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to grant Letters of Marque and reprisal - what are ye rights and duties of Ambassadors, Consuls and public ministers, what are proper rules respecting captures where other nations are concerned with us in ye capture or are interested in ye vessel captured, what regulations of Trade may be carried into effect in other nations so as not to injure our own commerce. These and a thousand other matters respecting our intercourse with other nations and other great national concerns, must be determined by some Body of men with decision and be carried into effect too. How preposterous is it then for us to think of going on under ye old Confederation where ye several states or some of them wou'd hiss any Law that might be proposed on those matters out of Doors.

Now let us consider ye new Constitution. Are there any objects, or Legislation in this, which were not left to ye decision of Congress under ye old Articles ? Very few, save that of Regulating commerce with foreign nations for want of which we have suffered enough already - also to form a rule for naturalization Laws about Bankruptcies — fix ye standard of weights and measures -- to promote ye prog. ress of arts and Sciences — to prevent counterfeiting ye Securities and current coin of ye states, to provide for organizing, arming, disciplining and calling forth ye militia on necessary occasions; to exercise exclusive Jurisdiction over 10 miles square of land where Congress may sit, if so much is ceded to them by any slate to their satisfaction and such other places where continental arsenals are kept. Our People are taught ye necessity of this provision for if a man of less penetration and decision had been in ye chair ye year before last - they would have lost their most useful and costly magazine. Is it not reasonable that these matters shou'd be done with uniformity thro' ye slates ? Can these great objects ever be accomplished without making laws to bind all persons in ye Jurisdiction? Who are to make those Laws but ye Representatives chosen by ye People at large every two years, and where an equal representation is provided for, and a Senate chosen by ye state Legislatures, one third of which are to be chosen every two years. When Laws are made they are nonsensical unless they can be carried into execution; therefore it is necessary somebody shou'd have a Power of determining when they are broken, and to decree ye forfieture in consequence of such breach. This shows ye necessity of ye Judicial Power- and an executive with yo necessary officers are requisite for carrying those decrees into execution — and without all this ye whole parade of making laws wou'd be idle.

That these parts, ye Judicial and executive, shou'd be appointed by congress is necessary in order that ye proceedings may be uniform and to prevent one state from conniving at or disregarding ye laws made for ye benefit of ye whole. If they are to raise money they must have officers to collect it. These must be appointed by Congress or such 'men will be appointed by particular states as will shew ye most favour - and look thro' ye whole, I believe you will not find a Single Power given but what would maim ye constitution if it was left out. Perhaps it may be said this will be an expensive Government. The Legislative will not be more expensive, is so much, as ye present congress for after they have got matters a going properly, they may be at home half their time. The other officers must be paid it is true, but when we consider ye advartages of a steady uniform Government with proper energy, I believe we shall find ye Benefits purchased at a cheap rate. Perhaps some may say that this annihilates our own state Governments, and our own Legislatures will have nothing to do; but ye Laws respecting criminal offenders in all cases, except Treason, are subjects for Legislation. We may increase, lessen, or change punishments for crimes as we think best, and make any act criminal or penal as far as Law can make it so at our pleasure. The regulating Towns, parishes, Providing ministers, schools, looking after Poor persons, punishing Idlers, vagabonds &c. &c. regulating Highways, bridges, fisheries, common fields &c. are also matters pertaining to ye General court - but above all ye great rules for reg. ulating inheritances, descent of estates, Partition of them, last wills and Testaments, executors, Administrators, and Guardians are subjects for our own Legislation - ye appointment of all courts, and ye rules of Proceeding in them and of determining all controversies between our own citizens, Rules of Legitimacy, marriage and divorce and in fine all matters not expressly given to congress are still to be the subjects of our own Legislation to be carried into Effect by our own courts and officers. Over what things does ye constitution give congress a Power only those of great national concern, which require a large comprehensive view and which, Heaven knows, our Houses of R-p-s-t-tives were never capable of comprehending or of judging whether they were acting right or wrong. - I write very freely to you, without any reserve. Ye regard I have for my Children, my Kinsmen, my friends, my Neighbours, Posterity and my country, makes me bless God that those objects are likely for ever to be taken out of such hands, two thirds of whom were never from their fire side before, and never comprehended in their view more than their own farms and their own little private interest. I cou'd write a volume on this subject, but thus much must suffice for ye present. I believe you are tired now as well as your affectionate

Kinsman and sincere friend and Servt

Nath'L PEASLEE SARGEANT.

