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The “Swan” is a beautiful Gold Pen joined to a rubber reservoir to hold any kind of ink, which it supplies to the writing point in a continuous flow. It will hold enough ink for two days' constant work, or a week's ordinary writing, and can be refilled with as little trouble as to wind a watch. With the cover over the gold nib it is carried in the pocket like a pencil, to be used anywhere. A purchaser may try a pen a few days, and if by chance the writing point does not suit his hand, exchange it for another without charge, or have his money returned if wanted. There are various points to select from, broad, medium, and fine, every handwriting can be suited, and

the price of the entire instrument, with filler complete, post free, is only 10/6,

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The Gold Pens in the "Swan" are Mabie, Todd & Co.'s famous make; they are 14-carat tempered gold, very handsome, and positively unaffected by any kind of ink. They are pointed with selected polished iridium. The “ Encyclopædia Britannica” says—“ Iridium is a nearly white metal of high specific gravity, it is almost indestructible, and a beautifully polished surface can be obtained upon it.” They will not penetrate the paper, and writer's cramp is unknown among users of Gold Pens; one will outwear 90 gross of steel pens. They are a perfect revelation to those who know nothing about Gold Peps.

Dr. Oliver Wendell Lolyes has used one of Mabie, Todd & Co.'s Gold Pens since 1857, and is using the same one (his “old friend ') to-day.

Sydney Grundy, Es.., savs (referring to the Fountain Pen), " It is a vast improvement on every Stylograph.” Moberly Bell, Esq., Manager, The Times, s.ys (referring to the Fountain Pen), “One pen lasted me for six years."

S. D. WADDY, Esq., Q.C., M.P, says (referring to the Fountain Pen), "I have used them constantly for sone years, and, as far as I can remember, have never failed me."

Send Postal Card for Free Illustrated List (containing interesting Testimonials from

the best people, who have used them for years) to

MABIE, TODD & BARD, 93, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON.

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CONDITIONS OF MEMBERSHIP. The Subscription is One Guinea annually, payable on the Ist of Ianuary of each year. The sum of Ten Guineas for life membership entitles the subscriber to full membership of the Si ciety.

Authors of published works alone are eligible for membership.

Those who desire to assist the Society but are not authors are admitted as Associates, on the same subscription, but have no voice in the government of the Society.

Cheques and Postal Orders should be crossed “The Imperial Bank, Limited, Westminster Branch.”

Those who wish to be proposed as members may send their names at any time to the Secretary at the Society's Offices, when they will receive a form for the enumeration of their works. Subscriptions entered after the Ist of October will cover the next year.

The Secretary may be personally consulted between the hours of i p.m. and 5, except on Saturdays. It is preferable that an appointment should be made by letter.

The Author, the Organ of the Society, can be procured through all new sagents, or from the publisher, A. H. Watt, 2, Paternoster Square, E.C.

A copy will be sent free to any member of the Society for one twelvemonth, dating from May, 1889. It is hoped, however, that most members will subscribe to the paper. The yearly subscription is 6s. 6d., including postage, which may be sent to the Secretary, 4, Portugal Street, W.C.

With regard to the reading of MSS. for young writers, the fee for this service is one guinea. MSS. will be read and reported upon for others than men.bers, but members cannot have their works read for nothing.

In all cases where an opinion is desired upon a manuscript, the author should send with it a table of contents. written scenario is also of very great assistance.

It must be understood that such a reader's report, however savourable, does not assist the author towards publication.

VOL. I.

WARNINGS. READERS of the Author are earnestly desired to make the following warnings as widely known as possible. They are based on the experience of six years' work upon the dangers to which literary property is exposed :(1) Never to sign any agreement of which the alleged cost

of production forms an integral part, unless an opportunity of proving the correctness of the figures

is given them. (2) Never to enter into any correspondence with publishers,

especially with advertising publishers, who are not recommended by experienced friends, or by this

Society. (3) Never, on any account whatever, to bind themselves

down for future work to any one firm of publishers. (4) Never to accept any proposal of royalty without con

sultation with the Society, or, at least, ascertaining exactly what the agreement gives to the author and

what to the publisher. (5) NEVER to accept any offer of money for MSS., with

out previously taking advice of the Society. (6) Never to accept any pecuniary risk or responsibility

without advice. (7) Never, when a MS. has been resused by respectable

houses, to pay others, whatever promises they may

put forward, for the production of the work. (8) NEVER to sign away American or foreign rights.

