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shape. The principle of the present act was to domestic manufactures, if possible, the whole not that of Hamilton ; what he recommended, aid of the whole revenue; to remove all duties look.d in its object to revenue. Protection for frim imported articles which do not enter into any other purpos, he would have repudiated. competition with our own produce or fabrics, If, in the present stage of the question, thi to make their entry free. 'In the bill under opponents of the bill were in any dilemma, he, consideration, this principle is fully embodied Mr. P , would take care, if there were no other and enforced. To that extent, therefore, it available mode, to renew his motion for indefi. meets my u' q alified approbation, and has nite postponement.
been sanctioned by both Houses of Congress. Mr. HAYNE said, he should allow the ques. Another rule of proceeding, early enunciated tion of concurrence to be taken on the several b my colleague, and readily embraced by many amendments, up to the last, which was a mere on this floor, was so to improve th regulations verbal one ; but it was his intention then, be- of collecting revenue as to decluce from new arfore they should go bevon i his reach, to move rangements a measure of protection to home a recommi'ment of the whole measure. in ustry somewhat proportionare to what might
Mr. DALLAS -aid, having anxiously con- be lost in the mere r-duction of the amount of sulted wün several gentlenen around me, much duty: I need not remind the Senate of the debetier acquainted with the rules of order than tils of the bill in which, by various provisions, myself, I am satisfied that the question now juis object has also been incorporated and atpropounded for my suffrage is the firulone on tained. The two principle ones are, th: short this bill. It came from the House of Repre- credits to be h: reafter allowed at our customsentatives, it underwent many amendments in houses for duties, and the justiy augmented vathe Senate, those amendmenis trave not all been lue of the pound sterling from four dollars and concurred in by the Houst, and we are now foriy.four cents to four collars and eighty-eight called upon to cay wh-ther we will recede from cnis. The operations of these two provisions those of cur am-nments which have been dis- has andergone sufficient cimment, and cannot agreed to. Should we recede, th. law is com now be mistaken by the Senale. plete, and already passed by both Houses of The bill, Mr President, has, in all its parts, Congress. We cannot powr commit-we can- engaged my most earnest and devoted study. not alter what both the Senate and the House To my mind, unaffected by the beats of this have approved-we may prolong altercation day, or of any tormer days, adequate protecand difficulty by refusing to recede, or leavestion is secured by this bill to all the great interthe matier unfinished and indefinitely postpon. sts of the country, in the main. I may be ed; but, if we are to have any law enacteil at mistaken; iny lignts on this complicated m'ter this session, we must determine to have one by may not be as extensive or accurate as are enour present concluding vote.
joyed by others; my information, my views, my At this point of air arduous and inter sting convictions, are 110t derived from any thing discussion, when even a Commilte of Conier heard on this floor from any speaker; nor have ence have exhausted their efforts, I cannot con. I regulated my votes or contracted my real sensent to give a silent voie. Always prepared timents under extrmeous infience. I believe, heretofore, and resolved to be always prapared firmly and sincerely believe, that if a few interto assume any responsibility, which may seem ests undergo a diminution in the amount of proappropriate to the discharge of my public du. tection heretofore given them by law-a dimia ties, I am now, and hereafier shall be, 1tady to nutron somewhat disproportionate to that which meet my costituents upon this question; to characterizes the general scale—the diff rance tell them frankly and fully my mo'ives and rea- lia not of substantial importance, and cannot sesons of action; and most cheerfully to abide by rously or permanently affect them. Certainlv sir, any conclusion of liveir judgment. Iam only there is not an ab-olute acrifice of any one intersolicitous that my course on this final question-est which has been before us. Louisiana cann'); in effect and obviously a question of this bill or camot consisten ly with the unvarying tenor no bill-should be distincily recorded and un- of every inquiry I have made-complain of the dersivood.