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A COMPLETE LIST OF THE MINISTERS OF BOSTON OF ALL DENOMINATIONS, FROM 1630 TO

1842, ARRANGED IN THE ORDER OF THEIR SETTLEMENT.

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Order of
Names of Ministers.

Denomination.
Settlement.
91 David Annan

Pres.
Claudius Florent Bouchard de

Cath.
La Poterie
93 Peter Thacher
94 Jeremy Belknap, D. D.

Cong.
95 William Montague
96 Thomas Gair

Bapt.
97 Samuel West, D. D. -

Cong.
98 Louis de Rousselet

Cath. 99 John Thayer

Cath. 100 Thomas Baldwin, D. D. Bapt. 101 Jesse Lee

Meth. 102 Daniel Smith

Meth.

Epis.
D.D. -
104 William Walter, D. D. Epis.

Francis Anthony Matignon, D.D. Cath.
106 Jeremiah Cosden

Meth.
107 Amos G. Thompson -

Meth.
John Thornton Kirkland, D.D.,
109 Christopher Spry

Meth. 110 Evan Rogers

Meth. 111 John Harper

Meth.

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112 Joshua Hale

Meth.' 113 George Pickering

Meth. 114 John de Cheverus, D. D.

Cath. 115 Elias Hull

Meth. 116 Daniel Ostander

Meth. 117 William Beauchamp

Meth. 118 John Snelling Popkin, D. D. Cong. 119 William Emerson

Cong. 120 Joshua Wells

Meth. 121 Thomas F. Sargent

Meth. 122 George Pickering

Meth. 123 Samuel Haskell

Epis.
124
Thomas Lyall

Meth.
125 William Ellery Channing, D. D. Cong.
126 Epaphras Kibby

Meth.
127 Joseph Stephens Buckminster, Cong.
128 Asa Eaton, D.D.

Epis. 129 Peter Jayne

Meth.
130 Reuben Hubbard

Meth.
131 Charles Lowell, D. D.
132 Samuel Merwin

Meth.
133 Thomas Paul

Bapt. 134 Daniel Webb

Meth. 135 Joseph Clay

Bapt. 136 Caleb Blood

Bapt.
137 Joshua Huntington

Cong.
Martin Ruter, D. D.

Meth.
139 Elijah R. Sabin

Meth.
140 Phillip Munger

Meth.
141 Samuel Cary

Unit.
142 Horace Holley, LL.D.

Cong.
143 Greenlief Norris

Meth. 144 Edward Mitchell

Univ. 145 Samuel Cooper Thacher Cong.

1st Meth. 1st Meth. Chh. Holy Cross 1st Meth. 1st Meth. 1st Meth. Federal St. 1st. Chh. 1st Meth. 1st Meth. 1st Meth. Christ Chh. 1st Meth. Federal St. 1st Meth. Brattle St. Christ Chh. 1st Meth. 1st Meth. West Chh. Ist Meth. African Bapt. 2nd Meth. 1st Bapt. 3d Bapt. Old South 1st Meth. 1st Meth. 2nd Meth. King's Chapel Hollis St. 2nd Meth. 1st Univ. New South

App. 1796 Left

1797 App. 1796 Left

1797 Coll. Louis Le Grand, Com. Oct. 3, 1796 Left Sept. 26, 1823 Paris, 1786 APP 1797 Left

1798
App
1797 Left

1798
App.
1798 Left

1799
Harv., 1792

Ord. July 10, 1799 Dism. Nov. 28, 1802
Harv., 1789 Inst. Oct. 16, 1799 Died May 12, 1811
App
1799 Left

1800
App.
1800 Left

1801
App.
1801 Left

. 1802
Yale, 1790?
Induct. May,

1801 Dism. Sept. 1803 App: 1802 Left

1804 Harv., 1798

Ord. June 1, 1803 Died Oct. 2, 1842
App.
1803 Left

1805
Harv., 1800

Ord. Jan. 30, 1805 Died June 9, 1812
Harv., 1803 Induct. Oct. 23, 1805 Dism. May, 1829
App.
1805 Left

1807
App:
1805 Left

1806
Harv., 1800

Ord. Jan.
App.
1806 Left

1807
Ord. Dec. 4, 1806 Died April 13, 1831
App
1807 Left

1809
Coll
. N. J., 1784 Aug. 19, 1807 Dism. Oct. 27, 1811

Oct.
5, 1807

June 5, 1810
Yale, 1804

Ord.

