« AnteriorContinuar »
minds. He says, (p. 28,) “ But a shops. “ For my own part,” quoth contest is of a very different nature, he, “ I wish the poor gentlemen no and produces a very different effect, worse than that they may preach them when the parties are on the same foot- selves to death, since that is the most ing, and when one is striving to pre- glorious end they can possibly make serve a superiority, and the other to in the service of our Lord and Masobtain an equality.” This may be ter.” Is it possible to refrain from very true; but we have always been joining in this truly pious, Protestant, disposed to imagine that, in all con- and patriotic wish? It would be cheera tests, the more equally the parties ing to witness such genuine devotion. were matched, by so much was the It would remind one of the days gone fierceness and length of their conten- by, when men “sought not their tion likely to be increased. The in. own,” but “ did boldly jeopard body ference in the above passage is evi- and life for their religion, and the dently to the contrary. The Bishop, establishment and preservation of Proindeed, appears to be a great lover of testant ascendency. With all Chrisequality, “ of not seeking our own, tian charity, we hope that the end of and of preferring one another in ho- the “ Bird” in hand, and certain of nour." 'We marvel much that he is a the same feather, may be no worse. Bishop!
It is “ a consummation devoutly to be The “ Letter" then expresses a wished." " hope that the present measure will One more ground for consolation set before the Irish population the re- from the “ Letter," and we lay down ligion of the Reformation in a new point of view, not as the religion of "May it not be intended,” asks the ihe predominant party, but as the re- preacher, (p. 29,) “ that this political ligion of the Bible!" This is as it change, coming simultaneously with ought to be, and, moreover, as we many active measures for the diffu. trust it has been, long since. On sion of truth, with a more general acsuch matters, however, we have no quaintance with the Scriptures, with right to imagine the worthy Diocesan a vast extension of education, and can be ignorant.
with a remarkable spirit of religious Of the efficacy and influence of enquiry, may form a part of a provj. preaching, the following are his opi- dential design, and co-operate in renions, p. 32:-" The clergy, it must moving the veil from the face of Chrisbe remembered, and not the legisla- tianity in Ireland, and purifying it ture, are the real guardians of truth from its corruption and superstition?" in this country, The legislators, Upon the supposition that the part in the main, will take their view taken in " this political change” by of religion from what we teach it, the said John Bird, Bishop of Chesprove it, and exhibit it to be. On the ter, has been that of a mere puppet, clergy, not now only, but at all times, moved by others, in consequence of must depend the maintenance, the some of those “circumstances” which diffusion, the purity of religion, in “occur in social and political life, the land. Whilst the doctrine which which cannot and need not be pointthey inculcate is the doctrine of Chris. ed out, but which often lead men to tian truth ; whilst the practice which act in a very different way from what, they pursue is the practice of that re- on abstract principles, might be exligion, which, while it prepares man- pected"-supposing it possible for a kind for a more perfect state hereaf. Bishop to be so utterly debased, then ter, establishes and preserves here such language as the above might be 'whatsoever things are honest, what- barely admissible. But, for a “consoever things are just, whatsoever scientious” and responsible agent to things are lovely, whatsoever things insinuate that his own act and deed are of good report,' so long our Pro-" may form part of a providential detestant faith, and with it our Protest- sign," is really a most insulting and ant establishment, is invulnerable.” ingenious method of crowing over
One is, on reading this passage, for. those who are yet smarting from the cibly reminded of a pious wish, which recent strife, and who believe a deathwas said to have been breathed by an blow hath been dealt against their eccentric member of the Establish country. ment, when speaking of certain Bi- In the days of Cromwell, when the
victorious Puritan sat, after a battle, in a five or six-fold proportion, is now maudlin triumph, mawkishly preach- returned by Protestants, can never ing to the wounded Cavalier, some become Catholic till its constituents thing of the kind may have been said. become so. Its constituents can never It is certainly the most complete spe- become so whilst the clergy are what cimen of “cant" that hath met our they are at present; not only enemies eye for many a day; and were it not of Popery, but lovers, followers, and written by a " right reverend," we teachers of truth.” should say, partook strongly of the We are far from agreeing with the nature of blasphemy.
first part of this sentence; recentevents Indeed, we should have little hope and speeches are yet too vivid in our of the Bishop, were it not for his evi- recollection; but the latter clause is dent attachment to preaching. From pleasant, as it leads us to anticipate that exercise, something may yet be that the Bishop will devote himself expected. He is wonderfully sanguine assiduously to preaching; a task for in his notions of its efficacy; witness which he is certainly much better quapage 33 of the “ Letter.” “ Roman- lified than for legislation. And here ism can never be supported by Par- we speak not “ without book," for we liament till the Parliament is Roman have read his sermons, his speeches, Catholic. The Parliament which, in and his “ Letter."
