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threatening England, he could not send it supplies for some time, and when visited, later, no trace of it could be found. Discouraged, he gives up his patent to a London compɛny of merchants, who content themselves
to trade with the Indians. 1602—Bartholomew Gosnold visits New England. 1603—Henry IV., King of France, grants Acadia (Nova
Scotia) to Sieur de Monts, who founds a colony on the
Bay of Fundy, at Port Royal in 1605. 1606—James I., King of England, establishes the London and
Plymouth companies for settling North America. 1607—The Plymouth company land a colony at the month of
the Kennebec river. It is unfortunate, and returns to
accidentally discovering Chesapeake Bay, entei, and
North America. 1608—Smith seeking, by orders from the London company, a
passage to the Pacific ocean, up the Chickahominy, is taken prisoner by the Indians, condemned to death, and
saved by Pocahontas. -Quebec founded by the French under Champlain: -- The English Puritans, persecuted in England, take
refuge in Holland. 1609—Lord Delaware is appointed Governor of Virginia,
which receives a new charter, and a considerable acces
sion of numbers. -- Part of the expedition, however, was shipwrecked, and the colony, embracing a large unruly and indolent ele ment, is near perishing. Pocahontas repeatedly saves them from the Indians. Hudson river and Lake Cham
plain discovered. 1610–Lord Delaware, having been delayed, arrives (after the
discouraged colonists had embarked to return to Eng.
land) with supplies, and saves the settlement. 1613—Pocahontas marries John Rolfe, an Englishman.
- The Dutch erect a fort at New York.
called in Virginia, by Governor Yeardley. Eleven bor-
and a germ of the future republic.
set sail in the Mayflower, from Plymouth, England, for
great hardships, found a religious colony.
Plymouth for governing New England.
- Plymouth colony makes a treaty with Massasoit.
--Cotton first planted in Virginia. 1622-Sir Ferdinand Gorges and John Mason obtain a charter
of Maine and New Hampshire. They plant a colony
on the Piscataqua river.
ginia colony. March 22d, at noon, an attack is made
bloody war, thoroughly chastise the Indians. 1624Virginia becomes a royal province, but stoutly main
tains its legislative authority. 1625— Death of Robinson, the distinguished Puritan divine,
1629_Massachusetts colony patented, and settiement made at
Salem, by John Endicott.
The Dutch colonize the west side of Delaware river. 1630–Patent of Carolina made to Sir Robert Heath. 1631– Massachusetts General Court confines the privilege of
voting to church members.
The Dutch erect a trading fort at Hartford.
-Harvard college founded.
federation of Plymouth, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Haven. It was for mutual protection and
support, and was kept alive about forty years. 1645~Clayborne causes an insurrection in Maryland.
The Mohawks mediate between the Dutch and Algon
-Witchcraft superstition commences. 1646–John Elliott becomes a missionary to the Indians. 1649- The Mohawk war on the French settlements and
Jesuits. 1650-Common School laws passed in Connecticut. 1651–English “ Navigation Act” forbids colonists to trade
with any country but England, and restricts trade among the colonies. Thus the English make all the
profits. English merchants set the price of purchases
and sales. 1651-Persecution of the Quakers in Massachusetts.
- Proprietary government subverted in Maryland. 1657--Elliott translates the Bible into the Indian language. 1662--Winthrop obtains a liberal charter for Hartford and
New York granted to the Duke of York, who sends a
New Jersey granted to Berkely and Carteret.
first French settlement within the boundaries of the
United States, founded. 1670–Mr. Locke's philosophical constitution introduced in
Carolina. It soon proved an absurd failure.
of great ability and activity. Fourteen town were
tribes very nearly destroyed.
England) came to New England.
suggestion of Wm. Penn.
Massachusetts purchases Maine. 1678—Sir Edmund Andross, royal governor of New York,
usurps the government of the Jerseys. 1679_New Hampshire becomes a royal province, but the
people make a successful stand for their legislative
Massachusetts was annulled.
Charles II. -Penn restores the proprietary government in the Jerseys. - He founds Philadelphia; makes a treaty with the Indi
ans; and governs East Jersey. 1682--La Salle visits and names Louisiana. 1686—Sir Edmund Andross being made Governor-General
over New England, proceeds in a very tyrannical manner. He endeavored to get possession of the charter of Connecticut, but failed, though he took possession of
of Andross; but James II., the tyrannical King of
known as “King William's" war.
ler for King William. 1690-May 1st, a Congress of colonial delegates meets at New
York to concert measures for the common defense. February 18th, destruction of Schenectady, N. Y., and massacre of the innabitants by the Indians, sent by the French, tron Canada. -- March 18th, Salmon Falls, New Hampshire, on the