Keep them. Refuse to sign an agreement containing a clause which reserves them for the publisher. ii the publisher insists, take away the MS. and offer it

to another. (9) Never forget that publishing is a business, like any

other business, totally unconnected with philanthropy, charity, or pure love of literature. You have to do

with business men. Society's Offices :4, PORTUGAI. STREET, LINCOLN'S Inx FIELDS.

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NOTES AND NEWS.

and protection of the material interests of literature,

but will become a kind of Academy, admission to HE President of the United States signed of proved and marked ability. This proposed

which will be a distinction only conferred on those the International Copyright Bill, the papers change, it is said, explains certain exclusions or

say, with a quill taken from an American eagle—an eagle of the bald variety, caught for the blackballings which have recently taken place in occasion, and kindly persuaded to have the feather

the Society. One of the rejected candidates was pulled out of the wing by the united pleadings of

a lady, and at first it was supposed that the Comthe British Lion and the Eagles of France, Germany,

mittee wished to exclude women altogether—which, Austria and Russia. It was a beautiful quill, though

in the words of Euclid, is absurd. Therefore, the noble bird appeared to resent the loss of it and

that could not be the cause of rejection. But, the the pain caused by its extraction. The cutting of

Débats asks, what power has the Society to change the quill was undertaken by the Secretary of the

its constitution ? It is not a question of titular International Copyright League, Mr. R. Underwood

membership. The Committee are trustees for a Johnson. After the signature, he received the great Pension Fund, created for the benefit of all

littérateurs.

On his instrument as a reward for his services.

If it becomes an Academy, the return home Mr. Johnson found, we are happy to

Government would have the right of withdrawing report, his desk ornamented with flowers and small

this Trust and creating another Society. It is, in United States flags—why not the flags of all the

fact, as if the Chemical Society should try to world ?-in honour of his success.

make its membership as great a distinction as the Fellowship of the Royal Society, and should

refuse to admit any but the most distinguished A copy of the new American Copyright Bill has chemists; or it is as if the Institute of Civil been sent to every member of the Society, with a Engineers would have none but the best and request that he will read it and forward any remarks most famous engineers. We have ourselves or suggestions on the subject. Some replies have learned so much from the practical common sense already been sent in, but too late for this number. of the Société that one is sorry to hear of such a It would be well if most of us, who are not lawyers, change even in contemplation. As for ourselves, would, before writing on the subject, read Sir we are the servants of all writers of every degree. Frederick Pollock's article in the current Contem- Membership is open to any who have published a porary. His last words are a warning

book. We advance no other object than the pro“ Learned friends who may do me the honour to tection of our material interests. read this paper, will perhaps think that I have insisted too much on elementary legal conclusions. But there are amateur lawyers as well as learned If this Society should happen to want in the course and qualified lawyers, and the law of copyright is of the year assistance, unpaid, voluntary, and active, called a favourite hunting ground of amateurs. are there anymembers—or friends of members—who When an amateur lawyer once goes ao mare's- would be ready to give it? If so, will they kindly nesting among Acts of Parliament, there is no give me their names and tell me what they could do knowing what falls may ensue to him, or anyone

for us ? It is the strength of our Association who follows him ; and my only fear in this respect that most of the work hitherto done for it has been is that I may not have been elementary enough." done by unpaid members, who have nothing what

Our members are therefore solemnly warned ever to gain out of it for themselves. As things that we do not ask for the opinions of the amateur look at present, I think that there will very soon lawyer on points of law.

be work enough for a good many more volunteers.

M. Zola is the new President of the Société des Gens de Lettres. The accumulated funds of this Society now amount to £95,000, of which twothirds are available for pension purposes. When shall we be able to boast of our accumulations ?

