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time when he first attempted the enterprise, he was pleased to communicate unto mę his design and the motives that induced him there. unto."* In 1677, Dec. 18th, he dedicated to the Hon. Robert Boyle his “ Historical Account of the doings and sufferings of the Christian Indians in New England, in the years 1675-6-7.”+

King Philip's war had excited extreme jealousy toward the friendly Indians, and Gookin and Eliot, convinced of their innocence, by their unwavering friendship and fidelity to them, became very unpopular. Gookin was afraid to walk the streets. Eliot records, in “ 1676, 2 month, 4th," Election Day, that “the people in their distemper left out Capt. Gookins, and put him off the Bench.

The following incident also related by Eliot, exhibits the popular feeling. "1676, on the 7th day of the 20 month, Capt. Gookins, Mr. Danforthill Mr. Stoughton, 1 we sent by the councill to order matters at Long Island, for the Indiaus planting there – y called me wth ym - in of way thither, a great boat of about 14 tun, meeting ns, turned hard upon us, (wheth' wilfully or by negligence, God, he knoweth.)

"y run the stern of of boat w' we 4 sat under water, o' boat's saile, or something tangled with the great boat and by God's mercy kept to it, my Cosin Jakob and Cosin Perrie, being forward in o' boat quickly got up into the great Boat - I so sunk I drank in salt water iwice and could not help it. God assisted my two cosins to deliver us all, and help us into the great boat, wch wo not far from the Castle, where we went ashore, dryed and refreshed, and y went to the Island, p'formed o' work, returned, praised he the Lord. Some thanked God, and some wished we had been drowned - Soone after [he] yo wished we had been drowned, was himself drowned about the same place we we we so wonderfully delivered”-“day 12th the Indians came off the Island

Capt. Gookins cars for them at Cambridg."

“Gookin was a very Moses in those pious efforts on behalf of the Indians of which Eliot was the Aaron."it - His friend Eliot in a letter to Robert Boyle calls him "a pillar in our Indian work."11

Gookin by his inflexible integrity and earnest action, gradually regained the popular confidence, particularly by his bold and strong support of the charter against the machinations of the infamous Randolph, the evil genius of New England “who exhibited to the Lords of the Council, articles of high misdemeanor against him and others." He drew up a remonstrance against sending an agent to England, and as the paper is an important document, it may be published in a future number.

Gookin in “ his old age wrote “The History of New England," in eight Books, which he left in manuscript, and which is now supposed to be lost. In the close of the 3rd Book he gave “ a brief account of the author's life, and the reasons inducing him to remove himself and family into New England."'*9


* Chap. V.

Second volume of the Transactions of the American Antiquarian Society.
Baylies' " Memoir of Plymouth,” Vol. II., Part 3, p. 64.

First Church Records, Roxbury.— Bliss's History of Rehoboth, pp. 101, '2. 1 Deputy-Governor of Massachusetts, President of Maine, &c. &c.

Chief Justice of the Province, Lieutenant-Governor, &c. &c. ** First Chh. Records, Roxbury. tt MS. of the Rev. Samuel Sewall of Burlington, Ms. 1 Birch's Life of Boyle, p. 437. $$ Massachusetts Historical Collections, Vol. I., pp. 224, '5

In 1681, when about 70 years of age, he was appointed Major General of the Colony.*

Chief Justice Samuel Sewall, in his journal of March 18, 1689, says, "I go to Charlestown Lecture, and ya wth Capt. Hutchinson to see dying Major Gookin : He speaks to us, March 19, Saterday ab 5 or 6 in ye Morn. Major Daniel Gookin dies, a right good man — Tuesday, March 22, 1686-7, Major Gookin buried."

His resting place, in the south-east corner of the old Cambridge burying-ground, is beneath a brick monument covered with a stone slab, bearing this inscription, thus:

Here lyeth intered
ye body of Major Genel

75 yeares, who
departed this life
yo 19th of March,


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Johnson, who was from the County of Kent, and who knew Gookin, terms him “a Kentish Soldier;" † and the following evidence from the correspondence of Gov. Charles Gookin, the grandson of Sir Vincent Gookin, with a grandson of Gen. Gookin, confirms the presumption of the General's descent from Daniel, the brother of Sir Vincent.

