The Evolution of North American Rhinoceroses
Cambridge University Press, Mar 7, 2005 - 218 páginas
The family Rhinocerotidae has a long and amazing history in North America. From their first appearance about forty million years ago, they diversified into an incredible array of taxa, with a variety of ecologies that do not resemble any of the five living species. They ranged from delicate long-legged dog-sized forms, to huge hippo-like forms that apparently lived in rivers and lakes. This book includes a systematic review of the entire North American Rhinocerotidae, with complete descriptions, measurements, and figures of every bone in every species - the first such review in over a century. More importantly, it discusses the biogeographic patterns of rhinos, their evolutionary patterns and paleoecology, and what rhinos tell us about the evolution of North American landscapes and faunas over 35 million years. It is a complete and authoritative volume that will be a reference of interest to a variety of scientists for years to come.
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AMNH Amphicaenopus annectens Aphelops articulation astragalus bar in cm bone Caenopus calcaneum Chadronian Clarendonian Colorado Cope County dakotensis Diceratherium distal width dorsal Early Barstovian early Hemingfordian early Hemphillian F:AM F.AM facet faunas femora femur Figure fossil genus hicksi Holotype humerus Hypodigm Hyracodon Known distribution LACM CIT late Arikareean Late Barstovian late Hemphillian left ramus Leidy localities M2 length m2 width malacorhinus male skull mandible Matthew maxilla Mean SD medial medicornutum megalodus Menoceras Menoceras arikarense Metamynodon Mexico midshaft width Miocene molar mutilus nasals Nebraska neural North American occiput Oligocene Orellan Osborn p4 width palate partial skull Penetrigonias Peraceras Peterson postcranial posterior premolars profectum proterum Prothero proximal width radius Ranch Rhinoceros rhinocerotids rhinos right ramus rugose Scale bar scapula Sioux County skeleton South Dakota species Subhyracodon occidentalis superciliosum Tanner taxa taxon teeth Teleoceras teleoceratins Texas tibia tridactylum Trigonias tusks type specimen UCMP ulna UNSM upper premolars Whitneyan Wood