May 18, 1808 Died Sept. 11, 1819
App.
1808 Left

1809
App
1809 Left

1811
App.
1809 Left

1810
Harv., 1804 Induct. Jan, 1, 1809 Died Oct. 22, 1815
Yale, 1803 Inst. March 9, 1809 Dism. Aug. 24, 1818
App.
1810 Left

1811
Inst. Sept. 12, 1810 Dism. Oct. 6, 1811
Harv., 1804 Ord. May 15, 1811 (Died Jan. 2, 1818

Cong.

1, 1806

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138

Order of
Settlement.

Names of Ministers.

Denomination.

Churches.

Graduated.

Setlled.

Died or Resighed.

(1st Meth.
2nd Meth.
Park St.

Yale, 1790

3d Bapt.

146 Elijah Hedding, D. D.

Meth. 147 Erastus Otis

Meth.
148 Edward Dorr Griffin, D. D. Cong.
149 Daniel Sharp, D. D. -

Bapt.
150 Paul Dean

Univ. 151 William Stephens

Meth.
152 William Hinman

Meth.
153 John Lovejoy Abbot

Cong.
154 Francis Parkman, D. D. Cong.
155 Edward Everett, LL.D. Cong.
156 Joseph A. Merrill

Meth.
157 James Manning Winchell Bapt.
158 George Pickering,

Meth.
159 {

ham, D. D.

Nathaniel Langdon Frothing. Cong.
160 Daniel Filmore

Meth.
161 Henry Ware, Jun., D. D. Cong.
162 Sereno Edwards Dwight, D. D. Cong.
163 Timothy Merritt

Meth.
164 Enoch Mudge

Meth. 165 Hosea Ballou

Univ. 166 Phillip Larisey

Cath.
167

John Gorham Palfrey, D. D.
LL.D.

Cong.
168 Samuel Snowden

Meth.
Francis William Pitt Green-
169
wood, D.D.

Cong.
170 James Sabine

Cong. 171. John Pierpont

Cong. 172 Benjamin R. Hoyt

Meth. 173 V. R. Osborn

Meth.

App.
App.
Inst.
Ord.
Inst.
App.
App.
Ord.
Ord.
Ord.
App.
Ord.
App.
Ord.
App.
Ord.
Ord.
App.
App.
Inst.
Com.
Ord.
Inst.
Ord.

Ist Univ.
Ist Meth.
1st and 2nd Meth.
1st Chh.

Harv., 1805
New North

Harv., 1807
Brattle St. Harv., 1811
1st and 2nd Meth.
1st Bapt. Brown, 1812
1st and 2nd Meth.
1st Chh.

Harv., 1811
1st and 2nd Meth.
2nd Chh, Harv., 1812
Park St.

Yale, 1803
Ist Meth.
2nd Meth.
2nd Univ.
Chh. Holy Cross
Brattle St.

Harv., 1815
African Meth.
New South

Harv., 1814
Essex St. England
Hollis St. Yale, 1804
1st Meth.
2nd Meth.

Jan.

