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My mother dies! The grief and consternation of the Count may be imagined-his indigna. tion thus breaks forth against the Marquis, who declares he has redeemed his honour.
Count. A ye! with your children's blood !
Marg. (Despairingly.) Where art thou, Death ?
I meant it well-I thought
He dies ! O Father,
Wake, Camilla, wake,
Julia. Death would not be so cruel -
Once ye stole
Julia. Ye're with your father! Peace be to your bond.
Leon. (To his mother's body.) Can thy son's sorrowing voice?
0, let her sleep!
Yonder lies my sword
(To the Count.) My father,
Yes ! be my child !
(The curtain falls.
BISHOP OF CHESTER'S LETTER TO THE CLERGY OF HIS DIOCESE.
When an imputation of any kind Roman Catholic subjects. By John is cast upon a body of men, the charge Bird, Lord Bishop of Chester." made against them has been compa- The writer begins by stating, that red to a phial of ink thrown into a though he has been is inclined for pool of water. The stain is so dif, many years to consider the removal of fused throughout the whole, that it is the Roman Catholic disabilities, upon scarcely perceptible in any particular the whole, desirable, yet those persons part.
have often appeared to him fortunate, Supposing such a pool to exist, -of who were exempted from any active all the birds in the air which came to concerns in a question which he knew dip their beaks, and flutter, and plume to be attended with uncertainty, and themselves therein, one would think perplexed with many difficulties." He that the strangest bird which should then continues—“It has been no long, endeavour to collect the impurity, and er in my power to possess this secret carry as much as possible home to its satisfaction." Greatly do we marvel own nest. We can fancy we see the what may be the nature of this “ se“ rara avis," with beak and claws bea cret satisfaction," which could harbour grimed and besmutted, bespattering itself within the breast of a dignitaits astonished young with the fruits of ry of the Established Church. Truly its grovelling! But no ;-there can it seemeth to have a strong savour of not be such a naturally ink-loving that “ secret satisfaction” wherewith a bird in existence : and if we really “ white-feathered” soldier might find saw one, in a situation which might himself ensconced behind a stone wall render him liable to suspicion, we in the day of battle. We are not now should be charitably inclined to con. called upon to enter into a discussion clude, that the poor thing had been upon a question which has been so fredisporting himself in the said pool, quently and so ably handled as that (mayhap not his natural element,) and of Roman Catholic Emancipation-we had, contrary to his own inclinations, propose merely to stick to the “ Letbecome soiled with certain particles of ter;" and therein we find the followthe floating stain. We can readily ing passage :-“I could not, however, imagine what such a bird must feel, rest satisfied with merely the cold exa when, on returning toits nest, or among pectation, that no mischief was likely its own kind, it should be avoided, or to arise to the Protestant religion. I looked upon shyly, by those fortunate look further to a great and positive adbipeds that had remained uncontami. vantage, not indeed to this country, nated. It would, moreover, be amu, which less needs it, but in Ireland.” sing to see the said creature, after fruit. P. 22. And, in the next page, we have lessly endeavouring to get rid of the this assurance,-“I FULLY BELIEVE taini, endeavouring to cackle his bres that a MAIN OBSTACLE to the REFORthren into a belief that it was exceede NATIOn in Ireland 18 REMOVED by ingly becoming, and that “ motley was the removal of political distinction bethe only wear." Like the fox that had tween Protestant and Roman Catholost his tail, he might barangue, and lic." This is a formal announcement declare it was the last new fashion; of his belief on this important subject, but, truly, the flock must be silly geese made, not in the heat of argument, indeed, if they did not suspect the real nor the careless confidence of the dinstate of the case. They would con, ner table; but expressly addressed, clude, when beholding the state of his from the study, by a Bishop of the Replumage, as Falstaff did of treason, formed Church to the clergy of his dio“that dirt lay in his way, and he hath cese! With such a belief, voluntarily found it.”
expressed, what kind of “ secret saa We have now before us* " A Letter tisfaction" can that be which the wri. to the Clergy of the Diocese of Ches. ter would have felt, had he been “exter, occasioned by the Act of the Legis. empted from any active concern in the Jature granting relief to his Majesty's question?"
• A Letter to the Clergy of the Diocese of Chester, occasioned by the act of the Legislature granting relief to his Majesty's Roman Catholic subjects. By John Bird, Lord Bishop of Chester. London. Hatchard and Son. 1829.
VOL. XXVI. NO, CLIV,
To assist in the removal of " a main to the sentiments of a large majority obstacle to the reformation,"one would of the body over whom he had been have conceived to be a work so glori. called to preside.” Mutual confidence ous and exciting, to any man fit to be of course must follow. The next pas. a Bishop of the Reformed Church, that sage we copy verbatim, because it even a crown of martyrdom might not speaks worthily of those whom we re. have been declined for its achievement. spect. “I have the greater reason to But no. In these, "our modern days," lament this, because my predecessors matters are differently ordered. “Some in the see, whose influence may well are born to greatness, some achieve survive them, established as it is by greatness, and some have greatness the benefits which they conferred upthrust upon them.” But let us seek on the diocese, have taken a different in the “ Letter" for a solution of that view of this question; so that the adwhich perplexes us. Is it possible tbat ditional weight of their authority has the following, which we copy from been given to that scale towards which page 12, can throw any light on the general opinion inclined.” subject ?