reduction of one half cent upon sugar. K-nSir, at an early period of the session, I an- tucky, as to the cent in cotton bagging, it will nounced the principles upon which I was go- be recollected, was equally divided in the Severned in the labor of accommodating a new nate; and the increase we made upon that artitariff of duties 10 the existing position of the cle, as compared with the bill from the Huse, country, to the reduced want of revenue, and after having first been rejected, was finally to the payment of the public debt. Fully con ad pled by a majority of one vote only. it vinced of the wisdom of the great principle of was impossible to be wholly insensible to the protecting comestic industry, having imbibru discordant opin ons of the two Kentucky Senaa settled belief that it is essential to the munte. tors tipon this subject; and although I voted benance of the best interests of the nation, and fore, and would willingly nuw vite, to make aspeculiarly important to the happiness and prossurance doubly sure, to give the additional cent perity of my native State, I have unformly ta- of du.y, I cannot pretend, in this divided salę ken my part in every exertion so to arrange the of the best opinions, to have a deep and positive duties as to afford adequate and ample security conviction one way or the other. to the manufac urars. My first rule of pro The only really equivocal point is that which ceeding was, and invariably has been, to give relates to woollens. We added to the fijiy
od og i. thbill of the House, seven per ral readiness to remedy hereafter, my special cent ad valorem. This addition had not been legislation, any mischiefs which experience concurred in. It has my decided approba- may prove to result from the defects or omis. tion ; end could I secure it, by any course of sions of our present act. The country is just acti in consistent with a d scharge of the gene n.w anxiously, feverishly, waiting th: close of ral sum of my duties here, I would do so. The his protracted and most interesting session, report of the Comnittee of Conference, how. The excitements of côngressional debate lave ever, precludes all prospect of that kind ; and gradually spread through the whole people. I cannot avoid entertaining the hope that, after we are i :peratively called upon to end our all, this seven per cent., which some of its most deliberations, and to present to ou cortiu. ardent arivocales would agree to make five perfenis the great work upuo which we have bu rin cent., cannot be absolutely and vitally necessa- engaged. Let us submit this bill to their scrury to the safety of those who are engaged in uny and operation. Should it pro te wisatisthe manufacture. Sir, althuugh determined to factory or detective in any part, i nave only to act upon the suggestion of my owu indepen. capress my riadiness, if Providence, the pio. dent mind and conscience, I must say, that ple, and my own f te will, permit me again to there be, on this topic of the tariff, a question participate in your proceedings, to supply upon whose intelligence, sagacity, principles, what may be wanting, or to rectify what may and perseverance, I would pin y faithi as to a controverted fact, about the efficacy or ineffi Mr. CLAY said, one of his chiel objections cacy of a given aino:it of protection, that gen to the course of the committee, as, that they tleman is the chairm o of the Senate's Com- had given way before it was nec ssary. The mittee of Manufactures, (Mr. DICKENSON.) He Senate could nare insisted, and then if the has devoted nany years, actively anci ardéntly, House bad determine s also to insist, tae senate to the encouragement, system, and effectual could then have determined either to recede protection of all branches and departm nts of or adhere. He stated that ruch stress was domestic industry. He is here he official and laid o the c ange in the value of the pound selected guardian of the manufacturing inter- strling, while it was certain that sugat, sail ests, and we all know the unâlinching fidelity duck, and other articles, came from quar'ers with which his task is performed. Now, Sir, where the pound sterling was not the bitsis of this esteemed gentleman recomm. nds us to calculation. He called for a division of the forego our additional duty of seven per cent., question. and to be satisfied with the fifty per cent. ad The PRESIDENT pro tempore stated the vulorem, approved by the Hous of Represen question of order. Ii would be first to take tarives. i go with him : I cannot be far out the question on concurring with the Comunitof the way when in his company; and I yield tee of Conference in its report. If the bill be to the chairman of the Committee of Manufac. recommitted, nothing, he said, could be reture. when he requesis me to recede
