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ANNIVERSARY OF THE NEW ENGLAND SOCIETY OF

CINCINNATI, O.

The 226th Anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, was celebrated in the City of Cincinnati by the New England Society, on Dec. 22, 1846. The services on the occasion were as follows : Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Beecher; Reading the Scriptures by the Rev. Mr. Magoon ; Address by B. B. Fessenden, Esq. ; Benediction by Rev. Dr. Slowe. With these services appropriate music was interspersed.

On Jan. 5, 1847, the annual meeting of the Society was held, and the Report was read by the Rev. Dr. Colton. In the Cincinnati Gazette we find the following account, which, we doubt not, will be interesting to our readers.

This Society was organized January 14th, 1845. Its objects are, to cherish the memory and perpetuate the principles of the original settlers of New Eng. land; to collect and diffuse information respecting New England and New England emigrants to other parts of the country, especially to the West; and to extend charity to the needy of New England descent. It is composed of men born in New England, and the male descendants of New England ancestors. The Society has a libéral charter from the Legislature, and is wholly free from debt. It has upwards of 200 members, and the number is rapidly increasing, 23 having joined at the last meeting.

It was voted to appropriate one half the surplus in the Treasury towards the establishment of a valuable library of historical and antiquarian works in relation to New England, and to start a subscription of $500 in aid of the project, of which $200 was immediately subscribed, and it is thought the balance can be made up this month. A catalogue of the works desired has been made out, which, we trust, the Directors will be enabled at once to purchase. The income of the Society this year, if this subscription is filled, will amount to $1,100,

A Committee was appointed, to ascertain if a course of Lectures could be prepared in time to be delivered this winter.

The Society contemplates the erection ultimately of a Hall for their library, meetings, and lectures, for which a lot has been offered on liberal conditions.

The following gentlemen were elected officers for the ensuing year, (Mr. Stare having declined reelection as President.)

For President, Timothy Walker. For Vice-President, Lot E. Brewster. For Corresponding Secretary, Chauncey Colton. For Recording Secretary, Henry Crane. For Treasurer, James Lakey. For Directors, Henry Starr, Edmund Gage, Melzer Flagg, Maynard French, Jonathan H. Niles, Wm. Wiswell, Jr.

The following gentlemen have been the Presidents and Vice-Presidents, since its formation :

1845. — Bellamy Storer, President. Ephraim Robbins and Henry Emerson, Vice-Presidents.

1846. — Henry Starr, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President. 1847. — Timothy Walker, President. Lot E. Brewster, Vice-President.

NOTICES OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Guide to Plymouth, and Recollections of the Pilgrims. By William S. Russell.

6 Come listen to my story,

Though often told before,
of men who pass'd to glory,
Through toil and trial sore ;
Of men who did for conscience' sake,
Their native land forego,
And sought a home and freedom here,

Two hundred years ago."
Boston : Published for the Author, by Samuel G. Drake, 56 Cornhill. 1846.

This is a neat 12mo of about 400 pages," designed to present such historical facts connected with our early history, and descriptions of interesting localities with which they are connected, as are deemed of essential importance to the numerous visitors who resort to the spot, rendered memorable as the scene where the foundations of republican institutions were first laid in this western world, and the principles of religious and civil liberty were successfully established in New England." The design of the author has been accomplished. Although much novelty can hardly be expected in relation to subjects which have already become trite, though not uninteresting, yet by a judicious collection of facts and a pleasing presentation of them, the work is well adapied to engage the attention of the reader, and to furnish him with the information desired. It commences with a brief detail of the circumstances, which led our Pilgrim Fathers to leave the land of their birth and embark for a country of pathless wildernesses, abounding in savage beasts and still more savage men. It follows them in their voyage, through storms and perils to them unknown before; it describes their arrival at Cape Cod, the sufferings, privations, and hardships they endured, and the subsequent increase and growth of the infant Colony, all in a manner highly instructive. The various places of interest to a traveller in the town of Plymouth are distinctly and minutely pointed out, and many matters of importance are related concerning them. Several ancient documents of great value are also inserted, together with some notice of the Pilgrims. The volume closes with a collection of Hymns and Songs, selected from the productions of our best authors, composed with express reference to Anniversary Celebrations in Plymouth and other parts of the United States. The work is embellished with a map of Plymouth village in 1846, a frontispiece engraving of the town and harbor of Plymouth, also several other designs. It is a book eminently useful to the traveller, and valuable to the historian.

The History of Charlestown, Massachusetts. By Richard Frothingham, Jr. The History of a Town is united with that of the Country to which it belongs, and with that of the ages through which it has stood." Charlestown: Charles P. Emmons. Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1845.

