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sponsibility which a Senator must incur in giv. have occasionally differed from the President ing or withholding bis advice and consent to in the views he took of the general merits of treaties or nominations, imposes on him the individuals selected by him, and their fitness most solemn obligations to discard every in- to discharge the duties of the respective offices fuence from his mind, distinct from the na. to which they were nominated. The same retional honor and interest in the one cage, of the mark is equally applicable to every Senator merits of the nominee in the other. The de. with whom I have served since I have had the bates on the adoption of the federal Constitu. honor of a seat in the Senate. I have not ate tion, and the practical operations of the Go-tempted to control bis opinions falling within vernment under each successive administration, the range of his constitutional powers, nor bare demonstrate, beyond the reach of contradic. I deemed it fit or proper to surrender my own tion, that this department was organized for the convictions to the dictation of his will. i have express purpose of operating fearlessly as considered his nominations with capdor, as I a check on the President in his executive cha. would those of any other Chief Magistrate, and racler, and on all the other departments, either have very seldom found it necessary to refuse in virtue of its legislative powers, or as the my advice and consent to them in the discharge high court of impeachment.' To carry this ob- of my duty as one of his constitutional advisvious intention of the framers of the Constitu- ers. 'An appeal has been taken from my opi. tion into effect, and to preserve the checks nions, given under the sanction of the constiand balances on which the safety and perpetui. tution, and under a proper sense of the high ty of our system depend, the Senate was, by responsibilities of the station which I occupy in the manner in which its members are chosen, the public councils of the nation, to the people and the duration of their term of service, re- of Mississippi, for the avowed purpose of exmoved from the sphere of popular excitement citing popular tumult against me, for presum. which occasionally precipitate the multitude ing to judge for myself, and for refusing to as. into excesses unfavorable to social order, and sent, against my judgment, to all the nomina. which can only be averted by the wholesome tions of the President, be they right or wrong. corrective afforded by the lapse of time, and The name of General Jackson, with his known the admonitions of reason and reflection. popularity in that State, has been employed to

“The separation of the powers vested in each awe me into unconditional submission to the branch of the Government, and the independo mandales of the Executive, or to subject me to ent action of each within its proper orbit, is a the unmerited reproaches of my constituents, principle which forms the basis of our free in. whose rights had been wantonly invaded; and, stitutions, without the strict observance of for resisting those encroachments, they have which they cannot long be preserved. With a been invited to denounce me as recreant to the subservient Senate, and a pliant majority in the principles which I professed at the time I was House of Representatives, the strong arm of chosen a Senator in the Congress of the United the Executive might, under circumstances fa- States. This novel and alarming departure vorable to the gratification of unrestrained am- from the established principles of the Governbition, immolate the barriers erected by the ment, and its practical operations under former wisdom of the patriots who formed the Consti- administrations, has not been confined to the tution, and overthrow the liberties of the peo-humble individual who now addresses you, but ple.

it bas been spread over the whole Union to These remarks are designed, more particu- operate on the Senate as a body, and, if successlarly, to illustrate the structure of our Govern- fül, must concentrate all power in the hands of ment, the dangers to which it is liable, the a single person. guards thrown around it to protect the pillars “Reposing in the fidelity of my acts, and the which support the great fabric firm and unmov. approbation of my own conscience, I might, ed, than to intimate the existence, at the pre- with great propriety, treat this appeal to my sent moment, of the evils intended to be de. fellow citizens with the contempt which its arprecated, and which the downfall of o:her re- rogance so justly deserves, but the respect publics admonish us might arise in the pro. which I hope ever to cherish for the good opi. gress of human events. Feeling the full force nion of the people whom I have served in evof the reflections to which my mind has been ery station within their gift, and, until now, drawn in the discharge of the high trust con- without, in any manner, incurring their displea. fided to me by my country, and which are re- sure, induces ine to lay before you a simple respectfully offered for your consideration, it has lation of facts in reference to the offensive been my constant endeavor to conform my con. votes which, it is alleged, I have given on duct to a dignified respect for the opinions of some of the nominations to office, made by the the President, so far as, in my honest judg- President to the Senate.”. ment, they did not conflict with the rights and Upon the subject of a disagreement between honor of my constituents, and the welfare of the President and Senate, Mr. Poindexter rethe great body of the American people. In marks : respect to treaties, both foreign and domestic, “Such was not the language of Gen. Wash. I do not recollect one submitted tu the Senate ington, when his nominations were rejected by for ratification, to which I have not given my the Senate in 1789, simultaneously with the a advice and consent.

