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But I will rally, and combat the ruiner;
Not a look, not a smile, shall my passion discover:
She that gives all to the false one pursuing her,

Makes but a penitent—loses a lover. S

them, he was so good as to give me them, about a year ago, just as I was leaving London, and bidding him adieu for that season, little apprehending that it was a last farewell. I preserve this little relic, in his own handwriting, with an affectionate care. “I am, siR, “Your humble servant, “JAMEs Boswell.”

Boswell, the biographer of Johnson, left London for Scotland on the 10th of May, 1773, and did not return till the 21st of March, 1775; almost a twelvemonth after the death of Goldsmith. – The air called The humors of Ballamaguiry, to which he refers, is to be met with in the ninth number of the Irish Melodies, by Thomas Moore, esq.


Let schoolmasters puzzle their brain,
With grammar, and nonsense, and learning—
Good liquor, I stoutly maintain,
Gives genus a better discerning.
Let them brag of their heathenish gods;
Their Lethes, their Styxes, and Stygians;
Their quis, and their quaes, and their quods:
They're all but a parcel of pigeons.
Toroddle, toroddle, toroll.
When Methodist preachers come down,
A-preaching that drinking is sinful,
I'll wager the rascals a crown,
They always preach best with a skinful;
But when you come down with your pence,
For a slice of their scurvy religion,
I'll leave it to all men of sense —
But you, my good friend, are the pigeon.
Toroddle, toroddle, toroll.

* From She stoops to conquer, 1773.−This song was sung by Mr. Quick, in the character of Tony Lumpkin. It is thus introduced: “Scene, an ale-house room. Several shabby fellows, with punch and tobacco. Tony at the head of the table, a little higher than the rest; a mallet in his hand.—OMNEs. Hurreal hurrea! hurreal bravo! First fellow. Now, gentlemen, silence for a song. The 'squire is going to knock himself down for a song. OMNEs. Ay, a song, a song! Tony. Then I'll sing you, gentlemen, a song I made upon this alehouse, The Three Pigeons.”

Then come, put the jorum about,
And let us be merry and clever;
Our hearts and our liquors are stout—
Here's the three jolly pigeons forever.
Let some cry up woodcock or hare;
Your bustards, your ducks, and your widgeons;
But of all the birds in the air—
Here's a health to the three jolly pigeons.
Toroddle, toroddle, toroll.




Of old, when Scarron his companions invited, Each guest brought his dish, and the feast was united; If our landlord supplies us with beef and with fish, Let each guest bring himself—and he brings the best dish: Our dean” shall be venison, just fresh from the plains; Our Burke' shall be tongue, with a garnish of brains: Our Will" shall be wild fowl, of excellent flavor—

* First published on the 18th of April, 1774; a fortnight after the death of its author. We have seven nominal editions of it in the same year. I have adopted the text of A new edition—perhaps the fourth— of which Mr. Kearsly the publisher, in reply to some newspaper critics, asserts the strict fidelity. The postscript appeared in the fifth edition.

The Literary Club, established in 1764, was on too limited a scale; and an occasional club, of which Goldsmith became a member, was some years afterward formed. As his peculiarities had attracted notice

And Dick" with his pepper shall heighten their savor;

it was proposed to write characters of him in the shape of epitaphs. Dean Barnard, Cumberland, Garrick, and others, complied. Garrick furnished this pungent couplet:

“Here lies poet Goldsmith, for shortness call'd Noll;
Who wrote like Apollo—and talk'd like poor poll!”

He was called on for retaliation; and produced, at the next meeting,
the poem afterward so called. It was his last work, but left unfinished.
I have now to identify the persons named, and to justify the character-
* Paul Scarron—a popular French writer of the burlesque class. Our
poet translated his Roman comique. Scarron died in 1660.
* Thomas Barnard, a native of Ireland, was made Dean of Derry in
1768, and Bishop of Killaloe in 1780. In 1794, he was translated to
Limerick. He died at Wimbledon in 1806.
* Edmund Burke — the eminent statesman, orator, and writer. He
was born at Dublin in 1728, and educated at the university. He after-
ward studied the law in London. In 1765, he entered the house of
commons, and acquired immediate distinction. In 1782 he was ap-
pointed paymaster of the forces and a privy counselor. Twenty octavo
volumes attest his extraordinary ability and activity. He died in
* William Burke—a kinsman of Edmund Burke. In 1765 he was
appointed an under-secretary of state; and in 1768 obtained a seat in
the house of commons. He afterward passed about fifteen years in
India. He died in 1798.
* Richard Burke, a younger brother of Edmund, was a barrister-at-
law. In 1764 he accepted an appointment at Grenada. In 1782 he was
made a secretary to the treasury. He died, recorder of Bristol, in 1794.

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