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on his

known authors to newspapers and maga

(3) The Company are to acquire the copyaines.

rights of twelve romances by a certain author. (3) The copyrights of twelve romances.

Here we are face to face with a difficulty. We should like to say a few words about each. Romances are a valuable property, and do not

(1) The money value of the copyrights of the require either the accurate attention or the careful J.E.M. guide-books has been estimated by a revision, editing, and bringing up to date which person of experience, and we are bound to presume must be so annoying to the author of a guide-book; that he had before him all the necessary data, but but it is with romances as it is with guide-books—if we do not find that a statement made in the they are not good the public won't have them, and prospectus is borne out either by the literary if they are not by a well-known name the public agent's estimate or our own personal experience as won't look at them. to the value of different forms of literary property.

To which class do these twelve romances It is said in the prospectus that guide-books pay belong to either? to neither? to both? almost better than any other class of books. On We do not speak in the least bit other than this we have to remark first, that in some cases the most courteously, but if the author writes under receipts obtained from the sale of guide-books are the name given in the circular he has not a lırge, these are the cases where the expense to be well-known name; and to the best of our belief incurred to make the production accurate and up has not under that name given to the public as yet to date, will be proportionately large; and secondly, a good book. If, however, he writes under a that the number of guide-books which achieve nom-de-plume it is a different case entirely, and he substantial success is very small in comparison may be the popular author of admirable romances; with the numbers issued. For each of which but then how does he come to have twelve on reasons we demur at the statement that they form hand? We make bold to say that Miss Braddon a valuable class of books. If anyone has private and Mrs. Oliphant never yet got so far ahead of information concerning the sale of the J.E.M. their market and their printer. The directors guide-books, such a person can

act

ought to take the investor more into their confijudgment, but to the ordinary public this would dence, but in the absence of information on the not be a safe guide on this subject.

subject we must examine this matter for ourselves. (2) There are large profits to be made by the Either this author has tried to dispose of these syndicating of the works of certain authors, but romances in book form, and has not met with not by the syndicating of the works of the writer in encouragement from the purblind publisher, and general. Now Tarstow, Denver and Company, in that case we make bold to say that these Limited, has, we gather from the prospectus, arisen copyrights are not worth buying or he has purfrom the ashes of "The Authors' Co-operative Pub- posely kept his work back from a large and eager lishing Company, Limited,” and this latter Company public, so that its value might be enhanced by published a list of certain of their clients whose the delay. In this latter case it would seem that work was available for syndicating purposes. In he might be disposing of his copyrights cheaply, the absence from Tarstow, Denver and Company's and that his best method of repaying himself for prospectus of all mention of the well-known names his work would be to take his payment in shares. upon whom it is proposed to rely, it is difficult not If he has not wanted the publishers' money why to come to the conclusion that the authors whose should he want the money of Tarstow, Denver and works are to be syndicated are those mentioned in Company, Limited ? the Authors' Co-operative Publishing Company, But, after all, these matters would become clear Limited's list. Now this list did not consist of if we knew the names of the twelve romances well-known authors. There were in it one or two and the places where they could be read in serial good names and one or two more or less familiar form. The investor is left too much in the dark. names, but, as a whole, the gentlemen and ladies The Society of Authors would only too gladly who were ready to supply work in serial form recognize with cordiality the success of any

scheme through the agency of the Authors' Co-operative of any sort whereby authors, their agents, their Publishing Company, Limited, were not well- employers, and their public could be brought to known authors. If it is to these authors that the look upon literary work as property to be dealt with prospectus of Tarstow, Denver and Company, according to the usual rules prevalent in the Limited, refers, then, having recollection of the disposal of other forms of property, but it cannot great practical difficulty in finding a serial market be conceded that Tarstow, Denver and Company for any but the work of the very best known Limited, hold forth—on examination of their people, we respectfully submit that the chances prospectus-much chance of pecuniary benefit to of large profits to the shareholders are very poor.

the investor.

T"

A

AN ENGLISH ACADEMY.

out. Will those who are ready to make trial send

me their lists? They should be two-fold, thusHE pressure on our space does not allow of 1, Books wanted.

a long letter from Mr. J. McGrigor Allan 2. Books to exchange or to sell. The price being printed in full. He quotes Bulwer

should be stated. Lytton on the Royal Society; but the Royal Society Names, but not for publication, should accomof 1891 is a very different institution from that of

pany the list. 1827. Also the same authority on the French Academy and on the Royal Academy. He concludes :-“ Human nature and English character have not changed since Bulwer wrote. We know

IN GRUB STREET. exactly what to expect, if an Academy of Letters should be established. It would be powerfully UTHORS may be interested to know that influenced—if not leavened, and actually governed

the movement set on foot at Mr. Henry by Royalty, Aristocracy, and the Clergy. The