The following circumstance, which nothing more conclusive can be wantoccurred some years ago at Ceylon, ing, when we assert that we ourselves may not prove uninteresting, though have seen the garden, or grove, where we confess that we view it with an in- the good though uxorious
Adam spent terest, which others may not feel, as his days of innocence; and moreover, one of the parties (not the Bear) was, on the top of the peak which bears and is, a very dear friend of our own. his name, have we measured his last Notwithstanding “ the march of in- footstep on the island, when he was tellect," with her long and rapid driven from it by the angel
. A goodstrides, we are afraid that the island sized foot too it must bave been, for of Ceylon, to many of our readers, the mark of it is nearly six feet long; may be little known beyond its name; as well it might be, when he stepped and we have our suspicions, that the at once from the top of the mountain worthy General Officer, who once with to the island of Ramesseram, one of in our hearing described it as being the arches, as it may be termed, of situated at the mouth of the Red Sea, Adam's bridge, stretching from Ceydoes not stand alone in his ignorance. lon to the opposite continent. Here Be that as it may, however, there is he is thought to have spent a goodly such an island, and it is at least as old portion of the nine hundred and thirty as the rest of the world, seeing that years of his life, unable to tear himby most good judges it is supposed to self from the view of the beloved spot have been the old original garden of his imprudence had lost him, until Eden of our first parents; while that the death of Cain and Abel again drove on the banks of the Euphrates is a new him forth. These two brothers (Auopposition one, of no long standing. bul Caubul) "he here interred," side This river being named in the Scrip. by side, in graves, one fifty, and the tures, is no obstacle to the supposition; other sixty feet long; the earth over for every Chaldee scholar is aware, which is kept neatly heaped by a Fathat in that tongue, Euphrates might quir, who vouches for their being geapply to any large river, in the same nuine. The whole tradition is obmanner as in the Sanscrit, Gunga, or viously Mussulmaunic, as it need not Ganga (i. e. Ganges), has a like sig- be mentioned, that the Ishmaelites, nification. There are many strong from their consanguinity to the Jews, proofs in favour of Ceylon being the acknowledge the early part of the Old original Paradise; but we conceive that Testament, while to the other inha. bitants of the East it is perfectly un- chased as they would have been, were known.
bestowed upon the officers of this galWe cannot follow Adam farther lant little army. from Ceylon, however, which, for the We have started rather wide from benefit of the very ignorant, for whom our purpose, we confess; but as the this exordium iš manifestly intende officer to whom the adventure haped, was denominated Trapobane by pened, which we are about to relate, Ptolemy in his Geographical Gram- was high in the staff of that army, mar, while the Arabs (vide Sinbad the what we have said, we hope, will not Sailor) know it as Serendib; and the be deemed quite apropos to nothing. Indians, by the Sanscrit name of Lanka. Far removed from us, indeed, by some It is, moreover, peopled by at least two thousand miles, little does our friend races of black inhabitants, and con- think of the liberty we are now taking tinues to produce a few pearls as here- with him ; for though the most fortofore, and the only cinnamon which , ward among soldiers, he is the most grows in the world. We conquered modest among men, and we are aware it from the Dutch in the year 1796; would scarcely consent to be put in and though it has since been rather an print ; but as we shall carefully avoid expensive jewel in the British crown, mentioning names, we trust to be parit is unspeakable the service it has doned by him. The whole affair has been of as a king's government in the lately been detailed to us by a muEast, to overawe those monopolizing tual friend ; and as we are at a loss rogues, the Company, not to mention how to improve it, we shall save ourproviding for a number of fine young selves all trouble by simply transcrimen of younger brothers, in the ca- bing his letter. pacity of civil servants, and for more * You have often asked me for the grown gentlemen, as Governors, Lieut. particulars of the adventure of our Governors, Judges, and other officers friend H., in the Jungle of Ceylon, needful for the pomp and circumstance with the two Bears; and having lately of a government. “A few regiments had the circumstances related to me of the line, and one most efficient na. by our friend himself, I shall endeative corps, with some artillery, com- vour to conquer my habitual dislike to pose the force deemed necessary for writing, while I impart them to you. the protection of the island. This lit- In doing so I shall adhere, as nearly tle army, since the time we are about as possible, to the very words he used to speak of, now some ten years ago, in his narration ; and, as the whole is can scarcely at the present day be com- interesting, I have no scruple in maposed of the same individuals ; as, be- king him commence with you, as he sides the usual changes incident to