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The “ Swan” is a beautiful Gold Pen joined to a rubber reservoir to hold any kind of ink, which it supplies to the writing point in a continuous flow. It will hold enough ink for two days' constant work, or a week's ordinary writing, and can be refilled with as little trouble as to wind a watch. With the cover over the gold nib it is carried in the pocket like a pencil, to be used anywhere. A purchaser may try a pen a few days, and if by chance the writing point does not suit his hand, exchange it for another without charge, or have his money returned if wanted. There are various points to select from, broad, medium, and fine, every handwriting can be suited,

and the price of the entire instrument, with filler complete, post free, is only 10s, 6d.


The Gold Pens in the “Swan' are Mabie, Todd, & Co.'s famous make. They are 14-carat tempered gold, very handsome, and positively unaffected by any kind of ink. They are pointed with selected polished iridium. The “Encyclopædia Britannica” says:-.“ Iridium is a nearly white metal of high specific gravity, it is almost indestructible, and a beautifully polished surface can be obtained upon it." They will not penetrate the paper, and writer's cramp is unknown among users of Gold Pens. One will outwear 90 gross of steel pens. They are a perfect revelation to those who know nothing about Gold Pens.

DR. OLIVER WENDELL HOLMEs has used one of Mabie, Todd, & Co.'s Gold Pens since 1857, and is using the same one (his “old friend ") to-day.

SYDNEY GRUNDY, Esq., says (referring to the Fountain Pen) :-" It is a vast improvement on every Stylograph.”

MOBERLY BELL, Esq., Manager, The Times, says (referring to the Fountain Pen) :—“One pen lasted me for six years.”

S. D. WADDY, Esq., Q.C., M.P., says (referring to the Fountain Pen):-"I have used them constantly for some years, and, as far as I can remember, they have never failed me.”

Send Postal Card for Free Illustrated List (containing interesting Testimonials from the Best

People, who have used them for years) to



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For the Opinions expressed in papers that are (8.) NEVER forget that publishing is a business, signed the Authors alone are responsible.

like any other business, totally unconnected with philanthropy, charity, or pure love of literature. You have to do with

business men. WARNINGS.

Society's Offices :

4, PORTUGAL STREET, LINCOLN's Inn Fields. READERS of the Author are earnestly desired to make the following warnings as widely known as possible. They are based on the experience of six

NOTICES. years' work upon the dangers to which literary property is exposed :(1.) NEVER sign any agreement of which the

HE Committee have to announce with great alleged cost of production forms an regret the resignation of the secretary, Mr. S. integral part, unless an opportunity of Squire Sprigge. He finds himself unable to proving the correctness of the figures is give his whole time to the Society, and the greatly given them.

increased work which has now to be done makes it (2.) NEVER enter into any correspondence with

necessary that the secretary should henceforth

devote the whole of his time to that work. When publishers, especially with advertising Mr. Sprigge became secretary three years ago, the publishers, who are not recommended by number of members was 250. It has since trebled experienced friends or by this Society.

and the work has more than trebled. This rapid (3.) NEVER, on any account whatever, bind

increase is, the Committee feel, largely due to the yourself down for future work to any zeal and the intelligence which Mr. Sprigge has one firm of publishers.

brought to the work. The kind of work is often (4.) NEVER accept any proposal of royalty of an extremely delicate nature; authors are not

without ascertaining exactly what the always in the right in their disputes; and, when agreement gives to the author and what they are, it is not always expedient to set things to the publisher.

right by the immediate intervention of the lawyer; (5.) NEVER accept any pecuniary risk or respon

many disputes have been amicably arranged by sibility whatever without advice.

Mr. Sprigge in interviews and by conversation ; in

such a position as that held for three years by (6.) NEVER, when a MS. has been refused by Mr. Sprigge, enemies may be very easily made. respectable houses, pay others, whatever

It may be said of Mr. Sprigge that he has made promises they may put forward, for the

very few, and of those few, some—the persons, production of the work.

namely, who live by dishonest practices—are of (7.) NEVER sign away American rights. Keep the kind whose enmity is an honour. Mr. Sprigge them. Refuse to sign an agreement con

retires at the end of March. The Committee hope taining a clause which reserves them for to appoint his successor before that date, in order the publisher. If the publisher insists, , that he may have a little time to learn the work. take away the MS. and offer it to another,

The Committee very seriously entreat members to no articles on publishing methods are worth the sign no agreements without submitting them, paper they are written on unless the figures on both confidentially, to the secretary. The points, how- sides are attainable. ever, which are most to be kept in mind are, (1) what the author gives up-his copyright, his American rights, his rights of translation, and, in The recent labour agitation in the bookbinding most cases, his control of his own property. (2.) trade has resulted in the concession of an eight What consideration he gets for it. (3.) What the hours' day with higher wages to the workmen in publisher proposes to reserve for himself. If a

the trade. As to the justice of the case we are not royalty is offered, the author must ascertain what called upon to speak. The working of the result that means, both in view of a limited and of a

is that for ordinary binding an advance of 7) per large sale.

