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Now, Sir, let us look at the other side of the discharge their duties with a single eye to the picture,fat the new courts proposed to be set up interest of the people ; while they feel that they between the people and their representatives. are centinels placed on the watch-tower of lib.

Their trials and removals of public officers erty, and are independent of every power on are all done in secret: the accused has no earth, except the people, they will sound the notice does not know his accuser, or the alarm at every approach of danger. In such a witnesses. lle does not know whether the in-state of things it would be impossible for a formation aguinst him proceeds from a clandes- usurper to overturn the Government. On the tine foe, actuated by private revenge, or some contrary, when the public officers hold their me seeking his removal, to obtain the office for offices at the will of the President; if they go himself. The first notice is the sentence of dis- out and come in at his bidding; if faithfulness missal, he is not perinitted to ask why or to the people affords no protection ; if devotion when fore; the whisle proceeding is kept as a to the President is the only tenure by which all State secret

hold their places, then the way is paved to It is a fact of general notoriety, of which nu- despotic power. If you give to superior offimerous proofs can be found in every part of cers the right, by mere arbitrary will, without this Union, that the people have been deprived cause

to remove inferiors, you thereby destroy of the services of the most experienced, en- the independence of all whom this despotic liginened, and Faithfiel officers by the decrees power can reach. But it is essential to the preof these tribunals

servation of freedom, that the people should so Neither vencrable age, exalted talents, ar- firmly sustain and support their public servants dent patriotism, or purity of life, afford any against all arbitrary power, that they would shield or protection in these new political

inqui- feel perfectly safe to give the people informa-
sitions.

tion of all abuses, even if they should be com-
In the State from which I come, there are mitted by the highest officer of the Govern-
many men of the highest respectability, distin- ment.
guished alike for capacity and devotion to the Sir, what condition are the people in when
people who have been cast out in the general their officers are afraid to utter one free opi-
sweep

nion, see what abuses and oppression they may,
By the laws and constitution, no citizen can and compelled to keep their lips sealed? No
be deprived of one cent of his property by the matter by what name a Government may be
judgment of any tribunal withont due notice called, whenever it is administered for the be-
and a fair trial. Nay, Sic, the vilest assassin has nefit of the few, at the expense of the many,
secured to him all the benefits of a public im- it is a despotism in fact.
partial trial. Will a nation of enlightened free The right of the people to have, then, their
men stand timely by and see their long tryed petitions heard by their immediate representa-
failiful servants degraded and turned out, with- tives, has never before been questioned, a right
out trial, without accusation, without deigning secured to them by the constitution of their
ever to assign a reason for the satisfaction of country.

Has it come to this, Sir, that the memorials
And when thus removed they are not per- of the people, complaining of the oppressions,
mitted to enjoy character and tranquillity in extortions, and crimes of their public officers

,
private life. In this debate, the individual who are not to be heard here? Are we to be con-
preferred tliese charges has been sneered at fined to the cold formality of receiving and re-
as one whose evidence was not entitled to full ferring them to the heads of the departments?
eredic, because he had been removed from of. Is all direct communication between the people
fice; such suggestions have been made else- and their immediate representatives to be cut
where, and there is evidently an effort directed off? Are the people of this republic now to be
to produce the conviction on the public mind, told, for the first time, that their grievances are
that removed officers are not competent wit- not to be heard in their own House? Are they
How far the credit of a person ought to be told to go hence, and bow and wait in attend-

to be expelled from this temple of liberty, and
effected by his removal from office, depends on ance in the anti-chamber of the palace?
the circumstances. If he were convicted of a
neglect or a violation of duty, then his credit by the people for their own benefit, and any

The offices of the Government were created
unde merely because he had exercised the Departments or the President, to remove their
right of a freeman, in voting for his choice at Officers, is a trust to be exercised exclusively
an election, then with due deference I ap- for their interest. I deny that the heads of
prehind that his credit ought not to be in the the Departments

, or even the President, has a
slightest degree impaired by such removal.
depends on the power and capacity of the peo whenever an officer is removed, from motives

The stores of our scheme of Government ground than his failure to serve the people.
pole to select and sustain able and faithful pub- of private revenge, or for his opinions, then
to out, and upon their power and capacity the principles of our Government are pervert-
the oficers of this republic feel that they hold act as though the Government and the offices

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the navigation of the nation, and at the pros. erity of the State of New York, so far as it is to e effected by a diminution of its revenue

from e Canal.” The writer in the New Brunswick erald states, in the first place, that we ught to bear in mind that, during the late terdiction of direct intercourse between the

ritish West India possessions and the United lates, the former were chiefly supplied with Tovisions of every kind through the medium

the neutral islands, whence they were disibuted to our stores in vessels of a small lass, and consequently limiting our tonnage nd navigation in that quarter to more trips of hree and four days. It is an acknowledged Fact, that only a small proportion of American produce was transshipped through the waremousing ports in those provinces; four and staves only received a partial benefit thereby, and even this was generally consuined by the additional freight and other attendant expenses

Although the new acl does not go to the extent which was at first generally anticipated by suffering all articles of American produce to pass through the provinces into the West Indies duty free, and imposing additional duties or the direct carriage from the United States, still its provisions are ample, and place our parigi, tion on a more advantageous footing that before. Wheat, flour, beef, hans, bacoa, lumber, and staves, are totally exempt from imports in the West Indies, if transshipped through a warehouse port in the provinces the old rate of duties being continued, wien in. ported direct, with an increase on the two les mentioned articles.

