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The Superannuation Act, 1876; The Pensions Lord of the Treasury defends the grant of pensions and Yeomanry Pay Act, 1884 ; The Pensions on the “Civil List” for services performed in the (Colonial Service) Act, 1887.
Army, Navy, Diplomatic, Civil and Revenue, and "(e) Notwithstanding the said Statutes, and the Colonial Services on the grounds that these are Report of the said Select Committee, pensions on “ services to the Sovereign.” The Act, however, the Civil List have been granted for services per- only empowers the grant of pensions for "personal formed in the (1) Army; (2) Navy; (3) Diplo- services to the Crown,” and it is, we imagine, matic Service; (4) Civil and Revenue Services; merely idle to pretend that this expression was and (5) Colonial Service.
ever intended to have any such meaning as that () It appears from the 'Returns of all Per- which it is now sought to give it. It was sons now in receipt of Pensions charged on the doubt one of the original purposes of the Pension Civil List' (1889), that of the £25,221 135. 4d. List to reward all these classes of public servants, (the total annual charge of the pensions payable at but as the Report of the Select Committee (cited the date of the said Return) £8,625 was payable in the Memorial) points out, various statutes have at the date of the said Return in the following been passed “substituting a strictly-defined and proportions for services in the (1) Army (£2,710); regulated system of reward " in all these cases for (2) Navy (£1,335); (3) Diplomatic Service a system which depended on the caprice of the (£900); (4) Civil Service and Revenue (£3,455); Crown and of Her Majesty's advisers. It was (5) Colonial Service (£225).
clearly not the intention of the Act or the desire of “And your Memorialists respectfully submit the Committee—and it is necessary to remember that further Legislation is urgently needed for the that it was a Select Committee of Inquiry into this following purposes :
very question appointed in deference to a loudly “(a) The restriction of the grant of pensions on expressed public opinion—that any pensions for the Civil List within ascertained liniits.
these services should in future be charged on the “(6) The allocation of pensions amounting to Civil List. We think, then, that we have fully not less than £800 in each year to those who by established the irregularity of all these pensions, their useful discoveries in Science or attainments and we regret that the First Lord of the Treasury, in Literature and the Arts have merited the gra- who admits that he enjoys “that discretion which cious consideration of their Sovereign and the must in such cases finally rest with some one reszratitude of their country, or their widows and ponsible minister,” has attempted to evade the children.
conclusion. "(c) The increase of the Royal Bounty Fund Mr. W. H. Smith further remarks that “to make and the Civil List Pension Fund so that her such changes as the Memorial suggests would Majesty may be enabled to relieve distress and necessitate a new Act of Parliament." This we reward merit in a manner worthy of the dignity of are not prepared to deny. The Memorial prays the Crown."
for "further legislation " for certain specified pur
poses. We feel some diffidence in making any The Memorial speaks for itself and requires rejoinder to Mr. Smith's expression of opinion that little further elucidation here. It places on record there has not been “any such expression of disthe following facts :-(1) That notwithstanding the satisfaction either in the House or outside of it as wording of the Civil List Act, and notwithstanding would justify the proposal." But we think it due the Report of the Select Committee, pensions on to ourselves to say that the Incorporated Society the Civil List have been improperly granted ; (2) of Authors and the Institute of Journalists do That of the £25,221 135. 4d. (the total annual not stand alone in objecting to the present charge of the pensions payable in May, 1889), administration of the Civil List Pension Fund. £8,625 was paid to the classes of persons not The press has almost without distinction or contemplated by the Act or the Report of the exception condemned the existing system in no Committee.
