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ery effort in Congress to pass a vote of censure can ascertain that Calhoun will not be benefited upon his proceedings in Florida. (We know by Jackson's election, you will do bim a benewhat we say, and let the Globe deny it at its fit by communicating the information to me." peril. General Jackson has in his possession, About this time the Albany Argus began to the proof which establishes the fact; which change its tone. Subsequent events prove that disproves the charge of duplicity, made by the pledge that Mr. Calhoun should not come him, upon the instigation of Mr. Forsyth, and into power was given, and Mr. VAN BUREN “the former friends of Mr. Crawford,” against came into the support of Gen. Jackson. The Mr. Calhoun, and fixes it irrevocably upon quarrel with Mr. Calhoun was but the pretext Mr. Forsyth himself. We say that the proof for doing that which had been agreed upon be. of all this is now in the possession of General fore the election of Gen. Jackson, and the effort Jackson, obtained under a belief that it would to unite the former friends of Mr. Crawford," criminate Mr. Calhoun. And we alledge the and the "old, original partisans of Gen. Jackfact, that with this proof before him, General son" is playing out the game-carrying out the Jackson did not immediately retract the offen- bargain to transfer the Jackson party to Martin sive charge, which, being made by him, ren- Van Buren. For this purpose was the ticket of dered it impossible for Mr. Calhoun to continue, Jackson and Van Buren got up, and for this pur. without dishonor, the relations of personal in- pose has a war of relentless persecution been tercourse between them, demonstrates, strong waged against every friend of General Jackson, as proof of holy writ, that the quarrel with who will not consent to be transferred like RusMr. Calhoun was a deliberately concerted mea- sian serfs. sure, intended to transfer the Jackson party to We speak of these facts as they are. They Mr. Van Buren. We again repeat, that we are, of themselves, startling; and there is no know wbat we say, and we challenge the pub- citizen, who feels as an American citizen should lication of the evidence to which we refer.) feel, who cannot make his own comment. But After the election of Mr. Adams, the former the statesman, the careful observer of erents, friends of Mr. Crawford were advised by Mr. will see much cause for alarm in the success Gallatin not to separate-to keep united. which has attended the efforts of the former
On the vote in the House, the friends of Mr. friends of Mr. Crawford" for office. We are Calhoun supported Gen. Jackson, the friends aware that we use terms which are calculated to of Mr. Clay voted for Mr. Adams, leaving Mr. Wound the party pride and self-love of many Crawford's party, as was supposed, tbe um- highly respectable citizens. We know that pire.
the leaders, having seized upon the usages of The policy of Mr. Adams was to recruit from the republican party, carried away with them this independent force, and accordingly his first many of the most valuable of the rank and file appointments, Mr. Rush, of Pennsylvania, and of that party; but these are times which require Mr. Barbour, of Virginia, were made from that a bold and fearless exposure of the truth, and party. Mr. Van Buren was a candidate for the we feel called upon to discharge our duty, let mission to England, made vacant by the ap. the blow fall where it may; qualifying our repointment of Mr. Rush, and accordingly the mark by saying, that they are intended to ap: Albany Argus then, as now, his organ, excom-ply only to those leaders, who, being initiated municated the Washington City Gazette, because into the secrets, were combined for the ''spoils" it bad commented in terms of severity on Mr. and used the party discipline as the means of Clay's vote. While Mr. Van Buren was paying transferring their honest but deluded followers
. court to Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay, Mr. Cobb, who None but such will take offence at the truth. had been the active associate of Mr. Forsyth in An honest man who regards the interests of this the prosecution of General Jackson, cast his great republic, and who desires to leave our eyes to the Hermitage. The tendency of all wise institutions as an unimpaired inheritance to this was to place “the former friends of Mr. his children, will feel that he has a bigber inte Crawford' in the market. Accordingly, in rest than parly. Such will see in this declaradue season, after Mr. King had been sent to tion of the Enquirer the secret basis upon which England, we find Mr. Van Buren on a pilgrim. the new coalition of Jackson and Van Buren age to the residence
of Mr. Crawford, in Geor-rests. Mr. Van Buren is to bring in the “ old gia, and on the 14th December, 1827, Mr. friends of Mr. Crawford," and General Jackson Crawford wrote to Alfred Balch, Esq. of Nash. is to bring in the old original Jacksonians,", ville, (the brother-in-law of William B. Lewis,) Will the people ratify this bargain!" Is a letter, from which the following are extracts. the love of office, the power and patronage of
“If I understand your letter, you appear to the Government, capable of controlling out es think a public expression of my opinion on the lections? Is Gen. Jackson's popularity such approaching election to be proper." that he can stand every thing? Can the combi
When Mr. Van Buren and Mr. Cambreleng nation of “ Jackson and Van Buren" put down made me a visit last April, I authorized them, the Senate, and destroy every man who refuses upon every proper occasion, to make those o- to devote himself to the election of Van Buren
"The only diffi- as Jackson's successor? ployed lyd, this state has upon that subject is; ject was skson should be elected, Calhoun will
THE NEW TARIFF. speculator, power. I confess I am not appre “Foreseeing that the payment of the public ich a result.”
