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buildings forthwith to make such repairs to the jail in the
town of Sitka, in said district, as will render it suitable for
a jail and penitentiary for the purposes of the civil govern-
ment hereby provided, and to surrender to the marshal the
custody of said jail and the other public buildings, or such
parts of said buildings as may be selected for court-rooms, offi-
ces, and officials.

torney-General is directed forthwith to compile and cause to
be printed, in the English language, in pamphlet form, so
much of the general laws of the United States as is applicable
to the duties of the governor, attorney, judge, clerk, marshals,
and commissioners appointed for said district, and shall fur.
nish for the of the officers of said Territory so many
copies as may be needed of the laws of Oregon applicable to
said district.

the Secretary of the Interior shall select two of the officers to
be appointed under this act, who, together with the governor,
shall constitute a commission to examine into and report upon
the condition of the Indians residing in said Territory, what
lands, if any, should be reserved for their use, what provision
shall be made for their education, what rights by occupation of
settlers should be recognized, and all other facts that may be
necessary to enable Congress to determine what limitations or
conditions should be imposed when the land laws of the United
States shall be extended to said district and to defray the
expenses of said commission the sum of two thousand dollars
is hereby appropriated out of any moneys in the Treasury not
otherwise appropriated.

Secretary of the Interior shall make needful


provision for the education of the children of school age in the
Territory of Alaska, without reference to race, until such time
as permanent provision shall be made for the same, and the
sum of tewnty-five thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may
be necessary, is hereby appropriated for this purpose.


14. That


the provisions of
chapter three, title twenty-three, of the Revised Statutes of
the United States relating to the unorganized Territory of
Alaska, shall remain in full force, except as herein specially
otherwise provided.

And the importation, manufacture, and sale of intoxicating
liquors in said district except for medicinal, mechanical and
scientific purposes is hereby prohibited under the penalties
which are provided in section nineteen hundred and fifty-five
of the Revised Statutes for the wrongful importation of dis-
tilled spirits.

TIONS, &c. And the President of the United States shall
make such regulations as are necessary to carry out the pro-
visions of this section.

(May 17, 1884.)

MINING LAWS OF ALASKA. Section 8 of said Act of
May 17, 1884, as above given, provides “That the laws of the
United States relating to mining claims and the rights incident
thereto, shall, from and after the passage of said act, be in full
force and effect in said district of Alaska, subject to such regu.
lations as may be made by the Secretary of the Interior, ap-
proved by the President."


Title XXXII, Chapter 6, Revised Stats. U. S. with Amend.

ments, Land Office Instructions, and Forms.

MINERAL LANDS RESERVED. Section 2318. In all
cases lands valuable for minerals shall be reserved from sale,
except as otherwise expressly directed by law.

LANDS OPEN TO PURCHASE. Sec. 2319. 4 July, 1866,
10 MAY, 1872. All valuable mineral deposits in lands belong.
ing to the United States, both surveyed and unsurveyed, are
hereby declared to be free and open to exploration and pur-
chase, and the lands in which they are found to occupation

and purchase, by citizens of the United States and those who have declared their intention to become such, under regula; tions prescribed by law, and according to the local customs or rules of miners in the several mining districts, so far as the same are applicable and not inconsistent with the laws of the United States.

LENGTH OF CLAIMS. Sec. 2320. 10 May, 1872. Mining claims upon veins or lodes of quartz or other rock in place bearing gold, silver, cinnabar, lead, tin, copper or other valuable deposits, heretofore located, shall be governed as to length along the vein or lode by the customs regulations, and laws in force at the date of their location. A mining claim located after the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, whether located by one or more persons, may equal, but shall not exceed, one thousand five hundred feet in length along the vein or lode; but no location of a mining claim shall be made until the discovery of the vein or lode within the limits of the claim located. No claim shall extend more than three hundred feet on each side of the middle of the vein at the surface, nor shall any claim be limited by any mining regulation to less than twenty-five feet on each side of the middle of the vein at the surface, except where adverse rights existing on the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, render such limitation necessary. The end lines of each claim shall be parallel to each other.

