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Foruled brytestet Kay Octobe 823



Mission to Hinza's Tribe-Wreck of the Eole-Chief and Retinue-Threatened hostilities-Usefulness of pious Interpreters—Circumcised Boys—Catechumens-Happy contrast-The King at Church-Aspect of Congregation— Translation of the Lord's Prayer-Peculiarities of the Native Tongue-Trying situation of the late Dr. Vanderkemp-Awful End of his Persecutors-Licentiousness of Chiefs-Ceremony over the sick-Interview with VoosaniA Temboo bedroom—Arduousness of a Caffrarian Mission-A Fengoo sorcerer-Establishment of the Temboo Mission-Commerce increased.

DETERMINED if possible to extend our Missionary sphere into Hinza's territories, Messrs. Shaw, Shrewsbury, and I visited that Chief in the month of December, 1826; and, although numerous obstacles seemed at first to lie in our path, we at length succeeded in establishing a Mission with him also. Its commencement devolved upon Mr. Shrewsbury, who gave to the station the name of Butterworth, in memory of the late Joseph Butterworth, Esq., M. P., whose zeal in the cause of Missions was well known to the Christian church. In 1829 I was appointed to succeed Mr. Shrewsbury on that station,

* Although King of Caffraria, he bears no title, nor any name but that given to him at his birth: as in patriarchal times, surnames are here wholly unknown.

which afforded me additional opportunities for acquiring information respecting the tribes inhabiting the upper part of the coast. This will perhaps be best communicated in a series of extracts from my Journal, which will likewise set forth various other circumstances connected with the Missionary's life in Caffraria :


Butterworth is about forty miles inland; and one hundred and twenty, at least, from the Colonial boundary. The names of the different rivers to the eastward of this point are purely Kaffer; whereas those to the westward are almost all distinguished by terms of Hottentot origin. This fact renders it more than probable, that the different divisions of the Hottentot tribe were, at one period or other, scattered over the of the country as far as the Kae, at least. Indeed numbers of this class are still every where met with amongst the Kaffers; who, however, generally look down upon them with a degree of contempt.

The territory of Hinza eastward extends as far as the Bashee, or St. John's River; near which the French ship Eole was cast ashore in the early part of 1829. In consideration of the humane attention of his people to the unfortunate sufferers who escaped from the wreck of that vessel, His Excellency the Governor, Sir Lowry Cole, very laudably presented both him and them with a number of useful articles, as a reward for their services, and as a stimulus to effort in similar cases of emergency. These, consisting of wearing apparel, blankets, hatchets, iron cooking-pots, and beads, &c., were committed to my care; and the Chief together with other parties concerned having been apprized of this, a numerous assemblage took place at the Mission village on Wednesday, the 7th of April, [1830,] to witness their presentation. Nearly forty of the chief counsellors were in his train, and served as a kind of body guard. With the exception of their long beast skins, loosely thrown over the shoul

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ders, all were naked; and many of them as ugly and filthy as grease and red ochre could make them. No man brought his spear with him on this occasion: the only weapon (if such it might be called) carried by any of them was the itonga or fencing-stick, which is more frequently used as a staff than for any other purpose. All came up in due form, until the procession arrived in front of the Mission house, where they sat down in a circle, and thus remained until I went and saluted their master. A marked respect was paid to him by all around, and numbers servilely cringed in his presence. Every stranger who happened to pass by gave him the salute of honour as they approached; to which, however, custom seemed to require no reply on his part.

After communicating the message of His Excellency, along with the presents he had sent, I proceeded to call his attention to a subject of still greater importance, namely, the existing misunderstanding between himself and Voosani, the Tembu Chief, which appeared likely to prove an occasion of war and much bloodshed. I desired to know whether the gathering cloud could not be averted, and a reconciliation brought about, so that peace might be preserved in the land. My worthy predecessor had likewise sent him a message to the same effect ; hence our joint remonstrance seemed for the moment to fetter him. Nevertheless, aided by his privy counsellors, who sat on each side of him, and by whispering acted as a kind of prompters, he soon contrived an answer, and most shrewdly evaded the force of all that we had said.

"It is true," said he, "that a fire is kindling; that two great men are quarrelling; that Hinza and Voosani are angry with each other. But it is not true that Hinza is seeking a quarrel; that he delights in going to war with his neighbour, or in destroying his neighbour's The Abafundis (Teachers) must this day know, and the Governor must this day know, that my neigh


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bour is my enemy; that he has stolen from me great numbers of cattle; and that within the last two or three weeks he has killed thirteen of my warriors, besides two boys that were tending the herds. I thank you for your counsel: I shall not go to battle without previously informing you. But be not surprised if these bloody things some time or other fill a man with rage: wonder not if you hear one day of a great man rising in his wrath to do terrible things!"


His council, and indeed the whole assembly, were all attention while he thus spake. I then explained, and informed him, that while, on the one hand, we were by no means desirous of interfering with any political matter or public measure concerning the nation, on the other, we were bound, as Ministers of Christ, in every possible way to promote peace upon earth, and good-will amongst men." And having perceived that a flame was rising, we were anxious to quench it, lest the people around us should be thereby consumed. These discussions continued from about one o'clock, P. M., until a little before sun-set, when he left us in the most friendly manner. Just as the palaver ended, Mrs. Kay had tea in readiness: hence I invited him to take a cup with us; but this he feared to do, as his magical physicians had told him that his late sickness originated in something which he had eaten with the white people at the Mission village. "The sugar," said he, "I know to be sweet; and the tea is doubtless good, seeing that you drink it : but they say, Hinza must eat alone."

Saturday, 10th.-Four of the warriors were this morning sent to communicate very serious intelligence. Another of their comrades and two lads had been barbarously slain by a predatory band belonging to the neighbouring tribe. One of the sufferers, however, although mortally wounded, survived until the following morning, when his companions went to fetch him home. He had.

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