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Major of the Regiment of Providence, afterwards promoted to the rank of Colonel in the U.S. Army; Christopher Green, Esq., Major of the Regiment of Kings County and Kent, afterwards Colonel in the U. S. Army; John Crane, Captain, and Joseph Balch, Captain Lieutenant, of the Train of Artillery.

William Ladd, Captain Lieutenant, Nathaniel Church, Lieutenant, and Cornelius Briggs, Ensign, of the Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Mathew Allen, Captain Lieutenant, James Smith, Lieutenant, and James Brown, Jr., Ensign,of the Lieutenant Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

John Topham, (afterwards Colonel) Captain Lieutenant, George Tennant, Lieutenant, and Stephen Tripp, Ensign, of the Major's Company of the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Sion Martindale, Captain, Benjamin Diamon, Lieutenant, and James Child, (the second,) Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Thomas Tew, Captain, Jonathan Simmons, Lieutenant, and Christopher Bennet, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Jonathan Brownell, Captain, Sylvanus Shaw, Lieutenant, and Godfrey Brown, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Benjamin Seabury, Captain, Gilbert Manchester, Lieutenant, and Israel Church, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Newport and Bristol.

Simeon Thayer, * (afterwards Major,) Captain Lieutenant, John Spurr, Lieutenant, and William Potter, Ensign, of the Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Providence.

Stephen Kimball, Captain Lieutenant, Jonathan Smith, Lieutenant, and George Dorrance, Jr., Ensign, of the Lieutenant Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Providence.

John Field, Captain Lieutenant, David Richmond, Lieutenant, and Samuel Black, Ensign, of the Major's Company of the Regiment of Providence. * See Note A, Appendix.

Andrew Waterman, Captain, William Aldrich, Lieutenant, and David Dexter, Jr., Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Providence.

John Angell, Captain, Coggeshall Olney, Lieutenant, and Stephen Olney, (afterwards Captain,) Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Providence.

Christopher Olney, Captain, Ephraim Bowen, Jr., Lieutenant, (afterwards Deputy Quarter Master General,) and Cyprian Sterry, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Providence.

Jeremiah Olney, Captain, (afterwards Lieutenant Colonel in the U. S. Army,) Levi Tower, Lieutenant, and Nathaniel Field, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Providence.

Nathaniel Blackmar, Captain, Samuel Thornton, Lieutenant, and Abraham Tourtellot, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Providence.

Archibald Crary, (afterwards Colonel in R. I. Brigade,) Captain Lieutenant, and John Singer Dexter, (afterwards Major in U. S. Army,) Lieutenant, of the Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

John Hoxie, Captain Lieutenant, Jonathan Bates, Jr., Lieutenant, and Joseph Holloway, Ensign, of the Lieutenant Colonel's Company of the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

Edmund Johnson, Captain Lieutenant, John Reynolds, Lieutenant, John Holden, (son of Charles,) Ensign, of the Major's Company of the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

Thomas Holden, Captain, Joseph Barton, Lieutenant, and Joseph Arnold, (son of Caleb,) Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

Samuel Ward, Jr. Captain, Elijah Lewis, Lieutenant, and Joshua Collins, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

James Gardiner, Captain, Thomas Phillips, Lieutenant, and Samuel Bissell, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

Christopher Gardner, Jr., Captain, Nathaniel Hawkins, Lieutenant, and William Potter, (son of Ichabod,) Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

John Randall Captain, Oliver Clark, Lieutenant, and Stephen Wells, Ensign, of a Company in the Regiment of Kings County and Kent.

As soon as the Act for raising the Army of Observation was passed, and the officers commissioned, it was immediately carried into effect. The companies were soon filled, and the troops soon on their march to “Prospect Hill,” near Boston. In June following six additional companies were ordered to be raised to enlarge the army, and placed under the same General Officers, and to serve for the same length of time. The officers of these companies were as follows.

Both Houses being joined in Grand Committee, chose the following officers, to wit:

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THE

COMMAND THE SIX ADDITIONAL COMPANIES OF

ARMY OF OBSERVATION.