"If you debt would necessarily lead to a reduction of
duties, Mr. Clay proposed a resolution which and sanction to a bill founded on those princi. would throw the whole tax upon articles of ples. ' And the friends of, the tariff are called the first necessity, and give the exemption to upon to support Gen. Jackson, because of his locuries, making a discrimination altogether instrumentality in procuring a tariff based upon against the oppressed, in favor of the oppres. a reduction of the duties on luxuries, and reFors. This was in effect to convert the reduc- taining them on the absolute necessaries, on tion of the duties into a grievance, inasmuch the cottons, woollens, iron, and sugar; retainas it tended to increase the inequality between ing them, in fact, on those articles of which those whom the tariff favored and those who the south" have been constantly complaining, bore its burdens.
and reducing them on those of which they have "Mr. Hayne responded to this resolution by never nade any complaint. Can political pro. another, proposing a gradual reduction upon Aigacy extend much farther? both protected and unprotected articles, and We are here told by the Globe, that the bill by a modification embracing both classes, of Mr. McLane was drawn up “in accordance adapted it so as to secure adequate protection with the views' of Mr. Hayne, and “ to meet to the American manufacturer. In accord- the proposition of compromise in the spirit in ance with the views thus advanced by the which it was made." "Could we have bee leading representative of the southern inter- surprised at any thing coming from the Globe, ests, Mr. M’Lane, when called upon by Con- we should have been at this. It is scarcely gress, drew up a bill to meet the proposition possible for two propositions to be more oppo. of compromise in the spirit in which it was site than that of Mr. Hayrie and the bill of the made. This bill, with a slight change, would Secretary. The former, as stated by the Globe have received a general support froin the sou- itself, was based upon "a gradual reduction thern section of the Union. But the tariff ma- of duties." The bill of the Secretary was jority in the House, under the auspices of Mr. avowedly to be “permanent;" and he assigns, Adams, changed its features so as to make it in the accompanying report, as a reason for more decidedly a manufacturers' bill.” adopting this principle, that he had ascertained
The above is from the Globe of the 10th it would be more acceptable to the manufacand the confession it contains, together with turers. According to the logic of the Globe, the falsity of some of its assertions, sets the the “gradual reduction to a fair revenue sys. seal of condemnation upon the new tariff. In tem" of Mr. Hayne, and the “permanent" the first place, it candidly confesses that the provisions of Mr. McLane's bill, are in perfect proposition of Mr. Clay to throw the whole tax accordance one with the other! upon articles of necessity, and exempt the lux However anxious the Globe may be to con. uries, “was in effect to convert the reduction ceal the real nature of the bill just passed, the of the duties into a grievance, as it increased truth will now and then peep out, in despite of the inequality between those whom the tariff every exertion to conceal it. It accuses the benefited and those who bore the burden.” tariff majority in the House, of changing the This is, no doubt, true, and the south are fully bill so as to make it more decidedly a manuaware of it; but what strikes them with sur- facturers' bill.” And now, it is "more decidprise is, to find the Globe and so many presses edly” such a bill. And yet, in direct contra. professing similar sentiments, advocating a ta. diction to this declaration, the Executive organ riff embracing these very principles, so much and its satelites are loud in its praise, and are denounced by them. We are sure that no can- constantly congratulating the south on the glodid man will deny the fact ; and we were not rious compromise offered them by the manuat all surprised to hear Mr. Clay assert, in the facturers of the north! The Globe relies too Senate, that the bill was founded upon the much on the ignorance and gullibility of the principles proposed by him in the early part of people. the session. Well might be exult, as he did, over the