committed bui the amendments disagreed to. Ailusion has been made to the sentiments up. The question on concurring with the report of on this great subject, unanimously expressed, the committee was susceptible of division, und within the last month, by the Legislature of wouid, as usual, be taken on each amendment Pennsylvania The resolutions of inat highly separately. respected body are now open before me. They The question was then taken on receding manifest a complimentary reliance upon the from the amendment inserting the words " af disuretion and fidelity of their Senators, which tor kındal cuttons,” the words "the latter is appreciated with sensibiliiy, ani has now we'rghing not less than 16 ounces to the been, and siiall not be forgotien or disappunt. square yard,” and determined in the affirmaed. Alth.ugh couched in language which tive-yeas 38, nays 10, as tollows: dous noi import, they have all the orce and ef YEA--Messrs. Benton, Bibb, Brown, Buck. ficacy of positive instructions ; and we have ner, Chambers, Clayion, Dallas, Dickersung rigidiy conformet ti th:m, being both inclined Dudley, Ellis, Forsyth, Frelinghuysen, Grunto do so, and fu ly recognizing the right of the dy, Hayne, Hendricks, Hill, Holmes, Johnston, General Assembly to direct our representative Kanc, Kug, Mangum, Marcy, Miller, More, coduct. The present predicament of the sub. Naudain, Poindexter, Robinson, Siisbec, Smith, ject may, indeed, seem to be one to which the Sprague, Tazewell, Tipta, orálinson, croup, resolutions do not apply; and to exacı from yter, Webster, White, and Wikins-38. myself and may colleague a course of proceed NAYS— Messrs. Bell
, Clay, Ewing, Fost, ing which, is our judgments, will most stric ly Kunghi, Prentiss, Robbins, Ruggles, Seymout, conform to their spirit and esign.
and Waggaman-:0. Sir, in determining to recede, I shall deeply The question then was on receding from the regret if the manufacturing interests to which amendment raising the duty on silver and platI have referred, or any others, shall experience ed wire, from five to twenty-five per cent. which any, the least' i jury.
Infallible legislation was agreen to. cannot be hoped for : we are as liable to The Senate then receded from their next a. error and nistake as other men ; but, as I sin- mendment, raising the duty on japanned sadcerely believe that alt with whom I have the diery from len to twenty-five per cent. without honor o bu ssociated rectuated by pure and a division. patriotic motives, I cannot put expect a gene The Senate thea receded from their next de
mendment, chaging the duy on sail duck- ty tu fifty-seven per cent.-yeas 29, nays 19, as --yeas 34, nays 14, is follows:
follows: YEAS -Me-srs. Benton, Bibb, Brown, Buck. YEAS-Messrs.Benton, Biub. Brown, Buckner, Dallas, Dickerson, Dulley, Ellis, Foot, ner, Dallas, Dickerson, Dudley Ellis, Forsyth, Forsyth, Frelinghuysen, Grundy, Hayne, Hen. Grundy, Hayne, Hendricks, Hill, Kane, King, dricks, Hill, Janoston, Kane, King, Knight, Knight, Mangum, viarcy, Miller, Moore PoinMan “m, Marcy, Miller, Moore, Poindexter, dexter, Robinson, Smith, Tazewell, Tipton, Robinson, Silsbee, Sprague, Tazewell, Tip on, Trup, Tyler, Woite, and Wilkins--29. Tomlinson, Troup, Tyler, White, and Wilki's NAYS--Messrs. Bell, Chambers, Clay, Clay-34
ton, Ewing, Foot, Frelinghuysen, Holmes, NAYS--Messrs. Bell, Chambers, Clay, Clay. Johnston, Naudain, Prentiss, Robbins, Ruggles, ton, Ewing, Holmes, Naudain, Preniss, Rob. Seymour, Silsbee, Sprage, Tomlinson, Wagbins. Ruggles, Seymour, Smith, Waggaman, gama', and Webster-19. and Webster-14.
The amendments having been gone through, The ques ion as next taken on receding Mr. HAYNE moved to recummit the bill, from the amendment increasing the duty on cot- with instructions so to amend it, as to provide ton bagging to four cents instead of three and for a system of ad valorem duties, so arranged half per square yard, and decided in the affir- as to reduce the revenue to the wants of the mative, as follows:
country YEAS—Messrs. Benton, Bibb, Brown, Buck
The PRESIDENT decided that such a moner, Da las, Dickerson, Dudley, Ellis, Forsyth, tion could not be received, as the Senate must Grundy, Hayne, Hendricks, Hill, Ka e, King,
now be confined, to its action, on the dissagrecMangum, Marcy, Miller, Moore, Poindexter, ing votes of the two House. Robinson, Silsbe-, Smith, Tazewell; Tipton, his intention, he said, to go into any details,
MR POINDEXTER then rose.