1811 Left

1812
1811 Left

1812
July 31, 1811 Dism. April 27, 1815
April 29, 1812
Aug. 19, 1812 Dism. April 6, 1823
1812 Left

1813
1812 Left

1813
July 14, 1813 Died Oct. 17, 1814
Dec. 8, 1813
Feb. 9, 1814 Dism. March 5, 1815
1814 Left

1815
March 13, 1814 Died Feb. 22, 1820
1814 Left

1815
March 15, 1815
1815 Left

1817
1, 1817 Dism. Oct. 4, 1830
Sept. 3, 1817 Dism. April 10, 1826
1817 Left

1818
1817 Left

1819
Dec. 25, 1817
May, 1818 Left June, 1821
June 17, 1818 Dism. May 22, 1830
Sept. 18, 1818
Oct. 21, 1818 Dism. Dec. 1820

Withdrew with a ma-
Jan. 27, 1819

jority of the Chh, 1822

March 6. (See 187.)'S April 14, 1819 Dism. May 10, 1845 1819 Left

1821 1819 Left

1820

{
{

Inst.
Ord.
App.
App

1st Christ.
Chh. Holy Cross
2nd Meth.
St. Paul's

1819 Lest

1824
Com. March 18, 1820 Left July 11, 1830
App. June, 1820 Left

1821
Induct. July 7, 1820 Dism. Aug. 22, 1825

177

Yale, 1805

June,

174 Simon Clough

Christ. 175 Patrick Byrne. Assistant Cath. 176 D. Kilburn

Meth.
Samuel Farmar Jarvis, D. D.Epis.

LL.D.
178

Benjamin Blydenburg Wisner, Cong.

D. D.
179 William Taylor, D. D. - Cath.
180 Shipley W. Willson

Meth.
181 Ephraim Wiley

Meth.
182 Francis Wayland, D. D. Bapt.
183 Elijah Hedding, D. D. Meth.
184 Samuel Green
185 Paul Dean

Univ.
186 John Lindsey

Meth.
187 James Sabine

Pres.
188 Prince Hawes

Cong. 189 Sebastian Streeter

Univ. 190 Solomon Sias

Meth. 191 Isaac Bonney

Meth. 192 Ezra Stiles Gannett, D. D.

Cong. 193 John Lauris Blake, D. D.

Epis.
194

Francis William Pitt Green- Unit.
195 Alexander Young, D. D. Cong.
196 Samuel Barrett

Cong.
197

Benedict Fenwick, D. D. Cath.
198 Aaron D. Sargent

Meth. 199 Timothy Merritt .

Meth. 200 James Davis Knowles

Bapt. 201 Charles Mortgridge

Christ. 202 James Lee

Meth. 203 Lyman Beecher, D. D.

Cong.

Old South

Union, 1813 Ord. Feb. 21, 1821 Dism. Nov. 12, 1832
Chh. Holy Cross

April, 1821 Left Dec. 17, 1825
1st Metn.

App. June,
1821 Left

1822
2nd Meth.

App. June,
1821 Left

1823 1st Bapt.

Union, 1813

Ord. Aug. 22, 1821 Dism. Sept. 10, 1826 1st Meth.

App.

1822
Essex St.

Harv., 1816

Inst. March 26, 1823 Dism. Mar. 26, 1834
Bulfinch St.

May 7, 1823 Dism. May 3, 1840
Ist Meth.

App.
June,
1823 Left

1824
Church St. England Inst. Nov. 26, 1823 Epis. June, 1829, (See 170.)
Phillips

Inst. April 28, 1824 Dism. April 18, 1827
ist Univ.

May 13, 1824
Ist Meth.

App. June,
1824 Left

1825
2nd Meth.

App. June,
1824 Left

1826
Federal St. Harv., 1820 Ord. June 30, 1824
St. Matthews Brown, 1812 Induct. July 18, 1824 Left June 24, 1832
King's Chapel Harv., 1814 Induct. Aug. 29, 1824 Died Aug. 2, 1843
New South Harv., 1820. Ord. Jan. 19, 1825
Chambers St. Harv., 1818 Ord. Feb. 9, 1825
Chh. Holy Cross Georget'n, D. C. May 10, 1825 Died Aug. 11, 1846
2nd Meth.

App
1825 Left

1826
1st Meth.

App
June,
1825 Left

1827
2nd Bapt.

Col'b. D.C. 1824 Ord. Dec. 28, 1825 Dism. Oct. 7, 1832
1st Christ.

Rec. as Pas. Jan. 1, 1826 Left Jan. 1, 1827
Indep. Meth. Afr.
Ord. March 18, 1826 Left

1828
(Bowdoin St. Yale, 1797 Inst. March 22, 1826 Dism. Sept. 26, 1832

(To be concluded.)

{twood, D. D.

June,

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