If he is to share in profits after the cent. will be made on bookbinders' charges to pubbook has paid its expenses, he must have it dis- lishers for books, and of 12 per cent. (perhaps) for tinctly laid down in the agreement that expenses magazines. In other words, bookbinders say, pracmean actual expenses paid for production, and not tically, “we are already cut down as far as we can a fancy charge, giving the other side a fraudulent

go. Somebody else must bear this burden." Let profit at the outset. Also he must have something us see what it means. The cost of binding an to say in the matter of advertisements, remembering ordinary octavo volume ranges from 4d. to 7d. that it is not an uncommon practice for the fraudu- An advance of 74 per cent. adds d. on the 4d., lent publisher to charge what he pleases under and £d. on the 7d. In case of any attempt being this head, and to “spend the money (!) on made to reduce royalties on the plea of this increase, advertising in his own periodicals or trade lists. these figures should be borne in mind.

It is not, however, in books so much as in magazines that the difference will be felt. If the 12 per cent.

advance is made, it will make a difference to a In other words, the Society earnestly and un- sixpenny magazine, perhaps all the difference. ceasingly exhorts those who write books to take as Would the world be any the poorer if the sixpenny much care of their property in books as they do of magazine became a shilling magazine ? The New their property in houses, and lands, and shares. It Review began at 6d., was advanced to gd., and may be only a very small property, or it may be will immediately become is. So much the better large-in either event let it be guarded as carefully for everybody. as any other kind of property.

On November 1st the readers of the Author,

and members of the Society, were invited to There is no subject on which everybody is so subscribe in order to present Mr. R. U. Johnson, willing and ready to write as on the subject of Secretary of the International Copyright League. publishing, and there is no subject on which there

On December 1st the Committee announced that prevails such extraordinary ignorance. This is they had received enough money to carry out because the figures of one side only have been their intentions.

A silver salver has been puraccessible. Those of the other side have now been chased, and will be sent to New York immediately. presented by this Society, and anyone can ascertain The subscription was limited in amount, so as to by the help of these figures, or by special appli- enlarge the number of those who might wish to cation to the secretary, what these figures are, and join. Many who would have joined were prevented what they mean. To those who do know what by the announcement that enough had been rethis means and why they have been so carefully ceived. If we had wanted more money the list withheld, the ordinary article which treats of could have been extended indefinitely. publishing is a thing which would be contemptible if it was not pitiful and mischievous. Let it be remembered that the Society has a mass of publishers' accounts, printers' estimates, information We have lost one of our earliest members. Mr from booksellers, bookbinders, printers, advertising Egerton Warburton, one of the best known of. agents, agreements and returns, which has never Cheshire squires, was a member of the society before been collected together, and could never be from the first. Without being a great author, he collected except by such a Society. It is hoped was well known as the writer of excellent hunting that members will consult the Secretary and use songs, and was at all times devoted to literature this knowledge freely in their own interests. It is and literary pursuits. He was a gentleman of also hoped that editors will recognise the fact that what is called the old school- of ancient descent

conservative, and a churchman-indeed, he was one the cheapest and most valuable series of cheap of the late Beresford Hope's friends-a good books in existence, and has attained an enormous hunting man—with all the best traditions attaching sale, while his “Popular Library of Literary to his class. Some years ago he instituted a May Treasures” was also the means of bringing much Queen ceremony. For twenty years he was afflicted that is valuable within the reach of a very large with blindness.


the new year.

Another, and a more prominent member from The meaning, as between publisher and author, the literary point of view, has been lost in Mr. of the so-called “Royalty System ”—where there W. G. Wills. If success proves greatness, he was

is no system

—was explained in the Author for a great dramatist. If prolific production means

November 1891. Writers are entreated, in their greatness, he was great. The time has not yet own interests, to study the facts and figures there come for his work to be judged impartially as to its

set forth. place in literature. Few will forget, who ever saw those pieces, “ Oliver,” and “ Charles the First.” He possessed the first and greatest gift for

Communications intended for the Authors' Syndione who aspires to be a dramatist. He could hold

cate should be addressed to W. Morris Colles, the his audience. He has been charged with the Honorary Secretary. Mr. Colles will issue a report sadness of his pieces. They are lugubrious. It on the financial side of the Syndicate, drawn by a was, however, in the nature of the subject that firm of chartered accountants, at the beginning of they should be so. The man himself was far from being lugubrious. His muse was tearful, but his heart was light.