Here is a satisfactory testimony to the good results of what seemed to some a barren controversy. The writer's name is suppressed for obvious reasons. For one thing he might incur ecclesiastical censure, or even bell, book, and candle, which would be dreadful. “With regard to the S.P.C.K., against whom you took up the cudgels last year for those who are unable or afraid to do so themselves, I have reaped the benefit in increased payment for work of mine. This has the, perhaps,

The Société des Gens de Lettres according to the Débats, is contemplating a new departure. It will no longer confine its operations to the maintenance

intended effect of preventing my voice from being tests indignant, sarcastic, comic, wrathful, have raised with others.” Can the Literary Housemaid been uttered by Dickens, by Wilkie Collins, by of the Church be cleaning and sweeping—it would John Hollingshead, by Charles Reade and I know be the spring cleaning-with the aid, one supposes, not by what others. Ouida's is only one more oí the Literary Cook of the Church, and the Literary added to the list. They are all read to-day and forCharwoman of the Church?

gotten to-morrow. To protest, in fact, does no good at all. There is not, unhappily, in human nature

such a passion for justice as regards other people's Mr. Edmund Gosse very wisely and opportunely property as makes them long to be up and acting calls attention, in his article in the April Contem- when a protest against injustice is uttered. As porary, to the distinction between literary merit and regards their own property, of course, the passion for pecuniary reward. They are, as we have already justice does exist in its most intense form. Every insisted more than once in these columns, things time a slave shrieked under the lash he protested which have no necessary relations to each other. against the injustice of his lot; but his protests The most popular of authors may be the most did him little good. Nay, they did him harm, worthless, so far as regards many essentials of because there arises, in time, a contempt for those literary style and form. One or two qualities, and who can only shriek, but cannot help themselves. these certainly the rarest, the successful man must Ouida's protest, therefore, considered as a cry of have. First of all, he must be able to catch and the helpless, is much more likely to do harm than to rivet the attention. If he is a novelist or a to do good. Meantime-a fact of which she is dramatist, he must have "grip.” Now I think it apparently quite ignorant—the Society, without will be allowed that “grip is a very valuable making any protest at all, has been quietly engaged quality indeed. But we must altogether put out in taking the first steps towards removing this inof our minds the idea that the author who makes justice. It has drafted a Bill consolidating and a large income is therefore a good writer. I say, amending the Copyright Law in which the draaltogether, because there is not only no proportion, matic rights are reserved, defined and protected. but there is no possible comparison. For instance This Bill, as our readers know, is in Lord Monks-not to touch on living examples—the late well's hands, and has already been read once in Countess of Blessington made for some years a

the House of Lords. very large income indeed by her novels. Let anyone, now, try to read those terrible works. At the same time it is not in human nature for the Now this is a very apt illustration of what may popular author not to believe that his head also be done when authors combine. We have a touches the skies. After all, this only means that Copyright Committee composed entirely of lawyers. persons of cultivation, education, and taste will They have done for us what we certainly could desire the best literature, and the lower sort the never do for ourselves, working separately and by lower literature. Now the lower sort will always means of protests and letters in the Times. The be the larger sort.

passing of this Bill, which is in no sense political Mr. Gosse further says that he considers the and attacks no interests, we may regard as merely Society of Authors as a firm of solicitors acting a matter of time. Another illustration of what solely for literary clients. That seems to me on may be done when people combine is to be found the whole a very fair definition. But there is this in the two books of the Society—the “Cost of important difference. A firm of solicitors sends in Production” and the “ Methods of Publishing.”. its little bill. The Society of Authors does not. Hitherto, authors have been kept designedly in The solicitors interpret, explain, and employ the the dark as to the actual cost of printing and prolaw for their clients only. The Society of Authors ducing a book. They have been kept equally in publishes information about law and the breaking the dark as to the retail prices and the actual proof the law for all the world to read.

ceeds of their books. Therefore they could not possibly tell what any agreement submitted to

them meant. By united action, that is to say, by On Friday, April 3rd, a letter appeared in the supporting an office and a staff, whose duty it was to Times, signed “Ouida,” on the justice and necessity work and to collect information, this has now been of safe-guarding dramatic rights in fiction by Act done. Henceforth, no author need sign any of Parliament. This letter, a very able, lucid and agreement without understanding exactly what the eloquent exposition of the case, is the thousand publisher offers to give him and what he designs and first protest of novelists against the cruel to keep for himself. No honourable man can injustice with which their rights are treated. Pro possibly object to this understanding. It is therefore a step in which all honourable publishers as I met my rival in the gateway well as all authors must rejoice over. And it is

(That was in the play), the first fruit of combined action.

