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aud Edward Rutledge were appointed a third committee tu preputo a seal. They reported on the 9th of May following, substantially the same as the committee of 1779 and 1780 ; but, this not being satisf20tory to Congress, on the 13th of June the whole matter was referred to Charles Thomson, its secretary.

He in turn procured several devices, among which was one by Wildam Barton, of Philadelphia, consisting of an escutcheon, with a blue border, spangled with thirteen stars, and divided in the centre, perpen. diculariy, by a gold bar. On each side of this division, within the blue border, thirteen bars or stripes, alternate red and white, like the American flag adopted on the 14th of June, 1777. Orer the gold bar an eye surrounded with a glory, and in the gold bar a Doric column resting on the base of the escutcheon, having a displayed eagle on its summit. The crest, a helmet of burnished gold, damasked, grated with six bars, and surmounted by a red cap of dignity, such as dakes wear, with a black lining, and a cock armed with gaffs. Supporters, on one side the Genius of America, with loose Auburn tresses, baving on her head a radiant crown of gold, encircled with a sky-blue fillet, spangled with silver stars, and clothed in a long, loose, white garment, bordered with green. From the right shoulder to the left side, a blue scarf with stars, the cinctures being the same as in the border. Around her waist a purple girdle, fringed with gold, and the word VIRtuk embroidered in white. Her interior hand rested on the escutcheon, and the other beld the American standard, on the top of which a white dove was perched. The supporter on the other side was a man in complete armor; his sword-belt blue, fringed with gold ; his helmet encircled with a wreath of laurel, and created with one white and two blue plumes ; his left hand supporting the escutcheon, and his right holding a lance with a bloody point. Upon an unfurled green banner was a golden barp with ailver strings, a brilliant star, and two lily-flowers, with two crosse swords below. The two figures stood upon a scroll, on which was the motto Deo Favente—“ With God's Favor”-in allusion to the eye of Providence in the arms. On the crest, in a scroll, was the motto Virtus sola Invicta-" Virtue alone is Invincible."

After vainly striving to perfect a seal which should meet the approval of Congress, Thomson finally received from John Adams, then in London, an exceedingly simple and appropriate device, suggested by Sir John Prestwich, a baronet of the West of England, who was a warm friend of America, and an accomplished antiquarian. It consisted of an escutcheon bearing thirteen perpendicular stripes, white and red, with the chief blue, and spangled with thirteen stars; and, to give it greater consequence, he proposed to place it on the breast of an American eagle, displayed, without supporters, as emblematic of self-reliance. It met with general approbation, in and out of Congress, and was adopted in June, 1782 : so it is manifest, although the fact is not exten. sively known, that we are indebted for our national arms to a titled aristocrat of the country with which we were then at war. Eschewing all heraldic technicalities, it may be thus described in plain English: Thirteen perpendicular pieces, whicē and red; a blue tield ; the escutcheon on the brenst of the American eagle displayed, proper. holding in his righi talon an olive-branch, and in his left a hundle of thirtred armows, all Propar, and in his beak a scrc II, inscribed with the motto E Pluribus Unum. For the crest, over the head of the eagle, which appears above the escutcheon, a golden glory breaking through a cloud, proper, and barruanding thirteen stars, forming a constellation of white stars op a blue field.



Reverse. — A Pyramid anfinished. In the zenith, an eye in a triangle, surrounded with a glory, proper. Over the eye, the words Annuit Captis“ God has favored the undertaking." On the base of the pyramid, are the numeral Roman letters MDCCLXXVI. ; and undeath the motto, Novus Ordo Seclorum—"A new Series of Ages "—denot

MDCCLXXVI., ing that a new order of things had commenced in wbie Western hemisphere. Thus, after many fruitless efforts, for nearly six years, a very simple seal was adopted, and yet remains the arms of the United States.






On a white or silver field the Goddess ut Virtue, the genius of the commonwealth is represented, dressed like an Amazon resting on a spear with one baud, ang bolding a sword in the other. She is in the act of trampling on Tyranny, repre sented by a man prostrate, a crown fallen from his head, a broken chain in his left hand, and a scourge in his right. On a label above the figure is the word " Vir ginia ;” and beneath them is the motto, Sic semper tyrannis--" Thus we seres


A shield, or escutcheon, on which is re. presented the rising sun, with a range of hills and water in the foreground. Above the shield, for the crest, is a wreath surmounted by a half globe, on which reste & startled eagle, with wings outstretched. For the supporters of the shield, on the right in represented the figure of Justice, with the sword in one hand and the scalezé in the other; and on the left the Goddess of Liberty, with the wand and cap in her left hand, ani the olive branch of peace in her right. Below the shield in the

motto, Excelsior-“ More elevated :--- de WETTLED BY THE DITCH, 1684.

noting that the course of the State is on wari and higher. Around the border of the seal, between two plain lines, is the inscription, in Roman capitals, “The Great Seal of the State of New-York.” MASSACHUSETTS.