All persons engaged in literary work of any kind,

whether members of this Society or not, are invited We have also to regret the loss of Mr. G. T. to communicate to the Editor any points connected Bettany, who died of heart disease at Dulwich on with their work which it would be advisable in the December 2nd. He was born at Penzance in general interest to publish. 1850, and, being intended for the medical profession, entered Guy's Hospital in 1868. After graduating B.Sc. at London University with First Class Honours in Geology, he proceeded to Cam

Members and others who wish their MSS. read bridge, where he took his B.A., coming out

are requested not to send them to the Office without (bracketed Third) in the First Class of the Natural previously communicating with the Secretary. The Science Tripos in a remarkable year, Professor

utmost practicable despatch is aimed at, and MSS. H. N. Martin and the late Mr. Frank Balfour

are read in the order in which they are received. being respectively first and second. Mr. Bettany Society does not, under any circumstances, under

It must also be distinctly understood that the lectured for some years at Newnham and Girton Colleges, and at Guy's Hospital, but ultimately take the publication of MSS. decided to devote himself to literature. His chief works are “ The Morphology of the Skull,” which he wrote in collaboration with Professor W. K. Parker, F.R.S., “Eminent Doctors ; their Lives and copyright by English authors were given in the

The official directions for the securing of American their Work,” “Life of Darwin ” (Great Writers'

Author for June 1891. Members are earnestly Series), “ The World's Inhabitants,” and “ The

entreated to take the trouble of reading those World's Religions.” At the time of his death he

directions. was writing a “History of Christianity,” and a “ History of Guy's Hospital," the latter in collaboration with his friend Dr. S. Weeks, F.R.S.

Members are earnestly requested to forward Mr. Bettany was a contributor to the Times, the Athenæum, the Contemporary Review, and "Dic. agreements to the Society for inspection before

Once signed, the mischief is tionary of National Biography," and has, with they sign them. only one or two exceptions, edited more books than generally irreparable. any man living. The “ Minerva Library of Famous Books," of which he was the originator and sole editor, is now generally admitted to be



the death of James Russell Lowell, late President of the League, to be reported at the December

meeting, which will also receive reports, elect The Author, December 1891, page 200,


officers, and decide upon the future policy of the 2, line 4 from bottom

League. For “ Again, there are no periodicals,” read,

“ Again, there are two periodicals.” The
passage, as quoted, is unintelligible.


The following is important. It is an extract from a communication made to an English editor

by an American house :THE COST OF PRODUCTION.

“In the case of the publisher of a magazine who uses matter which is also copyrighted in the United

States, we think it very important that he should NOTHER edition of this very useful little work secure from the author in writing his or her autho

is now ready. Those who possess the earlier rity, not only to publish it in their magazine, but

editions will please note that since they were also his or her authority to export it, i.e., the said issued there has been a rise in compositors' wages, magazine to the United States; also to sell the same which, so far as London is concerned, will affect in the United States. This authority should be the item of composition, or setting-up, and press given in legal form, and signed in the presence of work, or machining, to the extent of about 15 per two witnesses, and copies of the authority should cent. It has not, we are assured, touched prices be sent over to us, so that in case questions should in Edinburgh.

come up here we should have positive proof that Those who consult the book should also bear in the author had given his authority to import and mind that our estimates are very liberal, so as to be sell the publication in the United States." on the safe side. A printer's bill is a very elastic thing, one that may be shortened as well as lengthened, in a most surprising manner. For in- The Associated Press of New York has been stance, a certain piece of work required for the interviewing English publishers as to the working Authors' Syndicate, which began by costing 368. a of the Copyright Law. As reported, the general week, has now gone down to 15s., without the least opinion seems to be that none of the evils prophesied alteration in length. And the other day the account for the printing trade are likely to come to pass. of a book was sent in which showed the cost of

Composition in America is twenty-five per cent. at production considerably less than the estimate in least more than it is here. American authors are the Society's book. Nor is this the only occasion

asking larger prices; literature which appeals to the in which we have found the figures supplied to us million will undoubtedly be greatly affected by the to have been liberal ones.

Act; other literature, naturally, to a much less extent. The benefit to the author who commands

a hearing in America will be enormous. AMERICAN COPYRIGHT,

An Americani writes to remonstrate with an I.

expression used in the Author. It described the HE annual meeting of the American Copy- Copyright Law as a Printer's Protection Act. He

points out that the printers are no more protected Council of the Authors' Club, was held at the

than they were before. This is quite true ; the rooms of the Club, 19, West 24th Street, on Friday

expression should not have been used. We regret afternoon, Nov. 20th, Dr. Edward Eggleston, third

that it was used.-Editor. Vice-President, in the chair. On motion the meeting was adjourned to a date in December, to be determined by the Secretary, of which due notifica

LITERARY CRITICISM. tion will be given. At a preliminary meeting of the Executive Council of the League some routine business was transacted, and a committee consisting F literary criticism may be said to flourish of Mr. E. Stedman, first Vice-President and acting among us at all, it certainly flourishes imPresident of the League, and Mr. R. U. Johnson, mensely, for it flows through the periodical Secretary, were appointed to draft resolutions on prėss like a river that has burst its dykes. The

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