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CONTENTS OF THE FIRST VOLUME.

20

In Italy

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Dissolute pleasures of Commo 1193 And by the Senate

110

dus

104 The Memory of Commodus de.

His ignorance and low Sports ib. clared infamous

111

Hunting of wild Beasts

105 Legal Jurisdiction of the Senate

Commodus displays his skill in

over the Emperors

ib.

the Amphitheatre

106 Virtues of Pertinax

112

Acts as a Gladiator

107 He endeavours to reform the State ib.

His Infamy and Extravagance
ib. His regulations

113
Conspiracy of his domestics 108 His Popularity

114

192 Death of Commodus

109

Discontent of the Prætorians

ib.

Choice of Pertinax for Emperor ib. A Conspiracy prevented

115

He is acknowledged by the Præ 193 Murder of Pertinax by the Præ-
torian Guards
1101 torians

sb.

PAGE. A. D.

PAGE.

Proportion of the military Force Disgrace of the Prætorian Guards 129

to the Number of the People 116 Funeral and Apotheosis of Per.

The institution of the Prætorian

tinax

130

Guards

117|193—197. Success of Severus against

Their Camp, Strength, and Con-

Niger and against Albinus

ib.

fidence

118 Conduct of the two civil Wars 131

Their Specious Claims

ib. Arts of Severus

ib.

They offer the Empire to Sale 119

Towards Niger

ib.

193 It is purchased by Julian 1201

Towards Albinus

132
Julian is acknowledged by the Event of the civil Wars

133
Senate

ib Decided by one or two Battles ib.

Takes Possession of the Palace 121 Siege of Byzantium

134

The public Discontent

ib. Death of Niger and Albinus 135

The Armies of Britain, Syria, Cruel Consequences of the civil

and Pannonia, declare against

Wars

ib.

Julian

122 Animosity of Severus against the

Clodius Albinus in Britain

Senate

136

Pescennius Niger in Syria 1241 The Wisdom and Justice of his

Pannonia and Dalmatia

125 Government

137

193 Septimius Severus

ib. General Peace and Prosperity ib.

Declared Emperor by the Panno-

Relaxation of military discipline 138

nian Legions

126 New Establishment of the Præ.

Marches into Italy

ib

torian Guards

139

Advances towards Rome

127 The Office of Prætorian Præfect ib.

Distress of Julian

ib. The Senate oppressed by military

His uncertain Conduct

128 Despotism

140

Is deserted by the Prætorians ib. New Maxims of the Imperial
Is condemned and executed by

Prerogative

ib.
Order of the Senate

1291

ib.

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A. D.

Greatness and Discontent of Se 222 Sedition of the Guards, and Mur-

verus

142 der of Elagabalus

166

His wife, the Empress Julia 2b. Accession of Alexander Severus 167

Their two Sons, Caracalla and Power of his Mother Mamæa ib.

Geta

143 His wise and moderate Adminis-

Their mutual aversion to each other ib. tration

168

Three Emperors

144 Education and virtuous temper

208 The Caledonian War

ib. of Alexander

169

Fingal and his Heroes

145 Journal of his ordinary Life ib.

Contrast of the Caledonians and 222—235 General Happiness of the

the Romans

146 Roman world

171

Ambition of Caracalla

ib. Alexander refuses the name of

211 Death of Severus, and Accession

Antoninus

ib.

of his two Sons

ib. He attempts to reform the Army 172

Jealousy and Hatred of the two Seditions of the Prætorian guards

Emperors

147 and Murder of Ulpian

173

Fruitless Negotiation for dividing Danger of Dion Cassius

174
the Empire between them 148 Tumults of the Legions

ib.

212 Murder of Geta

ib. Firmness of the Emperor

ib.

Remorse and Cruelty of Caracalla 150 Defects of his reign and character 175

Death of Papinian

151 Digression on the Finances of the

213 His Tyranny extended over the

Empire

176

whole Empire

152 Establishment of the Tribute on

Relaxation of Discipline

153 Roman Citizens

177

217 Murder of Caracalla

154 Abolition of the Tribute

178

Imitation of Alexander

1551 Tributes of the Provinces

ib.

Election and character of Macrinus ib. Of Asia, Egypt, and Gaul

Discontent of the Senate

156 Of Africa and Spain

179

of the Army

of the isle of Gyarus

180

Macrinus attempts a Reformation

Amount of the Revenue

ib.

of the Army

ib. Taxes on Roman Citizens, insti.

Death of the Empress Julia 158 tuted by Augustus

ib.

Education, Pretensions, and Re.

1. T'he Customs

181

volt of Elagabalus, called at

II. The Excise

182
first Bassianus and Antoninus ib. III. Tax on Legacies and In-

218 Defeat and Death of Macrinus 160

heritances

ib.

Elagabalus writes to the Senate 161 Suited to the Laws and Manners 183

219 Picture of Elagabalus

ib. Regulations of the Emperors 184

His Superstition

162 Edict of Caracalla

185

His profligate and effeminate

The Freedom of the City given

Luxury

163) to all the Provincials, for the

Contempt of Decency which dis.

purpose of Taxation

ib.

tinguished the Roman Tyrants 164 Temporary reduction of the tribute ib.

Discontents of the Army

165

Consequences of the Universal

221 Alexander Severus declared Cæsar ib. Freedom of Rome

186

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