measured terms, and we are not aware that a single Mr. W. H. Smith remarks in his letter to Mr. voice has been raised in its defence. If the Fund S. S. Sprigge, which we published last month, “that were administered strictly within its proper limits, the figures in the Memorial, accepting them as it would, it is universally admitted, be impossible fairly correct, show that the practical administration to satisfy the just claimants. Restrictions, it of the Fund is almost identical with the distribu- appears, already exist. It will be seen from the tion proposed by the Societies, namely, one-third correspondence published in the current report of to services rendered to the Sovereign, and two- the Executive Committee that literary pensions thirds to the representatives of Science, Literature, can only be granted to the writers of “historical and Art.” From this it appears that the First novels and technical and useful books,” owing to the unexpected existence of certain regulations, Ellen Isabella Tupper, daughter of Martin Tupper, or, as Mr. Smith defined them in the House of a pension of £75 (very good). Rosamond BurCommons, "notes on practice.” The Society has nard, daughter of Gen. Sir H. W. Burnard, a pension already placed on record a protest against the of £75. The daughter of a soldier has no business "permanent exclusion of any class of Literary, in the list at all, unless that soldier was also disScientific, or Artistic production from the just tinguished for service, art or literature. Henrietta claims on the Royal beneficence contemplated by Elizabeth Wood, widow of the late J. T. Wood, a a section 6 of 1 Vict., c. 2.” The Society has already pension of £75. Augusta Theresa Motteram, demanded that "the regulations, if any, under widow of the late Judge Motteram, a pension of £75. which the Civil List Pension Fund is administered Lady Wilde, a pension of £70. Pensions of £50 should be communicated to the public.” The each to Mrs. Caroline Blanchard, Mr. John case for reform is now complete. It cannot be Absolon, Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, Dr. William left to private secretaries to draw up rules which Spark, Mrs. Kate Livingstone, Miss Catherine vary the meaning and affect the application of an Shilleto, Mrs. Jane Eleanor Wood (widow of Rev. Act of Parliament. It is high time that genuine J. G. Wood). Pensions of £25 each have been regulations were framed, if necessary by statute, granted to the Misses Eliza and Mary Maquire, which should restrict the grant of pensions not upon daughters of the late Dr. Thomas Maquire, of an artificial theory but in accordance with public Trinity College, Dublin, and of £20 each to the opinion. Mr. Smith "fears that Parliament would four unmarried daughters of the late Rev. M. J. be very unlikely to agree to an increase of the sum Berkeley, F.R.S. General verdict. On the whole, annually set apart for the Pension List.” We, on
a great improvement on many recent lists. the other hand, believe that if the necessity were shown to exist, the popular representatives would ungrudgingly support such a use of public money. And there is only too little doubt as to the urgent character of the necessity. It is the unanimous
A NEW GUIDE TO BOOKS. testimony of every First Lord of the Treasury that he is year by year deluged with applications for
GUIDE to Books should be found in any pensions which he is unable to grant. Many of
review. That is to say, the reader should those cases which now, perhaps, “lie forgotten in
be able to depend upon the review which the cupboards of the Treasury,” were, we do not he reads regularly to guide him in the ordering of doubt, sad and saddening, although no whisper books from the library. And, no doubt, the of them reached the unofficial world. There are reader of the Saturday Review, for instance, would moreover, few years that pass by without the find no difficulty in understanding what is promiscountry being startled by the announcement that a ing in the way of new literature. But one can pension has been refused to some distinguished very well understand that there may arise cases in man of letters or his surviving widow and children. which the most perfect review may fail to inform We do not doubt, we repeat, that the public the reader as to the best books on special subjects. would support even an increase of the Pension For instance, the Saturday Review may be acknowList, but be that as it may, it cannot be denied ledged by its best friends to be weak in the that the country at large would welcome a re- Department of Surgery, or of Pure Mathematics, form in the administration of the Pension Fund, or of Electricity. Therefore, a certain compilation which would ensure it being devoted to the pur- which will first appear in the autumn may prove of poses for which it was founded.
great use to specialists, if not to the general reader. The object of the editors is to "place at the
service of the reader the opinions of those who II,
may be trusted to give sound advice upon the
books which are of value in each department of THE PENSIONS OF THE YEAR.
knowledge.” A great many people---specialistsThe Civil List Pensions granted during the last have promised to assist. Among them-members twelve months have now been published. They of the Society-we find the names of William are as follows:-William Huggins, LL.D., a pension Archer, Courthope Bowen, James Bryce, John of £150 (very good). Ellen S. Scott, widow of Earle, Richard Garnett, J. W. Hales, E. Ray General H. Scott, R.E., a pension of £100 (very Lankester, J. Norman Lockyer, Erikr Magnusson, bad). The widow of a soldier does not fall within Max Müller, Sir Frederick Pollock, Burden San. the limits of the grant. Bessie Hatch (widow of derson, J. R. Seeley, Sir Henry Thompson, Andrew Rev. Edwin Hatch, a pension of £100 (very good). Tuer, and Sir Charles Wilson,
MR. BAINTON ON HIMSELF.