" The weight of a Bishop's authori. « In the course of social and politi, ty" being thrown into “ the scale of cal life, many circumstances occur opinion," is a somewhat startling exa which cannot and need not be pointed pression, when used by a Bishop to his out, but which often lead men to act clergy. Let them, however, look to in a very different way from what, on that, we are not disposed to be hyperabstract principles, might be expecte critical. After these preliminary reed."
grets, the “ Letter” proceeds to state, There is no denying this, “ seeing that the writer did not choose “ to what we see, and hearing what we encounter the heat of feeling which hear." We perceive the Bishop hath prevailed whilst the Act was in propondered upon the nature of man's gress.” Hot work seems to be parti. mind. There are strange arcana and cularly inimical to his “ secret satishidden mysteries there, not to be ac- factory” feelings; " but now," he counted for, perhaps, “ on abstract says, " that there is no longer any principles.” But it is a fine study, room for controversy,”—which is as as Juvenal says-" E cælo descendit much as to say, “I won't listen to any yule mravlev," The Bishop's next la reply ; I am one of Erasmus's bishops, mentation (the loss of his “ secret sa- “ Non amo monachum respondentisfaction” being the first) is, that he tem:"_" Now," he proceeds, “ we was obliged to take an active part in can calmly enquire whether either our the removal of the “ main obstacle to religion, or our Protestant establish. the reformation in Ireland” “ 80 soon ment, are brought into serious hazard after his appointment to the diocese.” by that change in our laws, in which It certainly was a hard case. No man so large a majority of the legislative likes to do good,“ upon compulsion,” body has concurred.” Page 3. at any time; but, to be compelled to The questions as to whether “ the set about it directly one possesses the enactment was lawful or not," and power, really requires more than a “whether the step taken was inevicommon share of the “ milk of human table or no,” are immediately thrown kindness” to endure. Here, however, overboard. “ It is unnecessary now," the writer is kind enough not to aban: the right reverend prelate says, “ to don us to the misty light of our old enquire.” We have, however, a taste fashioned “ abstract principles," nor of the old dogma, that Ministers knew to vague conjectures as to “ circum- something that nobody else knew, stances which cannot be pointed out,” dished up in a new style, thus:-" It His regret arises from a want of op. is improbable that, except upon such portunity to establish “a mutual con conviction," (i. e. of its inevitability,) fidence between his clergy and him, “they should have embarrassed themself," which, however, “he trusts may selves with a measure so arduous and be hereafter furnished.” Perhaps it unpopular.” This is worthy the domay: but, in the meanwhile, it has minie of a village-school. “ Take that, been his misfortune to be “ brought to my lads," he says, when administerthe alternative of opposing his own ing the cane; " you can't understand conscientious view of justice and ex- what it's for,- but never mind, I pediency, or of voting in contradiction know, and you'll be the better for it by and by, depend upon it!” The worthy "newly obtained privilege,” “oppordiocesan next affirms, that he “ cer tunity of enforcing," &c. all attributed tainly could not have given a consci- to Roman Catholics; and yet the “in. entious vote in favour of the bill, if fluence" of their religion will not be he had believed that it would either “extended !" If such be the case, it weaken the Protestant establishment, clearly proves that the Roman Cathoor extend the influence of the Roman lic religion can have no influence on Catholic religion." In the capacity of the heart of its professors. All those merely verbal critics, we should have doctrines, which the Bishop was wont liked this sentence better, had the first to call “ damnable," are but phan. part been more bluntly worded. The toms of the brain, if they influence repetition of the epithet “conscien- not the mind and conduct of men. But tious," appears to be in what is now let us seek in the Letter for a solu. called " bad taste."