Ebenezer Flagg, Captain, Joseph Perry, Lieutenant, Noel Allen, Ensign, of the Eighth Company to be raised in the Counties of Newport and Bristol.

Thomas Grey, Captain, Lemuel Baily, Lieutenant, William South worth, Ensign, of the Ninth Company to be raised in the Counties of Newport and Bristol.

Levi Tower, Captain, Silas Talbut, Lieutenant, Reuben Sprague, Ensign, of the Ninth Company to be raised in the County of Providence.

Israel Gorton, Captain, James Williams, Lieutenant, Joseph Harris Ensign, of the Tenth Company to be raised in the County of Providence.

Ethan Clark, Captain, Thomas Cole, Lieutenant, John Woodmansie, Ensign, of the Ninth Company to be raised in the Counties of Kings County and Kent.

Christopher Smith, Captain, Thomas Sweet, Lieutenant, Oliver Tew, Ensign, of the Tenth Company to be raised in the Counties of Kings County and Kent.

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These companies were soon filled up, and on their march to join the grand army near Boston. Never, perhaps, had “His Majesty” an army sooner enlisted into his service, and equipped, than the “Army of Observation" of Rhode Island, in 1775.

The blood of the martyrs at Lexington was as "seed," which was soon scattered over the whole country; and it fell on “good soil" in every part of the land, and, by the blessing of God, “brought forth fruit abundantly." A fire was kindled in the hearts of men which burnt up the tory ble” in every colony, and was not extinguished until Great Britain herself acknowledged our Independence, based upon the principle that, “Whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of its ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.”

It is to be extremely regretted that the rolls of the rank and file of the several companies of the Army of Observation have not been preserved. The writer has never been able to find but two-Captain Jeremiah Olney's and Captain Stephen Kimball's. None are found in the archives of the state. The above companies are as follows, both belonging to Col. Hitchcock's Regiment:

LIST OF 4TH COMPANY IN COL. HITCHCOCK'S REGIMENT.

Jeremiah Olney, Captain,
Amos Jencks, Lieutenant,
Nehemiah Field, Ensign,
Holiman Potter, 1st Sergeant,
Thomas Knight, Jr., 2d do.
Benjamin Wood,
Silas Howard,
Naman Bishop,

Corporals,
Jere Burlingame,
John Phillips, Drummer,
Nathan Waterman, Fifer,
John Manchester,

Collins Roberts,
Joseph Collins,
David Knight,
Obadiah Bridges,
Sarnuel Eldrich,
Joseph Briggs,
Rufus Knight,
Nathan White
Eleazer Randall,
Oliver Jencks,
Joel Whipple,
Abel Aldrich,

Ichabod Richmond, John Grant, Jr. Stephen Edwards, William Taylor, Jr. William Jeffers, Paskow Autsin,

Simon Jeffers, Caleb Nichols, John Fuller,

Caleb Steer,
George King,
Thomas Weaver,
Oliver Weeks,
Joseph Bennett,
Stukely Westcott,
Edward Daw,
Christopher Collins,
William King,

CAPTAIN STEPHEN KIMBALL'S COMPANY.

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Allen Briggs, Eleazer Clark, Peter Cappell, Stukely Thornton, Elisha Sarle, Thomas Colvin, Jr. Solomon Dailey, John Booth, Thomas Sarle, Jr. Benjamin Gorton, William Edwards, James Stone, Edward Bennett, Phillip Morris, James Wood,

Joseph Angell, Waterman Randall, Oliver Bisshop,

Samuel Singelton,
Jonathan Dolbey,
William Edmans,
Bethuel Curtis,
Abel Ford,

Joel Hopkins, Oliver Hopkins, Thomas Pearce, Homes Perkins, David Remock, John Swain, Perrigreen Smith, Israel Shippey, Thomas Thornton, David Whitman, John Whitman, Joseph Williams, John Walker,

Nathan Walker, Jeremiah Wescot, Comfort Weatherhead,

Ephrean Hopkins, James Wescot, Jotham Hawkins,

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