On the blue ground of an irregularlyformed shield an Indian is represented, dressed with belted hunting-skirt and moo cassing. In his right hand is a goldeu bow, and in his left an arrow with th point downward A silver star on th right denotes one of the United States o. America A wreath forms the crest of the escutcheon, from which extends a right arm, clothed and ruffed, the hand grasping a broad-sword, the pommel and hilt of which are of gold. Around the

escutcheon, on a waving band or label, DETTI ED BY THE PURITANS, 10%

are the words, Ense petit placidam sub libertate quielem—“ By the sword she seeke

peace under liberty 860

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A circular field, surrounded by a laurel wreath, encompassed by the words, in Roman capitals, Sigillum Reipublica Neo Hantoniensis :" "The Seal of the State of New Hampshire," with the date, 1784, indicating the time of the adoption of the State Constitution. Land and water are represented in the foreground, with the trunk of a tree on which the bardy woodman is yet engaged, embracing A scene of busy life, significant of the industrious babits of the people ; and a s'hip on the stocks, just ready for launching, with the American banner displayed, is

BETTLED BY THE PURITANS, 18% figurative of readiness to embark on the sea of political existence. The sun, just emerging above the horizon, symbolizes the rising destiny of the State.

A white shield, or escutcheon, bearing three ploughs, indicating that the chief reliance of the people is upon agriculture. The crest is a horse's head, supported by & full-face, six-barred helmet, resting on a vase—the latter resting on the top of the escutcheon. The supporters are the Goddess of Liberty on the right, with her wand and cap, her left arm resting on the escutcheon ; and Ceres on the left her right hand resting on the escutcheon and her left supporting a cornucopia, filled with fruits and flowers. Around the border of the sea are the words, in Roman

SETTLED BY THE DUTCA, 1624. capitals, “ The Great Seal of the State of New Jersey," and at the base the date of its adoption, in numeral let tors, MDCCLXXVI., (1776.)

An azure shield, or escutcheon, divided into two equal parts by a white band or girdle. A cow is represented in the lower part of the shield, and in the upper part are two symbols, designed probably to represent the agricultural productions of the State-grain and tobacco. The crest (a wreath) supports a ship under full sail, displaying the American banner. On a white field around the escutcheon were formerly wreaths of flowers, branches of the olive, and other symbols, but these ULEERTY AND INDE. VOUS have been displaced for two figures, representing a mariner and a hunter. At the

BETTLED BY SWEDES AND DANEO bottom of the seal, in numeral letters, is the date of its adoption, MDCXCIII. (1793), and around the border, in Roman capitals, are the words real Soal of we State of Delaware."





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Justice is seen prominent in the centre of the foreground, grasping an olive branch, and a sword in her right hand while her left is elevating ber well-ballanced scales above her head. At her feet is a laurel wreath, thr, fasces and a cornu copia, with an uninscribed white label waving loosely from their midst. In tht distance, on the right, is a view of the ocean, with a ship under full sail in the perspective, bounded by a clear horizon

On the left are some bogsheads of tobacco, ETTLED BY Tur 18188 CATHO- symbolical of the principal products, and LIC8, 1035.

a ship with its sails partly unfurled, indi.

cative of commercial enterprise. CONNECTICUT.

The original seal is of an oval form, without any ornamental devices, and on the field are delineated three grape-vines, each winding around and sustained by an upright support, the whole representing the three settlements (Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield) which formed the early colony. On a label waving around the lower vine is the motto Qui Transtulit Sustinet—" He who planteth still sus. tains.” Around the margin of the field are the words, “ Sigillum Reipublicæ Con

necticutensis :" “ The Seal of the State of BETTLED BY THE POritans, 1635. Connecticut.” [The Colonial seal nad

fifteen grape-vines, with a band protruding from the clouds on the right above them, grasping the label and motto, which was waving in the air; but that seal has been broken, and the .present seal used in its stead.] RHODE ISLAND.

A white or silver shield, on which is an anchor with two flukes, and a cable attached. Above the shield, in Roma capitals, is the word HOPE, and fron each upper corner of the shield is sue pended an unlettered label. The devic symbolizes those principles of civil an religious liberty which led to the found ing of this colony, and in which the faith of the citizens of the State is still deeply anchored. The motto, HOPE, above the shield, directs the miud to the uncertain

future, anticipating the growing prosperity ITTI BD BY ROGER MILLIAM8.1838. of the State, and the perpetuity of its free

institutions; while the unlettered label denotes that events are still progressing in the murch of Time, and await the completion of History, before the destiny of the State shall be reonrøed thereon

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