doption of the constitution. The Father of his "On the subjects of nomination to office, 1 Country, in a message to the Senate, dated New

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York, August 6th, 1789, referring to the rejec, consideration, the popular name of President is
tion of Benjamin Fishbourn, says: "Whatever used to arouse the indignant feelings of the mul.
may have been the reasons wbich induced your titude; the Senate is pronounced, by the high-
dissent, I am persuaded they were such as you est officer in the Government, which is repeat-
deem suficient." Pursuing the dignified ex-ed by partisans and demagogues ibroughout the
ample of Washington, we find that, in the year Union, to be a "school for scandal, a Spanish in-
1808, Thomas Jefferson appointed Wm. Short, quisition," and other more opprobrious epithets;
minister to Russia, who actually went to St. Pe- particular members have been selected as spe
tersburg and presented himself to the Emperor; cial victims, and their constituents invoked in
and on the 24th of February, 1809, this minis- the name of the Hero of New Orleans, and by all
ter was nominated to the Senate, and unani- the temptations of official patronage, to censure
mously rejected, although, in a few months sub them for this single vote, and drag them home,
sequent to that rejection, a minister to the same by inviting them to resign!! These innovations
Court was nominated and confirmed by the Se on the constitutional powers of the several de.
nate. Did Mr. Jefferson denounce the Senate partments must be resisted by the frowns of an
as a Spanish inquisition for that exercise of their enlightened people, or they will end in the
constitutional powersi or did he get up popular prostration of every department which shall
meetings to censure particular members of that have the temerity to act in opposition to the will
body for a breach of his high prerogative, and a of the President."
trespass on his " feelings.” History informs us

But what does Gen. Jackson care for Wash. that he merely regretted the difference of opin: ington, Jefferson, Madison, the Senate, or the ion, and the occurrence was scarcely spoken of Constitution ? He has resolved to appoint Mr. out of the limits of the ten miles square. What Van Buren his successor. He bas seized upon was the reply of James Madison on similar oc- the patronage of the Government as the means casions? In the year 1813, Mr. Gallatin was ap- of purchasing up the support of the people

. pointed minister to Russia, and Mr. Russell to His flatterers have told him that his "popula. Sweden, both of whom proceeded on their re- rity can stand any thing ;” and he is resolved spective missions. They were nominated to that the power of the Senate shall interpose no the Senate and rejected. This fact being made obstacle to the gratification of his will

. When known to President Madison, he said, that the his official organ proposed that the Senate Executive and Senators, in cases of appointments should be deprived of the power of passing to office and treaties, are considered independent upon appointments to office, no one supposed and co-ordinate with each other. If they agree, that so Hagrant an outrage received his sanc. the appointments or treaties are made ; if they tion; but he has now deliberately done

, of him. disagree, they fail.” But further; in reference self, that which his organ admitted could not to the particular case of Mr. Gallatin, the Pre- be done, but by an amendment of the Constisident was pleased to observe to the committee, tution !! in substance, “that he was very sorry that the Senate had not taken the same view of the sub.

