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tent of $100. Courts of Common Pleas in the various counties are courts of original jurisdiction for the coilection of debts over $100. District Courts.—There are two in the State; one for the city and county of Philadelphia, and one for the county of Alleghany. Their jurisdiction is in all cases where the amount involved exceeds $100.
RHODE ISLAND.—Trial justices have civil jurisdiction to the amount of $100. Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction where the claim amounts to $100 and upwards. Supreme Court has concurrent jurisdiction with the Court of Common Pleas where the amount claimed is $100 and upwards, excepting in the county of Providence, where said court has jurisdiction concurrent with the Court of Common Pleas, where the amount claimed is $300 and upwards.
South CAROLINA.–Justices' courts have jurisdiction where the amount of the debt does not exceed $100. Courts of Common Pleas have unlimited jurisdiction in all cases.
TENNESSEE.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction up to $ 250, where the debt is an account, and up to $500 upon promissory notes and upon indorsements of negotiable paper, wbere demand and notice are expressly waived. Circuit Courts have jurisdiction of any case where the amount involved exceeds $50.
TEXAS.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction if the debt does not exceed $100, exclusive of interest District courts have unlimited jurisdiction above $100.
UTAH.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction in all civil cases where the debt does not exceed $100. District courts have unlimited jurisdiction.
VET ONT.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction of all actions of a civil nature, except actions for slanderous words, false imprisonment, replevin for goods and chattels where the value thereof exceeds $20, and where the title to land is concernedwhere the matter in demand does not exceed $200; and of actions of trespass on the freehold where the sum in demand does not exceed $20. County courts have jurisdiction of all debts exceeding $200, and of the exceptions above named.
VIRGINIA.- Justices' courts have jurisdiction up to $50, exclusive of interest. The County courts and Circuit courts have concurrent jurisdicion. In respect to suits to collect debts, they can be brought for any amount of money in either County or Circuit courts. There is a special juri-diction given to Justices' courts of Richmond city, extending to $100, exclusive of interest.
WEST VIRGINIA.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction in all civil actions where the amount claimed does not exceed $100, exclu. sive of interest, and the title to real estate does not come in question. County courts where the amount in controversy exceeds $20. Circuit courts are held in each county, and have jurisdiction where the amount of the debt exceeds $50, exclusive of interest.
WISCONSIN.—Justices' courts have jurisdiction : 1. Actions on a note, bill, bond, or other instrument in writing, given for the payment of money or other valuable article, for any amount exceeding $200, which has been reduced by cre lits or payments indorsed thereon to an amount not exceeding $200. 2. Actions on installments as tbey shall become due when payments are to be made in installments on any such note, bill, bond, or other instrument in writing for the payment of money or other valuable article, when the installment or installments due shall not exceed $200, or when the same has been reduced by credits or payments to an amount not exceeding $300. 3. In all actions founded on any account, when the amount of the creditor's account, proved to the satisfaction of the justice, shall not exceed $200, and when the same shall be reduced to an amount not exceeding $200 by credits given or by set-off and demand of the delstor party. Circuit Court has unlimited jurisdiction.
POST-OFFICE LAWS AND REGU.
Suggestions and Directions. Mall all letters, etc., as early as practicable, especially when sent in large numbers, as is frequently the case with newspapers and circulars.
Make the address legible and complete, giving the name of the Post-office, County, and State. The name of the street and number of the house should also be given on letters addressed to cities where letter-carriers are employed.
Letters to foreign countries, the name of the country as well as the Post-office should be given in full. Letters addressed, for instance, merely to “ London,” without adding “ England," are frequently sent to Canada, and vice versa, thereby causing delay.
See that every letter, newspaper, or other packet sent by mail is securely folded and fastened. Avoid using, as much as possible, envelopes made of thin paper, especially where more than one sheet of paper, or any other article than paper, is inclosed.
Never send money or any other article of value through the mail, except either by means of a Money-Order or Registered Letter.
Where letter-carriers are employed, letter-boxes at the offices or private residences should be provided, thereby saving much delay in the delivery of mail-matter.
See that every letter contains the full name and Post-office address of the writer, with County and State, in order to secure the return of the letter, if the person to whom it is directed cannot be found. Persons who have large correspondence find it most convenient to use " special request envelopes.” Those who only mail an occasional letter can avoid much trouble by writing on the envelope a request to "return if not delivered,” etc., on the envelope.
Postage stamps should be placed on the upper right-hand corner of the address side of all mail matter.
Stamps cut from stamped envelopes--mutilated postage stamps, and internal revenue stamps, cannot be accepted in payment of postage. Letters deposited in a Post-office having such affixed are held for postage.
Postmasters are not obliged to accept in payment of postage stamps or stamped envelopes, wrappers, etc., any currency which may be so mutilated as to be uncurrent, or the genuineness of which cannot be clearly ascertained. They are not obliged to receive more than twenty-five cents in copper or nickel coins. They are not obliged to affix stamps to letters, nor are they obliged to make change except as a matter of courtesy.
