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and S to lib.
admits, nor denies the facts charged, and to quiring specific answers, But if the general
thie charge made by the snid Stanbery, as true, tempt, and it was in conformity, also, with all
Tot if the said Samuel Houston deny the as- ry to take down the statement of the accused
sivering said interrogatories, then the said Wil the accused party had stated on the preceding shall
liam Stanbery shall be examined as a witness evening, that he should require 24 liars to
that report should be ordered to be printed zast
If parole cvidence is offered, the witnesses and laid on the table till to-morrow.
tlicir places. A committee shall be appointed with the offence. It was all-important that he the
to examine witnesses. The questions put shall should know what course the proceedings
be reduced to writing, (by a person to be ap against him were to take-what interrogatories by
pointed for that purpose, ) before the same are he would be required to answer, &c., in order
psit by a member not of the committee, shall from Georgia, (Mr. THOMPSOS,) that his moep
be reduced to writing by such member, and be tion to print was, at that time, premature. The
Mr. DAVIS said, it liad been the wish and
that House for a breach of its privileges ; they uf
Alter the soil Samuel Houston shall have had, he believed, adopted the precise phrasebeen voltyd be shall be directed to with-ology adopted in the cases to which he alluded: draw; and the House shåll proceed to consider but they had proceeded farther, and provided the subject, and to take such order thereon as that if the accused refused to answer to the in Said Samuel Llorston shall be furnished with ceed to the examination of witnesses. It seem
terrogatories proposed, the House should proa copy of this orier.
ed to him, that the course laid down in the reAfter a few remarks from Mr.WICKLIFFE, port
, was one as favorable to the accused as to
PLAY, of Alabama, explained this por promit his rights to question the jurisdiction of
Mr. Tuomson, after some farther explanation,
proposed in the report. The individual
Mr. FOSTER objected to the mode of inter-
Massachusetts (Mr. Davis) had said, he
pil that he did strike the accuser, and that he/He did not, however, wish to press lois sacs
he purport of which was, to substitute no matter how impertinent to the subject be
Tse he had recommended for that pro- fore the House: no matter if in violation of h the report.
the rules of order: no matter how CRAWFORD defined the mode of pro-true; no matter how injurious to the cha: g recommended by the committee. Genracter of a citizen, or citizens, out of the
seemed to mistake the character of the House-it is spoken within those walls, and in ding, which was not in the nature of an the course of debate-and the House at once ment, but was analogous to the proceed-throws its broad shield of protection over its f the courts in cases of contempt. The member. Mr. J. said, he had supposed that ling party is told that certain allegations the accused would have, at least, been allowed pade against him, a rule is made on him to show that the words spoken had nothing to ow cause, to which he must file his do with the question before the House. He er. If a different course were adopted,(Mr. J.) was willing to defend the privileges of accused might turn round to the House, members of that body, but he wouldl, at the
say, you have no right to question me same time, not infringe upon the rights of tlie ther I did strike this person; if I did strike citizen. He thought the accused, in cases such
you have no right to punish me for it.- as this, should be allowed to show not only that C. hoped the report of the committee the
words spoken had nothing to do with the ld be adopted, and that it would be adopt- subject of debate, but that they were not truer hen; if delayed, for the sake of printing it
, and if a citizen could show that the words for the next day, it would again be debated, which he beat a member of that House were the time of the public be needlessly con- not true—that his character bad been unjustly ed.
and falsely aspersed within those walls
, by that C. DRAYTON said, this was a matter re- member-he (Mr. J.) for one, would not lay the ing the utmost caution and deliberation weight of a feather upon him in the way of pun
thought the party accused would be moreishment, for what he had dune. If the substitute rably situated by the adoption of the proposed hy the genileman from Georgis, (Mr ndment of the member from Georgia, be FOSTER,) were not adopted, he should offer 28 ld vote for it; but such would not be the amendment securing to the aceused, in his de
The committee in framing their report, fence, the rights he had above stated. Nr. 2 wished to allow the accused every possible then concluded by reading that amendment. ns of defence; and it would be seen, that Mr. CLAY, of Alabama, concurred in a he course proposed by them, he might nion with the gentleman from Georgia, (Mr. er admit the facts
, and except to the juris- WILDE,) that the report was entirely misappro on, or he might deny both. He would ask, hended. He, (Mr. C.) was a meinber of that
how he could be more favorably situated committee, and after his vote on a former day eat might, perhaps, have influenced the could scarcely be suspected of any design mber from Georgia, that the accused might deprive the accused of a particle of his right ably be taken by surprise; but when he Mr. C. reviewed the interrogations proposed by bllected that he would be furnished with a the report, and said that, in answering, these y of the rules of proceeding, that gentleman cused could state the manner and the circus I see that he would have every opportunity stances attending the facts and all matterswls
raming his answers in a careful and guarded could be offered in excuse, extenuation,
; he thought its effect
Mr. DANIEL said, he thought it a matter ald be to abridge than enlarge the party's little importance what mode of trial was adep vers of defence.
