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On domestic letters not exceeding half an ounce, a single rate of three cents is uniformly established.
On letters, sealed packages, wholly or partly in writing, except book manuscript and corrected proofs passing between authors and publishers, and except local or drop letters, or United States postal cards; all printed matter so marked as to convey any other or further information than is conveyed by the original print, except the correction of mere typographical errors; all matter otherwise chargeable with letter postage, but which is so wrapped that it cannot be examined by Postmasters without destroy: ing the wrapper; all packages containing matter not in itself chargeable with letter postage, but in which is inclosed or concealed any letter or memorandum chargeable with letter postage, or upon which is any writing; all matter to which no specific rate of postage is assigned; and manuscript for publication in newspapers or periodicals, three cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof.
On local or drop letters, at offices where free delivery by carriers is established, two cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof.
On local or drop letters, at offices where free delivery by carriers is not established, one cent for each half ounce or fraction thereof.
To inclose or conceal a letter, or other thing (except bills and receipts for subscription), in, or to write or print anything, after its publication, upon any newspaper, pamphlet, magazine, or other printed matter, is illegal, and subjects such printed matter, and the entire package of which it is a part, to letter postage, and also subjects the offender to a fine of five dollars for every such offense.
A business card printed or impressed on the wrapper or envelope of any printed matter, or a simple mark designed to call attention to any article in such printed matter, does not subject it to letter postage.
Mailable matter of this class embraces all newspapers and periodicals, exclusively in print, and regularly issued at stated periods from office of publication, without addition by writing, and addressed to regular subscribers.
A regular subscriber is a person who has actually paid, or undertaken to pay, a subscription price for a newspaper, magazine, or other periodical, or for whom such payment has been made or undertaken to be made by some other person. But, in the latter case, such payment must have been made or undertaken with the previous consent or at the previous request of the person to whom such neuspaper, magazine, or periodical is sent,
and the subscription must be for not less than three months. A person to whom any such publication is sent without bis consent or request, is not a “ regular subscriber" within the meaning of the law, and if there be no evidence of prepayment on the package, double transient rates of postage must be rated up and collected on delivery.
1. On all newspapers and periodical publications, issued weekly or oftener, two cents a pound or fraction thereof.
2. Or all newspapers and periodical publications, issued less freyuently than once a week, three cents a pound or fraction thereof.
3. On newspapers (excepting weeklies), whether regular or transient, and without regard to weight or frequency of issue, one cent each.
4. On periodicals (other than newspapers), whether regular or transient, not exceeding two ounces in weight, one cent each.
5. On periodicals (other than newspapers), whether regular or transient, exceeding two ounces in weight, two cents each.
6. Circulars, unsealed, one cent each. These rates to be prepaid by postage stamps.
7. Weekly newspapers (excepted above) to regular subscribers, two cents per pound, to be weigbed in bulk, and prepaid at the office of mailing.
8. Weekly newspapers to transient parties one cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof, to be prepaid by postage stamps.
Newspapers and periodicals, one copy to each actual subscriber residing within the county where the same are printed, in whole or in part, and published, except at letter-carrier offices, or when mailed to a letter-carrier office, are sent free. When sent at letter-carrier office, the regular rates apply.
Bona fide subscribers to county newspapers can receive the same free of postage if they reside in the county in which the paper is printed, in whole or in part, and published, even if the office to which the paper is sent is without the county, provided it is the office at which they regularly receive their mail-matter.
Publications issued without disclosing the office of publication, or containing a fictitious statement thereof, or issued for gratuitous distribution, must not be forwarded unless prepaid at the mailing office at the rate for third-class matter; that they may be addressed to persons residing in the county with the office where they are mailed, or printed and published, makes no difference.
THIRD-CLASS. By act of July 12, 1876, pamphlets, occasional pablications, transient newspapers, magazines, books, periodicals, hand-bills, posters, sheet music (printed), prospectuses, maps, proof-sheets, corrected proof-sheets, and regular publications designed primarily for advertising purposes or free circulation, or for circulation at nominal
rates, are subject to postage at the rate of one cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof; and printed cards and blanks, lithographs, prints, chromo-lithographs, engravings, photographs, and stereoscopic views, book manuscripts, unsealed circulars, seeds, cuttings, roots, and scions, bulbs, flexible patterns, samples of ores, metals, minerals, and merchandise, sample cards, photographic paper, letter envelopes, postal envelopes, and wrappers, unprinted cards, plain and ornamental paper, card-board, and other flexible material, and all other mailable matter of the third-class not herein enumerated, one cent for each ounce or fraction thereof.
All packages of matter of the third-class must be so wrapped or enveloped, with open sides or ends, that their contents may be readily and thoroughly examined by Postmasters without destroying the wrappers ; but secds, and other articles liable, from their form or nature, to loss or damage unless specially protected, may be inclosed in unsealed bags or boxes which can readily be opened for examination of the contents and reclosed; or sealed bags, made of material sufficiently transparent to show the contents clearly, without opening, may be used for such matter.