To the Editor of THE AUTHOR. SIR,
I deeply regret I should have been the cause of so serious an amount of feeling and annoyance as the correspondence in your paper reveals--a correspondence which comes upon me as a most painful surprise. I must ask your corres. pondents to believe me when I say that my fault or folly, whichever it may be, was wholly unintentional; and that however carelessly I may appear to have acted in certain instances, I have had no other than the purest purpose in view, and have been moved by no mean or dishonourable motive. Unfortunately the book in question was quite an after-thought. When preparing my address I had no idea of so extended a compilation. I simply desired my lecture to be issued in pamphlet form, shoul i' it seem likely to answer the purpose for which it was designed. My fault has been in changing the form of publication without first acquainting all my generous correspondents of what I purposed doing. But Í acted under the impression that this was not necessary after having solicited their consent to use their words in print. That in this I committed a serious over-ight I now learn to my bitter cost, and I deeply regret it should have happ ned. But that I have been guilty of the unfairness, the wilful discourtesy, and other outrageous sins which some of your correspondents—and especially yourself—are anxious to fasten upon me, I most earnestly and indignantly deny.
After the first portion of the address was given here in the Old Grammar School, to a united meeting of the Young Men's Associations of the City, and largely reproduced in the columns of our local papers, I was repeatedly urged to return to the subject, and put the matter I had already spoken into print.' Through lack of time long delays intervened before I could make any attempt to compile a promised second part of the same address, or before I could do anything towards remoulding what I had roughly sketched out. When I did the contributions with which I had to deal were so many, and the interest attaching to them so great, that my MS. quickly exceeded the limits of an ordinary pamphlet. It was then, and not till then, the idea of the book occurred to me. Had I for a moment conceived that in this I was exceeding the bounds of a strict courtesy and integrity, I should most certainly have communicated again with the authors who had generously sent me the items of their experience. Indeed the book would have been at once abandoned had I known it would have given pain to any. I had no interest to serve by concealment, and nothing whatever to lead me to act in the spirit Mr. Hall Caine insinuates.
Some of your correspondents, and several critics outside the columns of The Author, have Aung the ungenial sneer at my supposed sordid desire for gain. The imputation is most unjust, and does not speak well for the spirit of those by whom it is made. I have not received one penny from the book. When towards the close of last year I finished the MS. and submitted it to the publishers, I did not stipulate for
any payment, I did not ask for any terins on my own behall, but gladly accepted their suggestions, with the assurance I should be only too pleased and grateful if the book repaid them the cost of production, and proved of some real in erest and value to its readers. Should anything ever come to me from its sale it will be hea tily at the disposal of those who made the book possible. I prepared the book with a good motive, and it was not the motive of personal gain.
I notice in many of the letters you have reproduced your correspondents speak of their communications to me as private. They quite overlook the fact that I wrote to them upon a
matter for a public and not a private purpose. Letters sent expressly for use in illustrating a lecture can hardly be regarded as ordinary private correspondence. A lecture is not usually private and confidential. It is liable to he reported and reproduced in print, with or without the lecturer's consent ; and as a matter of fact the lecture in question, which Mr. Hall Caine angrily infers was never given, was in great part printed in the columns of a local paper, * portions of the same appearing three successive weeks, with long extracts from the most interesting and useful letters, Mír. Hall Caine's not excepted. The communications were not sent to me as private, or for a private purpose ; they were not requested for any private aim, else they would have been treated strictly as such. A few of the most helpful letters I received and retain, were not used at all, because the writers expressly objected to their contents being made public.
You mention several persons and say they were all ignorant that I intended to print their remarks. That is not correct. I wrote to almost every person you name, to almost every correspondent in your columns, asking permission to use their words in print. Only in two instances am I uncertain of having done so. To Mr. Allen, then in Italy, I wrote twice, to make sure he should receive my request, and neither letter was returned. Several like Mr. Allen did not reply. Was I wrorg in assuming that such silence meant either indifierence or consent ? If Mrs. Parr, Mr. Gilbert, and others had the opportunity to refuse and did not, where is the breach of faith of which they speak? Surely if they had felt so serious an objection to the use of their words they would at least have given expression to it. But though opportuniiy was afforded they did nothing of the kind; they left me, therefore, free to act as I thought best, and I interpreied silence as consent. The majority did reply, and gave the consent I asked. How then can they have been ignorant of my intention to print their remarks? One of the most eminent of your correspondents assures you I acted in his case with perfect frankness and consistency throughout. In no instance have I sought to be less open and frank. Why should I? What had I to gain by such concealment with one person more than another? Whatever you or others may affirm to the contrary I am at least guiltless of any intention to deceive.