friends of the Administration, and BARBOUR IN TENNESSEE. over the south in particular, that, after hav. A meeting of citizens of Williamson county, ing denounced his proposition, they were Tennessee, favorable to the election of P. P. compelled to accept the former with joy, and Barbour, was held on the 230 June, at Frank the latter with bitterness of heart, a tariff found. lin Court-house. Committees of vigilance and ed on those very obnoxious principles ; and correspondence was appointed. Resolutions compelled, not only to accept it, but to praise were adopted at the meeting declaratory of it, and to denounce as enemies to the Union all their opinions of Martin Van Buren, and of P. who would not join in its praise. Never was P.P. Barbour. They declare that the former, there a greater transformation produced by the
" Whilst indulging in hypocritical exprescourse of events. Like Balaam of old, they sions of regard for State Rights, the whole began with curses and ended with blessings ! tenor of his votes while Senator, furnishes We were struck with the exulting sarcasm of practical evidence of his adherence to those Mr. Clay, when alluding to it in the Senate ; loose views of the Constitution, which carried and nothing was said — for nothing could be out to their results, wbich constitute this a Gosaid-in denial of its truth.
vernment of unlimited power. A supporter of So conscious are the friends of the Admini- the protective system in its full extent; he sanc. stration in the north of the truth of it, that it is tioned by his vote and influence, that “ bill of made a merit in the President to give bis aid abominations," the tariff of 1828; and thus be
PROX TAL RICHMOND ENQUIRER.
praying the confidence of the whole southern David, and reign over the seed of Abraham. My delegation, with whom he had professed to act. hope has been realised, if his has not. That which A tariff unjust in its principles, odious in its fea- to him is still but hope, and hope deferred, to tures, unequal in its operations, oppressive to me is estatic reality. I am in its full fruition ; agriculture generally, ruinous to the planting lapped in elysium. But never until now, did I interest; and if not unconstitutional, at least, & feel the fullness of its joy. As devoted, as for palpable perversion of a constitution power. years I have been to him ; clinging the firmer, A system which has given birth to the most the more he was villified, never did I feel to. dangerous of all parties; those defined by geo-wards him as now. I confidently anticipate graphical limits, and which, unless abandoned that the shameless Bock of raven printers next or settled upon just principles of mutual con- will croak ," that this message is not his. Who cession, we sadly fear will cause the fairest fa- cares for their croaking ? Who cares whether bric of human wisdom, designed for the preser. it be or be not bis, id est, worded by him? Say, vation of the liberties of man, to totter and if you will, it was not. Still it was done by tumble to the ground."
his order--fashioned conformably to his direc. " Resoloed, That in the opinion of this meet- tions--containing his every sentiment. Let ing Pbilip P. Barbour is a fit and proper per- these snarlers remember, that that book about son to be voted for to fill the office of Vice Pre- which they prate so much, and of which, judge sident, and that he unites in him more of the ing by their works, they know nothing, was requisite qualifications than any other man who not written by him whose testament it is
, has been named, and that to support him is to only by his inspiration, his order. For one, I maintain our interests, our principles, and our care not if he (the President) never saw it (the public honor.
message) until ready for his signature ; can “ Resolved, That we will not be duped into fairly claim
it only by adoption. °Tis
, in itself
, the support of any man who is an advocate of so admirable, that to me it should be a polar the American system, as it is called, by the cry star, though it came from the hands of Long of " persecution," or the more senseless and Harry of Kentucky, nay, even from those of hypocritical reasons that he is a favorits to Old Harry, himself. Thine, General Jackson, and the only man who can Henrico, July 18, 1831. unite the suffrages of the republican party."
