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PAGE. Code C. P. $ 887......

300 Code C. P. $ 1902........... 408, 409 § 888........ ... 333

$ 1903 et seq.......... 409 SS 984, 985.

$ 1913............... 191 S 986..

$ 1961. SS 987, 988. ......

$ 2244... $ 992. ..........

$ 2253.. SS 997, 998....

$ 2326.

........ 587 S 999...

$ 2327........... 224, 587 $ 1186............... 846

$ 2335 .

.... 223 $ 1187........ 391, 846, 817

$ 2340.

341, 346 $ 1205..

$ 2343. ........... 586, 587 $ 1210. ......... 782, 785

& 2432 et seq.......... 717 8 1220 ......... 400

$ 2588 ............ 932 $ 1268. ........... 439, 440

$ 2653a.......... 575, 576 $ 1275................ 782

SS 2654, 2656, 2657... ... 837 S 1279........ 158, 578, 838

$ 2718................ 611 $ 1303

764

$ 2817. $ 1336 ... ..........

SS 2891, 2936...... 879 $ 1365 ...............

$ 3063............... 76 $ 1432 et seq....

88 3226, 3227 . ... 452, 454 1501.... .....

8 3228, subd. 5.. .... 52-55 SS 1522, 1523.

$ 3234 ........... 218, 219 SS 1524, 1526.......

$ 3239 ........... 460, 461 $ 1632............. 91

S 3251, subd. 3....... 460. SS 1742, 1743...

290

$ 3251, subd. 4....... $ 1743, subd. 1.... 289, 290

§ 3253 ............ 457 $ 1757 .......... 138, 139

$ 3254. .......... . 457 $ 1763, subd. 3........ 665

$ 3333, 3334. ...... 332, 335 $ 1871 et seq.......... 642

$ 3402................ 615 SS 1873, 1874. ..........

8 3412................ 514

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SECTIONS OF THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

CITED.

PAGE 1

PAGE. Code Cr. P. & 177........ 129, 130, 234 Code Cr. P. 8 590.....

779 $ 183................ 432

$ 593.............. 778, 779 $ 393................ 305

8 595. ............... 779 SS 520–523............. 764

SECTIONS OF THE PENAL CODE CITED.

PAGE.

PAGE. Penal Code, $ 5.....

132 Penal Code, $ 550........

..., ... 132 $ 29....

$ 629.... 144, 145, 147-149 $ 282........

8 629, subd. 1........ 144 $ 528. ........ ..

$ 629, subd. 2.... 144, 147 $ 528, subd. 1....

$ 632.... ............ 147 89 530, 533.........

§ 633. .... 142–145, 147-149 8 548............. 133, 134

SECTIONS OF THE PENAL LAW CITED.

PAGE.

PAGD. Penal Law, S 2.....

273 Penal Law, $ 1427, subd. 2.... 426-432 $ 121.. ....... ... ... 233

$ 2036........ .... 233 $ 274. .......

669 |

RULES CITED.

PAGE.

PAGE. General Rules of Practice, rule 36.. 61 | Rules for Regulation of Special

rule 39. 933 Terms and Calendar Practice,
rule 41. 930 First Judicial District, rules 11,
rule 82. 578 12. .............. .... 941

STATUTES OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES CITED.

Connecticut.
PAGE. | New Jersey.

PAGE. Public Acts of 1872, chap. 16.... 404 Laws of 1897, chap. 58......... 70 New Jersey.

Laws of 1898, chap. 235, § 186.. 826 1 Gen. Stat. of N. J. 1080, $ 171. 826 Laws of 1904, chap. 64.. ... 253, 254 Laws of 1848, p. 151. ........... 701

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England
PAGE. | England.

PAGE. 12 Geo. I, chap. 32.............. 793 5 Geo. III, chap. 28............ 793 12 Geo. I, chap. 33............ 793 9 Geo. III, chap. 19. ............ 793 12 Geo. II, chap. 24............ 793 / 14 Geo. III, chap. 43 ..... ... 793 4 Geo. III, chap. 32 ...... 793 7 & 8 Vict. chap. 110, $ 3.......

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Cases

DETERMINED IN THE

APPELLATE DIVISION

OF THE

SUPREME COURT

OF THE

State of New York.

Asher H. Berg, Respondent, v. Joseph KAISER and Louis G.

WULWICK, Appellants.

Second Department, March 31, 1910.

Landlord and tenant - dispossession by sumrary proceedings — recov

ery of rent payable in advance.

While the issuance of a warrant for the removal of a tenant by summary pro

ceedings terminates the relation of landlord and tenant, the former, by virtue of the exception contained in section 2253 of the Code of Civil Procedure, is entitled to recover rent payable in advance if it became due prior to the time the precept issued.

