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removal of Vincent and Daniel to the county of Cork in Ireland, and of Daniel from thence to Virginia, in the beginning of the seventeenth century, (the period when the pedigree closes,) of which there is the following evidence.
William Penn in a letter to his Colony, dated at London, 28th 7th mo., 1708, said, “Now, my dear friends, as to outward things I have sent a new Governor (Col. Charles Gookin] of years and experience ; of a quiet easy temper, that I hope will give offence to none, nor too easily put up with any if offered him, without hope of amendment, &c. He is sober, understandeth to command and obey, and of what they call a good family, his grand father Sir Vincent Gookin, having been an early great planter in Ireland in King James the first and the first Charles' days." *
In 1655.6, Henry Cromwell wrote to Secretary Thurloe. “I heare my Lord Broghill, William Johnson, Vin. Gookin, are chosen for Corke County and townes therein ” — "for the parliament of this nation.” Several letters from Sir Vincent to the Protector, and to Secretary Thurloe are preserved in " Thurloe's State Papers," some of them written in cipher.
“ Master Daniel Gookin" was the tenth in a list of 26 Patentees, to whom patents were granted in 1620, (18 James 1st] and who had “ Vndertaken to transport great multitudes of people and cattle to Virginia."1 The famous Capt. John Smith has chronicled Gookin's arri. val in Virginia, and preserved his memory in the pages of his "Generall Historie."
In "1621— The 22d of November arrived Master Gookin out of Ireland, with fiftie men of his owne and thirtie Passengers, exceedingly well furnished with all sorts of Provision and cattle and planted himself at Nupors-Newes, [Newport's-News, Virginia.] The cotten in a yeere grew so thick as one's arme, and so high as a man: here anything that is planted doth prosper so well as in no place better.”
On the twenty-second of March, in the year following, the general massacre by the Savages, took place, when three hundred and fortyseven whites were slain in various parts of the Colony - the entire population at that time being about four thousand. Then, says Captain Smith,
“This lamentable and so unexpected disaster, ... drave them all to their wit's end. It was twenty or thirty daies ere they could resolve what to doe: but at last it was concluded all the petty Plantations should be abandoned, and drawne only to make good five or six places. Now for want of boats, it was impossible on such a sudden to
* The whole letter is printed in “ Proud's Hist. of Pennsylvania," Vol. II, note on pages 4th and 5th. “His Majesty in Council, of the 8th of January, 1719-20, ordered” the petition of “ Captain Charles Gookin, late Deputy-Governor of Pennsylvania," "setting forth his many years faithful service in the army, wherein he lost his rank, on account of being preferred to ihe Government of Penna, and for supporting the dignity whereof,” &c. &c., praying for a grant of " Islands lying waste and uninhabited in the midst of Delaware River," &c., to be considered by the Lords of Trade," who made a favorable Report at “Whitehall, Sept. 1721." It is singular that Penn should appoint an officer of the British Army, to be Governor of his Quaker Colony, † See Vol. VI. pp. 19, 37, 327, 646.
Purchas' Pilgrims, Vol. IV.,
“ The Generall Historie of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles, from 1584 to 1626, by Capt. John Smith.” London.' 1627, folio, pp. 140, 150.
V., p. 1785.
bring also their Cattle and many other things, which they had then in possession, all which for the most part at their departure, was burnt, ruined, and destroyed by the Salvages. Only Master Gookins at Nu. port's-news would not obey the Commissioners' command in that, though he scarce had five and thirty of all sorts with him, yet he thought himself sufficient against what could happen, and so did, to his great credit, and the content of his Adventurers.
" Master Gookins at Nuports-Newes, hauing thirtie fiue of all sorts with him refused that order and made good his part against the Sauvages."
This indication of Gookin's character renders it probable that he was one of those referred to by Sir William Keith, who having their own private gain more in view than any regular settlement of the Colony, went over and carried Stock and Servants along with them, separate from those of the Company, each designing to take land for himself as Capt. Newport had done, and others again who grasped not only at large Grants of Land, but even royalties and particular Immunities within their own Manors which were truly inconsistent with, as well as independent of the Civil Power, and consequently very destructive of that equality of Right and Good Order, that ought to be maintained in such å settlement.f
Among the records of the General Court of Virginia is an indenture made the 16th of November, A. D. 1626, " between John Thurlby merchant, Thomas Coe and William Streets, mariners, in the behalf of Daniel Gookinge of Carygoline in the county of Corke within the king. dome of Ireland esq' of the one part and Richard Griffin late servant to the said Daniell Gooking, resident at Elizabeth City in Virginia, yeoman, of the other part," whereby the parties of the first part, "in the behalf of the said Daniel Gooking, as well for and in consideracon of the good and honnest service the said Daniel Gooking and his assignes have had and reced from the said Richard Griffen, as also for and in consideracon of the yearly rent and other conditions hereafter mentioned and expressed," " doe give, grant, assigne and confirme unto the said Richa Griffen his heires and assignes one hundred acres of land, being part of the land belonging to the lordshipp of the said Daniel Gooking, scituate and lyeth above Newport Newes at the place now called Maries Mount.”