ed. He was sure that not a single members Mr. ELLSWORTH would add only one that House would sit there with a wish it rd. It was the desire of every member of sign to entrap the accused, in lis defence,
committee that the accused should not be any manner whatever. He was certain led on, in any way, to criminate himself. If the House would take care that the accutane
admits the facts charged, he can proceed to was made in a fair manner, and that the secours ir justification or palliation.
bad a fair opportunity of delence, in when Mr. JOHNSTON, of Virginia, said, if he un manner be thought proper. He consider rstood the report of the committee, it not on-labis discussion a mere stickling for workel settled the mode of proceeding, but settled,
benefit to the House, the country
, or the al ewise, a very 5mportant principle, upon
vidual. lich, it seemed to him probable, the decision Mr. Foster
said, he had no doubt the House would ultimately
turn. The 2e- wishes of the committee were the saine led party was to be called before them; cer- own; all he wished, was to give the secre interrogatories were to be put; if he should
advantage to which he was entide so for words spoken in debate, it is then pro- ment. ped to rush at once to judgment, no opporng or mi igating bis conduct. This would at also withdrew
his objections. se establish the broad principle of immunity The report of the committee was concun every thing spoken in that House in debate
; in unanimously.
existed. During the progress of that war, the fide disposed of for that purpose, and for no
would be a violation of the trust. The General
The large pecuniary considerations thus paid
federation or federal alliance of the suid States, to these two foreign powers, were drawn from ective svi
Virginia inchesive, according to their usual re- the Treasury of the people of the U. States, Dendmebas
spective proportions in the general charge and and, consequently, the countries for which they серке Həлцоара
expenditure, and shall be faithfully and bona formed the equivalents, ought to be held and Για αυτιλ.π.
During the progress of that war, the fide disposed of for that purpose, and for no was agitated what should be done with other use or purpose whatsoever." Passing ds in the event of its successful termi. by the cessions with other States, prompted by
That question was likely to lead to a magnanimous spirit of urtion and patriotism, ng divisions and jealousies. The States successively made, we come to the last in the taining any considerable quantity of series, that of the State of Georgia in 1802. The ands, contended that, as the war was articles of agreement and cession entered into with united means, with equal sacrifices, between that State and the United States, among he common expense, the waste lands various other conditions contain the unequivoo be considered as a common property, cal declaration, that all the lands ceded by
be exclusively appropriated to the ben- this agreement to the United States shall, af.
pursuant to the recommendation of Con- for no other use or purpose whatever To
would be a violation of the trust. The General
the v ress, the several States containing waste cede the lands thus acquired to one ncultivated lands, made cessions of them States, without a fair equivalent
, than it could e United States. The declared object retrocede them to the State of States fren & been substantially the same in all of which they were originally obtained. There
cessions it is only necessary to advert to would indeed be much more equity in the Wierms of some of them. The first, in order ter than in the former case. Nor is the moral ne, was that of New York, made on the 1st responsibility of the General Goverment at all of March, 1781, by its delegation in Con- weakened by the
, if it was in pursuance of an act of the Legislature so unmindful of its duty as to disregard the e State, and the terms of the deed of ces cred character of the trust, there might be expressly provide, that the ceded lands and competent power, peacefully applied, whk orics were to be held, sto and for the only could coerce its faithiful execution.
mil benefit of such of the states as are, or shall
To allotmation, luis been made upon the Exe-auction for what they will bring in a free and
destrous of avoiding any delay, not altogether sold, may be bought, from time to time, at the ginia inclusive, according to their usual re- the Treasury of the people of the U. Stats and shall be furthfully and bona formed the equivalents, ought to be held sol
REPORT ON THE PUBLIC LANDS.