Blackburn's Art School in Victoria Street, Republic of Letters would be heavily handicapped. to give information as to the best way to draw for A British Forty of Bishops, Historians, Poets, reproduction in the press, is now thoroughly estabEssayists, Moral Philosophers, Philologists, and lished. A considerable number of students have Scientists might not deign to recognise even a first- qualified themselves according to their ability, for rate novelist as a man, or woman of letters. To

drawing for the press, and more than one author of many such, a popular novelist would hardly be

note has mastered the technique of book illustration. known by report. Horace Walpole relates that But Mr. Henry Blackburn's greatest prize in his Bishop Warburton recommended ' Tristram

school is a real life “art-critic." At last," he Shandy' to the Bench of Bishops, saying that the

says, “there will be one reviewer capable of author was the English Rabelais. They had never speaking of the modern 'processes 'from personal heard of such a writer !

An Oxford Professor knowledge.” thought Thackeray's Vanity Fair' a religious work! In a Literary Academy, Clerical influence

The firm of Field and Tuer is dissolved, Mr. would be against novelists. Novels are denounced

Field retiring. Mr. Andrew W. Tuer will continue from the pulpit. Yet wise preachers recommended the publishing and printing businesses, &c., under Richardson's novels. The most philosophical of the style of the Leadenhall Press. French novelists, Balzac, was not a member of the Academy. If I am correct in thinking that an English Literary Academy (while welcoming Messrs. Bentley have just issued a novel by Mr. princes and dukes) would hardly admit a Walter

Egerton Castle, under the title of "Consequences.” Scott, Literature would lose far more than it Mr. Castle is well-known as a skilful swordsman would gain, by establishing an English Academy of and also as a writer on swordsmanship. His Letters."

"Masters of Fence” is highly thought of the comparatively small circle of readers competent to express an opinion ; such a work and his bibliography of fencing appended to Mr. W. H. Pollock

and Mr. Grove's “ Fencing” volume of the BadTHE EXCHANGE OF BOOKS. minton Library showed that a master of fence

may be at the same time an antiquarian and a N the Author for June of last year, a suggestion scholar. Readers who had the good fortune to

was made that we might organize a kind of light on a short story which Mr. Castle contributed

Book Exchange. It was there pointed out some time ago to the Cornhill will not be that some men are constantly obliged to buy books surprised if he wins laurels on a larger field. for some special purpose which they do not want any more, and would be glad to exchange. Others there are who are always wanting to complete their Mr. Lockwood, speaking the other day on sets, improve their collections, get first editions, literature at the Graphic dinner, expressed himself all kinds of things.

profoundly sensible of the truth of the proverb, Why, it was asked, cannot the Author give us that "the pen is mightier than the sword.” His space to advertise these wants and wares? Why experience of the sword, however, he went on to not? If the idea seems practical, and one which confess, was limited. It seems he had to wear one might be taken up with advantage, let it be carried once at a Mansion House Dinner.

IN

It would be invidious to inquire as regards the Fox, London Correspondent of the Edinburgh obituary of the year 1890, (whether the year has Chronicle, whose sentiments about the nor:hern given us as much as it has taken away. Half-a- capital I must confess to sharing. dozen future geniuses may have been born, and it would be premature to prophesy immortality or oblivion for this or that work. Many may have

Messrs. Macmillan have just issued a pocket been overestimated, many great books may have

volume of the complete works of Lord Tennyson. been passed over. Even allowing for this, however, Of course the double column was a necessity, but it cannot be said to have been an annus mirabilis. why should the exterior be made to resemble a Of course everyone has been occupied with more prayer book ? Surely it was not an intentional important subjects than literature. Cannibalism, resemblance to defy detection when the Idylls of libel actions, divorce suits, ecclesiastical persecu- the King are preferable to a dull sermon. I tion, and a thousand other burning topics have taken suppose there are people who carry favourite up everyone's time. Curiously enough poetry has

books about in their pockets wherever they go, but come out the best. Setting aside the work of those one only hears of them in romance. Except on a already famous, there has been some excellent railway journey it is the last place I should put a verses from recent hands this last year. Much of it

book. For the prevailing passion of compressing should find a place in some future England's great authors into the smallest space I have very Helicon.

little sympathy, unless it is to take them to church.