Philadelphia, Nov. 28, 1709. I assure you that the account you gave me of that part of our family settled in America, was extremely satisfactory. . . The Spring will be a time of some leisure with me; I mean from the beginning of March to the last of April. I purpose, God willing, to pass one part of that time with you and others, our relations at Boston." And in another letter, dated“ gbr. 22d. 1710:”, “ By letters from Ireland I am informed two of our relatives are lately dead, viz. Robert Gookin, son of my uncle Robert, and Augustine Gookin, eldest son of my uncle Charles." "By the packet I have letters from the Proprietors, &c.

Di Coss" y very affect Kinsman

and Serv't

CHARLES GOOKIN. (To be continued.)


I. REGINALD Foster was the venerable patriarch of the family in America. He was descended from an ancient and respectable family settled in the west of England, connected with those of the name in the north of England, who wrote their name Forster, and were distinguished for their exploits against the Scots mentioned in "The Lay of the Last Minstrel" and in "Marmion." He came from England at the time so many emigrated to Massachusetts, in 1638, and with his family was on board one of the vessels embargoed by King Charles I. He settled at Ipswich in the county of Essex, with his wife, five sons, and

* Hutchinson's History, pp. 331, 335.

" Wonder Working Providence,” Ch. 26.

| MS. and p. 113 of the Register.

89 years.

two daughters; where he lived to extreme old age, with as much peace and happiness as was compatible with his circumstances in the settlement of a new country. The names of his five sons who came with him from England, were 1. Abraham; 2. Reginald; 3. William ; 4. Isaac; and 5. Jacob, (ancestor of the Connecticut, New York, and New Jer. sey Fosters.) One of the daughters who came with him from England married first a Wood, and after his death she married a Peabody. His other daughter married a Story, ancestor of Dr. Story, formerly of Boston, and of the late Judge Story. It is remarkable of this family, that they all lived to extreme old age, all married, and all had large families from whom are descended a very numerous progeny settled in various parts of the United States.

IL ABRAHAM FOSTER, (son of Reginald,) was born at Exeter in Eng. land, in the year 1622, and at sixteen years of age came with his father and settled in Ipswich, where he married and had children as follows: 1. Ephraim, b. Oct. 9, 1657; 2. Abraham, b. Oct. 16, 1659; 3. Benjamin, b. 1670; 4. Ebenezer, born July 15, 1672; 5. Mehetabel, b. Oct. 12, 1675; 6. Caleb, b. Nov. 9, 1677. He lived to old age, dying Jan. 25, 1711, a.

III. Ephraim FOSTER, (son of Abraham and grandson of Reginald,) b. at Ipswich, Oct. 9, 1657, m. Hannah Eames and settled in Andover, Ms., where he had the following children: 1. Rose, b. May 9, 1678, d. 1692; 2. Hannah, b. May 28, 1682, d. young; 3. Hannah, b. May 15, 1684, m. Timothy Styles of Boxford, and had a very numerous progeny living in 1777 ; 4. Jemima, b. Feb. 25, 1686, m. Ezekiel Ladd; 5. Ephraim, b. March 12, 1687, m. Jan. 11, 1716, to Abigail Poor of Newbury, and settled at Andover; 6. John, b. March 26, 1690, m. Jan. 17, 1715, to Rebecca Rowland; 7. Gideon, b. May 13, 1692; 8. David, b. April 18, 1694; 9. Moses, b. Sept. 27, 1696; 10. Aaron, b. April 21, 1699; 11. Joshua, b. March 13, 1702.

IV. EPHRAIM FOSTER, (son of Ephraim,) b. in Andover, March 12, 1687. He was a blacksmith and settled at Andover, where he d. April 8, 1738, in the 52nd year of his age. His wife was Abigail Poor of Newbury. They had six children, of whom only one arrived at years of maturity; namely, Jedediah, b. Oct. 10, 1726. The widow Abigail Foster m. Capt. Fry, and d. Aug. 28, 1747.

V. JEDEDIAU FOSTER, (son of Ephraim,) b. at Andover, Oct. 10, 1726, graduated at H. C. 1744. He soon after went to Brookfield in the county of Worcester, and engaged in mercantile pursuits with Brigadier-General Joseph Dwight, whose daughter Dorothy he m. May 18, 1749. He was a man very much trusted and respected. He sustained various offices; was a Deacon of the church in the first parish; Major in the militia ; Judge of Probate for the County; Judge of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts; a member of the Legislature several times, and of the Convention for framing a Constitution for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He died, Oct. 17, 1779, aged 53. A sermon was preached on the occasion of his death, by Nathan Fiske, D. D., in which he gave him a high character for usefulness in church and state. His children were 1. Pamela, b. Aug. 12, 1750, d. Jan. 19, 1751; 2. Theodore, b. April 29, 1752, O, S., graduated at the College in Rhode Island, (now Brown University,) 1770, (ad eundem, Dartmouth, 1786, m. 1. Lydia Fenner, daughter of Gov. Fenner; 2. Esther Bowen Millard. He was a lawyer of distinction; was Senator in Congress from Rhode Island thirteen years; was a lover of the

