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ART. 26. Sailing vessels under way shall keep out of the way of sailing vessels or boats fishing with nets, or lines, or trawls. This rule shall not give to any vessel or boat engaged in fishing the right of obstructing a fairway used by vessels other than fishing vessels or boats.


Art. 27. In obeying and construing these rules due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to any special circumstances which may render a departure from the above rules necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.


(See art. 18.)

Art. 28. When vessels are in sight of one another a steam vessel under way whose engines are going at full speed astern shall indicate that fact by three short blasts on the whistle.


Art. 29. Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any vessel, or the owner or master or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neg. lect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case.


ART. 30. The exhibition of any light on board of a vessel of war of the United States or a revenue cutter may be suspended whenever, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Navy, the commander in chief of a squadron, or the commander of a vessel acting singly, the special character of the service may require it.


Art. 31. When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance from other vessels or from the shore the following shall be the signals to be used or displayed by her, either together or separately, namely:


A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus, or firing a gun.


First. Flames on the vessel as from a burning tar barrel, oil barrel, and so forth.

Second. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus, or firing a gun. (June 17, 1897.)

The supervising inspectors of steam vessels and the Supervising Inspector General shall establish such rules to be observed by steam vessels in passing each other and as to the lights to be carried by ferryboats and by barges and canal boats when in tow of steam vessels, and as to the lights and day signals to be carried by vessels, dredges of all types, and vessels working on wrecks by [or] other obstruction to navigation or moored for submarine operations, or made fast to a sunken object which may drift with the tide or be towed, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as they from time to time may deem necessary for safety, which rules when approved by the Secretary of Commerce are hereby declared special rules duly made by local authority, as provided for in article thirty of chapter eight hundred and two of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety. Two printed copies of such rules shall be furnished to such ferryboats, barges, dredges, canal boats, vessels working on wrecks, and steam vessels, which rules shall be kept posted up in conspicuous places in such vessels, barges, dredges, and boats. (June 17, 1897, sec. 2; May 25, 1914.)

Every pilot, engineer, mate, or master of any steam vessel, and every master or mate of any barge or canal boat, who neglects or refuses to observe the provisions of this Act, or the regulations established in pursuance of the preceding section, shall be liable to a penalty of fifty dollars, and for all damages sustained by any passenger in his person or baggage by such neglect or refusal: Provided, That nothing herein shall relieve any vessel, owner, or corporation from any liability incurred by reason of such neglect or refusal. (Sec. 3.)

Every vessel that shall be navigated without complying with the provisions of this Act shall be liable to a penalty of two hundred dollars, one-half to go to the informer, for which sum the vessel so navigated shall be liable and may be seized and proceeded against by action in any district court of the United States having jurisdiction of the offense. (Sec. 4.)

Sections forty-two hundred and thirty-three and forty-four hundred and twelve (with the regulations made in pursuance thereof, except the rules and regulations for the government of pilots of steamers navigating the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, and except the rules for the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal), and forty-four hundred and thirteen of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and chapter two hundred and two of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and sections one and three of chapter one hundred and two of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and sections five, twelve, and thirteen of the Act approved March third, eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, entitled "An Act to amend the laws relating to navigation," and all amendments thereto, are hereby repealed so far as the harbors, rivers, and inland waters aforesaid (except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico, and their tributaries) are concerned. (June 17, 1897, sec. 5.) Limits of Application of International and Inland or Local Rules.

The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized, empowered, and directed from time to time to designate and define by suitable bearings or ranges with lighthouses, light vessels, buoys or coast objects, the lines dividing the high seas from rivers, harbors, and inland waters. (Sec. 2.)

The words “inland waters " used in this Act shall not be held to include the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal. (Feb. 19, 1895, sec. 4.)



(All bearings are in degrees true and points magnetic, and are given approximately; dis

tances in nautical miles)

Cutler (Little River) Harbor, Me.: A line drawn from Long Point 226° (SW. by W. 78 W.) to Little River Head.

Little Machias Bay, Machias Bay, Englishman Bay, Chandler Bay, Moosabec Reach, Pleasant Bay, Narraguagus Bay, and Pigeon Hill Bay, Me. : A line drawn from Little River Head 232° (WSW. 38 W.) to the outer side of Old Man ; thence 234° (WSW. 12 W.) to the outer side of Double Shot Islands; thence 244° (W. 58 s.) to Libby Islands Lighthouse; thence 23112° (WSW. 14 W.) to Moose Peak Lighthouse; thence 23212° (WSW. % W.) to Little Pond Head; from Pond Point, Great Wass Island, 239° (W. by s.) to outer side of Crumple Island ; thence 249° (W. 44 S.) to Petit Manan Lighthouse.