a did with me, from the day before his military career, the lives of a great hairbreadth escape. To those who neportion of those brave fellows were ver were in the country where the expended in the rebellion of 1817-18, scene is laid, it is necessary to explain when the Kandyan natives of the in- that the southern coast of Ceylon, terior made a determined and obsti- from Tangalle stretching eastward to nate attempt to expel us from their the province of Batticaloa, is a desert, country, of which we had three years with the single exception of Harnbanbefore taken possession. It is seldom totte, where a civil servant is stationthat the courage and perseverance of ed, for the superintendence and colBritish soldiers have been more se- lection of the salt spontaneously proverely, put to the trial ; and many duced along the coast. The character mortal remains, which were then left of the country varies, being someto rot in the jungle of Ceylon, be times deep sand, at others jungle and longed to as brave youths as ever at forest, and frequently large grassy the great last day will claim those plains. The inhabitants of this tract bleached upon the plain of Salamanca, of country, of nearly two hundred or on the mighty Waterloo itself. Uns miles, are so few, that it may be fortunately for the survivors of the said to be abandoned entirely to eleKandyan war, the effects of the last phants, buffaloes, wild hogs, and last, named battle were too fresh and daz- not least, abundance of leopards, as zling in the memory of the “ powers well as bears of a most ferocious race. that be;" and strange to say, no ho. Occasionally, a few runners are stanours, well merited and dearly pur- tioned in huts, from fifteen to twenty miles apart, for the purpose of trans- I took with me a black man, who was mitting such letters as Government proceeding to Trincomalee with some may send by that route; and there is, trifling articles of merchandise, who moreover, an empty rest-house or two, said he could shew me the hut in the merely sufficient to shelter the weary neighbourhood, where I could get one traveller from the rays of the sun. of the runners before-mentioned to be
“I was proceeding,' said our friend, my guide, as well as to carry a small ' in the way of my duty, from Point leathern case with a change of linen de Galle to the Post of Hambantotte, and dressing utensils. We had no on the south-east coast of the island, sooner stepped on the beach, than the and had sent forward my servants and men in the canoe treacherously push. baggage by land, while I myself em- ed off for their vessel, and my black barked in a native boat, called a dho- friend threw himself at my feet, im. ney, at the small bay of Belligham, ploring me to let him go also, and that half way between Point de Galle and I should proceed far enough not to be Matura. I went on board between seen, otherwise the men in the canoe eleven and twelve o'clock of the day; would not be prevailed on to return for and, as it was the month of July, with him ; and, separated from his properthe Monsoon blowing in my favour ty on board the Dhoney, he should be with all its vigour, I had no doubt of ruined. I granted his request; and, reaching the place of my destination, from a small distance, had the satisthough sixty miles off, before daylight faction of seeing him taken off by the of the following morning. With this people in the canoe, and of feeling idea, I had provided no sea-stock be- myself alone in a desert, hungry, and yond a botile of brandy, accidentally without the means of procuring food, put into my hands, and a change of and even ignorant of the road, and, linen, with dressing utensils. You of course, with little chance of finding may judgeof my disappointment, when any of the letter-carriers or their huts. day dawned, between five and six It was now drawing towards three o'clock, as it does in that country, to find o'clock, and with my little valize in that we had overshot our port. It was one hand, and my brandy bottle, about impossible to land amidst the tremend- half full, in the other, I went in search ous surf on that coast in the south-west of the hut. After fruitlessly spending Monsoon; and the Tandil,or master of an hour in endeavouring to find it, I the boat, who, by the way, was bound deemed it better, as the sun was fast to Trincomalee, said, that all he could descending, to turn my face cowards do was to land me in a small bite or the west, and to endeavour to reach bay called Pootanie, which was still the next station, Yallé by name, about some hours' sail a-head, and between sixteen miles distant, and where there fifty and sixty miles beyond the breaks was a rest-house. The country was fast awaiting me at Hambantotte. This a number of open plains of different was rather serious to a man with a good sizes, divided from each other by exappetite, who had tasted nothing from tensive low jungles, interspersed with the day before at breakfast, in a part the large forest trees of the country. of the country quite uninhabited, ex- It was not without some difficulty that cepting by a couple of men posted I could find the path ; and iny stri, here and there, for the purpose of car- king upon the right one I considered rying the Tappaul. But I felt strong as particularly fortunate. I jogged on and vigorous; and the Kandyan