The most important point secured by

new arrangemen, is the carrying trade. Ik tish vessels may now proceed from any parta His Majesty's dominions direct to the United States, there Ioad a full cargo either for West Indies, or via the prorinces, as the natur of the cargo may invite

, thus completing tu whole voyage, a portion of which only Am rican vessels would be able to perform. Tu also embraces the privilege of taking debentur goods

, which could not take place in America vessels, they being confined to the produc: their States alone.

The object of our Gorernment has bes plainly and avowedly, to force the trade it

American hands into those of British osoca-
to continue and imposé such additional dos
on the direct carriage to the West Indies (o
the exception above named) as will

, in edici
be prohibitory; and, moreover, to obut
market for their surplus West India
which they did not before possess.

As the article of fish is totally excluded fra
the United States in the British West Indies
still remains our exclusive monopoly

, and the
pled with the exports of lumber, shingles,
articles of American produce, which most fl
y in our market under the sct referred to,
trust we shall continue to enjoy an active W
India trade. - London paper

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y out of joint; hey remain so, arhich we have de assumed by esent admin acts of the Ely arund his

ated by intiYi to some of e to call the own mit one

in the de ational duties, Martin Van

Kanteed, Thay Samuel Houston be brought House upon the charge, would cause that

the Executive

blind obedience to the mad schemes of per-| 12 o'clock, to answer to the charge made ? Is there to be

gonal ambition, which he was called on to against him by William Stanbery, of Ohio, a ceding adminis

sanction by his role in the Senate. Is this the member of this House, in his letter and affida. e elder Adams

Ligh sense of moral feeling and official dignity vit ; and that he be forth with furnished with a with the Pres. which belongs to the incumbent of the Execu- copy of said charge and letter of said Stanbery, abuse of Sen

tive chair of the nation? All honorable men by the clerk. their votes

mast respond in the negative; and blush that The resolution having been read by the e of the nation

they have been compelled to look on a picture, clerk, a gross depan erere line of which pourtrays the degeneracy

Mr. DAVIS observed that perhaps the If yoverament,

of lit times and the wound which is inflicted question might be asked, why he did not prosy and decorim on the lions of the country, by him who was pose that the individual in question should be ed by the charel unce is pride and shald now be its ornament. immediately brought to the bar of the House! der co-ordinat:

Augustus dissolved an independent Senate, It would be of little utility to enter into the ins never disgrac

and destroyed the liberties of Rome; his ambi- vestigation before the complainant should be former perial

tion could bear no restraint, and his will was able to appear in person before them. Mr. introduced, ta not to be resisted with impunity. The scenes STANRENY was, he understood, unable to atthe smoke

which are passing before us, reminds us of the tend the House to-day: how soon he could atwhichi siltvand

downfall of that Republic; and no candid obtend, he (Mr. D ) knew not. He considered,
Server, who valnes, as he ought, the great however, that, under these circumstances, it
churter whichi binds together this Confederacy, would be most convenient for the respondent
can cal to discern the manifest ascendancy to defer the trial until Thursday,
which popular mmes have attained over prin.

Mr. CARSON put a question to the House,
ciples, wlich should ever be held sacred, and as to the course which it would be proper to
to deplore the evident influence of power and pursue ; whether, under the circumstances of
Patronage on the minds of an lionest, but con- the case, he should be detained in custody, or
fiding people, which, if not corrected by the admitted to bail?
manly Grmness of those patriots who occupy

Mr. MITCHELL, of S. Carolina, suggested the furtorn hope in the cita lel of liberty, will that, perhaps, the better course would be to produce convulsions in this free Government, issue a summons requiring the attendance of the evil consequences of which may be felt by the accused party, on the day mentioned in the unor millions. We invite the people to look resolution of the gentleman from

Massachusetts, at lie condition of affairs as they actually exist, (Mr. Davis.) Mr. M. observed, shortly afterdiarezarding their former partialities for men, wards, that, upon reflection, he saw the proand by their timely vigilance, save the country priety of withdrawing the suggestion which he from the ruin which threatens to overwhelm it. had made to his friend from N. Carolina, (Mr.

Carson, of requiring the appearance of the The following thembers of the House con- party by summons. He considered the case Atitate the committee, appointed on Tuesday, before them to be one of the most important

questions ever submitted. In every point of view it involved matters of the highest public consideration : the dignity, the respectability, and the moral influence of the House on the one hand, and the liberty of the citizen on the

other. The House, therefore, ought to proM. Davis, of Massachusetts, was, yester- ceed in relation to it, in a spirit of ihe utmost day, un motion, excused from serving on the moderation of feeling an equanimity of temSound of in health and we have not learned per. Under

these impressions, he should move le came of the gentleman appointed in his ihat Samuel Houston be discharged from the

custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms. He moved to strike out all after the word Resolved, and to insert

Here the SPFAKER suggested to the genfill up

tleman to propose his amendment in writing.

The amendment having been submitted in form,

Mr. HAWES adverted to the decision of the The SPEAKER informed the House, that, dering the warrant for the apprehension

of the

House on Saturday, on the question of the orSundar, We had isued his warrant directing the tion, on that occa ion, of the previous ques. Bantun, that lie watrant had been executed, gen:lemen from expressing their opinions on a and that Samuel Houston was now in Custody, subject which all acknowledge to be of no ott H. DAVIS, of Mass, submitted ilie fol- restraint of debate their appeared now a pro

position which, by delaying the action of the

mity to the termined by lle must be e. For this

responsible formations signalun, that State, ce popula: d turn the f Mr. Yan er writers, Slanders of e of their d suitable

ent to call ne prevaila ations with

so magni equxinted nchy was ernment matter

Jiroughof this 120, who merican in the to seek fficient convieender a

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