study of antiquities, particularly American; and made considerable collections toward a history of Rhode Island, which he planned, but from habits of procrastination never executed. In the preface to his Life of Roger Williams, Knowles used what he found advantageous to his purpose among Mr. Foster's papers. Mr. Foster died in Provi. dence, at the house of his daughter, Mrs. Stephen Tillinghast, 183–; 3. Theophilus, b. March 16, 1754, d. in Wilmington, Vt., about nine years since, a farmer; 4. Abigail, b. Jan. 10, 1756, d. July 25, 1779, never married ; 3. Dwight, b. Dec. 7, 1757, d. April 23, 1823; 6. Pere. grine, b. Dec. 28, 1759, m. a Mrs. Bradshaw, settled in Marietta, Ohio, where he d. in 1805, having been a man of great energy.

He left a number of children, two of whom are now living in Ohio ; 7. Ruth, m. Hon. Thomas Ives, a lawyer and extensive farmer in Great Bar. rington, Berkshire county, Massachusetts.

VI. Dwight FostER, (son of Jedediah,) b. at Brookfield, Ms., Dec. 7, 1757, graduated at the College in Rhode Island, 1774, (M. A. ad eundem, Harvard ;) taught school at several places, studied law partly with his brother Theodore at Providence and partly with the celebrated Major Joseph Hawley at Northampton, commenced the practice of law at Providence, R. I., but, immediately upon the death of his father, Oct. 17, 1779, removed to Brookfield, and was chosen to supply the vacancy from Brookfield in the Convention for forming the Constitu. tion of Massachusetts, created by his father's death. He m. Rebecca Faulkner, May 7, 1783. She was the eldest daughter of Col. Francis Faulkner of Acton, and had two brothers, graduates at Harvard College, namely, Luther, 1802, William Emerson, 1797. Mr. Foster was a lawyer of extensive practice, and sustained many offices of trust and honor, having been High-Sheriff of the County, Representative in Congress, Senator in Congress from Massachusetts, Elector of President, ChiefJustice of the Court of Common Pleas for the County of Worcester, and member of the Executive Council of Massachusetts.

He was a man of very considerable acquirements, of great dignity and suavity of manners, and of unbending integrity. He died in Brookfield, April 23, 1823, having been for some years laid aside from active usefulness, by disease. His children were 1. Pamela, b. March 4, 1784, d. unmarried, Sept. 16, 1807 ; 2. Algernon Sidney, b. Nov. 22, 1785, d. at Brookfield, July 25, 1823, never married ; 3. Sophia Dwight, b. July 30, 1787, m. Samuel M. Burnside, Esq., an attorney of Worcester, Oct, 1816, where she now lives; 4. Alfred Dwight, b. July 26, 1800.

VII. Alfred DWIGHT, (son of Dwight Foster,) was born at Brookfield, July 26, 1800, received his preparatory education by private instruction and at Leicester Academy, graduated at Harvard College in 1819, and studied law at Worcester with Samuel M. Burnside, Esq. He resides at Worcester, and has represented that town in General Court, and been a member of the Governor's Council. He is a Trustee of Leicester Academy and of Amherst College, has been a Trustee of the State Lunatic Hospital, and its Treasurer ever since its establishment.

He married Lydia Stiles, daughter of John W. Stiles, Esq., of Wor. cester, Feb., 1828, and has three children; Dwight, b. Dec. 13, 1828; Mary Stiles, b. May 23, 1830; and Rebecca Faulkner, b. April 1, 1832. They are all living, and Dwight is a member of the Senior Class in Yale College.




The terms used to designate the different degrees of consanguinity and relationship are often indefinitely or erroneously used. For the purpose of defining them accurately, and introducing a more correct use of them, this article, embracing the following diagram, is prepared.*

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1. Husbanıl and Wife. A man married to a woman, is the husband

of that woman; as in the diagram, the first circle, numbered 1,

* In the diagram, the circles represent males, and the squares represent females. The dotted lines connect blood and marriage relations, and solid lines connect relations by adoption. M significs married and U unmarried.

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