PROOF OF CITIZENSHIP. Sec. 2321. Proof of ritizenship, under this chapter, may consist, in the case of an individual, of his own affidavit thereof; in the case of an association of persons unincorporated, of the affidavit of their authorized agent, made on his own knowledge, or upon information and belief; and in the case of a corporation organized under the laws of the United States, or of any State or Territory thereof by the filing of a certified copy of their charter or certificate of incorporation.

LOCATORS' RIGHTS. Sec. 2322. The locators of all mining locations heretofore made or which shall hereafter be made, on any mineral vein, lode, or ledge, situated on the public domain, their heirs and assigns, where no adverse claim exists on the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, so long as they comply with the laws of the United States,

and with State, Territorial, and local regulations not in conflict with the laws of the United States governing their possessory title, shall have the exclusive right of possession and enjoy. ment of all the surface included within the lines of the locations, and of all veins, lodes, and ledges throughout their entire depth, the top or apex of which lies inside of such surface lines extended downward vertically, although such veins, lodes, or ledges may so far depart from a perpendicular in their course downward as to extend outside the vertical side lines of such surface locations. But their right of possession to such outside parts of such veins or ledges shall be confined to such portions thereof as lie between vertical planes drawn downward as above described, through the end lines of their locations, so continued in their own direction that such planes will intersect such exterior parts of such veins or ledges. And nothing in this section shall authorize the locator or possessor of a vein or lode which extends in its downward course beyond the vertical lines of his claim to enter upon the surface of a claim owned or possessed by another.

TUNNEL RIGHTS. Sec. 2323. Where a tunnel is run for the development of a vein or lode, or for the discovery of mines, the owners of such tunnel shall have the right of possession of all veins or lodes within three thousand feet from the face of such tunnel on the line thereof, not previously known to exist, discovered in such tunnel, to the same extent as if discovered from the surface; and locations on the line of such tunnel of veins or lodes not appearing on the surface, made by other parties after the commencement of the tunnel, and while the same is being prosecuted with reasonable diligence, shall be invalid; but failure to prosecute the work on the tunnel for six months shall be considered as an abandonment of the right to all undiscovered veins on the line of such tunnel.

MINERS' REGULATIONS. Sec. 2324. See amendments of Feb. II, 1875, and July 18, 1894, Post. The miners of each mining district may make regulations not in conflict with the laws of the United States, or with the laws of the State or Ter. ritory in which the district is situated, governing the location, manner of recording, amount of work necessary to hold possession of a mining claim, subject to the following requirements: The location must be distinctly marked on the ground so that

its boundaries can be readily traced. All records of mining claims hereafter made shall contain the name or names of the locators, the date of the location, and such a description of the claim or claims located by reference to some natural object or paramount monument as will identify the claim. On each claim located after the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, and until a patent has been issued therefor, not less than one hundred dollars' worth of labor shall be performed or improvements made during each year. On all claims located prior to the tenth day of May, eighteen hundred and seventytwo, ten dollars' worth of labor shall be performed or improvements made by the tenth day of June, eighteen hundred and seventy-four, and each year thereafter, for each one hundred feet in length along the vein until a patent has been issued therefor; but where such claims are held in common, such ex penditure may be made upon any one claim; and upon a failure to comply with these conditions, the claim or mine upon which such failure occurred shall be open to re-location in the same manner as if no location of the same had ever been made, provided that the original locators, their heirs, assigns, or legal representatives, have not resumed work upon the claim after failure and before such location. Upon the failure of any one of several co-owners to contribute his proportion of the expend. itures required hereby, the co-owners who have performed the labor or made the improvements may, at the expiration of the year, give such delinquent co-owner personal notice in writing or notice by publication in the newspaper published nearest the claim, for at least once a week for ninety days, and if at the expiration of ninety days after such notice in writing or by publication such delinquent should fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required by this section, his interest in the claim shall become the property of his co-owners who have made the required ex res

PATENTS, HOW OBTAINED. Sec. 2325. 10 May, 1873. See Amendments of April 26, 1882, post. A patent for any land claimed and located for valuable deposits may be obtained in the following manner: Any person, association, or corporation authorized to locate a claim under this chapter, having claimed and located a piece of land for such purposes, who has, or have, complied with the terms of this chapter, may file in the proper land office an application for a patent, under oath, showing such

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