The question before the people is, General ject that he had done, and that he regretted that Jackson or the Constitution. When it was the measure had been taken under circumstan. suggested that Gen. Jackson would, after the ces which deprived him of the aid or advice of adjournment, appoint Mr. Van Buren as Ministhe Senate." These extracts are taken from ter to England, Judge Bibb asserted that such the Journals of the Senate, and are consequent. nate, would be a gross violation of tlie Consti


an appointment, after the rejection by the Se. this reference to precedents by the aspiration House of Representatives to impeach bim ; and that these illustrious examples of the fathers of what can the people of the United States es. the constitution may find favor at this day, a- pect, if they shall sanction this outrage, ren. mong the sons of the patriots who achieved the dered doubly improper by the manner in which independence of their country? No appeals it has been perpetrated were then deemed proper to be made to pub. lic meetings, either to put down a Senator, or Will Gwin dare to perform the duties of the put up a President. No denunciations of a co-office under the new commission ? Or, if he ordinate department of the Government for the does, is there no citizen of Mississippi who has exercise of the powers vested in it by the con- the virtue to bring up the case on a writ of quo stitution, because its decision did not accord warrante? with the wishes of the Chief Magistrate. All Judge Ellis holds his office as the price of the the departments fulfilled their respective duties most disgraceful subserviency to Gen. Jack: quietly, and each respected the opinions of the son ; but, a decision to maintain the right of co-ordinate branches, although, occasionally, the President to violate the Constitution, would they did not agree in the views which they took be so palpably corrupt as to furnish sufficient of the same subject. Mark the contrast between grounds for an impeachment; and, although * that pure and uncorrupted period of the repub- ja servile majority of the present Congress lic and the present day. Under circumstances may refuse to vote it,' the time is at band precisely similar to the late rejection of the mi- when the crowd of Aatterers who now sursister to England, former Presidents expressed round the throne, will be the first to seize uponly their regrets at the disagreement between on the tyrant and trample his power in the dust. themselves and the Senate. In the case under Let every freeman do his duty.

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The Richmond Whig of the 230 July, says: stand in vindication of their own rights, and of OBSERVE THE PREDICTION!—Van Buren the purity of our institutions, will, in a short time, be withdrawn as the can General Jackson has now made an issue be. didate of the Republican party for the Vice tween himself and the Senate. He has seized Presidency! He will re-enter the Department upon the patronage of the Government to reof State, if Jackson is re-elected, and Livings- ward Mr. Van Buren's partisans for calumniaton go to France! He will avail himself of the ting the Senate; and that body will be com. opportunity of the necessity which drives him pelled, in self defence, in maintainance of the to retire as candidate for the Vice Presidency, constitution, to interpose its veto on every nomi. to claim new admiration for his disinterestedness, nation, as a reward for such partisan services to make an appeal to popular sympathy on ac. We are confident that this will be done. count of the persecution he has undergone, and to celebrate in strains of adulation, the “gold.

FREEDOM OF ELECTION. en era" of Jackson's administration! The ad

Who is there that does not remember the ministration will throw its weight into the scale constant complaints of the Jackson party du. of Wilkins, for the purpose of rc-attaching ring the last Presidential contest, of the inte. Pennsylvania to the fortunes of Jackson! ference of the officers of the General Govern

“Let others speculate on the consequences of ment in that contest. And so very reprehenthese movements, and infer the extent of the sible was it considered by the party, and par. alarm which is about to produce them.

We ticularly by General Jackson, that he could not predict their occurrence in a brief space!

refrain from bringing it before the public in his We are not prophets, but we are careful in inaugural address. "Little did we think, little our scrutiny of passing events. We do nos could any one have thought, that acts which believe that the party contemplate any such had been denounced by General Jackson and movement as that predicted by the Whig his friends, when committed by officers of goGeneral Jackson is resolved to make Mr. Van vernment under Mr. Adams, would be repeated Buren President, and the arch magician is too by confidential and favorite officers of the Gewell skilled in intrigue to let go his hold now. neral himself. This has been so manifest in No-instead of throwing all its weight for many instances, that even the most unblushing Wilkins, the administration will do all in its servile partisan has not even ventured to deny power to induce Wilkins to withdraw, and to it. And it had been done underssuch circum. concentrate on Van Buren as the national dem. stances as must render the most incredulous ocratic candidate..