APPEAL by the defendants, Joseph Kaiser and another, from a judgment of the Municipal Court of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn, in favor of the plaintiff, rendered on the 29th day of June, 1909.

Nathan Friedman, for the appellants.

Meier Steinbrink, for the respondent. JENKS, J.:

The defendants appeal from a judgment of the Municipal Court against them. The plaintiff rented to the defendants as monthly tenants certain premises at a monthly rental of $75. The tenancy

App. Div.-Vol. CXXXVII. 1

Second Department, March, 1910.

[Vol. 137. began on May 1, 1909. On May 22, 1909, plaintiff served a notice upon the defendants to quit the premises, but as the defendants continued in possession the plaintiff brought summary proceedings, tried on June 7, 1909, which resulted in a judgment for the plaintiff. The defendants were removed on or about June 11, 1909. This action is brought to recover $75 rent for that month of June. The defendants insist, first, that the plaintiff failed to prove that the rent was payable in advance. The plaintiff, however, testifies without contradiction that when the premises were rented there was the agreement that if they were to continue as monthly tenants the rent should be paid on the first day of each month. The plaintiff further insists that as the relation of landlord and tenant was terininated at the plaintiff's election, the landlord could not recover rent after such termination. I think that this case is within the purview of section 2253 of the Code of Civil Procedure, which reads as follows: “The issuing of a warrant, for the removal of a tenant from demised premises, cancels the agreement for the use of the premises, if any, under which the person removed held them; and annuls accordingly the relation of landlord and tenant, except that it does not prevent a landlord from recovering, by action, any sum of money, which was, at the time when the precept was ssued, payable by the terms of the agreement, as rent for the premises; or the reasonable value of the use and occupation thereof, to the time when the warrant was issued, for any period of time, with respect to which the agreement does not make any special provision for payment of rent." Thus it will be seen that the issue of the warrant cancels the agreement and annuls the relationship of landlord and tenant, except that it does not prevent the landlord from recovering by action any sum of money which was at the time the precept was issued payable by the terms of the agreement as rent. Mr. Throop's note to the said section is : “The first sentence has been taken from id., § 43,* remodelled and amended by adding the final clause. It covers also, in its present form, $ 60,* added to the R. S. by L. 1868, ch. 764 (7 Edm., 336). The reinainder of the section is new in form; but it is in accordance with the construction given to the original in Hinsdale v. White, 6 Hill, 507; McKeon v. Whitney, 3 Denio, 452; Crane v.

* See 2 R. S. 515, § 43; R. S. pt. 3, chap. 8, tit. 10, S 60.-- [REP.

App. Div.]

Second Department, March, 1910. Hardman, 4 E. D. Smith, 339; Cushingham v. Phillips, 1 id. 416; Davison v. Donadi, 2 id. 121 ; Whitney v. Meyers, 1 Duer, 266; except that this section settles the doubt left by those cases respecting rent due in advance. It seems only just that the issuing of a precept should bar any subsequent clairn for advance rent. With respect to a claim for use and occupation the rule shonld be different; and accordingly the issuing of the warrant has been fixed as the time for the termination of such a claim." If $75 for the month of June was by the terms of the agreement payable as rent on the first day of that month, it was payable as rent before the precept was issued, hence the statute cited must control. (See Michaels v. Fishel, 169 N. Y. 391.) The debt remained due, although the lease was terminated by the dispossession. (Cushingham v. Phillips, 1 E. D. Smith, 416, citing Ilinsdale v. White, 6 Hill, 507.) I think that the judgments of the Appellate Term in McNulty v. Duffy (59 N. Y. Supp. 592; and Martin v. Lee (29 Misc. Rep. 333) are right, and that the rule there laid down should be applied in this case. The late Justice McAdam, an eminent author. ity on the Law of Landlord and Tenant, animadverts on the judgment in McNulty v. Duffy (supra) (3 McAdam Landl. & Ten. [3d ed.] 116), and, pushing the principle to the extremne, asks whether it could be possible that, if a tenant leasing premises for years with rent payable yearly in advance, make default in the first payment, the landlord could, on the fourth of the same month, dispossess him under a warrant which by express command of the statute cancels a lease, and then recover in an action the entire year's rent in advance? So far as the criticisin is based upon cancellation by the statute, I think that it overlooks the fact that, although the statute cancels the agreement and annuls the relation, yet by exception it assures affirmatively the very right to the landlord which is criticised. And so far as the criticisin suggests hardship, accentuated by the extreme example, that hardship comes from a default of the sufferer in his contract, of which the terms were presumably within his own control when he made it.

The judgment is affirmed, with costs.
WOODWARD, BURR, Thomas and RICH, JJ., concurred.
Judgment of the Municipal Court affirmed, with costs.

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