Memory does not serve some of your correspondents with any great fidelity. Miss Yonge may perhaps recall her assurance that I could make the use I asked of what she had written, when I remind her that such consent was given upon condition that no mention should be made of a statement concerning a recent writer. I was careful to respect her wish. Mr. Blackmore too was asked and consented to the use of his letter in print ; and only a few weeks since, May 3rd, 1890, wrote in acknowledgment of a copy of his printed letier, " Am glad to hear of the appearance of your book, which I hope to procure at the first oppo tunity. With all good wishes for its success, &c." Yet this gentleman
objects to the use Mr. Bainton has made of the reply procured through the good will due to a clergyman, and for clerical purposes.” Mrs. Kennard also joins in the protest that she did not know, though her letter was printed with her consent ; while writing on May 5th, 1890, she says,
My poor remarks scarcely deserved such prominence as you have been good en ugh to give them. Thanking you for the compliment you have paid me, &c.” To Mr. Rider Haggaid I owe a special word of explanation and apology. The proof he requested when consenting to my use of his letter would have been submiiter!, but for a statement I saw at the time that he was travelling in the E:st. I trust he will accept the expression of my sincere regret that for this reason his desire was not complied with.
* Coventry Times.
In that case,
Permit me to add in conclusion that only this week have I
To the Editor of THE AUTHOR. learned, and that quite casually, of this painful corres- Sir, pondence. No copy of The Author was sent me, and no Mr. Bainton has only himself to thank for our change of intimation was given that you were endeavouring so seriously tone towards him. to injure my good name. Is it fair dealing to stab a man in Many may have wished him success--as I did-through the dark? Is it fair dealing to seek to destroy a man's misconception of his purpose. Who could foretel! from a reputation without a word of warning, and without so much page of his book what the nature of the volume was to be? as a hint of the course of action you have taken? Is this the It proves to be a piece of patchwork, collected from fifty spirit in which the Society of Authors is conducted ?
quarters ; and the patches, though not exactly pilfered, were it is the spirit of a ruthless cruel'y. I do not for a moment procured for a very different use. doubt that your purpose is just and your motive pure ; but If Mr. Bainton had said at first-“I am writing to all the surely before seeking fataliy to injure the reputation and English authors I have heard of, to ask them how they do character of another, you might at least have had sufficient their work ; I shall use their replies for my own pupils first, considerate feeling to give him a chance to vindicate himself and then (if I see my way) make a book out of them ”--how and explain his conduct in the same issue of the journal in many answers would he have got ? which you have printed your hard and harsh judgment. You Later on, when he had obtained replies (by writing to have not done so, and I now claim the right that my letter scores of authors, as if to each exclusively and for a benevolent shall appear in the following number of the paper, the purpose), in fairness he should have explained to each the columns of which have been used to do me so grievous a character of his forthcoming volume, instead of describing it wrong.
as a mere expansion of his lecture. GEORGE BAINTON.
would have allowed him to pour on the literary world Coventry, June 26th, 1890.
(instead of his Coventry class) their off-handed replies ?
R. D. BLACKMORE. P.S.-When writing the above letter more than a week since, I could discover scarcely any of the replies I had received from authors giving me permission to use their (Mr. Bainton's letter only shows the justice of those who communications in print. I can now put my hands upon complained of his conduct. He asked certain questions, several, and I may even yet find others. Unfortunately I the answers to be used for a lecture. That he admits. He did not conceive the matter would ever be called in question, then used them for a book. That he also admits. If a man and, therefore, never thought it necessary to preserve them. prints a communication for one purpose which was intended But it would have been strange had I been so punctilious for another it is not enough io write for permission-he must about the consent of some, and so careless about that of others
also obtain permission. A letter is a private document, of my correspondents. An impartial judge would surely unless the contrary is stipulated expressly. As for the spirit admit the strong probability that what was done in so many in which this Society is conducted, it is one of continued cases was hardly neglected in the bulk of the others. When 'hostility to all who invade or attack the rights of authors. I have used no more than a sentence or two I did not trouble
Having printed Mr. Bainton's reply, we can now leave the the writers with a note of request ; but if I missed any others matter as between Mr. Bainton and his correspondents and the omission was purely accidental. My complaint of the between him and The Author to be judged by our readers. lady who opened this painful controversy is, that she printed -EDITOR.) two of my letters, and said not a word about the letter in which I responded to and thanked her for her communication. It was in that I asked her to do me the kindness to
consent to the use of her letter.