convinced that it has met with the full approa At the late Jackson Bank or no Bank meet. bation of General Jackson. We lately pub. ing, the following resolution, introduced by lished a letter from Elijah Hayward, Commis. Edmund C. Watınough, was adopted.

sioner of the General Land Office, similar to the Resolved, That at the present crisis, when all one below, to wbich we called the attention of the powers of the opposition are concentrated the Executive organ, but it has never ventured against the President of the people, it behooves to say any thing on the subject, and it will no us all, as democrats and friends of Andrew doubt be equally silent upon the present one. Jackson, to abandon all State preferences, and

“WASHINGTON, 23d April, 1832. to rally our whole force upon the national demo Dear Sir-I take the liberty to enclose you cratic ticket.

certain proposals which speak for themselves. Or in other words, to withdraw Mr. Wilkins, The people need only correct information, and vote for Mr. Van Buren. It will be recol. and the proposed paper will give it on lected that Mr. Wilkins pledged himself that THE CHEAPEST TERMS. It is intended nothing less than the authority making the no- to reach EVERY NEIGHBORHOOD IN THE mination, could induce him to decline being a UNION;-and it is peculiarly desirable that it candidate, and it will also be recollected, that the should be circulated THROUGH

ALL KENsame convention why nominated Mr. Wilkins, TUCKY. It will RENDER ESSENTIAL made an alternative nomination of Mr. Dallas, SERVICE IN ALL YOUR ELECTIONS. in case by any contingency Mr. Wilkins should Will you take the trouble, for the sake of our not be a candidate. It is not contemplated to good cause, to raise a subscription in your quarget up another convention, and, therefore, it is ter, and make speedy return of name and MOnot to be supposed that Mr. Wilkins will be NEY? withdrawn. But it is said that both Mr. Wil “ THE TIME FOR ACTION IS AT HAND. kins and Dallas are applicants for Execu “The President is well and in excellent spi. tive appointments. However well qualified, it rits. I do not doubt that the people wbum he will be impossible for either of them, or of the bas so honestly served, will triumphantly susseveral political leaders who would control that tain him. With high respect, yours truly, event, to accept office under General Jackson,

" AMOS KENDALL." in case of the withdrawal of Mr. Wilkins, and

That Amos Kendall should be disposed to the support of Van Buren by them. Such a electioneer for the General and Martin Van proceeding would be so glaring and corrupt a Buren is not surprising; but that General Jack. bargain and sale of official patronage, that it son should retain in bis confidnnce men who act would alarm the country. The Senate would as Hayward and Kendall have acted, would not sanction it without disgrace, and we are shock us with astonishment, were it not that well convinced that body will take a decided a succession of events had prepared us not to

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In the year

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be surprised at any thing that may be done by ly on the editor of the Globe. He may rest as. the President, or by those who control him. sured that it does not suit him. We can only

What a different aspect is exhibited by hon. account for it by supposing that during the visit est Amos in the above letter, from that wbich to the Hermitage, the kitchen cabinet are quite he ushered forth to the world in all the “pomp inflated at thc idea of being the locum tenens of and glorious circumstances” of patriotism in bis him "who was born to command.” hypocritical letter upon the duties of Fourth Auditor. Then “the interest of the country PUBLIC REVENUE OF GREAT BRITAIN. demanded that the office should be filled with

We extract from a recent foreign publicamen of business, and not with babbling politi. tion, * the following statement of the public re. cians."

venue of Great Britain, from the period of the “Partisan feelings shall not enter here if I union of England and Scotland under James the can shut them out.” Poor Amos! how hard first, until the present time. he has striven to “shut out partisan feelings

The amount is stated in dollars, taking the and babbling politicians;” but they have found pound sterling at $5, and omitting the fractions their way in in despite of him.

of hundreds of pounds; a mode of computing “To others belong the business of election. large sums, which in the relative value of the eering; to me and my clerks other duties are two species of currency approximates, perbaps, assigned."

as nearly to the truth, as any that can well be «Proud I am that the President has given me

devised. an opportunity to aid him in proving that reform

The statement founded on the official reo is not an empty sound, and is not to apply mere. turns, is, that the nett produce of the reredve ly to a change of men. Henceforth assiduously has been as follows: devoted to my official duties," &c. &c.