cam. at a brisk pace, and all went well till paign had taught me to fast. I thought about sunset, when I was aware of a too, if I once got ashore, I should be herd of elephants in the jungle on each able to find one or other of the Tap- side of the path I had to pass. I could paul huts I have mentioned, and come just see their backs occasionally above in for a share of the currie and rice of the bushes, and hear the small trees its inmates. At a station, moreover, cracking and giving way on each side, by name Pallitopanie, about half-way as they walked through them, as a between where I was to be put ashore man would through a field of corn. and Hambantotte, there was an Eng- These animals gave me but little unlish corporal, with a few native sol- easiness, as I had frequently been diers, in charge of a depot of salt. a-shooting them; and though I had But to proceed. I was landed in a heard of instances of their attacking small canoe from the larger vessel. men, I had never on any occasion seen them, that they did not run away on heads and marked their anger by a raising a shout or firing a shot. When short roar, which I returned by chare I came near, one of them perceived ging them till I found myself within me, and gave that angry cry, which three yards of them, without their all who have been accustomed to ele. offering to move away. They made phants know so well. I shouted and a step towards me, the largest one, ran forward, but instead of taking to evidently the male, about its length flight, as I expected, the one who saw before the other ;-I kept my face tome made out of the jungle after me. wards them, and edged round so as I had got past the herd, and I fled on to get on that side of them by which my way with all the swiftness of I was to pursue my route. At this which I was capable. He was over. moment they made a short bound taking me fast, however, and was not at me, which I escaped by springing many yards from me, when I turned backwards, but still fronting them, round, and threw my portmanteau at and they missed me a second time in him. By special good fortune this the same way. These were more like arrested his progress, and he stopped the consecutive bounds of a clumsy as if to examine my kit. When I had gallop, than any thing else, but the got forty or fifty yards from him, I third I saw was to be my last. All stopped also. Perhaps you will scarce that I remember is, uttering a sound ly credit me when I say, that even of horror between a scream and a roar, then I was not afraid ; but so it was, and as the foremost animal rose at me, and I looked upon the affair more in a I struck him with all the force of my ludicrous than in any other light. I body in the noseand teeth with my branwas determined not to give up my dy bottle, the only thing in my hands. packet so easily, and I again shouted I need not say that the bottle broke and ran back a few paces towards my into shivers; and whether it was the friend. Upon doing so, he renewed blow on the nose-a part, I have since his attack, and charged me a second heard, of great tenderness in bears—or time. This time I should have had a that part of the brandy went into his poor chance for it, but fortunately & eyes and mouth and astonished him, small inequality of ground intervened, or both these things together, I know when he was close upon me, and í not; but he turned round and moved started to one side, stooping down as off, followed by his companion down much as possible, while he passed on the path away from me, and so into wards. I saw him bewildered at ha- the jungle. The female at no time ving lost me, while I skulked away as had taken a decided part, keeping raquickly as I could, and regained myther in the rear, and only backing road by a circuitous route. I had not her mate by encouraging grunts. proceeded much farther when the sun The whole business, I may say, set, and in the very short twilight scarcely occupied a minute's time, which follows in that climate, I per- during which I did not in the least ceived two animals come out of the lose my presence of mind, probably jungle into the path, about 100 yards from the shortness of the time. Í before me. In the uncertain light, I felt so conscious indeed of my own at first took them for the half-grown strength, that had there been but one calves of wild buffaloes, an animal bear, though I might have suffered abounding in that part of the island, much, I was confident I could have and they proceeded with their heads dislocated his jaw. But the two todown towards a large tree by the side gether quite discomfited me. I said of the road I had to pass, where they that I never lost my presence of mind began snuffing about the roots. I was during the rencontre ; but I own that now near enough to see that they were I stood as if fixed to the spot while bears of a very large size. To turn they moved off, and till they were out aside was impossible, as the jungle of sight. My first impulse was then was of a kind impenetrable to a man, to run, which I continued to do for being full of the very long thorn, call- about three miles, when I reached the ed the Buffaloe thorn, from its tough- large plain, which I guessed to be that ness. To go back never entered my of Yallé. I then fell down quite exI-indeed I had little time for hausted, and lay on the ground for