Much has been made of the fact that I used in many cases the same form of request. After writing to the first author I
AT WORK. retained a rough copy of the letter sent, and used it whenever its terms made it possible, or altered it as the circumstances This column is reserved entirely for Members of the Society, of the case required. This was done to save unnecessary who are invited to keep the Editor acquainted with their trouble, and I cannot think in doing so I did wrong. spoke
work and engagements. in some of those letters of the author's books as having given me very special pleasure and help. After twenty-five years R. J. NORMAN LOCKYER, F.R.S., is editing constant reading, a man may well have very many pleasant companions amongst the authors of the day-it would be sirange if he had not. In my own case I think the book Mr. J. E. Gore, F.R.A.S., has presented to the Royal itself will sufficiently show I hardly deserve the suspicious Irish Academy a “ Catalogue of Binary Stars for which comments you have made. It is easy for a critic to indicate orbits have been computed. The Catalogue, which will be a special point in the speech or conduct of another, and then published by the Academy, contains the elements of all the draw from it a general adverse conclusion.
orbits hitherto calculated, the magnitudes and colours of the At first I only purposed securing the aid of a few favourite components, spectra, “hypothetical," and measured parellax, authors, and wrote to that end. The words, which I fain the relative brightness of each compared with a standard star, hope were not often used, to which you so seriously and and data for computing the velocity in the line of sight, for justly object, formed part of the draft of the earliest commu- use in the spectroscopic method of measuring the star's nication sent out, and were not written with any attempt to
distance from the earth. The Catalogue is followed by a mislead.
series of notes giving further details and the most recent All the correspondence I hold relating to the matter in measures of position of the component stars. question is freely open to the inspection of anyone concerned
There has been a change in the Editorship of the in it.
Publishers' Circular”; Mr. J. A. Steuart is the new Editor. GEORGE BAINTOX.
Mr. Steuart has in the press a work of Criticism and a
novel, both of which will be published in the autumn by July 5th, 1890.
Messrs. Sampson Low, Marston & Co.
Mr. Charles Leland is now preparing a work on
NEW BOOKS AND NEW EDITIONS. Sorcery and Fortune Telling.' There will be an Edition de Luxe, 150 copies only, and all numbered. The publisher, AUBYN, ST. ALAN. A Fellow of Trinity. Chatto and Mr. Fisher Unwin, receives names of intending subscribers. Windus. 3 vols. Crown 8vo. (Shortly.)
AUTHOR OF “THOTH.” Toxar, a romance. I vol. 6s. Mrs. Cashel Hoey has this year written the summer
Longmans. number for Household Words. It is a complete story called “His Match and More.”
BESANT, W. H., D.Sc., F.R.S. Notes on Roulettes and
Glissettes. Second Edition, enlarged. Messrs. Bell. In last month's “At Work,” two mistakes were left uncorrected. The name of William Westall appeared as COLLINS, M. The Blossom and Fruit : A True Story of a “William Werlah," and Mr. Watt was announced as the agent Black Magician. Crown 8vo. for The Author under the heading of Mr. W. F. Smith's new version of “Rabelais.” The author should not be in
CONWAY, H. MARTIN. Climber's Guide to Central Alps.
T. Fisher Unwin.
CONWAY, W. M. Climbers' Guide to the Central Pennine Mr. E. M. Edmonds will contribute an English edition of
Alps. 18mo. the “ Autobiography of Koloko Kenes,” with an historical
CROMMELIN, MAY. Midge. Trischler and Co. 6s. introduction on the Klephts for Mr. Fisher Unwin's “ Adven- Dowden, PROFESSOR. The Poetry of John Donne. Chap. ture Series." His biography of Klugas, the Protomartyr of man and Hall. Greece (Longman), has already shown his knowledge of FARRAR, F. W. The Passion Play at Oberammergau, kindred subjects.