What an admirable commentary is one letter on the accession of upon the other! Cannot the editor of the Globe

James I.

1603 $3,000,000 come to the assistance of his coadjutor and

Charles I.

1625 4,480,000 friend? Suppose he attempts to reconcile the

During the Common. two letters. He will probably be just about as

wealth and the protec. sliccessful as he was in reconciling the Mays. On the restoration of

torate of Cromwell 1648 7,585,000 ville vety, and the signing the internal improve. ment bill.

Charles II.

1660 9,000,000

On the accession of

James II.

1685 10,000,000 The Clay journals are certainly more logical

of William & Mary

1638 10,005,000 in their moral deductions than in their political Anne

1701 10,475,000 We see that the Virginia Free Press has George I.

1714 28,455,000 refused any longer to use the word honorable, George II.

1727 33,810,000 as applied to members of Congress. And as. George III.

1760 42,615,000 signs as a reason, that in a northern paper he George IV.

1820 230,660,000 saw the words “the honorable Amos Kendall."

William IV.

1830 235,695,000 Aristutle himself could not have made a more That a nation with this constantly increasing, logical deduction.

and at present; vast revenue, should be encumThe editor of the Whig has mistaken the al. bered with a debt of more than THREE THOUSAND Jusion made by Judge Brackenridge to Cæsar. MILLIONS OF Dollars, may well be considered How could be imagine that the Judge could as among the phenomena of the moral world. discover any resemblance between the charac. But the riddle is easy of solution. The paper ter of Julius Cæsar and Andrew Jackson. The from which we cerive the information, bas im. allusion was to Augustus Cæsar, the crafty, mediately after the statement, the following em. hollow.bearted, treacherous tyrant, who rose phatic passage: to power on the ruins of the independence of "The wealth of the country has been increasthe Senate and of the people, and assumed the ed during the same period, yet by no means in power of nominating his successor, which the proportion to the taxation; indeed, in former corruption of Rome enabled him to do. It was times, there were scarcely any tares levied on perhaps this circumstance in the life of the ty- the people." rant which forced the comparison on the mind Does not this prove two things: First, the of the Judge. His successor was Tiberius, fallacy of the idea that an augmentation of the more artful and treacherous than bimself. How revenue is the criterion of national prosperiiga' well the comparison holds.

and, secondly, the truth, that an increase, or,

what is the same thing, a continuance of unnta APPOINTMENT OF $. GWIN.

cessary, taxation, is sure to be followed by the The Globe puts itself upon its dignity, and most pernicious consequences? although it notices the charges relative to the They who in this country advocate the col. above appointment, it cannot, forsooth, conde: lection of a revenue beyond the sum required scend to answer them. Does the editor find for the legitimate wants of Government, may himself incompetent to the task? Or does be apply these facts and their resuls. wish to gain, by a paltry excuse, a few days to prepare himself, or receive assistance from 2 * The United Kingdom (London} Newspaper, broad? An assumption of dignity sits very bad. I of April 15.

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THE WOOL GROWERS AND THE MANU"act that can be perverted to the purposes of FACTURERS.

oppression to so large a class of the community,

shall be erased from your statute books.Our extract to-day, from the Troy Budget. That they have the power to effect this, canwill give our readers at the south a view of the not for å moment be doubted; for they are contest that is now carrying on between the

seven-tenths of your populaiion, and they comwool grower and the manufacturers. It is pure: mand at least as large a proportion of the ly a contest about the division of the “spoils” wealth and respectability of the country. For of the south and the laboring classes.