The preceding most extraordinary produc. tion is from the Richmond Enquirer of the 20th
inst. What Virginian can read it and not blush THE VETO.
at the degradation of his state-of the once noGENTLEMEN : Although your paper of Fri-ble, high-minded Virginia. We say degrada day, the 13th, has been in my house for five tion, for one such slavish spirit would degrade days, I have not read a word of the President's a million of freemen. What American but message, assigning his reasons for refusing to must feel mortified, that adulation so gross, 50 sanction the bill re-chartering the Bank of the servile, so blasphemous, should find a place United States, until this day: Business, not a in 'an American Journal ? We know of but two disregard to the subject, was the cause. But individuals in Virginia, who could be so lost to I have just read, ay, and re-read it, and care. every feeling of 'sbame or self-respect, as to fully too, and never have I read any thing become the author of such a production. One which gave me such exquisite pleasure, since the is the editor of the paper in which it first ap; account of the battle of the 8th January, 1815. peared. The other if a hungry expectant of What American can read it without a thrill of office, who, in order to gain it, is willing to gratitude? Foreigners even must regard it with descend to the lowest depth of degradation admiration. Calm, dignified,
persuasive, argu: Will the editor of the Whig tell us if Peter V: mentative, conclusive, it ought to be stamped does not sometimes write
over the sinature of on blue silk, framed, and hung up in every " Crito por freeman's house. It should be printed in
If the writer does not get an office, well may pamphlets, read at all meetings of the people, he exclaim : made a text book in our schools-even in our
“Gratitude! thou hast fled to brute beasts ;" Sunday schools. Nay, it should be read on a And the Kitchen Cabinet has lost itspower!! given day throughout the United States, in lieu of Henry Clay's " Fast and Prayer." Old In the North Carolina Constitutionalist, we Hickory has been the idol of my worship, every observe a letter from the Hon. Jesse Speight to hour of every day which has passed over my the editor, in which he is told that the govern. head since that same 8th January, 1815. I then ment is fast inclining to monarchy.' avowed a confident assurance that the day Coming from such a source, (the honorable would come, when the people of these United member was a constant attendant at the palace States would, in heartfelt gratitude for that during the last session, the observation is entiday's work, make him their Chief Magistrate. ted to more respect than
it would, otherwise, I was no false prophet. From that hour, even meet with. His situation would enable him to unto the fulfilment of my prophecy, never did see things behind the scenes which are hid from I cease my aspirations for the coming of that public view;
and we only wonder at his indisevent. Never did enthusiastic Israelites breathecretion in uttering a truth which cannot but be a more fervent hope, a more confident reliance, in unpalatable to the powers that be. the coming of him who was to be of the house of some of the causes which have led to the for
mation of this opinion are visible to the public. The Globe of yesterday announces the ap
The plain and palpable attempt made, and now pointment, by the President, of Samuel Gwin, making, by the Executive, to destroy the inde. to be Register of the land office at Mount Salus, pendence of a co-ordinate branch of the Govern- Mississippi. ment. The abuse constantly bestowed by the The Constitution provides that, Executive, and by the minions of power, upon “He (the President) shall nominate, and by the members of the Senate for the independent and with the advice and consent of the Senate, exercise of the duties conferred upon them by shall appoint ambassadors, or other public mi. the constitution, for wise and important purpo- nisters and consuls, judges of the Supreme ses. The adulation bestowed upon the Presi-Court, and all other officers of the United dent-an adulation that would have sickened States, whose appointments are not herein and disgusted by its grossness, the weakest and otherwise provided for, and which shall be esvainest of monarchs. The slavish declaration tablished by law ; but the Congress may by law by the Executive official organ, that the Presi- vest the appointment of such inferior officers dent was born to command." The ré-echo as they think proper, in the President alone, in of tbe sentiment through a servile press. The the courts of law, or in the beads of Departopen assumption, by the President, of a deter. ments. mination to nominate bis successor.
