God, the Devil, and Darwin: A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

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Oxford University Press, 2004 M01 8 - 296 páginas
In the last fifteen years a controversial new theory of the origins of biological complexity and the nature of the universe has been fomenting bitter debates in education and science policy across North America, Europe, and Australia. Backed by intellectuals at respectable universities, Intelligent Design Theory (ID) proposes an alternative to accepted accounts of evolutionary theory: that life is so complex, and that the universe is so fine-tuned for the appearance of life, that the only plausible explanation is the existence of an intelligent designer. For many ID theorists, the designer is taken to be the god of Christianity. Niall Shanks has written the first accessible introduction to, and critique of, this controversial new intellectual movement. Shanks locates the growth of ID in the last two decades of the twentieth century in the growing influence of the American religious right. But as he shows, its roots go back beyond Aquinas to Ancient Greece. After looking at the historical roots of ID, Shanks takes a hard look at its intellectual underpinnings, discussing modern understandings of thermodynamics, and how self-organizing processes lead to complex physical, chemical, and biological systems. He considers cosmological arguments for ID rooted in so-called "anthropic coincidences" and also tackles new biochemical arguments for ID based on "irreducible biological complexity." Throughout he shows how arguments for ID lack cohesion, rest on errors and unfounded suppositions, and generally are grossly inferior to evolutionary explanations. While ID has been proposed as a scientific alternative to evolutionary biology, Shanks argues that ID is in fact "old creationist wine in new designer label bottles" and moreover is a serious threat to the scientific and democratic values that are our cultural and intellectual inheritance from the Enlightenment.
 

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LibraryThing Review

Crítica de los usuarios  - NielsenGW - LibraryThing

It is almost impossible to mention evolutionary theory without hearing echoes of the creationist ideology. In a country where opinions and ideas are tragically polarized, so too are theories on the ... Leer comentario completo

LibraryThing Review

Crítica de los usuarios  - Devil_llama - LibraryThing

Overall, a good review of Intelligent Design and Evolution. The author covers familiar ground for those who have read on this topic; for those who haven't, this probably isn't a good starting book ... Leer comentario completo

Contenido

The Many Designs of the Intelligent Design Movement
3
1 The Evolution of Intelligent Design Arguments
19
2 Darwin and the Illusion of Intelligent Design
50
3 Thermodynamics and the Origins of Order
93
4 Science and the Supernatural
135
5 The Biochemical Case for Intelligent Design
160
6 The Cosmological Case for Intelligent Design
191
Intelligent Designs on Society
224
Glossary
247
Bibliography
259
Index
269
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Acerca del autor (2004)

Niall Shanks, a native of England, earned his Ph.D. at the University of Alberta, Canada. He is currently Curtis D. Gridley Professor in the History and Philosophy of Science at Wichita State University.

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