It was not Troup, Tyler, White, and Wilkins-29.
but to renew the motion for indefinite postponeNAYS- Messrs. Bell, Chambers, Clay, Clay.
He felt that if he were to voie for the ton, Ewing: Foot, Frelinghuysen, Holmes, John- bill, he would be conceding a power to Conston, Knight, Naudain, Prentiss, Robbins, Ruggress to lay taxes on the country for other pur. gles, Seymour, Sprague, Tomlinson, Wagga. poses than revenue, a power which he denied man, and Webster-19. The question was then taken on receding of iheir debts. Were he to vote for the bill,
they possesse , other than ihat for the payment from the amendment, increasing the duty on be should consider himself committed to the browi sugar, from two and a half to three cents principle, though other gentlemen bad exper ; und, and decided in the affirmative-- (pressed a different opinion. But what was this yeas 33, nays 15, as follows:
bill? It kept up the duties on the protected YEAS-Messrs. Benton, Bibb, Brown, Buck- articles; was oppressive in the extreme on the ner, Chambers, Dalias, Dickerson, Dudley, El. raw material; (the chair requested the Senator lis, Forsyth, Frelinghuysen, Grundy, Hayne, would confine himself to the question;) it was Hendricks, Hill, Kane, King, Knight, Mangum; his intention, Mr. P. resumed, to record his Marcy, Miller, Moore, Poinde ster, Robbins, pinion of the measure at a prior stage, but no Silsbee, Smith, Sprague, Tazewell, Tipton, fitting opportunity had presented itself, and he Troup, Tyler, White, and Wilkins--33.
would merely now say, that be considered the NAYS-Messrs. Bell, Clay, Clayton, Ewing, present bill, from the inequality of its operation, Foot, Holmes, Johnston, Naudain, Prentiss, worse than the bill of abominations of 1828. Robbins, Ruggles, Seymour, Tomlinson, Wag- He would contorm to the wish of the chair, gaman, and Webster-15.
and would now move that the bill be indefiniteThe Senate then receded from the amend-ly postponed. ment increasing the duty on slates, from twenty
Mr. HAYNE asked for the yeas and gays. five to thirty-five per cent. ad valorem, by the Mr. FORSYTH said he would vote against following vote:
the motion, and so far sanction the present bill, YEAS-Messrs. Bell, Benton, Bibb, Brown, but it was necessary for him to state the grounds Buckner, Chambers, Clayton, Dallas. Dicker- of his vote. Although the principle of proson, Dudley, Eilis, Ewing, Foot, Forsyth, Fre, tection was embraced in this bill, for which he linghuysen, Grundy, Hayne, Hendricks, Hill, was about to vote, yet is he to be hereafter Holmes, Johnston, Kane, King, Knight, Man- committed in favor of the principle? He hoped gum, Marcy, Miller, Moore, Naudain, Poindex not. Defeat the present bill, and what would ter, Rabinson, Silsbee, Smith, Sprague, Taze-be the cinsequence? We would have the exwell, Tipton, Tomlinson, Troup, 1 yler, White, fisting tariff, without any reduction. The preand Wilkins-41.