Mr. Walter Scott, by the way, is to be congratulated To find the annus mirabilis of English literature

on having erased the hideous red border on the one must go back to the fifties. Take 1855. In

pages of his Canterbury Poets, which disfigured the that excellent catalogue of Mr. Henry Morley's, early volumes ; it gave a very Common Prayer Book “A Sketch of English Literature," he gives, among

air to a number of not very religious bards. others, the following as all issued in this remarkable year: Robert Browning, "Men and Women";

The new edition of the “Earthly Paradise” in Alfred Tennyson, “Maud"; Dickens, “Little

one volume has long been among the traditional Dorrit ”; Thackeray, “ The Rose and the Ring"; felt wants. Mr. William Morris is certainly the Charles Kingsley, “Westward Ho!"; George third among the sons of light now living. His many Meredith, “Shaving, of Shagpat”; Leigh Hunt, admirers cannot but regret his desertion of the “Old Court Suburb"; Anthony Trollope, “The Muses for very ephemeral socialistic literature, Warden"; Matthew Arnold, “Poems ”; and the whose chief object is to promote an earthly other Saturday Review was established. '58, 259, 62, '64, place. Once I was talking to a follower and were also extraordinary for the number and excel

admirer of Mr. William Morris, who was deeply lence of great works. The Saturday Review was read in the master's works ; but he objected to the a contribution to literature no less than journalism.

Earthly Paradise” for two reasons. One was As a Radical remarked the other day, the Times that there was too much about kings, the other, and the Saturday Review are the two best papers a certain passage in which farm labourers were in the world.

called by what he thought an offensive name. It is in one of those beautiful interludes for each

month. I believe it refers to the Roman earthThe public have a right, perhaps, to expect something ever new and delightful from the author of

works at Dorchester, near Oxford, cut up by the A Daughter of Heth”; yet the most sanguine

plough :may well be enthusiastic over Mr. Black's latest

Across the gap made by our English hinus, novel, “Stand Fast, Craig Royston.” Though pub

Amidst the Roman's handiwork, behold

Far ost the long roofed church." lished at the end of the year, it is rather the book of the New Year. It will be admitted that even

If my friend had only read Mr. Freeman's Mr. Black has never achieved such a masterly works, he would have known all about hinds, and piece of characterisation as that of old George moots, and gemots, which to the uninitiated do Bethune. One of the great merits of the book is

sound offensive. its modernity. You feel you have met the sort of people Mr. Black describes ; they are not stuffed The Daily News of the 5th inst. devoted an dolls dressed in nineteenth century clothes, with interesting leader to one of the most interesting of conversation culled from primæval Ollendorf. Mr. new reprints. Etonians and Cambridge men, as Harris, the millionaire socialist, is highly humorous, well as book collectors, have long treasured the two but of minor characters the best is Mr. Courtney small thin volumes of "Ionica," by Mr.

Villiam

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Cory, and fortunate possessors of these have always A new novel by Bertram Mitford, author of “ The recognised in him one of the most original of Fire Trumpet," is announced by Messrs. Sutton modern poets, as indeed he was the most rare. and Drowley, under the terrific title of “The At the sale of the late Provost of King's Library a Weird of Murderer's Hollow." copy went for as much as three guineas. In the anthology of “ Living English Poets,” the author was represented by “Mimnermus in Church,” but until Mr. George Allen's republication there has been no second edition. The wonderful rendering

CASES. of the lines of Callimachus from the Greek Anthology has long been in verbal circulation, but

I. I do not think it has ever been reprinted. There are many poems that are new in this volume, but

AST January a certain artistic journal was this will not detract from the first edition, so that

taken over by a well-known London pubbibliophils need not despair. I believe a first

lisher, re-named, and re-issued with a edition only becomes precious when a second has

flourish of trumpets in the shape of a list of contribeen issued. There was more of fulfilment than butors, containing some of our best known writers promise in " Ionica," and the new poems show

and artists. Thinking this a sufficient guarantee, no sign of falling off.

I sent a MS. with ten or twelve tone drawings (I had already contributed to the journal under its

old name). Some time in the early days of 1890 Some American, I hear, is buying up all the

I heard unpleasant rumours, and to make sure édition de luxe of the Henry Irving Shakespeare; I wrote to the editor, and stating my price, asked as a speculation, I suppose. It has not gone very

for its return, if unavailable. In May he replied well so far, but this should make it valuable, and

that the sum was too high, that he did not wish would please political economists if no one else. 'to beat me down' if I could place it elsewhere,

but that if you care to let me have it, I shall be

glad to hear your lowest price, and perhaps we Among many other reprints is the “Hypnoto- may come to terms. My price being at the machia Poliphili,” which comes out under the usual rate, I replied that as I could not take less, auspices of Mr. Andrew Lang, in the "Tudor I should be glad to have the MS. back. SumLibrary," and therefore everyone who is able will mer came; I went abroad, and only in October purchase; those who are unable will sell all they did I hear that the review had collapsed. I therehave to do so.