Among the records of the said General Court, there is also an inden. ture made the first day of February, A. D. 1630, “between Daniell Gooking of Newport Newes in Virginia, gent. of the one part and Thomas Addison late servant to the said Daniell his father of the other part,” whereby " the said Daniell Gooking younger, in the behalfe of his father, as well for and in consideracon of the good and honnest ser. vice the said Daniel Gooking and his assignes have had and received from the said Thomas Addison, as alsoe for and in consideration of the yearly rent and other conditions hereafter mentioned and expressed, doe give, grant, assigne and confirme unto the sd Thomas Addison his heires one fifty acres of land, being part of the land belonging to the lordshipp of the said Daniel Gooking, is scituate and leyeth above Newport Newes at a place there now called Maries Mount."
The following are extracts from the order book of the General Court of Virginia :
* Purchas' Pilgrims, Vol. IV., p. 1792.
" At a court holden at James Citty the nyne and twentyeth of June 1642. Present sWilliam Berkeley knl Governor &c. Capt. John West MRich. Kemp Capt. William Brocas Capt. Christ. Wormley Capt. Hum. Higginson. The comicon for the monethly court of Upp.
Norfolke to be renewed and the com" to be as followeth : Capt. Daniell Gookin comander. M'ffrancis Hough Capt. Tho. Burbage M John Hill Mr. Olliver Spry, Mr. Thomas Dew M' Randall Crew M Robert Bennett Mr. Philip Bennett. The Capts. of trayned Bands to be as followeth: Capt. Daniell Gookin, Capt. Thomas Burbage.”
" At a Quarter Court holden at James Citty the 22th of November 1642. Present Si William Berkeley knight" &c. “Whereas Capt. John Gookin hath represented to the Board certayne Outrages and Robberyes comitted by the Indians belonging to Nanzemond in the county of the Lower Norfolke, The Court hath therefore ordered according to the request of the said Capt. John Gooking, That Authority be given to the Comander of the Upp. Norfolke either by Lre or Commicon to send to the Indian King of Nansimond that those Indians who have comitted the Outrages may be sent in to receive such condigne punishm' as the nature of the offence may justly merritt, as alsoe to restore the goods stollen, which if he shall refuse to pforme that then the said Comander shall have power to apprehend any of the Indians they can and to keepe them in hold untill satisfaccon and restitucon be accordingly made."
There is also an order of court made the 20th of Jannary, 1644, upon the petition of dame Elizabeth Harvey, substituting Richard Kemp, Esq., and Capt. William Peirce, as trustees in the place of “Capt. Samuell Mathews esq. George Ludlow esq. Capt. Daniell Gookin and Capt. Thomas Bernard," the former trustees under a feoffment made by the said dame Elizabeth for the use of Samuel Stevens, gent., her son by a former marriage.*
"A grant of 2500 acres in the Upper County of Norfolk, upon the North West of Nansemond River, issued to Daniel Gookius Esq. 29 Dec 1637: also a grant of 1400 acres on Rappahannock River, about thirty five miles upon the North side, issued to Capt. Daniel Gookin, 4th of November, 1642." +
It is probable that the Master Gookin mentioned in Smith's History of Virginia was the father of the Daniel Gookinge who made the deed of February, 1630, to Thomas Addison ; that at the date of that deed the elder Daniel Gookin had returned to Ireland; and that the " Captain Daniel Gooking” mentioned in the various orders of the General Court was Daniel Gooking the younger. Capt. John Gookin may have been a brother to Daniel, Jr., and named for John Gokin of Ripple Court, his grandfather. Several grants of land were issued to John Gookin.
In 1642, our Puritan Colonists sent Missionaries to Episcopalian Vir. ginia, which soon excited opposition there, and in the next year, 1643, the Assembly passed an Act, which not only forbade the New England Clergy" to teach or preach publicly or privately,” but ordered also that " the Governor and Council do take care that ALL Non-conformists ... shall be compelled to depart the Colonie with all conveniencie,”# so that
* The above extracts are certified by N. P. Howard, Esq., Clerk of the General Court of Virginia, Sept. 7, 1847.
+ Letter from William W. Parker, Esq., first Clerk of " Virginia Land Office.”
1 " Hening's Statutes at Large,” Vol. 1., p. 227, communicated by the Rev. Henry Gookin Storer of Scarboro', Me., late of Virginia, a grandson of the late Hon. Daniel Gookin of North Hampton, N. H.
the removal to New England of some of the converts of the Missionaries may have been compulsory rather than from choice. Cotton Mather in his biography of Thompson, one of the Missionaries, recording his success there, says:
“A constellation of Great Converts there
Daniel Gookin here referred to is distinguished in the Annals of the Colony of Massachusetts. He came with his family probably, in the Ship which arrived at Boston, May 10th, 1644, and on “y® 26th day of yo 3d moneth,” 1644, Captaine Daniell Gookin“ was admitted to the 1st chh. in Boston, and on the 29th was honored with the freedom of the Colony, favors rarely conferred on persons of so short a residence, only six and nine days after his arrival, and probably intended as an acknowledgment of his kindness to the missionaries in Virginia, and his distinction in that Colony.