sent measure was a modification of it, so far as NAYS--Messrs. Clay, Prentiss, Robbins, it went; and he would vote for getting rid of Ruggles, Seymour, Waggaman, and Webster so much of the abominable bill of 1828. It
was not a question of protection, but of reduce The Senate then agreed to the amendment|tion of the burdens of the people, and he would of the House to its amendment with respect to continue the uncompromising, incessant enemy carpetting, by inserting the word "common.” of the system, till it was totally abrogated by
The Senate then receded from their amend-Congress, ment, increasing the duty on woollens from fif Mr. FOOT said he had once voted for the
inveti sitt postponemen of this bijl, on tile mo- and as the bill will not go into opera un until tio of 'Senior from New Hampshire, (Mr. another session intervenes, I am come to BELL,) bul, since we are call. d to record our ithdraw my opp: sitios and permiri e bili to vot-s again on a similar motion, and his vote pass, not by an affirmative voli, bit
me would ow be recorded against it, he felt i which will be equilly ff. ctive, by vario due to himself to explain the reasons which in against the motion for indefinite postp , n. duced bin to give a difierent vote at this time. Another reason which will induce me ne Sir, said Mr. F ,ibere is not a Senator on this against the present mution is, that it is lia lę Aoor mure disposed than myself to make a'y avowedly on he ground 1:at "the principle of reasonable sacrifice for the pre-ervation of the protection to our manufactures is recognised in peace and ha mony of this confederacy; to re it;" and Serators have declarar! this to be good lieve any portion from unreasonanle or une-ground for tts rejection. Sir, agair s tris doc. qual birdens, to · ndeavor to allay any untor. trine I enter my solemi prtest! It says t'e tunate excitement, produced even by mistaken foundation of all government! What is the first notions of inequality in the op-ration of any of duty of government? Prorection! Wil yvu our laws. On this ground, and on this alone, confine this obligation to the protection of the was my vote recorded in favor of the bill as lives of your citizens alone? Will you 'vt elamendeil by the Senate. And after the re. tend it to their property? And is this to baconpeated declaration of the Senator from South fined to protection of property only gay.. }w• Carolina, (Mr HAYNE,) and the Senator from less pirates and rubbers? Is it not equally he Alabama, (Mr. King,) and others, that this bill du y of he Government 10 protect the preperty would afford nu rell f, but was more obnoxious of its citizos against dam ge or injury, aris ng than even the act of 1828, so often called the from the legisla ion of foreign nations, by cogii. “ bill of abominutions,” I was disposed to unite te vailing legislation or te siriction, and to enwith them in rejecting it. Bui. Sir, in this courage and protect their industry. This has vote they did not unite.
been the policy of this Government from 'he To me this bill has no charms Perhaps commencement of its existence! The very there is not a single State in this Uniou which first act of Congress, after the adoption of the will be more, if as much affected by its passage constitution, re ognises this pri ciple, and ada as my own. More manufactures of varivus de- mits tinis to be its duty. I: las bajtne sancion scrip:ions are springing up under the proteciion of forty years, and Senators may rest asured of your laws in the State of Connecticut than in it will not be abandoned. It cannot be aban
. any other portion of the Uniou. Mai y of them doned while the Guvernment has an esistence. are in their infancy, and must be seriously af. Without this principle of protection no governfec ed, if not totally prostrated by this bill. ment would be worth preserving, nor deserve The Committee of Conference had propose: to the name. Nor will my vote be given on any surrender every a i:endment made in the Se- question, to sanction for a moment or t counnate, in which oud smaller manufac urers were tenance any doctrine so fatal in iis t: niency. particularly interested, and some of which a Mr. MANGUM. He would vote for the inmendments had been made at my suggestion, definite posiponement. It was not enough from letters and information daid before the that the revenue was reduced, for the bill carCommittee of Manufactures by me. These ried out the odious principle of quality; the were all to be surrendered without a struggle; rich would be indulged in their lux ries without without an effort to save them. The committee taxation, whilse the poor were heavily burthen knew full well our convictions of the blighting ed. He would not sanction the bill, because effeets of the bill on the eastern States, and he believed it would g, to fix a settled s stem particularly in the State which has honored me of the policy of protection. Its principle was with a seat on this floor, without the amend to do evil that good might result, but he world ment of the Senate, for I had'stated them in rely that a returning sense of justice woult yet the discussion of those amendmenis, and pro- influence their counsels. duced the proof. I have this day received an. Mr. KING said, but for the remarks that had other letter from an intelligent fariner, who has been made, it was not his intention to have tresmade great exertions to improve the quality of passed in the attention of t e Se pale
The the wool in this country, who says the hopes Senator from Kentuck, ( ir. Clar,) had be of the wool growers are destroyed, and even served that the southern gentlemen, by their the Saxony sheep must be resigned up to the former votu, bad conceded the opinions in butcher.