To use, or attempt to use, in payment of postage, a postage stamp or stamped envelope, or any stamp cut from any such stamped envelope which has been before used in payment of postage, is punishable with a fine of fifty dollars.
In using Postal Cards, be careful not to write or have anything printed on the side to be used for the address, except the address, also be careful not to paste, gum, or attach anything to them. They are unmailable as Postal Cards when these suggestions are disregarded.
No card is a Postal Card except such as are issued by the Post-office Department. Cards issued by private parties as Postal Cards, containing any writing in addition to an address, are subject to letter postage.
To insure a letter being forwarded in the nails, it must have not less than three cents in postage stamps affixed.
The double rate of six cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof is chargeable on letters reaching their destination which have not had one full rate prepaid at the mailing office.
Letters cannot be carried outside of the mail except iu postage-staniped envelopes. There is no objection to a person who is not activg as a common carrier, carrying a sealed letter
whether in a stamped envelope or not; but to continue the practice, or receive money for so doing, subjects the party to a penalty of one hundred and fifty dollars. Newspapers and periodicals may be carried outside of the mail for sale or distribution to subscribers, but if they are put into a Post-office for delivery the postage must be paid there n.
After a letter has passed from the mailing office the delivering of it cannot be delayed, or prevented by the alleged writer; but if the writer thereof requests the return of a letter placed in a Post-office which has not left in the mail, the Postmaster may deliver it, provided he is furnished with proper evidence that the party applying is the writer, and if the application is made before the stamp is cancelled it may be returned without canceling the stamp
When a letter-carrier delivers a letter at a designated address, in the absence of any instructions to the Postmaster to the contrary, it is a legal delivery, and such letter cannot be remailed except it is prepaid anew; but parties may insure their letters being forwarded without additional charge, by advising the Postmaster in writing.
Printed matter, merchandise, and other third-class matter cannot be forwarded from the office to which it is addressed, unless the Postmaster is furnished with postage for such purpose. Neither can a Postmaster regard a request to return indorsed on such matter, except he is furnished with postage as ahove. A request to return written on such matter would subject the packages to letter postage.
The delivery of letters is not controlled by any statutory provision, but by the Rules and Regulations of the Post-office Department; and the object of the Department is to insure and facilitate such delivery to the person for whom they are intended. In the case of Money-Orders and Registered Letters, the parties applying for them, if not known, are required to prove their identity in the same manner as in banking institutions. Parties presenting drafts, checks, etc., who are not known, are required to prove their identity. Parties applying for advertised letters will be required to give place or places where they may be ex pecting correspondence.
To inclose any written matter in printed matter subjects the mailing party to a fine of five dollars unless the party addressed pays letter postage on the package.
Letters addressed to initials or fictitious names are not deliverable unless the address contains a designated place of delivery, thus : A letter addressed A. B., station G., New York, is not deliverable; but a letter addressed A. B., stating street and number, or a box number, is deliverable.
All packages pailed at less than letter rates of postage should be wrapped so that their contents can be readily ascertained without destroying the wrapper.
Nothing whitever should be written on the contents, or on the covers of packages of third-class matter, but the address of destination, except to add in care of, etc.
To add the words “one newspaper," " printed matter," " from Richard Roe,” or anything whatever, will subject such packages to letter postage. There is, however, no objection to a card printed or impressed on the wrapper, or to a mark on a newspaper calling attention to an article therein.
Samples may be marked in pencil or in ink, with letters or figures by which they may be distinguished in a descriptive letter mailed at letter rates of postage, such marking not conficting with the spirit of the law, which intends that no addi. tional information that could be conveyed in writing should acrompany matter passing at less than letter rates ; but to mark a price thereon does convey additional intelligence, and would subject a package so marked to letter postage.
Each Post-office box or drawer, in all Post-offices, is restricted to the use of onc family, firm, or company. A person renting a Post-office box is entitled to have the letters of his family, firm, or company put into it. Letters addressed to his friends stopping temporarily with him may also be placed in the box, if directed to his care or to the number of the box.
In every case of loss by mail the Department should be immediately informed of all the circumstances connected with it, such as the name of the office in which the letter was posted and the date of mailing; whether by the writer himself or by another person; the names of the writer and the person addressed ; the amount and a description of the enclosure; the office to which addressed; and whether registered or unregistered, with any other particulars that may aid in making a thorough investigation. Address communications on this subject, " Second Assistant Postmaster-General, Division of Mail Depredations."
Only letters or matter subject to letter postage can be registered.
Packages of any description of mail matter may weigh not exceeding four pounds.
Packages of mutilated currency addressed to the Treasurer of the United States for redemption, may be registered free of charge for registry, but the postage thereon must be prepaid at letter rates.
Rates of Postage on Domestic Mail-Matter. MAILABLE matter is divided into three classes, viz: 1. Letters. 2. Regular printed matter. 8. Miscellaneous matter.