All harbors on the coast of Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts between Petit Manan Lighthouse, Me., and Cape Ann Lighthouses, Mass.: A line drawn from Petit Manan Lighthouse 20512° (SW. 14 S.), 2642 miles, to-Mount Desert Lighthouse; thence 25042° (W. 48 s.), about 33 miles, to Matinicus Rock Lighthouse; thence 26712° (WNW. 34 W.), 20 miles, to Monhegan Island Lighthouse; thence 260o (W.56 N.), 1942 miles, to Seguin Lighthouse; thence 233° (WSW. 18 W.), 1874 miles, to Portland Light Vessel; thence 21442° (SW. 3 W.), 2972 miles, to Boon Island Lighthouse; thence 210° (SW.), 11 miles, to Anderson Ledge Spindle, off Isles of Shoals Lighthouse; thence 17644° (S. by W.), 1942 miles, to Cape Ann Lighthouses, Mass.

Boston Harbor: From Eastern Point Lighthouse 215° (SW. % W.), 1594 miles to The Graves Lighthouse; thence 13944° (SSE. 38 E.), 742 miles, to Minots Ledge Lighthouse.

All harbors in Cape Cod Bay, Mass.: A line drawn from Plymouth (Gurnet) Lighthouse 7712° (Ē. 48 S.), 1614 miles, to Race Point Lighthouse.

Nantucket Sound, Vineyard Sound, Buzzards Bay, Narragansett Bay, Block Island Sound, and easterly entrance to Long Island Sound: A line drawn from Chatham Lighthouse, Mass., 154° (S. by E.), 642 miles, to Pollock Rip Slue Light Vessel ; thence 137° (SSE. 12 E.), 11 miles to Great Round Shoal Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS.); thence 229° (SW. by W. 0% W.), 1412 miles, to Sankaty Head Lighthouse; from Smith Point, Nantucket Island, 261o (W. 36 N.), 27 miles, to No Mans Land Gas and Whisting Buoy, 2; thence 359° (N. by E. 48 E.), 878 miles, to Gay Head Lighthouse; thence 250°, W. 5. S.), 3442 miles, to Block Island Southeast Lighthouse; thence 25012° (W. 5 S.), 1434 miles, to Montauk Point Lighthouse, on the easterly end of Long Island, N. Y.

New York Harbor: A line drawn from Rockaway Point Coast Guard Station 15942° (S. by E.), 6-4 miles, to Ambrose Channel Light Vessel ; thence 23842° (WSW. 18 W.), 844 miles, to Navesink (southerly) Lighthouse.

Philadelphia Harbor and Delaware Bay: A line drawn from Cape May Lighthouse 200° (SSW. 12 W.), 812 miles, to Overfalls Light Vessel ; thence 24644° (WSW. 12 W.), 348 miles, to Cape Henlopen Lighthouse.

Baltimore Harbor and Chesapeake Bay: A line drawn fro Cape Charles Lighthouse 183° (S. 34 W.), 11% miles, to Cape Henry Gas and Whistling Buoy, 2; thence 26442° (W.), 414 miles, to Cape Henry Lighthouse.

Charleston Harbor: A line drawn from Tank, on Isle of Palms, 150° (SSE. 42 E.), 742 miles, to Charleston Light Vessel ; thence 26442° (W..12.8.), through Charleston Buoy, 6 C, 874 miles, until Charleston Lighthouse bears 350° (N. 78 W.); thence 270o (W.), 1% miles, to the beach of Folly Island.

Savannah Harbor and Calibogue Sound: A line drawn from Braddock Point, Hilton Head Island, 15012° (SSE. 5 D.), 984 miles, to Tybee Gas and Whistling Buoy, T (PS); thence 270o (W.), to the beach of Tybee Island. St. Simon Sound (Brunswick Harbor) and St. Andrew Sound: From hotel on beach of St. Simon Island 18 mile 60° (NE. by E. 44 E.) from St. Simon Lighthouse, 130° (SE. 12 E.), 678 miles, to St. Simon Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 194° (S. by W. 18 W.), 834 miles, to St. Andrew Sound Bar Buoy (PS); thence 270o (W.), 434 miles, to the shore of Little Cumberland Island.

