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Rev. Josiah Webster. The Presbyterian and Congregational churches united, and, thus constituted, agreed to give a call to the person who should
come to them recommended by Rev. Dr. Buckminster of Portsmouth, and Rev. Dr. Dana of Newburyport. Mr. Webster came thus recommended, and was soon invited to become their pastor. He accepted the invitation, and was installed June 8, 1808. Rev. Samuel Worcester of Salem, Ms., preached on the occasion; Rev. Stephen Peabody of Atkinson gave the charge ; and Rev. Jacob Abbot of Hainpton Falls, the right hand of fellowship. He was pastor of the church nearly twenty-nine years. He died March 27, 1837, aged 65. Rev. Dr. Dana of Newburyport preached his funeral sermon.
Mr. Webster was a son of Nathan Webster of Chester and Elisabeth Clifford his wife, and was born Jan. 16, 1772. His preparatory studies were under the direction of Rev. Mr. Remington of Candia, the Rev. Dr. Thayer of Kingston, and Hon. Stephen P. Webster, then preceptor of Atkinson Academy. He graduated at Dartmouth College in 1798, and immediately commenced the study of theology with the Rev. Stephen Peabody of Atkinson. In November, 1799, he was ordained pastor of the church in the second parish in Ipswich, Ms., then called Chebacco parish, now constituting the town of Essex, where he continued till 1806. Mr. Webster used to say that while at Ipswich he greatly profited by the advice and varied instructions appertaining to the min. istry, which he received from Rev. Dr. Worcester of Salem.
The following is a list of the sermons of Mr. Webster which have been published. The Mystery of Godliness: a Sermon delivered at Thomaston, Me., June 15, 1809, at the Installation of Rev. John Lord to the pastoral office in that place; Text, 1 Tim. jii : 16; a Sermon preached July 10, 1811, at the ordina. tion of the Rev. Joseph W. Dow to the pastoral care of the First Congregational Church and Society in Tyringham, Ms. ; to which is added the Charge by Rev. Jacob Catlin of New Marlborough, and the Right Hand of Fellowship by Rev. Alvan Hyde, D. D., of Lee; Text, Ezek. xxxvii: 1–4, 10; a Sermon, delivered at Newburyport, Nov. 26, 1812, on the evening of public Thanksgiving in Massachusetts ; Text, Ps. ii : 11; Christ on his way to enlarge his Kingdom, and to Judge the World: a Sermon delivered before the General Association of New Hampshire at their Annual Meeting in Haverhill, Sept. 21, 1819; Text, 2 Peter iii: 4; The Church Triumphant: a Sermon delivered at the North Church, Newburyport, at the Ordination of Rev. John Calvin Webster as Seamen's Chaplain at Cronstadt, the Port of St. Petersburg, Russia, March 15, 1837 ; to which is added the Charge, the Fellowship of the Churches, and the Special Instructions given on the occasion ; Text, Daniel vii: 27; Published by the Newburyport Seaman's Friend Society. This sermon was his last, and was delivered only twelve days before his death.
Mr. Webster married Elisabeth Knight, daughter of Maj. Eliphalet Knight and Martha Webster, his wife, of Atkinson. They had seven children, five sons, who are still living, and two daughters, who died in infancy. The sons are Eliphalet Knight, a physician at Boscawen; Josiah, resident at Blackstone ; John Calvin, pastor of a church at Hopkinton, Ms.; Joseph Dana, a U. S. topographical engineer; Claudius Buchanan, a physician now living at Norwich, Co. The four sons who obtained a public education, received their degrees at Dartmouth College. Mrs. Webster is still living, and resides with one of her sons.
The following inscription, prepared by the Rev. Dr. Dana of Newburyport, is found upon the monument which marks the place of his burial.
Sacred to the Memory
an exemplary Christian,
a faithful and affectionate Pastor,
a devoted and efficient Friend
" I heard a voice saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord, from henceforth; yea saith the Spirit that they may rest from their labors; and their works do follow them."
Mr. Webster was born at
Chester, Jan. 16, 1772;
Aug. 1798; ordained at
Installed at Hampton
1837, Aged 65. Rev. Erasmus Darwin Eldredge was ordained as successor to Rev. Mr. Webster. He was born at Dunstable, Ms., March 10, 1804, and is a son of Dr. Micah and Mrs. Sally Eldredge of Nashua, and a brother of Dr. Hezekiah Eldredge of Amesbury, Ms. His grandfather was Hezekiah Eldredge of Ashford, Ci., and his great-grandfather, Dea. Mulford Eldredge, who, at an early period, removed from Cape Cod to Mansfield, Ct. Mr. Eldredge graduated at Amherst College, 1829.