tion of this problem. We have it ! It must, however, be extremely sa. page 13. “Why, in short, may we tisfactory to the minds of the clergy, not be allowed to hope and believe, in to learn, that a Bishop of the Esta- the case of the Roman Catholics, what, blished Church believes, that the in in other cases, we are too often obliged fluence of the Roman Catholic religion to fear or to lament, that men do not will not be extended by the admission always act, or speak, or think, in ere of eight members of her communion act accordance with the articles to into the House of Lords, and fifty in. which they have assented, or the to the Commons! These are the num. words and formularies which they rebers calculated in the “Letter." (Pp. cognise as their own ?" Here is ground 6 and 7.) For our own part, we were for hope, with a vengeance! With our (perhaps) weak enough to imagine, nonsensical reasoning, upon “ abstract that men, who have been prevented principles," we should never have disa from taking their seats in Parliament covered it, but for the “ Letter." solely on account of their religious and But, in spite of all the sedatives ap“ conscientious" scruples, would, in plied, to benumb our feelings, in the all probability, feel it a duty to exert varied forms of cant and expediency, any influence which might fall to our blood will rise occasionally. What! their share, in favour of such mea- admit men into office, with the hope sures as were likely to increase the and belief that they will perjure thema power of their Church. We confess selves! Is this the language of a Brithis to have been our fear. We ima. tish legislator? Can these be the words gined that, having gained a footing, of one who, but the other day, before they might advance gradually, step by the Archbishop, solemnly declared, step, until they could assume a more that he was “ ready, the Lord being commanding position ; but the “ Lete bis helper," " with all faithful diliter" goes at once to the question of gence, to banish and drive away all er. ascendency. After briefly stating, that roneous and strange doctrine contrary the Established Church of Ireland was to God's word, and, both privately in danger, before the passing of the and opeuly, to call upon and encou. bill, the writer says, “The only ques. rage others to the same ?"* We have, tion is, whether that danger be in indeed, “to lament,” &c.— but how creased or diminished by the political to account for the thing, we are utterly influence which Roman Catholics are at a loss, unless peradventure by again likely to enjoy, who, as many seem to quoting the Bishop's own words: “In believe, will value their newly obtained the course of social and political life, privilege only in proportion as it gives many circumstances occur which can. them the opportunity of enforcing the not, and need not, be pointed out, but claim of their own Church to ascend. which often lead men to act in a very ency. But, supposing them to enter different way from what, on abstract tain this object, it can only be carried principles, might be expected,” We into effect in one of two ways, by vehemently deprecate the doctrine; force, or by influence." This reads and yet, coming froin such a quarter, very strange, after the former passage! we dare not assert that it is without Here we find “ political influence," foundation. If “ offences" of this sort
• From the order of the consecration of bishops, in the Book of Common Prayer.
“ will come,” in political life, we most speak, or think, in exact accordance sincerely condole with the truly “con with.” Unwilling as we are to admit, scientious” man who is exposed to such for a moment, even with the sanction temptation ; and not only “lament," of this “ rara avis” of a Bishop, that &c. with the Bishop, in his own words, we, as Christians, may “ be allowed previously quoted, but deeply, bitter to hope," that “ eight” Peers of the ly“ lament,” that he is not now en realm, and “ fifty” members of the joying that“ secret satisfaction” which House of Commons, will be guilty of might have been his lot, had he for- such gross dereliction of all that is tunately been “ exempted from any honourable; we will, notwithstanding, active concern" in the question. “Bet merely for argument's sake, suppose ter,” indeed, were it, for one who the thing correct. Common-sense, the hath solemnly promised to “ be dili- experience we have had among mangent, to frame and fashion himself and kind, and, perhaps, our notions of his family according to the doctrine "abstract principles," all unite in tellof Christ, and to make both himself ing us, that such individuals are far and them, as much as in him lieth, more likely to set at nought any enwholesome examples and patterns to gagements which they may have been, the flock of Christ :"* far “ better in a manner, compelled to make, by were it for him “ to be a door-keeper and with heretics, than those solemn in the house of his God, than to dwell “ articles, words, and formularies, in the tents of (such) unrighteous which they have recognised as their ness !"
own,” of the importance and truth of After noticing this “ hope and be which they are fully persuaded, and for lief” that the Roman Catholics will the profession and adherence to which not act according to their own“ asser. they have been content, during the tions, words, and formularies," what whole of their lives, hitherto, to enshall we say of the following passage dure the most painful privations. in page 11 ?
We have a most orthodox antipathy There have long been Protestant against many of the doctrines of the members in the House, who are known Church of Rome, yet we are compelto look with jealousy upon the Irish led to believe that her members are establishment; and they have not sincere in their credence thereof; since been bound, as the Roman Catholics we have beheld the Peer renounce his who may succeed in their places will birthright, and the ambitious man be, by a solemn engagement, to use abandon his hopes of future eminence, none of the power which they possess, rather than give their assent to "words" to disturb or weaken the Protestant which they consider to be at variance religion, as by law established.” with her " articles and formularies.”,
What can the Bishop suppose the Looking at the past lives of these men, heads of his clergy are made of, when we are bound to admit, that (however he talks of a solemn engagement bindwe may dislike their creed) they have, ing men, respecting whom such a hope up to the present time, acted consiste and belief may be allowed as he has ently, and like men of honour. We thought proper to sanction?
have considered them as our political Perfectly free as we are from “ the enemies. We have done every thing authority” of Episcopal “ opinion,” in our power to prevent them from we cannot perceive any ground for acquiring the influence which they are consolation in this most unusual style now likely to possess ; and it is our of reasoning. We are unable to dis intention (as far as, in these changing cern what degree of solemnity can be times, we can answer even for ourgiven to this new abjuration, in order selves) to continue upon the alert, and to make it more binding than the " are to stand in the way of their acquiring ticles to which they have” already more. We have endeavoured, accord“ assented, or the words and formu ing to our means, to preserve the par. laries which they recognise as their tition wall, which was between us, unown;" but which, notwithstanding, injured; but it is now broken down, we may “ be allowed to hope and be. and they are among us. Yet we canlieve" they will not “ always act, or not believe, notwithstanding what we
• Ordering of Priests : Common Prayer-Book.