St. Johns River, Fla.: A straight line from the outer end of the northerly jetty to the outer end of the southerly jetty.

Florida reefs and keys: A line drawn from the easterly end of the northerly jetty, at the entrance to the dredged channel to Miami, 8812° (E. 14 N.), 134 miles, to Miami Gas and Whistling Buoy, 2 M; thence 179o (S. 48 E.), 848 miles, to Biscayne Bay Sea Bell Buoy, 1; thence 182o (S. 18 W.), 235 miles, to Fowey Rocks Lighthouse; thence 188° (S. 58 W.), 694 miles, to Triumph Reef Beacon, 0; thence 193* (S. by W.), 442 miles, to Ajax Reef Beacon, M; thence 194° (S. by W. 48 W.), 2 miles, to Pacific Reef Lighthouse; thence 1964° (S. by W. 38 W.), 5 miles, to Turtle Harbor Sea Buoy, 2; thence 210° (SSW. 12 W.), 478 miles, to Carysfort Reef Lighthouse; thence 20912° (SSW. 12 W.), 534 miles, to Elbow Reef Beacon, J; thence 219° (SW. 34 S.), 934 miles, to Molasses Reef Lighthouse; thence 232°' (SW. 144 W.), 6 miles, to_Conch Reef Beacon, E; thence 23442° (SW. 34 W.), through Crocker Reef Beacon, D, 1038 miles, to Alligator Reef Lighthouse; thence 234° (SW. 58 W.), 1078 miles, to Tennessee Reef Gas and Bell Buoy, 4; thence 251° (WSW. 18 W.), 1042 miles, to Coffins Patches Beacon, C; thence 247° (SW. by W. 34 W.), 834 miles, to Sombrero Key Lighthouse; thence 25342° (WSW. 38 W.), 1634 miles, to Looe Key Beacon, 6; thence 25712° (WSW. 34 W.), 6% miles, to American Shoal Lighthouse; thence 25312° (WSW. % W.), 278 miles, to Maryland Shoal Beacon, $; thence 259° (WSW. % W.), 544 miles, to Eastern Sambo Beacon, A; thence 253° (WSW. 14 W.), 244 miles, to Western Sambo Beacon, R; thence 257° (WSW. 55 W.), through Western Sambo Buoy, 2, 592 miles, to Key West Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 262° (W. 7 S.), 444 miles, to Sand Key Lighthouse; thence 261° (W. by S.), 234 miles, to Western Dry Rocks Beacon, 2; thence 268° (W. 38 S.), 312 miles, through Satan Shoal Buoy (HS) to Vestal Shoal Buoy, 1; thence 27442° (W. 48 N.), 514 miles, to Coal Bin Rock Buoy, CB (HS); thence 32442° (NW. 58 N.), 71/4 miles, to Marquesas Keys left tangent; from northwesterly point Marquesas Keys 59° (NE. by E.), 438 miles, to Bar Buoy, 1, Boca Grande Channel; thence 83° (E. V N.), 934 miles, to Northwest Channel Entrance Gas and Bell Buoy, 1, Northwest Channel into Key West; thence 68° (NE. by E. V E.), 2342 miles, to northerly side of Content Keys; thence 49° (NE. 44 E.), 29 miles, to East Cape, Cape Sable.

Charlotte Harbor and Punta Gorda, Fla.: Eastward of Charlotte Harbor Entrance Gas and Bell Buoy (PS), off Boca Grande, and in Charlotte Harbor, in Pine Island Sound and Matlacha Pass. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Peace and Miakka Rivers north of a 250° and 70° (WSW. and ENE.) line through Mangrove Point Light; and in Caloosahatchee River northward of the steamboat wharf at Punta Rasa.

Tampa Bay and Tributaries, Fla.: From the southerly end of Long Key 245° (SW. by W. % W.), 9 miles, to Tampa Bay Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 13042° (SE. 5 E.), 594 miles, to Southwest Channel Gas and Bell Buoy (PS), at the entrance to Southwest Channel; thence 107° (ESE. 34 E.), 342 miles, to the house on the north end of Anna Maria Key. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Manatee River inside Manatee River Entrance Buoy, 2; in Hillsboro Bay and River inside Hillsboro Bay Light, 2.