upon wrote to the publisher for my MS. (a friend had received hers), and he replied that my letter

had been sent on to the late editor. Hearing Does the study of Greek, even of the most nothing, I wrote again with the same results. superficial nature, benefit a man? Those schools What is to be done? Is the publisher liable ? with modern and classic sides surely will meet the MSS. may get mislaid, but drawings do not easily, views of the cheap science and Stratford-atte- and they make pretty scrap books.” Bowe-French advocates. John Bright is always held up as

a master of English, as one who knew no Greek, who preferred Thucydides in

II. translation to the original (with which he was unacquainted). But it is not by selecting individual Another case. “MS. accepted and price stated exceptions that the case is proved. Everyone can- by letter. Review ceases to exist. Editor wishes not know Greek, but if it becomes a speciality it to return them because they are no longer of any will not have the influence it has had hitherto. use (one was waiting eigliteen months before the As Mr. Oscar Wilde said, Bohn's cribs would be a crash came, for its turn). Is this just ? Supposing much better instance than John Bright against the I order coals in June, and in December I take to retention of Greek as a compulsory subject. It gas stoves, am I honest in refusing to pay for the might be a case for an academy to decide.

coals, and will the merchant come and fetch them if I say I have no longer any use for them ?

Probably I should be marched to the County A new novel by John Strange Winter will be Court under such conditions. Why then should commenced in Lloyd's weekly newspaper, on not editors and publishers be made to pay for February ist. It is a tale of the Divorce Court. goods they have distinctly bought at a specified VOL. I.

U

NEW BOOKS AND NEW EDITIONS.

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price? In the discussion which took place in the Times touching publishers and authors, we were told that as the former bore the losses, they were entitled to the profits. But here are cases in which the publishers and proprietors take the profits, and the authors bear the loss, pecuniary and otherwise, as well as of their absolute property. It is not the author's fault if an editor accepts more MSS. than he can use before the smash comes; and they seem to me to be the only sort of dry goods which a purchaser can send back after eighteen months' possession. In the discussion referred to, one of the writers spoke of its being “charity” to give an author more money than he agreed to take, supposing his work prove a success; but he omitted to state whether he considered it to be mean, to say the least, to refuse to pay what had been arranged, because the periodical comes to an end. It is no question of extra payment under certain conditions, but of the sum promised months ago. We hear a great deal of abuse of American procedure ; I can only say, that in my limited experience, I have always been treated justly, and in a gentlemanly manner, by Americans. The cases I have cited are purely Britisli."

X. Y. Z.

Theology. BETTANY, G. T. The World's Religions. 7s. 61. CARLYLE, Rev. G. Moses and the Profits. DIMOCK, Rev. N. The Doctrine of the Death of Christ in

Relation to the Sin of Man. 75. 6d. Dixon, R. W. History of Church of England. Vol. IV.

165. FOUARD (ABBÉ CONSTANT). The Christ the Son of God.

Translated by Griffith. Introduction by Cardinal

Manning. 2 vols. 145. GIRDLESTON, R. B. Foundations of the Bible, Studies in

Old Testament Criticism. 35. 6d. KENNEDY, J. H. Natural Theology and Modern Thought,

58. LECKIE, J. Life and Religion. 6s. NEWELL, E. J. St. Patrick, his Lise and Teaching.

25. 6d. OWEN, J. W. The Letter of the Larger Hope. 25. 6d. RANKIN, J. The Creed in Scotland. W. Blackwood.

7.г. б.

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III.

125. 6d.

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We have at different times received numerous complaints from our members, and from authors outside our ranks, that the behaviour of the proprietors or editors of certain magazines is not only wanting in courtesy-wirich may be nothing in business, but in honesty—which is a great deal.

We have before us information as to the payments usually made by all sorts of serials, daily, weekly, and monthly, high-class, middle and low, to their contributors, and the result has been that we know which are the just and courteous, which are the grave offenders, and which are the merely unmannerly and unbusinesslike. If anybody is anxious to know what his or her chance may be of getting paid for contributions to any particular paper, and how long they may have to wait for the money, the information can in most cases be obtained from our Secretary, whose communications will in all necessary cases be of a strictly libellous character.

2IS.

OLIPHANT, MRS. Royal Edinburgh, her Saints, Kings,

and Scholars. Illustrations by George Reid, R.S.A.

Macmillan. STEPHEN, L., and Lee, S. Dictionary of National Biography.

Edited by. Vol. XXV. 155. THORNTON, P. M. The Stuart Dynasty. Popular Edition.

3s. WRIGHTS, H. C. Stories in American Ilistory,

35. 6d.

General Literature. ANDREWS, W. Old-Time Punishments. Hull, Andrews;

London, Simpkin, Marshall and Co. 6s. BAKER, LADY. Letters to my Girl Friends. Wells Gardner.

6s. Batty, J. The Spirit and Influence of Chivalry. 35. 6d. BESANT, WALTER. To Call her Mine. With 8 Illustra.

tions by A. Forestier. Chatto and Windus. 35. 60. BLACK, WILLIAM. Stand Fast, Craig Royston! Sampson

Low and Co, 3 vols. 35. 64.

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