favor of the present measure. Such was not The question is now presented under cir- the case; for himself, he would never be in for cumstance somewhat different. The Senate vor of a meastire which pre erved the presne have acred on the amendments. My votes have inequality. H had said, on a former occasion, been in fayor of the amendments of the Senate that he would vote, thougtreluctantly, for the -but as, in all cases, minorities must submit, pill as it came from the House; but it had 40in this case it becomes my duty. The Chair rergone such changes here for the worse, that man of the cominittee has stated his determina be voted againsi it as amended. He had vored
tion, that if, at the next session, i shall be as- against the act of 1824; he had also voted * certained that any infant manufacture will be against the bill of 1828. But all the appeals of
seriously injured, he will unite in any further the south had been he.e.ofore disregarded. to amendment in favor of necessary protection; the measure now introduced, the frienus of
proti c110.. had been i kiuceci, to make some responsibility of a measure fraught with such
LIST OF AC
Congress. host. As regarded the present bill, and the An ac supplementary to the "Act for the existing law, he would choose the lesser evil; relief of cer aiu surviving officers and soldiers yet be would not co promit his principles; and of the Revolution;" on a fu ure occasion his friends would find him Proviuing for the organization of the Ordcombaiting by their side.
nance Department; Mr. H FYNE sad,ne had but one more word l'o authorize the mounting and equipment of to say before she final question was taken. part of the army of the United States; From the beginning of the ses-ion up to the Providing for the purchase, by the United present moment, he had, with the most per- States, of the rights if the Washington Bridge lect good faith, voted for every proposition Company, in the District of Columbia, and for and used is u most efforts to effect such a mo the erection of a public bridge on the site difiation of tile tariff a; should remove exist-thereof; ing difficulties and do «qual justice to all parts Confirming to Joshua Kennedy his claim to of the country. The bill has been put into the a tracı of land in the city of Mubile; form which the tariff majority in both ho'ises lo enable the President to exunguish Indian hal thought proper to give it, and it now only titles within the States of Indiana and Illinois, remained for him, at this last stage of its pro- and Territory of Michigan ; gress to record his sentiments in rela ion to it. For the relief of Dixon Spears; He had examined its provisions carefully. He
For the relief ot Joan Proctor; was perfectly satisfied that it did not propose
For the relief of Edward S. Meeder; to effect reduction in the revenue of more
For the relief of John H. Harrison ; than from three to four millions of dollars, and To amend an act entitled "An act for the of this nearly the whole amount was on unpri- relief of George Johnston," passed March 2, tected articles. So far, it aggravated the in- 1831; justice and inequality, of which the south had For the relief of Don Carlos Dehault Deso loudly complained. This bill recognises the protecting system; it has been arranged Supplementary to the several laws for the throughout on the single princi le of taking sale of public lands; care of the interests of the manufacturers, and
To authorize the State of Illinois to sell was now openly supported by the tariff party, twenty thousand acres of the saline lands in on the ground that this protection was inade- said State; quate to the object, and it had been openly For the relief of Joseph Chamberlain; avowed that, if it sh uld, in any case, prove
Supplementary to an act to grant pre-emp. otherwise, further protection was to be bere. tion r ghts to settlers on public lands; after extended. The duties relained by this
For the relief of Hartwell Vick, of the State bild were most unreasonable and exotbitant of Mississippi; 57 per cent. upon woollens, upwards of 100
For the relief of John J. Jacob; per cent. upon cottons and ir in, and sull
Fir the relief of John Brick wood Taylor; higher upon salt and sugar, while articles olix. To authorize the inhabit.nts of the State of ury, only because they did not come into com. Louisiana to enter their back lands; pe von with domestic manufactures, were to
For the relief of be sureties of Amos Ed. be admitted duty free. He regarded this bill wards; a fixing the system upon the country forever,
For the relief of George E. Tringle; beyond bope of future relief. He should, For the relief of the personal representatives' ther fore, vote for its indefinite postponem nt, lof Col. John Laurens; and if the bill was to pass, he would leave the! For the relef of Heman Allen;