St. George Sound, Apalachicola Bay, Carrabelle and Apalachicola Rivers, and St. Vincent Sound, Fla.: North of a line from Lighthouse Point 245° (SW. by W. 56 W.), 1534 miles, to southerly side of Dog Island; thence 217° (SW. by S.), 3 miles, to East Pass Bell Buoy, 1; thence 267° (W. 12 S.), 3 miles to St. Georges Island ; the entrance to East Pass, and inside West Pass Bell Buoy (PS) at the seaward entrance to West Pass. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Carrabelle River inside the entrance to the dredged channel; in Apalachicola River northward of Apalachicola Dredged Channel Entrance Buoy, 2.

Pensacola Harbor: From Caucus Cut Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy, 1A, 3o (N. 18 W.), tangent to easterly side of Fort Pickens, to the shore of Santa Rosa Island, and from the buoy northward in the buoyed channel through Caucus Shoal.

Mobile Harbor and Bay: From Mobile Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS) 40° (NE. N.), to shore of Mobile Point, and from the Buoy 326°

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(NW. 7 N.) to the shore of Dauphin Island. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Mobile River above Choctaw Point.

Sounds, lakes, and harbors on the coasts of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, between Mobile Bay entrance and the Delta of the Mississippi River: From Sand Island Lighthouse 259° (WSW. 5) W.), 4342 miles, to Chandeleur Lighthouse; westward of Chandeleur and Errol Islands, and west of a line drawn from the southwesterly point of Errol Island 182o. (S. 14 E.), 23 miles, to Pass a Loutre Lighthouse. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Pascagoula River, and in the dredged cut at the entrance to the river, above Pascagoula River Entrance Light, A, marking the entrance to the dredged cut.

New Orleans Harbor and the Delta of the Mississippi River: Inshore of a line drawn from the outermost mud lump showing above low water at the entrance to Pass a Loutre to a similar lump off the entrance to Northeast Pass; thence to a similar lump off the entrance to South Pass; thence to the outermost aid to navigation off the entrance to South Pass; thence to the outermost aid to navigation off the entrance to Southwest Pass; thence northerly, about 1912 miles, to the westerly point of the entrance to Bay Jaque.

Sabine Pass, Tex.: Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply to Sabine Pass northward of Sabine Pass Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS), and in Sabine Lake and its tributaries. Outside of this buoy the International Rules apply.

Galveston Harbor: A line drawn from Galveston North Jetty Light 129° (SE. by E. 14 E.), 2 miles, to Galveston Bar Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS) ; thence 276o (W. 18 S.), 244 miles, to Galveston (S.) Jetty Lighthouse.

Brazos River, Tex.: Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in the entrance and river inside of Brazos River Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS). International Rules apply outside the buoy.

San Diego Harbor: A line drawn from southerly tower of Coronado Hotel 21214° (SSW. by 5 W.), 47s miles, to San Diego Bay Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy 1A ; thence 312° (N. by W.), 242 miles, to Point Loma Lighthouse.

San Francisco Harbor: A line drawn through Mile Rocks Lighthouse 326° (NW. 58 W.) to Bonita Point Lighthouse.

Columbia River Entrance: A line drawn from knuckle of Columbia River south jetty 351° (NNW. 7 W.) to Cape Disappointment Lighthouse.

Juan de Fuca Strait, Washington and Puget Sounds: A line drawn from New Dungeness Lighthouse 1312° (N. by W.), 1036 miles, to Hein Bank Gas and bell Buoy (HS); thence 33742° (NW. 14 W.), 1134 miles, to Lime Kiln Light, on west side of San Juan Island; from Bellevue Point, San Juan Island, 33612° (NW. 14 W.) to Kellett Bluff Light, Henry Island; thence 346° (NW. 12 N.) to Turn Point Light; thence 71742° (NE. 48 E.), 844 miles, to westerly point of Skipjack Island ; thence 3842° (N. by E. 14 E.), 496 miles, to Patos Islands Light; thence 338° (NW. 18 W.), 12 miles, to Point Roberts Light.

General rule.-At all buoyed entrances from seaward to bays, sounds, rivers, or other estuaries, for which specific lines have not been described, inland rules shall apply inshore of a line, approximately parallel with the general trend of the shore, drawn through the outermost buoy or other aid to navigation of any system of aids. Rules for the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River as Far East as

Montreal. (Act of Feb. 8, 1895.)

The following rules for preventing collisions shall be followed in the navigation of all public and private vessels of the United States upon the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal.


RULE 1. Every steam vessel which is under sail and not under steam, shall be considered a sail vessel; and every steam vessel which is under steam, whether under sail or not, shall be considered a steam vessel. The word “steam vessel ” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery. A vessel is “under way” within the meaning of

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