45 deemed for the common benefit of all the peo- indispensable, they have availed themselves of ple of the United States. To divert the lands a report from the Secretary of the Treasury to from that general object; to misapply or sacrifice the House of Representatives, under date the them to squander, of improvidently cast them 6th April, 1832, hereto annexed, marked A. swak, would be alike subversive of the inter- and of such other information as was accessible ors of the people of the United States, and con- to them. trary to the plain dictates of the duty by which From that report, it appears that the aggre. thie General Government stands bound to the gate of all sums of money which have been exStates and to the whole people.
pended by the United States, in the acquisiPrior to the treaties of Louisiana and Florida, tion of the public lands, inculding interest on Congress hod adopted a system for surveying account of the purchases of Louisiana and Floand selling the public lands, devised with much rida, up to the 30th of September, 1831, and care ani great deliberation, the advantages of including, also, expenses in their sale and mawhich living been fully tested by experience, nagement, is $48,077,551 40; and that the it was subsequently applied to these countries amonnt of money received at the Treasury, for acminal by those treaties. According to that proceeds of the sales of the public lands to the apstém, all public lands offered for sale are pre- 30th September, 1831, is $37,272,713 31. The iously accurately surveyed, by skilful survey- Government, therefore, has not been reimbursEs, m ranges of townships of six miles square ed by $10,804,838 9-10ths. According to the earls, which townships are subdivided into thir- same report, it appears that the estimated fysis -qual divisions or square miles, called amount of unsold lands, on which the foreign sections, by lines crossing each other at right and Indian titles have been extinguished, is angles and generally containing 640 acres. 227,293,884, within the limits of the new States These sections are again divided into quarters, and Territories; and that the Indian title remains and, prior to the year 1820, no person condd on 113,577,869 acres within the same limits; purchase a les quantity than a quarter. In that that there have been granted to Ohio, Indiana, yer, provision was made for the further divi- Illinois, and Alabama, for internal improvegian of the sections into eighths, thereby allow. ments, 2,187,665 acres; for colleges, academies inga purchaser to buy only eighty actes, if he and universities, in the new States and Territowished to purchase no more. During the pre- ries, the quantity of 508,009; for education, beFont session of Congress, further to extend ac- ing the the thirty-sixth part of the public lands commodation to the purchasers of the public appropriated for common schools, the amount lands, und especially to the poorer classes, the of 7,952, 538 acres; and for seats of governtections have been again divided into six- ment in some of the new States and Territoteenthis, ulmitting a purchase of only 40 acres. ries, 21,589 acres. By a report of the ComThis uniform system of sterveying and divid- missioner of the General Land Ofice,
comniumg the public linds applies to all the states nicated to Congress with the annual message of and Territories within which they are situated. the President of the United States, in DecemIts great advantages are manifest. It insures ber, 1827, the total quantity of the public lands perfect security of title, and certainly of boun- beyond the boundaries of the new States and dury, and consequently avoids those perplexing Territories, was estimated to be 750,000,000. and disputes, the worst of all species of litiga- The aggregate, therefore, of all the unsold and tion, the distressing effects of which have been unappropriated public lands of the United tually experienced in some of the western States, surveyed and unsurveyed, on which the States But these are not the only advantages, Indian title remains or has been extinguished, lays the foundation of useful civil institutions, new states and Territories, agreeably to the
The system lying within and without the boundaries of the the benefit of which is not confined to the pre- two reports now referred to, is 1,090,871,753 Sen scretion, but will be transmitted to pos- acres.
There had been 138,988,224 acres surLuder the operation of the system thus brief. lacres sold up to the 1st January, 1826. When
veyed, and the quantity only of 19,239,412 Ty akatched the progress of die settlement and the information called for shall be received, the population of the public domain of the United subsequent surveys and sales, up to the present States lius been altogether unexampled. Views period, will be ascertained. emchtswels demonstrate that, whilst the spirit to inquire into the expediency of reducing the
The committee are instructed by the Senate of fere emigration should not be checked or price of the public lands, and, also, of ceding entemeted, it stands in no need of any fresh them to the several states in which they are siBilo proceeding to perform the specific will proceed to examine these two subjects
of dan signed to the committee by the Senate, inquiry distinctly, beginning first with that They Ind thought it desirable to exhibit some which relates to a reduction of price. for the purpose, a call through the Senate, the public lands, they are first offered at public der Tabeen made, but, as the committee are the public sales cease, the lands remaining un
The other source whence the public lands o of Virginia was the next in date, but by the treaty of Louisiana, concluded in 1802 he most important of all the cessions made 2dly, the treaty of Florida, signed in 1819 he different states, both as respects the ex- the first, all the country west of the Mississa
and value of the country ceded. It conn- and extending to the Pacific ocean, knom Dendel the right of that commonwealth to Lonisiana, which had successively belonged vast territory northwest of the river Ohio, France, Spain, and France again, including the racing, but not confined to the limits of the island of New Orleans, and stretchingeri sent States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. the Mississippi to the Perdido, was trasslor
deed of cession was executed by the dele. to the United States, in consideration of on of Virginia in Congress, in 1784, agreen- sum of fifteen millions of dollus, which is to an act of the Legislature
passed in 1783; stipulated to pay, and have since puncte
mentioned purposes, or disposed of in boun- was or was not ceded to the United States a
and benefit of such of the United States as agreed to pay, and have since accurdingts pili