And so we fought a duel straightway

(That was in the play);
But when Jack hurt my arm unduly,

And you rushed over, softened newly,
A lady sends me, as a protest against the book-

And kissed me, Polly ! truly, truly, sellers' opinion that women buy few books except novels, a list of books purchased by herself and

Was that in the play? her sisters during a few years of residence in the The author of this little poem is Miss Louise country. The letter is not for publication, but Imogene Guiney. I should like also to quote Miss I hope I do not violate confidence if I say that Eva L. Ogden's “The Sea,” but I think it has these ladies seem to have read—and bought-all already appeared in some English magazine. At the principal books of the last two or three years, least the lines seem familiar to me. together with a great number of standard books by authors now deceased. There are books of science, books of religion, histories, biographies, belles I have had a good many communications from lettres, poetry, and fiction, the books of the last- novelists on the subject of reviewing quite apart from named being in a very small minority. The large the subject of the School of Novelists, considered amount of poetry in the list seems to confirm my later. It is natural that authors should feel strongly belief that we are going to have a return of the upon the subject. There never was a time when popularity of poetry, not of course among the baser they liked the reviewer, either the one who wields the sort who have never loved poetry, but among those bludgeon, or the one who carries the rapier, or the of cultivation and education. But perhaps these man who employs the dissecting scalpel. Thereladies are exceptions even among the higher class. fore one accepts the ordinary grumble as a grumble, The list gives one a glimpse into a very pleasant and nothing more. Yet there seems a real grievance and refined interior. Such ladies want no vindi- in the lumping of a dozen or twenty novels into a cation, and such statements as that against which set to be reviewed in a single column or two my correspondent enters her protest do not apply columns. This makes it not only impossible to to them.

give anything like a review—what may be called a serious review—to a work of art, but it degrades a

most important branch of literature thus to treat it We have spoken in the Author of recent as if all the books of this branch are to be thrown American verse, and it was suggested that since together into a heap. Moreover, it is absolutely there are so many living poets in the States it would

absurd to expect a man who works for pay to read be well if some of their work was introduced to books of which he has to furnish a dozen reviews English readers who are thirsting for new poets. every week. The thing is too ridiculous. There I am happy to say that something has been already are, for instance, papers in which books receive a done in this direction. A dainty volume in brown line and a half or two lines of notice. How much paper ("Garde Joyeuse," Frank Murray, Derby and of these books can be read ? Now, we cannot Nottingham) has been presented to me.

It is a

possibly make good reviewers out of bad, but we collection of Society verses. They suggest Praed

can reconsider the rights and uses of reviews. and Austin Dobson, with a reminiscence here and Certainly the contemptuous “batch” method of there of Andrew Lang. Many of them are very reviewing can do no good at all to either authors or pretty and dexterous. Perhaps some of our publishers or the interests of literature. Perhaps readers would like to make acquaintance with the editors only want to have their attention turned to volume. I am not able to state the price. Here the absurdity. is one little thing, as light as froth, but pretty. It is called “ Private Theatricals."

The reviewing of novels in the batch was started You were a haughty beauty, Polly

at a time when novels were about at their lowest (That was in the play),

pointof commonplace and conventionality. Fiction I was the lover melancholy

is now the most vigorous branch of letters, the most (That was in the play);

useful, the most instructive, the most influential, in And when your fan and you receded,

every civilized country throughout the world. It is And all my passion lay unheeded,

monstrous that novels should be still treated as if If still with tenderer words I pleaded, the best novel was a thing of less importance than They were in the play.

the most trifling addition to the many series of

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