" The President shall have power to fill up sumption of a power to approve a bill, and af- all vacancies, that may happen during the re. terwards judge of its constitutionality, and wbe. cess of the Senate, by granting, commissions ther he shall carry it into effect. His complaints which shall expire at the end of the next sesof the exercise of their legislative power by sion.". Congress, without calling on him to prescribe Such being the law of this case, we proceed the form of legislation that-would be agreeable to give the facts. That they may appear in an to him. All these, probably conjoined with a authentic shape, we give them in the followknowledge of sentiments pervading the friends ing extract from a letter addressed by Mr.Poinof the President, in accordance with that ex. dexter, one of the Senators from Mississippi, pressed by a paltry, sycophantic slave, “ An- to the Legislature of that State. drew Jackson-may he reign over us the next
Mr. Poindexter says : four years." All these, we say, may have ope. " At the session of 1830, '31, the President rated on the mind of the honorable member, nominated his nephew, Stokely D. Hayes, of and made him think that the "government is Tennessee, to be Surveyor General of Missisfast inclining to monarchy."
sippi. I made an ineffectual effort to prevent
this palpable violation of the rights of the peoThere is another thing, not hinted at, but o.
ple of that State; and, to test the sense of the penly stated, the "corruption in Congress."
Senate on the question, without involving, in On this point few
are better able to form an o- any manner, the merits of the nominee, I subpinion than Mr. Speight. He has free access mitted a resolution, prescribing a general rule to the back door of the kitchen cabinet, as well of action to that body in reference to the noas a right to "le grande entree.” And if there minations made by the President of citizens rebe " corruption in Congress,” few
have a bet siding in one State to fill offices, the duties of ter opportunity to be acquainted with the par, which were to be performed in another.* This ticular facts. Who is it that corrupts Congress? Who can it be but those who have the distribu.
• IN THE SENATE OF THE U. S., tion of bonors, offices, and wealth! And by
February 3, 1831. means of these, our "government is fast inclin.
The following motion, submitted by Mr. ing to monarchy.”
Poindexter, was considered: If any credit is to be attached to the opinions Resolved, Tbat it is inexpedient to appoint a expressed in the letter, it will enable us to un- citizen of any one State to an office wbich may derstand, as well some of the sudden changes be created or become vacant, in any other in opinion, as those more gradual ones, which State of the Union within which such citizen have been exhibited by the honorable member does not reside, without some evident necessity himself, and by a few of his associates. Some for such appointment. might even be ill-natured enough to apply the On the question to agree thereto, fact to the explanation of the actions and senti, It was determined in the affirmatiure, yeas 22, ments of the honorable member himself, anays 10. change which he acknowledges has taken place, The yeas and nays being desired by one. without making even an attempt at explanation fifth of the Senators present, or excuse. From being a warm advocate of Those who voted in the affirmative, are, free trade and State rights, an opponent of the
Messrs. Barton, Bell, Benton ,Burnet, Chase, tariff, a justifier of the southern States in open. Clayton, Foot, Hendricks, King, Marks, Noble, ing their ports, in case the protective principle Poindexter, Robbins, Ruggles, Sanford, Seywas not abandonded, we find him in quite a dif- mour, Silsbee, Smith, of Maryland,' Tazewell, ferent frame of mind, and disposed to accept as Troup, Willey, Waodbury.-22. a boon, and laud to the skies the President, Mr. Those who voted in the negative, are, Van Buren, and whatever tariff the friends of Messrs. Barnard, Bibb, Dickerson, Dudley, the laiter choose to bestow, Ah! says he, 'chere Elis, Kane, Knight, McKinley, Smith, of S. is so much corruption in Congress!!"