This is a work issued in numbers of about 50 pages each. The author states, in the commencement, his sources of information to be, the town Records ; Records of the first church in the town; the Colony Records; the Probate and Registry Records; and private collections of papers. From such materials we should think a most perfect his. tory can be made. We are pleased to see an interest arising in the minds of many, concerning our local or town histories, for by this means only can that of the state be rendered accurate. "Each town has some noted spot where the Indian may have fought for his burial-places, or the colonists for their freedom; that may have sheltered a hermit or a regicide; that superstition may have invested with a fairy legend, or nature have robed with more than fairy magnificence. Each has its Liberty Tree, its Green Dragon, its Faneuil Hall, where its patriots may have counselled or acted. And each has had citizens who laid its foundations, perhaps in hardship and danger." It is for the local annalist to gather these traditions and facts, from which the state historian may form a comprehensive and accurate account. This work is embellished with quite a number of interesting engravings. Four numbers have appeared, containing much useful and curious matter, and we hope soon to see the remainder. The work is highly deserving public patronage, and we hope that Charlestown and its vicinity. especially, will amply reward the author for his indefatigable laboss.

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A Gazetteer of Massachusetts, containing Descriptions of all the Counties, Towns, and Districts of the Commonwealth ; and also, of its principal Mountains, Rivers, Capes, Bays, "Harbors, Islands, and Fashionable Resorts. To which are added Statistical Accounts of its Agriculture, Commerce, and Manufactures ; with a great variety of useful Information. By John Haywurd, Author of the New England Gazetteer," "Book of Religions," Jc. Boston: John Hayward. 1846.

This is decidedly a valuable work. The name of the author alone would guarantee an elaborate, and, so far as within his ability, a strictly accurate publication. It presents Massachusetts in a statistical, historical, and topographical light, and is filled with such matter as would be deeply interesting to the antiquary, and the man of business, indeed to all in Massachusetts who take any pleasure in knowing the condition and prosperity of their own state. It is a work useful for reference in regard to education, internal improvements, matters of commercial importance - and may be regarded as a universal Gazetteer.' We cheerfully commend it to the patronage of the public.

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Epitaphs from the Old Burying-Ground in Cambridge. With Notes, by William Thaddeus Harris, Junior Sophister in Harvard College. Cambridge: Published by John Owen.

It has been, and still is, the disposition of the public, to regard the resting places of the deceased with aversion, rather than with pleasurable interest. This we think should not be the case. Forget not the faithful dead” is worthy to be inscribed at the entrance of every cemetery, and these, instead of being permitted to run to waste, should be adorned, and made pleasing to the sight. Thus the grave may be divested of its gloom, and the graveyard, now an object of terror, may become frequented as a place for calm, serious, and profitable meditation.

In this volume a complete transcript is made of the epitaphs in the burying-ground, from 1653 to the year 1800; but in the years succeeding 1800, with a few exceptions, the names only of those, to whose memory monuments have been erected, are given. In addition to these, which are 670 in number, there are brief notices of many, whose monumental inscriptions are given. A table, also, of the deaths of many, whose mon. uments have crumbled to dust, or whose remains were deposited in tombs, is appended. It is a volume of 192 pages, octavo, printed at the University press, and must be interesting to those who delight in curious and antiquated matters. We hope others will be induced to prepare like collections from those spots where,

“Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,

The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep." The author is a son of Thaddeus William Harris, M. D., Librarian of the Univer. sity, and grandson of the late Rev. Thaddeus Mason Harris, D. D., of Dorchester. We may at some future tine make extracts from the work.

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Loring's Massachusetts Register, or Record Book of Valuable Information, for the year 1817. Designed as a Suitable Companion for the Professional Man, the Merchant, the Public Officer, and the Private Citizen. Boston: James Loring, 132 Washington Street.

This volume is the eightieth of the Massachusetts Register, and its value as a work of reference will, we think, be appreciated by the public for as many years to come. Such a work is much needed by all classes of business men throughout the state.

It com. prises statistics of civil officers; professional men; societies and associations, literary, scientific, religious, and benevolent; commerce; mercantile affairs; naval and military officers; courts and justices; institutions of learning, and also those for benevolent purposes; corporations of all kinds. It is literally multum in parvo. Mr. Loring, who has much of a historical taste, deserves great praise for his endeavors to render it accurate and useful; and it should have an extensive circulation in the state.