He married Isabella T. Hill, daughter of Dea. John B. Hill of Portsmouth, now of Belleville, N. J. They have had three children, John B. H., b. April 1, 1838, d. in infancy; Mary Ann Odiorne, b. April, 1840, and Henry Warren, b. April, 1845. Mr. Eldredge continues the faithful and affectionate Pastor of the church.
Huguenot is an appellation which was given to the Protestant Calvinists of France, and designated the same description of Christians in France that Puritan designated in England. In public documents the Huguenots were styled Ceux de la religion pretendue reformée, or Religionnaires. The principles of Luther and Zuinglius obtained an entrance into France, during the reign of Francis I., (1515–47,) and those who abandoned the Romish religion were called Lutherans. From this circumstance many have inferred that they were all believers in the doctrines of Luther, and averse to those of the Swiss. But they seem rather to have been a mixed company of different descriptions of persons. Geneva, which was the literary and ecclesiastical metropolis of the French reformed people, Lausanne and other cities which embraced the Calvinistic system of doctrines and discipline, and the zeal of Calvin, Farel, Beza, and others, in fostering and multiplying the opposers of the Romish see in France, induced them all, before the middle of the century arrived, to profess themselves the friends and brethren of the Genevans. By their enemies they were nicknamed, or con . temptuously denominated Huguenots, as early as 1560.
As to the origin of this appellation, there are various opinions, and which one is correct is not known with certainty. It originated, probably, in an erroneous pronunciation by the French of the Ger
man word Eidgenossen, which signifies confederates. This had been the name of that part of the inhabitants of Geneva, which entered into an alliance with the Swiss cantons in order to maintain their liberties against the tyrannical attempts of Charles III., Duke of Savoy. These valiant confederates were called Eignols, from which Huguenot seems to be derived.
The persecution which the Huguenots endured has scarcely a parallel in history. During the reign of Charles IX., Aug. 24, 1572, the massacre of Saint Bartholomew occurred, when 70,000 were martyred under circumstances of aggravated cruelty. In 1598, Henry IV. passed the famous edict of Nantes, which secured to the Protestants religious freedom. This edict was revoked by Louis XIV. Then, the churches of the Huguenots were destroyed, their persons were insulied by the soldiery, and, after the loss of the lives of multitudes, fifty thousand were driven into exile. In Holland they erected several places of Worship, and enjoyed the labors of some very distinguished preachers, among whom was the eloquent Saurin. In one of his printed sermons, he has the following apostrophe to the tyrant, Louis XIV., by whom they were driven into exile : “And thou, dreadful prince, whom I once honored as my king, and whom yet I respect as a scourge in the hand of Almighty God, thou also shalt have a part in my good wishes! These provinces, which thou threatenest, but which the arm of the Lord protects; this country which thou fillest with refugees, but fugitives animated with love; those walls which contain a thousand martyrs of thy making, but whom religion makes victorious, - all these yet resound benedictions in thy favor. God grant the fatal bandage that hides the truth from thine eyes, may fall off! May God forget the rivers of blood with which thou hast deluged the earth, and which thy reign hath caused to be shed! May God blot out of his book the injuries which thou hast done us; and while he rewards the sufferers, may he pardon those who exposed us to suffer! O, may God who hath made thee to us and to the whole church, a minister of his judgments, make thee a dispenser of his favors, an administrator of his mercy!”
The Puritans who fled from civil and religious oppression in England to this country settled principally in the New England States, and the Huguenots who left France for the same reason located themselves principally in the Middle and Southern States. A few of them came to New England. They came also at a much later period than the Puritans did.