Carolina, White, --10,
resolution, it will be seen, was adopted by a hundred and thirty persons, of all descriptions, majority of more than two to one; and of those in favor of his appointment. The petitions who voted for it, seven were the known sup- were deemed disrespectful, as they charged on porters of the administration. Thus the ap- a majority of that body a palpable violation of pointment of Mr. Hays was, in effect, rejected. the Constitution, in adopting the resolution re. But feeling the most anxious solicitude to pre- gulating their own conduct on the subject of serve the friendly relations which had subsist- appointments, which is made a part of ihe aped between the President and myself, and pendix to this address. This renomination was learning from himself that he would be per- considered on the 10th instant, and laid on the sonally obliged by the concession, 1 yielded, in table, with the express understanding that it the kindest feelings, my assent to the appoint- should not be taken up again during the sesment of Mr. Hays to be register of the land of- sion, and that the President be advised to 00fice at Mount Salus, in case Mr. Fitz should be minate some other person to fill the vacancy. appointed surveyor general, which arrange. This course was taken at the instance of afriend ment was carried into effect; and I entertained of General Jackson, and approved by me, as the hope that my difficulties with the Presi- the mildest form which could be given to the nent were at an end, and that my liberality rejection. I make no comment on these prowas duly appreciated; but I was mistaken, ceedings, but close the subject by a statement
“During ihe recess of Congress, in the sum of the fact, that the President again declared to mer of 1831, Mr. Hays departed this life, and a Senator, who repeated the words in full Se forthwith, the President appointed Samuel nate, that he s never would appoint a citizen of Gwin, a clerk in the Post Office Department, Mississippi register of the land office at Mount to fill the vacancy. No recommendation of Salus." I addressed a letter to the Secretary this individual was given or asked. On the -- of the Treasury, urging the appointment of a day of December following: Mr. Gwin was register to this land office, because it must be nominated to the Senate, and, in a few days closed until the next session of Congress, if no thereafter, rejected by a vote of 25 against 13.+ nomination was made at the present session, Nearly one half of those who voted to reject inasmuch as the vacancy did not occur in the Mr. Gwyn were the friends of the present ad. recess, and therefore a new temporary appointministration. Shortly after this, I united with ment could not be made by the President, our representative in recommending a respect. My communication remains unanswered, and able citizen of Mississippi to this vacant office. the office is still vacant. I forbear to enter The President treated the recommendation as minutely into the various disgusting details in insulting to his dignity, and declared, in er relation to this struggle to overconie my objec. press terms, that he “never would appoint a tions to the introduction of citizens of other citizen of Mississippi” to the office in question. States to fill the offices located in Mississippi, He has kept his word. The attempt made in and to overrule the action of the Senate on the Mississippi, backed by tbe weight of Execu- President's nomination. The facts will be suf. tive influence, and countenanced by many ho- ficient, with all candid individuals, to show the norable men from motives of sympathy, result. difficulties I have had to encounter in the dise ed in the renomination of Mr. Gwin, on the charge of my duty to the State, and the ridicu. day of July, 1832, with the signatures of two lous pretexts to which my enemies resort to
impose on the credulity of the people, and imIN THE SENATE OF THE U. S. plicate my conduct on this occasion as the reDecember 22, 1831. sult of a hostile spirit towards the administra
. Mr. King, from the Committee on the Pub- tion of General' Jackson. It well becomes lic Lands, reported on the nomination of Sa- those who fauiter in the performance of a high muel Gwin, contained in the message of the duty, to censure him who moves with an even 8th of December.
and uurvavering step in vindicating the cause of The Senate proceeded to consider the nomi. his constituents." nation.
Such is the history of this proceeding ; but On the question, will the Senate advise and Mr. Puindexter, much as he had been disap, consent to the appointment of Samuel Gwin? pointed in the character of Gen. Jackson, did It was determined in the negative, yeas 13, not suppose that he would so far usurp the
powers of the Senate as to appoint Gwith, in Those who voted in the affirmative, are, open'and direct violation of the Constitut.on,
Messrs. Bibb, Brown, Dallas, Dickerson, which he had sworn to support. Dudley, Grundy, Hill, Kane, Knight, Mangum, We cannot better illustrate the relation be Marcy, White, Wilkins.-13.
tween the President and the Senate, thisa to Those who voted in the negative, are, quote from Mr. Poindexter's letter. He says :
Messrs. Bell, Bentun, Buckner, Clay, Ewing, “The Senate, as an integral part of the East Foot, Hanna, Hayne, Hendricks, Holmes, ecutive, is required to act in connection with Johnston, King, Miller, Moore, Poindexter, the President on the subject of treaties with Robbins, Robinson, Ruggles, Seymour, Sils- foreign powers, and appointments to office. bee, Tomlinson, Troup, Tyler, Webster.-25. These duties are in their nature higiwly deliSo it was
cate, and, in many instances, a faithful disResolved, that the Senate do not advise and charge of them involves personal consideraconsent to the appointment of Samuel Gwin. tions which are always unpleasant. The re