No writing will be permitted upon articles of this class, or their wrappers, or envelopes, except the address of destination. Any other writing in or upon any package or article of this class will subject it to letter rates of postage.
Matter of the third-class inclosed in sealed envelopes notched at the ends or side, or with the corners cut off, cannot be mailed except at letter postage rates.
Matter of the second and third classes, contaiving any writing whatever, except the address, will be charged with letter postage.
There is no objection to a business card printed or impressed on the wrapper or envelope of any third-class matter, or a simple mark designed to call attention to any article in priņted matter, or the correction of a mere typographical error.
Postal Cards. The object of the Postal Card is to facilitate letter correspondence and provide for the transmission through the mails, at a reduced rate of postage, short communications, either printed or written in pencil or ink. They may therefore be used for orders, invitations, notices, receipts, acknowledgments, price-lists, and other requirements of business and social life; and the matter desired to be conveyed may be either in writing or in print, or partially in both.
They are regarded by Postmasters the same as sealed letters, and not as printed matter, ercept that in no case will unclaimed cards be returned to the writers or sent to the Dead Letter Office. If nxit delivered within sixty days from the time of receipt they will be barned by Postmasters.
The postage of one cent each is paid by the stamp impressod on these cards, and no further payment is required.
No card is a “ Postal Card” except such as are issued by the Post-office Department. An ordinary printed business card may be sent through the mails when prepaid by a one cent postage stamp attached; but such card must contain absolutely no written matter ercept adılress ; otherwise it will be treated as not fully prepaid, and refused admission into the mails.
In using Postal Cards, be careful not to write or have anything printed on the side to be used for the address, except the address; also be careful not to paste, gum, or attacb anything to them. They are unmailable as Postal Cards when these suggestions are disregarded.
THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES ARE UNMAILABLE. Packages containing liquids, poisons, glass, explosive chemicals, live animals, sharp pointed instruments, sug'r, or any other matter liable to deface or destroy the contents of the mail, or injure the person of any one connected with the service. Al let ters upon the envelope of which, or Postal Card upon which obscene, scurrilous, or abusive epithets have been written or printed, or disloyal devices printed or engraved, and letters or circulars concerning illegal lotteries so-called, gift concerts, or other similar enterprises offering prizes, or concerning schemes devised and intended to deceive and defraud the public. Also, all obscene, lewd, or lascivious books, pamphlets, pictures, papers, prints, or other publications of an indeceut character.
NOTE.—The following is the form of Publishers' oath in accordance with Act of June 23, 1874 :
State of County of
The undersigned publishers of in the county of State of does swear (or affirm) that neither he nor any other proprietor, clerk, agent, or employee within his knowledge, will send, cause, or permit to be sent through the mails without prepayment by postage stamps at the rate of one cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof, any copies of the except to bona fide and regular subscribers thereto.
Registration of Domestic Letters. The Post-office Department or its revenue is not by law liable for the loss of any registered mail matter.
Only letters, or other mail matter on which letter rate of postage is fully prepaid, can be registered for transmission between Post-offices in the United States or Territories.
Letters may be register.d by paying postage in full and a registration fee of 10 cents, to all parts of the world. Registered
letters must always be endorsed on the back with name and address of the writer.
Postmasters are required to register all letters properly prebented for that purpose, but no letters are to be registered on Sunday.
When a domestic letter is presented for registration, the Postmaster requires the name and Post-office address of sender to be indorsed on the face of the envelope, which must bear stamps of sufficient value to prepay both postage and registry fee.
In case a package too large to be enclosed in a registered package is presented for registration at any Post-office, it should Le securely wrapped, and a registered package properly directed and numbered, secured to the wrapper by paste, twine, or otherwise, in such manner that it will not become displaced before reaching its destination.
Letters addressed to initials, unless directed to a specific street and number, or Post-office box, cannot be registered, neither can liquids, poison, glass, explosive materials, live animals, sharppointed ins ruments, obscene books or pictures, or any articles which from their form or nature are liable to destroy, deface, or otherwise injure the contents of the mail-bags, or the person of any one engaged in the postal service.
Postmasters should not make any inquiry as to the contents of letters presented for registration further than to ascertain whether or not they are by law excluded from the mails. They must not therefore, in any case, give a receipt showing the contents of a registered letter.
The registry fee must be paid on each letter presented. There is nothing in the postal law to prohibit a person from sending more than one letter in a package to one address when such package is prepaid in full at letter rates of postage.
Registered letters will not be delivered to any person but the ane to whom they are addressed, or to a person whom the Postmaster knows to be authorized to receive them.
If on the receipt of a registered letter, it is found that the perg in addressed is dead, the letter may be delivered to the legal representative of the deceased, who must be either the executor of the will, or the administrator of the estate of the deceased, and who produces proof of the fact, which proof the Postmaster must retain for future reference.
A registered letter is not subject to attachment while in the hands of Postmaster, as the partment holds it in custodia legis for delivering to the person addressed, or to his or her order.
After a registered letter has been deposited in a Post-office for transmission it cannot be recalled by the sender, but must be sent to the destination named in its address. If not delivered,