The publishers of the Register have been as follows:

In 1767, Mein and Fleming, at the London Bookstore, north side of King street, now State street; in 1774, Mills and Hicks, School street, next door to Brackett's Tavern, sign of Cromwell's Head ; in 1779, Thomas and John Fleet, sign of the Bible and Heart, corner of Cornhill and Water street; in 1801, John West and Manning and Loring, until 1813, when its publishers were West, Richardson, and Lord, and the present publisher, who has been a proprietor for forty-six years past.

A Statistical View of the Population of Massachusetts, from 1765 to 1840. By Jesse Chickering. Boston : Charles C. Little and James Brown. 1846. Pp. 160.

“The object of this essay is to exhibit the increase of the population of Massachu. setts, and the changes which have taken place in the number and proportion of the inhabitants in the several parts of the Commonwealth, during the period of seventyfive years from 1765 to 1840.” “The censuses consulted in the preparation of this work are the Colonial census, ordered in 1764 and finished in 1765, and the six censuses of the United States, taken at intervals of ten years, from 1790 to 1840." The number of inhabitants in Massachusetts in 1765, from various calculations is estimated at 244,149, exclusive of 1,569 Indians. In 1790, according to the United States census published in 1791, the population was 378,787, which is adopted as the true number; in 1800 it was 422,845; in 1810, 472,040; in 1820, 523,287; in 1830, 610,408; and in 1840, 737,700.

The U. S. censuses of 1790, 1800, and 1820 were taken August 1st; and those of 1810, 1830, and 1840 were taken July 1st; so that the intervals between the second and third, and the fourth and fifth were iwo months less than ten years, while that between

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the third and fourth was two months more than ten years. These differences in the length of the intervals affect the numerical results, but so slightly, as not to be materially important in the comparative results, especially for so long a period as from 1790 to 1840. The least increase discovered in any period is in that embracing the time from 1810 to 1820; probably owing in some degree to the war then existing with Great Britain and the emigration of many citizens to the West. In the period from 1765 to 1790, the increase was greater than it has ever been.

The increase of Boston, in proportion to its inhabitants, from 1765 to 1790 was very much less than that of the country towns, while from 1790 to 1840 it was very much greater, thus showing the modern tendency to centralization. Besides the great amount of statistical matter of which the above is an exceedingly brief epitome, it contains a table showing the average number of inhabitants in each year, according to the U. S. censuses, together with the increase, on the supposition of a uniform rate of increase in each year, the same being carried on to 1850, at the rate of increase from 1830 to 1840. Much other valuable matter is contained in this publication; manifestly of great labor and of apparent accuracy. Such a work as this of Dr. Chickering was much needed to rectify the many errors which had arisen in the taking and computing the

We only add, that could such a statistical view be taken of every state in the Union, many important facts would be discovered and many data be obtained, from which inferences might perhaps be drawn greatly interesting and useful.

censuses.

*

A Discourse delivered before The Maine Historical Society at its Annual Meeting, September 6, 1846. By George Folsom. But I doubt not * it will prove a very flourishing place, and be replenished with many faire Towns and Cilies, it being a Province both fruitful and pleasant." -F. Gorges. Description of the Province of Maine. Portland : Published for the Society. 1847.

The subject of this discourse is the early discovery and settlement of Maine, and the character of those who were most active in the work of colonization. It clearly indi. cates the author to be a man of historical research not only in regard to the state of Maine, but also in respect to New England and the early settlers generally. It is well worth the careful perusal, both of those who are fond of historic lore, and those who are searching for truth; as it contains facts which are important and are not generally known.

Mr. Folsom concludes his discourse of 75 pages as follows: " In my humble opinion, Maine owes some public acknowledgment to the memory of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, for having laid the foundation of its existence as a separate and independent commu. nity. Bradford and Winthrop are names that will never die amongst their successors at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay; Pennsylvania will never forget her obligations to the illustrious Friend of humanity who peopled her wilderness; nor will Georgia suffer the memory of the enlightened Oglethorpe to perish ; Maryland has stamped ihe name of Baltimore upon her brilliant commercial metropolis, and North Carolina has her 'city of Raleigh, although the projected colony of Sir Walter proved a splendid failure. And shall Maine do nothing to mark her sense of the merits of the liberal patron and successful abettor of the first settlements within her limits; who expended a large fortune upon his projects of discovery and colonization; who, when the country was abandoned and denounced by others as too cold and dreary for human habitation, actually hired men to pass the winter here to prove the contrary; and who died without reaping any substantial return for all his labors and outlays, leaving only a legacy of lawsuits to his descendants ? It is time that justice was done to his memory. From the small beginning he made, this community has become a widely extended, populous, and wealthy state – rich in her resources, and not less distinguished for the active enterprise and laborious industry of her population. She can well afford to honor the memory of the man who foresaw all this, and devoted the energies of a long life to its consummation."