1890. W. Heinemann. 4to. 25. 6d. Mr. Oscar Wilde's story, “ The Picture of Dorrin Grey," JAMES, C. T. C. The New Faith. 3 vols. 315. 6d. which constituted the July number of Lippincott's Magazine, Ward and Downey. will shortly be issued as a one volume novel by Messrs.
“JOHN STRANGE WINTER.” Dinna Forget. Trischler Ward and Lock.
and Co. Paper, Is. ; cioth boards, Is. 6d. Mr. Robert Louis Stevenson will shortly issue, through KENNARD, Mrs. G. Matron or Maid : A Novel. Crown Messrs. Chatto and Windus, “Father Damien : an open 8vo.
25. td. letter to the Rev. Dr. Ande."
LANGE, F., Ph.D. Elementary German Reader : A GraA second edition is ready of Mr. Eustace A. R. Ball's
duated Collection of Readings in Prose and Poetry. “Mediterranean Winter Resorts.” It is a handbook to the
With English Note and a Vocabulary. Messrs. Bell. principal health and pleasure resorts on the shores of the
Svo. Mediterranean (London, L. Upcott Gill, 170, Strand; and LINTON, E. Linn. Sowing the Wind : A Novel. Crown Paris, The Galignani Library, 224, Rue de Rivoli).
8vo. 35. 60. The article on “Alexandria,” in Nos. 9 and 10 of Cassell's
MURRAY (C.), and HERMAN (H.). Wild Darrie. 12mo. " Picturesque Mediterranean," is by Mr. Eustace A. R. Ball, MURRAY (D. CHRISTIE) and HERMAN (HENRY). Paul who is also the author, under the pseudonym of Evelyn Jones's Alias. Chatto and Windus. Ballantyne, of the article called “The Pit and Its Critic.”
“Nemesis." By Seyton Crewe. Eden, Remington and
Co. 6s. Rev. James J. Hillock has issued the third edition of his Hard Battles for Life and Usefulness” (Houlston and OLIVER, Cart. P. Madagascar; or, Robert Deury's Journal Sons). Crown 8vo. 35. 6il.
during Fifteen l'ears' Captivity on that Island. T. Fisher
Unwin. 55. Miss Frances Armstrong begins a story for the young called “Chanved Lots; or, Nobody Cares,” in the July
Powell, F. YORK, M.A. History of England, Part I, Number of Newbery House Magazine.
From the Earliest Times to the Death of Henry VII.
Rivington. 25. 6d. Miss Blyth's new story is entitled “ Adolphus Etherton ; or, ROBINSON, F. W. The Keeper of the Keys. Hurst and the Boy who was Always Amused.”
Blackett. 3 vols. Mr. Edric Vredenburg has recently completed a new story RUSKIN, John, D.C.L., LL.D. The Seven Lamps of which will be published in the Weekly Times and Echo, Architecture. New cheap editions. George Allen. beginning January 3rd of next year.
Small post Svo.
75. 6d, each. Mrs. Elizabeth Harcourt Mitchell's book on Palestine, Aratra Pentelici. Seven Lectures on the Elements of called “Forty Days in Holy Land,” is in the press, and will Sculpture. be published by Messrs. Kegan Paul & Co.
Val D'Arno. Ten Lectures on Art of the Thirteenth A new edition of Mr. Justin McCarthy's “ History of the Century in Pisa and Florence. Four Georges is being issued by the same publishers. Salmonė, H. ANTHONY. An Arabic-English Dictionary Volumes I and II are now ready.
on a New System. 2 vols. Trübner & Co. Esmé Stuart commences a new serial tale in the July SYMONDS, JOHN ADDINGTON. Essays, Speculative and number of the Newbery House Magazine.
Suggestive. Chapman and Hall. 2 vols. It is now stated that Mr. Christie Murray is not lost at all. WARDEN, FLORENCE. St. Cuthbert's Tower. Popular He has sailed for Samoa vià Sydney with the intention of Edition. Cassell and Co. 55. joining Mr. Robert Louis Stevenson.
WESTALL, WILLIAM. Strange Crimes. I vol. 6s. Ward The author of " Thoth" (Blackwood), and of “ Toxar"
and Downey. (Longman) is Professor Nicholson of Edinburgh, a member of WHISTLER, T. McN. Gentle Art of Making Enemies. W. this Society.
Heinemann. 4th thousand. los. 60.