About five months after, on the motion of Thomas Leverett, on the 12th, 8th, 1644, “ Mrs. Mary Gookin, of brother Captaine Gookin's wife" was also admitted to the same church, of which John Cotton was pastor.
Gov. Winthrop in a letter written at Boston “ 14. (3)  47 ” says, “there came in this morning, a ship from Virginia with Capt. Gookin and some others. She was bought by him (of ] the Governor there.She came out ten days since."} From this it appears that Gookin was a man of property, and perhaps engaged in commercial transactions, and it is not improbable that he may have engaged in other voyages to Virginia. - In an old paper, dated“ March 28th, 1648," he is mentioned as " late of Virginia, Gent." and reference is made to a record “in Nansamond in Virginia.”ll In 1648, Captain Gookin removed to Cambridge, and from this time appears to have resided permanently in New England. “ The 3d Day of ye 7th Month 1648, our brother Captaine Gookin and o' Sister Mrs. Mary Gookin his wife, were according to their owne Desires with ye Consent of yo Church by their silence dismissed to ye church at Cambridge and to have tres accordingly" from Mr. Cotton's church in Boston. There, various offices of trust were conferred upon him. In 1649 and 1651, he was elected a representative of Cambridge, and in the last year was chosen Speaker of the House. In 1652 he was elected an Assistant, and re-elected continuously to 1686, a space of thirty-five years. In November, 1655, Cromwell had a favorite project of colonizing Jamaica, which Eng. land had recently acquired from Spain, by capture, with people from New England, and had "sent Commissioners and Instructions into New England to try what people might be drawn thence.”
" Long correspondences about it, and details, froni assiduous Mr. Gookin, Chief of those Commissioners," are preserved in Thurloe. The
* Magnalia, Book III., Ch. 17.
First Church Records, Boston. Savage's Winthrop, Vol. II, p. 353. Middlesex Court Records. q" Letters and Speeches of Oliver Cromwell, by Thomas Carlyle" - Letter CXLIII, and note *_"Thurloe's State Papers," Vol. IV., pp. 6, 440, 449, Vol. V., p. 509, Vol. VI., p. 362.
scheme was unsuccessful, from "the unhealthfulness of the Island," and strong fears of continual invasions and disquiet from the Spaniards. Mr. Gookin in his letter, written at Boston, Jan. 21, 1655, informed Secretary Thurloe “ that it pleased the Lord, two days since to land him safe in New England after ten weekes of an exercising passage from the Isle of Wight;" and that it cannot yet be collected upon any grounds of certainty what will be the issue of my imploy." Govs. Endecott and Bellingham, in a letter to Cromwell of date Oct. 234, 1656, acknowledged the receipt" by Capt. Gookin of his highness proposals for the removal of some of ours io Jamaica.” The late date of this letter may indicate that Gookin had again been to England, after January, the date of his first letter. In 1656, he was appointed by the " General Court" superintendent of all the Indians who had submitted to the Government of Massachusetts ; but he still faithfully urged Cromwell's plan, which he did not abandon as utterly hopeless until the summer of 1657, when he addressed a letter at “ Cambridge in New England, June 20th, 1657," to Secretary Thurloe, which concludes as follows: “And now, right honourable, since my service for his highness in this place seems fully ended at present, I hope it may be no offense if I return for England by the next shipps, respecting some particular ocasions of my owne left undone at my coming away; and also to tender myself ready, (if called thereunto), with my poor mite to serve his renowned highness in the Lord, unto whome my hart stands firmely bent and devoted, as to him, whome the God of heaven hath eminently designed to doe great things for the honour of his great name, inlardgement of the Kingdome of his Christ, and good of his poore church; which the good Lord strengthen him and his helpers unto every day more and more ; and when their work is finished receive him and them into the third heaven, to triumph in glory through eternitie --so he humbly and earnestly desires to pray, who is
and your honour's servant,
To prevent contentions and heresies, laws were passed abridging the liberty of the press, and for a time no printing was allowed in any town within the jurisdiction of Massachusetts except Cambridge. In 1662, Gen. Daniel Gookin and the Rev. Mr. Mitchell were appointed the first licensers of the printing press.
Mr. Gookin's office of Indian Commissioner, enabled him to obtain a thorough knowledge of the Indian nations, and as the result of eighteen years of official observation, in 1674, Dec. 7th, “ he dedicated his Historical Collections of the Indians in New England, of their several pations, numbers, customs, manners, religion and government, before the Eng. lish planted there," to King Charles II.+ In the work he says of his active and earnest associate, the Apostle Eliot,“ the truth is, Mr. Eliot engaged in this great work of preaching unto the Indians upon a very pure and sincere account; for I being his neighbor and intimate friend, at the
* Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts Bay, pp. 257, '8. - Thomas' History of Printing in the United States, Vol. I., p. 207.
| First volume of the Massachusetts Historical Collections.