The Sin and Danger of Self-Love, described in a Sermon preached at Plymouth, in New England, 1621, by Robert' Cushman. With a Memoir of the Author. Boston: Published by Charles Ewer, and for sale by Crocker & Brewster, Samuel G. Drake, Little & Brown, James Munroe & Company, Benjamin Perkins, and James Loring. Dec. 22, 1846.

The text from which this sermon was written is, 1 Cor. x.: 24. Let no man seek his own: but every man another's wealth. It is divided into two parts: 1. A Dehortation, con.

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sisting of the first clanse. 2. An Erhortalion, comprising the latter clause. The design of the discourse was to keep up the noble flow of public spirit in the emigrants, which perhaps then began to abate, through their accumulating hardships and sufferings, but which was necessary for their preservation and security. The author exhorts his hearers to assist each uther in their labors and toils, to distribute their property among those that were needy, and so far as consistent to seek their neighbors happiness and prosperity. “The discourse is a precious relic of ancient times. The sound sense, good advice, and pious spirit, which it manifests, will, it may be hoped, now, and in all future time, meet with approval and beneficial acceptance in our community.” It is written in the quaint old-fashioned style of our Forefathers, and we noticed that the last head of remarks, which contains but one sentence, is just a page in length. The discourse is preceded by a Biographical Sketch of Mr. Cushman, by the late Hon. John Davis of Boston, together with a letter from him to Charles Ewer, Esq., and a brief Address by Mr. Cushman to “his Loving Friends the Adventurers for New Eng. land, together with all Well-Willers and Well-Wishers thereunto," dated “ Plymouih in New England, December 12, 1621.” These several articles form a pamphlet of 32 pages, well printed, which, on account of its Christian and patriotic principles, should be generally diffused. For this improved edition, we are indebted to the liberality of the publisher.

Deficiencies in our History. An Address, delivered before the Vermont Historical and Antiquarian Society, at Montpelier, October 16, 1846, with an Appendix containing the Charter, Constitution, and By-Laws of the Society, the Vermont Declaration of Independence, January 15, 1777, the Proceedings of the Convention, 4th of June, 1777, and the Song of the Vermonters, in 1779. By James Davie Butler, Professor in Norwich University. Montpelier: Eastman and Danforth. 1846.

The design of this address seems to be, to illustrate the importance of preserving the fragmentary and unpublished history of Vermont, a state which for interest in its early history is surpassed by no other in the Union. Notwithstanding this, however, it has been greatly neglected. Prof. Butler urges strongly upon the members of the Society to exert themselves to repair the losses, and give to the world an honorable account of the Green Mountain State. While others have given partial and one-sided details of her history, no true son bas arisen to vindicate her honor. Says Mr. Butler, "Let us leave our history to be written by foreigners, and it will be the play of Hamlet with the part of Hamlet omitted. - The Genius of history says to us, all and each, that thou doesi do quickly; like the sibyl to the ancient king, she year by year brings with her fewer and fewer antique records, but unlike the sibyl demands for them an even increasing price. - The records of our fathers have in part perished with them, - some of them live in the memories of patriarchs, who still stand among us with eyes un. dimmed and natural force not abated, as if on purpose that such as hold the pen of the ready writer may still embalm their sayings. - Let us redeem the time, since if our old men pass away unquestioned, no buried Pompeii can be raised from the grave to enlighten our wilful ignorance." The discourse is interspersed throughout with histor. ical gems, and in connection with the additional documents forms a valuable production.

Professor Butler has kindly furnished us with a genealogical account of the Butler Family, which will be inserted in the next No. of the Register.

The Patrician : Edited by John Burke, Esq., Author of the Peerage, Landed Gentry, Sc. May, 1846. London: E. Churton, 26 Holles Street. Pp. 94.

The dedication of the work is as follows:

To the Right Honorable Lord Leigh, of Stoneleigh, the first volume of the Patrician is respectfully inscribed.

The number before us is the first of the first volume. Ten have already been issued. It is a work devoted to History, Genealogy, Heraldry, Topography, Antiquities, and General Literature. Each number contains a long list of births, marriages, and deaths. The editor must be a man of varied learning, and particularly acquainted with the subjects of which he treats. The work is not adapted to the public generally, and must, therefore, be limited in circulation. As an English production it may be interesting to the higher classes or nobility of England; but it cannot attract the attention of Americans.

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