries shall not, in the whole, exceed four thousand dollars a year.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That a sum not exceeding three Specific apthousand five hundred dollars, to be paid out of any moneys in the propriation. Treasury not otherwise appropriated, be, and the same is hereby appropriated, to pay the commissioner and salaries aforesaid, for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirteen.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That all letters and packets to and Commissionfrom the commissioner of the revenue, shall be received and conveyed privilege or by post free of postage, under the same restrictions as are provided by franking, &c. law with respect to other free letters and packets.

act of 1810,

ch. 37; act of APPROVED, July 24, 1813.

1814, ch. 91, 10.

clerks.

er to have the

STATUTE I.

force.

CHAP. XXIII.–An Act to continue in force for a limited time, certain acts au- July 24, 1813. thorizing corps of rangers for the protection of the frontier of the United States,

[Obsolete.] and making appropriations for the same.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Certain acts United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act entitled, continued in “ An act authorizing the President of the United States to raise certain

Act of Jan. 2, companies of rangers for the protection of the frontier of the United 1812, ch. 11. States," passed January second, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, Act of July 1,

1812, ch. 119. and also the act supplementary thereto, passed July first, one thousand eight hundred and twelve, be, and the same are hereby continued in force for one year from and after the passage hereof, and from thence to the end of the next session of Congress. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum of four hundred and

Specific apo seventy-two thousand one hundred and forty-one dollars be, and the propriation.

(a) By the act of December 23, 1817, chap. 1, sect. 2, the office of commissioner of the revenue was abolished.

age, &c.

same is hereby appropriated, for the pay, subsistence, and forage during the year one thousand eight hundred and thirteen, of the seven companies of rangers raised or to be raised for the United States, pursuant to

the above recited acts, and of the ten companies of rangers authorized 1813, chap. 31. by the act of the twenty-fifth of February, one thousand eight hundred

and thirteen. For pay, for- For the pay of the officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates

of the said companies, the sum of four hundred and fifty-one thousand one hundred and eighty dollars.

· For the subsistence of the officers, eleven thousand one hundred and sixty-nine dollars.

For forage, the sum of nine thousand seven hundred and ninety-two dollars. The said sums to be paid out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

APPROVED, July 24, 1813.

STATUTE I.

July 24, 1813. Chap. XXIV.–An Act laying duties on carriages for the conveyance of persons. (a)

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Repealed by United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after act of December 23, 1817, ch. 1.

the last day of December next, there shall be levied, collected, and Rate of duties paid the following yearly rates and duties upon all carriages for the on carriages. conveyance of persons, which shall be kept by or for any person, for his

or her own use, or to be let out for hire, or for the conveyance of passengers, to wit: for and upon every coach, the yearly sum of twenty dollars; for and upon every chariot and postchaise, the yearly sum of seventeen dollars; for and upon every phaeton and on every coachee having pannel work in the upper division thereof, the yearly sum of ten dollars; for and upon every other four wheel carriage hanging on steel or iron springs, the yearly sum of seven dollars; for and upon every four

wheel carriage hanging upon wooden springs and on every two wheel Carriages

carriage hanging on steel or iron springs, the yearly sum of four dollars; chiefly employ- and for and upon every other four or two wheel carriage the yearly sum ed in' husband- of two dollars: Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall ry, &c. not to be be construed to charge with a duty, any carriage usually and chiefly the duty.

employed in husbandry, or for the transportation or carrying of goods,

wares, merchandise, produce, or commodities. Upon what

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the duties aforesaid shall be species of care levied and collected upon all carriages usually and chiefly employed for be paid. the conveyance of persons, by whatever name or description the same

have been or shall hereafter be known and called. And in cases of doubt, any carriage shall be deemed to belong to that class to which the same shall bear the greatest resemblance, and shall be subject to duty

accordingly. Carriages to Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person having or keepbe entered. ing a carriage or carriages, upon which a duty or duties shall,be payable,

Regulations in relation

according to this act, shall yearly and in every year in the month of thereto. January, make and subscribe a true and exact entry of each and every

such carriage, therein specifying distinctly, each carriage owned or kept by him or her, for his or her use, or for hire, with the description and denomination thereof, and the rate of duty to which each and every such carriage is liable: which entry shall be lodged with the collector ap

pointed by virtue of the act, entitled "An act for the assessment and Act of July 22, 1813, ch.

collection of direct taxes and internal duties,” for the district in which 16.

such owner or person liable for the payment of such duty shall reside. And that it shall be the duty of the collectors aforesaid to attend within the month of January in each year, at one or more of the most public

(a) See act of December 15, 1814, chap. 12, 11.

and convenient places in each county within their respective districts, and to give public notice at least ten days previous to such day, of the time and place of such attendance, and to receive such entry, made in the manner before directed, at such place, or at any other where he may happen to be, within the said month of January, and on tender and payment being made of the duty or duties therein mentioned, to grant a certificate for each and every carriage mentioned in such entry, therein specifying the name of the owner, the description and denomination of the carriage, and the sum paid, with the time when, and the period for which such duty shall be so paid: And the forms of the certificates to be so granted shall be prescribed by the Treasury Department; and such certificates or the acknowledgments of the collector aforesaid by a credit in his public accounts, shall be the only evidence to be exhibited and admitted, that any duty imposed by this act has been discharged: Provided nevertheless, That no certificate shall be deemed of validity Proviso. any longer than while the carriage for which the said certificate was granted, is owned by the person mentioned in such certificate, unless such certificate shall be produced to the collector by whom it was granted, and an entry shall be thereon made, specifying the name of the then owner of such carriage, and the time when he or she became possessed of the same. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any and all persons who shall

Duties to be commence the having or keeping of any carriage subject to duties after paid according the month of December, shall and may at any time during the month to the proporin which they shall so commence the having or keeping of such carriage, tions of the year make like entry in manner before prescribed; and on payment of such shall be used. proportion of the duties laid by this act on such carriage, as the time at which he shall commence the keeping of such carriage to the end of the month of December then next ensuing shall bear to the whole year, shall be entitled to and may demand like certificates, subject nevertheless, to the conditions before and hereinafter provided.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That any person having or keeping Penalties for any carriage subject to duty, who shall make an untrue or defective making, untrue entry, to evade the whole or any part of the duty justly and truly payable and false according to this act, shall lose the sum paid pursuant to such untrue or defective entry; and where such untrue or defective entry hath been made, or where no entry shall be made, or where there shall be a neglect of payment after entry, such person shall moreover in addition thereto, at any time thereafter, on personal application and demand, at the house, dwelling, or usual place of abode of such person, by the proper collector, be liable, and shall pay the duties by this act imposed, with a further sum, for the benefit of such officer, of twenty-five per centum; which duties, with the said addition, shall be collected by distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the person by whom the same shall be due and payable: Provided alıoays, That such application and demand, shall Proviso. not be made until sixty days after the day on which any duty shall commence: and if entry and payment shall be made within the said sixty days, the owner of the carriage shall be exempted from the payment of the said sum of twenty-five per centum.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That in all cases where any duty In what cases shall be collected pursuant to this act, whether by distress or otherwise, certificates certificates shall be granted for each carriage in manner as before pre

be granted. scribed.

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in Duration of force until the termination of the war' in which the United States are this act. now engaged with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the dependencies thereof, and for one year thereafter, and no longer.

APPROVED, July 24, 1813.
Vol. III.-6

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