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threatening England, he could not send it supplies for some time, and when visited, later, no trace of it could be found. Discouraged, he gives up his patent to a London compɛny of merchants, who content themselves

to trade with the Indians. 1602—Bartholomew Gosnold visits New England. 1603—Henry IV., King of France, grants Acadia (Nova

Scotia) to Sieur de Monts, who founds a colony on the

Bay of Fundy, at Port Royal in 1605. 1606—James I., King of England, establishes the London and

Plymouth companies for settling North America. 1607—The Plymouth company land a colony at the month of

the Kennebec river. It is unfortunate, and returns to

England.
-The London company send out an expedition, which,

accidentally discovering Chesapeake Bay, entei, and
found a colony on James River, at Jamestown. The
romantic Captain John Smith was one of the colonists.
This was the first permanent English settlement in

North America. 1608—Smith seeking, by orders from the London company, a

passage to the Pacific ocean, up the Chickahominy, is taken prisoner by the Indians, condemned to death, and

saved by Pocahontas. -Quebec founded by the French under Champlain: -- The English Puritans, persecuted in England, take

refuge in Holland. 1609—Lord Delaware is appointed Governor of Virginia,

which receives a new charter, and a considerable acces

sion of numbers. -- Part of the expedition, however, was shipwrecked, and the colony, embracing a large unruly and indolent ele ment, is near perishing. Pocahontas repeatedly saves them from the Indians. Hudson river and Lake Cham

plain discovered. 1610–Lord Delaware, having been delayed, arrives (after the

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discouraged colonists had embarked to return to Eng.

land) with supplies, and saves the settlement. 1613—Pocahontas marries John Rolfe, an Englishman.

- The Dutch erect a fort at New York.
1615—They build Fort Orange, near Albany.
1619—The first General Assembly elected by the people is

called in Virginia, by Governor Yeardley. Eleven bor-
oughs, or towns, were each represented by two Burgesses,
or citizens. It was the dawn of civil liberty in Virginia,

and a germ of the future republic.
1620—Convicts are sent to Virginia, and negro slaves intro-

duced.
-- September 6th, the Puritans, discontented in Holland,

set sail in the Mayflower, from Plymouth, England, for
America, under the auspices of the “ Plymouth Com-
pany."
- December 21st they land on Plymouth Rock, and, amid

great hardships, found a religious colony.
-James I. grants a charter to the Grand Council of

Plymouth for governing New England.
1621-A district called Mariana granted to John Mason.

- Plymouth colony makes a treaty with Massasoit.

--Cotton first planted in Virginia. 1622-Sir Ferdinand Gorges and John Mason obtain a charter

of Maine and New Hampshire. They plant a colony

on the Piscataqua river.
-An Indian conspiracy nearly proves fatal to the Vir-

ginia colony. March 22d, at noon, an attack is made
on all the settlements, and in an hour nearly a fourth
part of the colony is massacred. The colonists, in a

bloody war, thoroughly chastise the Indians. 1624Virginia becomes a royal province, but stoutly main

tains its legislative authority. 1625— Death of Robinson, the distinguished Puritan divine,

in Holland.

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1629_Massachusetts colony patented, and settiement made at

Salem, by John Endicott.
-Charlestown, Mass., founded.

The Dutch colonize the west side of Delaware river. 1630–Patent of Carolina made to Sir Robert Heath. 1631– Massachusetts General Court confines the privilege of

voting to church members.
Clayborne plants a colony on Kent Island.

The Dutch erect a trading fort at Hartford.
1632— Maryland granted to Lord Baltimore.
1633-Connecticut colony founded.
1636— Roger Williams founds Providence.
1637— Pequod war in Connecticut.
1638-Rhode Island settled by followers of Anne Hutchinson,

-Harvard college founded.
-Swedes and Finns settle Delaware.
-Colony of New Haven founded. Persecution in Mas-

sachusetts.
1640–Montreal, Canada, founded.
1641—New Hampshire united to Massachusetts.
1643—The germ of the American Union is planted by a con-

federation of Plymouth, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Haven. It was for mutual protection and

support, and was kept alive about forty years. 1645~Clayborne causes an insurrection in Maryland.

The Mohawks mediate between the Dutch and Algon

quins.

-Witchcraft superstition commences. 1646–John Elliott becomes a missionary to the Indians. 1649- The Mohawk war on the French settlements and

Jesuits. 1650-Common School laws passed in Connecticut. 1651–English “ Navigation Act” forbids colonists to trade

with any country but England, and restricts trade among the colonies. Thus the English make all the

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profits. English merchants set the price of purchases

and sales. 1651-Persecution of the Quakers in Massachusetts.

- Proprietary government subverted in Maryland. 1657--Elliott translates the Bible into the Indian language. 1662--Winthrop obtains a liberal charter for Hartford and

New Haven.
1663—Carolina granted to a company of Noblemen.
1664The Dutch conquer the Swedes on the Delaware.

New York granted to the Duke of York, who sends a
force to dispossess the Dutch. It is done without
fighting

New Jersey granted to Berkely and Carteret.
1665—-Lake Superior discovered by Father Allouez.
1668—St. Mary's, between Lake Superior and Lake Huron, the

first French settlement within the boundaries of the

United States, founded. 1670–Mr. Locke's philosophical constitution introduced in

Carolina. It soon proved an absurd failure.
1673—The Upper Mississippi discovered by Marquette.
1675—King Philip’s war in New England. He was a warrior

of great ability and activity. Fourteen town were
destroyed by the Indians, and six hundred inhabitants
killed. Philip is killed August 12, 1676, and the Indian

tribes very nearly destroyed.
1676—Three of the Regicides (Judges of Charles I., King af

England) came to New England.
-New Jersey divided into East and West Jersey, at the

suggestion of Wm. Penn.
Bacon's rebellion in favor of popular rights, jo Vir-

ginia.
1677— Virginia obtains a new charter.

Massachusetts purchases Maine. 1678—Sir Edmund Andross, royal governor of New York,

usurps the government of the Jerseys. 1679_New Hampshire becomes a royal province, but the

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people make a successful stand for their legislative
privileges.
- Massachusetts having disregarded the Navigation Act,
Edward Randolph was sent as Inspector of Customs.
He failed to enforce the act, and in 1682 the charter of

Massachusetts was annulled.
1980-Charveston, South Carolina, founded.
1681—Wm. Penn receives a grant of Pennsylvania from

Charles II. -Penn restores the proprietary government in the Jerseys. - He founds Philadelphia; makes a treaty with the Indi

ans; and governs East Jersey. 1682--La Salle visits and names Louisiana. 1686—Sir Edmund Andross being made Governor-General

over New England, proceeds in a very tyrannical manner. He endeavored to get possession of the charter of Connecticut, but failed, though he took possession of

the government.
1688—New York and New Jersey came under the jurisdiction

of Andross; but James II., the tyrannical King of
England, being deposed, Massachusetts imprisoned
Andross. Rhode Island and Connecticut resumed their
charter governments; but Massachusetts, having given
offense by resistance to the Navigation Act, never
recovered her original charter.
- France having espoused the cause of the dethroned
king, a war broke out between France and England,

known as “King William's" war.
1689—The government of New York is seized by Jacob Leis-

ler for King William. 1690-May 1st, a Congress of colonial delegates meets at New

York to concert measures for the common defense. February 18th, destruction of Schenectady, N. Y., and massacre of the innabitants by the Indians, sent by the French, tron Canada. -- March 18th, Salmon Falls, New Hampshire, on the

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