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Lord God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things. And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen." Psalm lxxii. 18, 19.

Here then we took our stand, in a populous neighbourhood, and within little more than a mile of the Chief's dwelling. In the back ground there is a ridge of mountains, which slopes gradually off from the summit to the base; and which everywhere presents to view abundance of grass. On each side the hills project from the main chain, like arms thrown out to embrace the sacred plot. These, however, from their quickly falling off into the plains below, and terminating at almost equal distances, constitute little or no obstruction to the prospect on either hand. In the front, which faces the South-West, there is an extensive prospect, stretching over hill and dale, for many miles. To the eastward it is bounded in the distance by the mountains amongst which the Bashee has formed its sinuous course, and which appear as if rolled, like heaps upon heaps, in all the majestic grandeur that characterizes nature in Africa. Turning to the opposite quarter, the eye rests upon another prodigious chain, whose lofty peaks were in a great measure covered with snow. The sight of this excited no interest in the minds of the natives; but in ours its glistening whiteness aroused many a happy recollection of “home, sweet home."

Sunday, 6th. We arose on grounds where the Sabbath was never before kept, and amongst a people to whom this divine institution had hitherto been altogether unknown. From their infancy, therefore, they had invariably spent it as other days; and, supposing that traffic and gain formed at least one part of our object, numbers visited us at an early hour, bringing with them articles of different kinds for sale. All stood amazed when told that it was the day of the Lord, and that his word enjoins

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upon us to do no manner of work therein, but to rest, and keep it holy. Of this the King himself was informed, by a messenger whom Mr. H. sent for the express purpose, and who was likewise commissioned to carry the intelligence into all the neighbouring hamlets. Thus, therefore, was proclaimed the first Sabbath in TembooLand. In the name of the Lord we set up our banners, deeply sensible, with the poet,

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-Nisi Dominus, frustra."

Having just received a letter from Mr. Haddy, dated, Clarkeston, Temboo-Land, April 16th, 1832, I shall here add an extract or two, which will still more fully show the exceedingly trying circumstances in which the Caffrarian Missionary is sometimes placed.

"It is unnecessary," says this excellent fellow-labourer, "to particularize, as though I was writing to one unacquainted with the peculiar situation of Missionaries in Southern Africa; but as we were subject to rather extraordinary occurrences, during our journey to and from the late District-Meeting, I shall mention one or two of the more prominent, by way of news. On our way to Graham's Town, we found the Fish River high, but passable; and seeing a waggon go through before us, we thought proper to make an attempt also to gain the opposite bank. But, by some mismanagement of the people, the oxen took the waggon into deep water; where, by the strength of the current, it was turned completely upside down; and, by no effort whatever, could we get it out. Mrs. H., our little boy, and two English girls, were carried to the land; and although obliged to leave the waggon in the water all night, we could not but rejoice that no lives were lost. We slept under a bush by the side of the river. Returning from Graham's Town to our station, we spent the first night near Mr. D.'s place, and the next morning proceeded with everything as comfortable as is reasonable to expect under such circumstances. Mrs. H., John, and I,

were on horseback, and a little before the waggon; when, in descending that very gentle declivity, before reaching the plain, which commands a view of Mr. M.'s farm, the bolt that goes through the voor-stel and shaft broke; the oxen went on; the waggon ran through towards the streamlet flowing between the mountains, and continued to proceed with increasing velocity down a steep descent, until upset amongst some large stones. Two native girls were in it at the time: one of them we found enfolded in the bedding, with a few slight scars in the forehead; the other was thrown out to the distance of from twenty to thirty yards. Her head was frightfully cut, but providentially the skull was not fractured. Dr. P. Campbell kindly came out from town in the evening to dress the wound; and, to our great surprise, it is now nearly sound.

"This country continues in much the same state as when you left. The last year was one of great prosperity on all the stations. There is very great and continual intercourse between the Kaffers and the colonists, through the trade in hides, &c., which has increased considerably during the past year. From this much might have been expected; but our hopes must be lowered, when we consider the shocking example set before the natives by many white men. In the mean time, it is unquestionably our duty to persevere; and, as opportunity offers, to continue sowing the word of life. This nation has been greatly scattered and weakened since the death of Voosani. Many of the principal Chieftains have gone towards Hinza's domain, thinking there to enjoy rest from the Ficani. The Tambookies are at present apprehending an attack from Fobo, Diko, and Umgeki. O that their troubles might bring them to their senses, and induce them to seek after and acknowledge God!"

CHAPTER XII.

War prevented-Marriage of two Fengoos-Invincible Ignorance-Whole Country in Commotion—Nefarious Scheme of Dutch Boors-Alarming Occurrences on the Station—Arrival of hostile Bands-Threatened Attack upon the Mission Village Sabbath greatly disturbed-A Thief caught-His trial at Butterworth-Horrid Execution-Baptism of six Adults-An interesting Scene-Exiles-Christian Marriage -Peaceful Death of a pious Native-The Funeral.

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THE war question between Hinza and Voosani is now happily closed. "We cannot do anything," said one of these belligerents, "for the Abafundis are in the way." "My neighbour and I," said Hinza, "have, like children, been playing long enough it is high time for us to act like men, seeing that the enemy (alluding to the reported approach of invaders from the interior) is coming down upon us. These are days in which it will not do to divide our forces, because boys quarrel, and dogs bite each other!" Had not kind Providence placed Christian Missionaries between these two warlike Chieftains, at the very moment when their ire was kindling, many lives must have been lost, much blood shed, and heaps of human bodies left to perish upon the field.

Sunday, 27th.-Two poor Fengoos, who formerly belonged to the Ficani host, presented themselves before the congregation, after morning sermon, desiring to be joined together, as man and wife, in a lawful and proper The peculiar circumstances in which these two individuals had been placed, and by which they had been brought amongst us, rendered this occurrence more than ordinarily interesting.

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After being driven from their country by invaders, and, like thousands more, subjected to all the reverses occasioned by war, to fatiguing wanderings, to hunger, and extreme want, they at length found their way to the Mission village, and determined on becoming partners of each other's lot. At the close of the attack made by our troops upon Matuwana's army, in 1828, she was taken captive by one of the Kaffers, and from him redeemed by my worthy predecessor, whose instructions were rendered a blessing to her soul. The man's poverty put it altogether out of his power to procure a wife at the usual price: he therefore rejoiced to find one of his countrywomen, whose person was free from all claims. On his making proposals, however, she gave him distinctly to understand, that, as they were no longer the inhabitants of a mere Kaffer hamlet, but of the "umzi ka Tixo," their situation and privileges clearly enjoined upon them the renunciation of heathen customs. She had therefore resolved on becoming a Christian, and on being married, if married at all, after the manner of the Christians. Both came forward very decently dressed in European apparel. Several articles of clothing had been kindly presented to her by Mrs. Shrewsbury; and, knowing that he had none ofhis own, one of the interpreters very goodnaturedly lent him a suit for the occasion.

This young man informed me that he was with the Mantatees, when the Matlhapees and Griquas attacked and shot so many of them near Lattakoo. This fact, therefore, indubitably shows that Matuwana's forcescalled Ficani by the Kaffers-formed a branch, at least, of that powerful host of invaders by whom the tribes of the interior were so fearfully disturbed and scattered in 1823-4. To see any of these outcasts in the sanctuary is pleasing indeed; but to see them publicly renouncing their pagan customs, and formally acknowledging the superiority of Christian laws, is truly encouraging.

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