the interest, therefore, of the manufacturer, Each party can see and feel very sensibly the and of our people too, I trust we shall

bear no effect of the tariff when it benefits himself, but

more of combinations formed to affect the deprecates its operation, when it acts against price of wool. him. The wool grower thinks it horribly op

I wish I could stop here, and not see combi. pressive, that the manufacturers shall have nations formed by them

for other, greater, and the power given them by law, to " compel the still more unholy purposes. But I cannot shut wool grower to buy clothing at whatever price my eyes to the light that forces itself upon me. they choose to ask!” and that the wool grower I regret to see it, and more to say it; they are should not bave a correspondent power given too desirous that the government of our coun. him by law to fix a proportionate price on his try shall feel and acknowledge their power. vool.

With few exceptions, they have arrayed thenEach can see the injustice of the principle, selves against the constituted authorities of when applied to themselves, but unite to defend it when it is to operate on the south.

your country, and appear to be more “anxious The

to give fealty for the promise of high dividends, wool grower fairly and openly threatens, that than to advance the common interest of the unless they are allowed a full participation in country. Look into their factories, and you the spoils,” they will join the south, and find them turned into schools of instruction in " erase" the tariff from the stat'te book."

the interested politics of their owners—into the These threats produced the increased tariff on clusters of houses occupied by their workmen wool, in the new tariff bill. Let not the south, they are gratuitously filled with papers which let not the consumers for a moment imagine, abuse your government and applaud its most that they have any thing to hope from these di violent opponents. The sphere of their ope. visions. On the contrary, on every unequal di. rations is not confined to the manufacture of vision of the "spoils" they will be called on to the articles they ostensibly engage in-they make up the balance. This has been openly have higher aims, no less than to ensure the avowed, on the floor of Congress, by the tariff election of those men to office who are pledggriends of the administration, as well as others. ed to give

them the highest possible protection. *They have openly declared that, if from the in. I speak of the manufacturers east of the Hudson oreased price of wool, or from any other cause, river, with whose acts I am more particularly the protection of 65 per cent. should not be e- acquainted. You have doubtless heard of the nougb, it will be increased at the next session. declarations ascribed to them when met in con

And yet contradiction to these avow. vention in New York in the spring of 1831, als of the devoted friends of the administration, that they would make the "government feel the servile press, the slavish organs of Van Butheir power.For this purpose you have seen renism are using their utmost endeavors to make them establish a press, which was at first neu. the south believe that the present tariff will be tral as to politics, lately espousing the cause of again modified.

that champion, who, for personal feally, pro

mises high dividends, and which paper is to adThe charge of a combination on the part of I do not speak this lightly; I will suit the ac

vocate their interests at the sacrifice of greater. the wool monufacturers is of very serious im- tion to the word,” and sliow conclusively that port to the farmer. If the manufacturer looks they are hostile to the farming, which is a preupon it in the light in which it will ultimately dominant'interest. affect him, I do not wonder that the paper in their interests is anxious to validate it; for let Resolved, that the tribunal provided hy the me ask, what interest has the farmer to support constitution of the United States to decide dis. the tariff, if any combination of men can by putes between the States and Federal Judici. that act deprive him of the benefits of the pro- ary, to wit, the Supreme Court, from the ha. tection it affords him? Only satisfy him that bits and Juties of the Judges, from the mode of such is the case, that the men who are to pur- their election, and from the tenure of their offi. chase the products of his soil are to say to him, ces, is eminently qualified to decide the disputes you shall have so much and no more, and by aforesaid, in an enlightened and impartial man. previous understanding and consequenly cocert of action, they can give effect to their de. Resolved, That the members of the Supreme clarations and compel him to sell at the price Court being elected from those in the United they affix, and to buy, (clothing, if you please) States who are most celebrated for virtue and at the price they choose to ask, it is destruc- legal learning, not at the will of a single indi. ton, positive and deserved destruction to all vidual, but by the concurrent wishes of the Preour woollen establishments. They will rise en sident and Senate of the United States, they masse, and demand of your Congress that an'will, therefore, have no local prejudices and



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