Genealogy is derived from the Greek words yevea, a family or generation, and hóyos, an account or description-- meaning an account of a family or of individuals in a series of descendants, or a succession of families; or it is the systematic account of the origin, descent, and relations of families. Genealogical knowledge is a branch of historical science, and is important not only in this light, but also in a personal and legal view, when by law personal or family claims are to be established. Genealogy is founded on the idea of a lineage or family. Persons descended from a common father constitute a family. Under the idea of degree is denoted the nearness or remoteness of relationship, in which one person stands with respect to another. A series of several persons, descended from a common progenitor, is called a line or lineage. A line is either direct or collateral. The direct line is divided into the ascending or descending line. As far as the seventh degree, particular names are given by the civil law in Latin ;- to the ascendants, as pater, avus, proavus, abavus, atavus, triavus, protriavus ; and to the descendants, as filius, nepos, pronepos, abnepos, trinepos, protrinepos. The other ascendants are in general, called majores, (ancestors,) and the other descendants, posteri, (posterity.) Collateral lines comprehend the several lines, which unite in a common progenitor. They are equal or unequal, according as the number of degrees in the lines is the same or different. The collateral relations on the father's side are termed agnati, and on the mother's, cognati. Children are connected with each other in the relation of full blood, or half blood, according as they are descended from the same parents or have only one parent in common. Cousin-german is a cousin of full blood.
For illustrating descent and relationship, genealogical tables are constructed, the order of which depends on the end in view. In tables, the object of which is to show all the individuals embraced in a family, it is usual to begin with the oldest progenitor, and to place all the persons of the male or female sex in descending, and then in collateral, lines. Other tables exhibit the ancestors of a particular person in ascending lines, both on the father's and mother's side.
Synchronical tables consist of the genealogies of several families placed together, in order to compare, with facility, relationships, marriages, and divisions of inheritance.
Historic genealogical tables differ from mere genealogical tables, as biographical notices are connected with the individuals named.
The common form of genealogical tables places the common stock at the head, and shows the degree of each descendant by lines.
Genealogica Arbor, or tree of consanguinity, signifies a genealogy or lineage drawn out under the figure of a tree with its roots, stock, and branches. The genealogical degrees are usually represented in circles, ranged over, under, and aside each other.
THE ENDICOTT FAMILY.
BY CHARLES M. ENDICOTT, ESQ., OF SALEM.
It is the general impression that all having this name in this country are descended from Governor Endecott. This is a mistake. There were families of “Indicotts,” distinct from his, residing in Boston and its vicinity, some time previous to 1700. The two names probably had the same origin, though so different in orthography. Of these there was a “John Indicott,” warden of King's Chapel, and a man of some consequence in 1691 ; “Gilbert Indicott,” yeoman, of Dorchester, born in 1658; and a “ William Indicott." They appear to have been brothers, and contemporaries of Gov. Endecott's grandchildren, but could not have been derived from him. Gilbert and William left many descendants, who now reside in Dedham, Canton, and the south part of Massachusetts, and also in Connecticut, as well as some other portions of the country. Some still retain the same orthography as their ancestors, while others have changed it to "Endicott,” which has led to the prevailing error. What connection, if any, existed between their ancestor or ancestors, and Gov. Endecott, is uncertain. It is not, however, improbable that they emigrated to this country under his patronage, and that they were in some way connected with him. The Governor, and his descendants to the third generation, (1724,) spelt their names Endecott; since then an i has been substituted for the e in the second syllable. For explanation of the following plan of genealogy, see page 171.
FIRST GENERATION. (1) I. Gov. John Endećott, born in Dorchester, Dorsetshire, Eng. land, in 1588; m. Anna Gouer, who accompanied him to New England in 1628. She died in 1629, leaving no children. He married again, Aug. 17, 1630, Elisabeth Gibson of Cambridge, England. He died March 15th, 1665. He left children, 1-1 John, b. ab. 1632. (2) 2—2 Zerubbabel, b. in 1635. (3)
SECOND GENERATION. (2) II. JOHN ENDECOTT (1-1) was m. in 1653 to Elisabeth Howchins, dau. of Jeremiah Howchins; d. 1667, leaving no children; resided in Boston. His will is dated Jan. 27, 1667. His widow m. Rev. James Allen, a pastor of the First Church in Boston.
(3) II. ZERUBBABEL ENDECOTT (2—2), m. in 1654 to Mary - She d. in 1677; m. for his second wife Elisabeth, dau. of Gov.Winthrop, and widow of the Rev. Antipas Newman. He was a physician, and lived in Salem; d. in spring of 1684. His will is dated Nov. 1683. He left children, 3-1 John, b
1657. (4) 4—2 Samuel, b
1659. (5) 5-3 Zerubbabel, b. Feb. 14, 1664. 16) 6-4 Benjamin, b. 1665. (7) 7-5 Mary, b 1667, m. Ísaac Williams of Salem, Aug. 2, 1685. 8-6 Joseph, b 1672. (8) 9-7 Sarah,
1673, m. Brown?