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All my pretty ones?
Did you say all ?
Let us make medicine of this great revenge,
To cure this deadly grief!

My Battle-Vow !-No Minster-walls

Gave back the burning word,
Nor cross, nor shrine, the low deep tone

Of smother'd vengeance heard :
But the ashes of a ruin'd home

Thrilld as it sternly rose,
With the mingling voice of blood that shook

The midnight's dark repose.
I breathed it not o'er kingly tombs,

But where my children lay,
And the startled Vulture at my step

Soar'd from their precious clay.
I stood amidst my Dead alone

I kiss'd their lips-I pour’d,
In the strong silence of that hour,

My spirit on my sword.
The Roof-tree fall'n, the smouldering floor,

The blacken'd threshold-stone,
The bright hair torn and soil'd with blood,

Whose fountain was my own ;
These, and the everlasting hills,

Bore witness that wild night ;-
Before them rose the Avenger's soul,

In crush'd Affection's might.
The stars, the searching stars of Heaven,

With keen looks would upbraid,
If from my heart the fiery vow,

Sear'd on it then, could fade.
They have no cause !-Go, ask the streams

That by my paths have swept,
The red waves that unstain'd were born,

How hath my faith been kept ?
And other eyes are on my soul,

That never, never close ;
The sad, sweet glances of the Lost-

They leave me no repose.
Haunting my night-watch midst the rocks,

And by the torrent's foam ;
Through the dark.rolling mists they shine,

Full, full of love and home!
Alas! the mountain eagle's heart,

When wrong'd, may yet find rest-
Scorning the place made desolate,

He se-ks another nest.
But I-your soft looks wake the thirst,

That wins no quenching rain ;
Ye drive me back, my Beautiful!

To the stormy fight again.

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LEAVE me, oh ! leave me !-unto all below

Thy presence binds me with too deep a spell ; Thou mak'st these mortal regions, whence I go, Too mighty in their loveliness—farewell,

That I may part in peace !
Leave me! thy footstep with its lightest sound,

The very shadow of thy waving hair,
Wake in my soul a feeling too profound,
Too strong for aught that loves and dies to bear.

Oh! bid the conflict cease!

1 hear thy whisper-and the warın tears gush

Into mine eyes, the quick pulse thrills my heart;
Thou bid'st the peace, ihe reverential bush,
The still submission from my thoughts depart.

Dear One! this must not be. The past looks on me from thy mournful eye,

The beauty of our free and vernal days,
Our communings with sea, and hill, and sky-
Oh! take that bright world from my spirit's gaze !

Thou art all earth to me!
Shut out the sunshine from my dying room,

The jas'mine's breath, the murmur of the bee; Let not the joy of bird-notes pierce the gloom ! They speak of life, of summer, and of thee

Too much-and death is here ! Doth our own spring make happy music now,

From the old beech-roots flashing into day? Are the broad lilies imaged in its flow? -Alas ! vain thoughis! that fondly thus can stray

From the dread hour so near!

If I could but draw courage from the light

Of thy clear eye, that ever shone to bless ! -Not now! 'twill not be now!-my aching sight Drinks from that fount a flood of tenderness,

Bearing all strength away! Leave me!- thou com’st between my heart and heaven!

I would be still, in voiceless prayer to die.
Why must our souls thus love, and thus be riven?
-Return !-thy parting wakes mine agony !

-Oh! yet awhile delay!



Ah ! then and there was hurrying to and fro,
And gathering tears, and tremblings of distress,
And there were sudden partings, such as press
The life from out young hearts, and choking sighs
Which nc'er might be repeated.


The vesper-bell, from church and tower,

Had sent its dying sound;
And the household, in the hush of eve,

Were met, their porch around.
A voice rang through the olive-wood, with a sudden triumph's power
We rise on all our hills ! come forth ! 'tis thy country's gathering hour.
There's a gleam of spears by every stream, in each old battle-dell-
Come forth, young Juan! bid thy home a brief and proud farewell!"

Then the father gave his son the sword,

Which a hundred fights had seenAway! and bear it back, my boy!

All that it still hath been! “ Haste, haste! the hunters of the foe are up, and who shall stand The lion-like awakening of the roused indignant land? Our chase shall sound through each defile where swept the clarion's blast, With the flying footsteps of the Moor in stormy ages past."

Then the mother kiss'd her son, with tears

That o'er his dark locks fell :
“ I bless, I bless thee o'er and o'er,

Yet I stay thee not-Farewell !”
« One moment! but one moment give to parting thought or word !
It is no time for woman's tears when manhood's heart is stirr’d.
Bear but the memory of thy love about thee in the fight,
To breathe upon th’ayenging sword a spell of keener might.”

And a maiden's fond adieu was heard,

Though deep, yet brief and low :
“In the vigil, in the conflict, Love!

My prayer shall with thee go!"
“ Come forth! come as the torrent comes when the winter's chain is burst!
So rushes on the land’s revenge, in night and silence nursed
The night is past, the silence o'er-on all our bills we rise-
We wait thee, youth ! sleep, dream no more! the voice of battle cries."

There were sad hearts in a darken’d home,

Wben the brave had left their bower;
But the strength of prayer and sacrifice

Was with them in that hour.



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The inhabitants of ancient. Italy ated with awful groans and rattling gradually exchanged their native di- chains, becomes in Italy a teazing and vinities for the historical deities intro- a playful spirit, and is called a Spirito duced by, successive settlers from folleito. These spirits riot amidst Greece ; thus the dreams, omens, and the glass and china, talk to the cats, auguries of Etruria were blended with open and shut doors with sudden viothe fables and ceremonies of Hellas, lence, or, when in an angry mood, toss and the combination became the state the sleepers out of their beds upon the religion of Rome. During the em floor. This non lascia dormir la gente pire, the miracle-loving Romans began is, however, the most grievous offence to substitute the monsters, the en- of which the Italians accuse the Spichantments, and the astrology of rito folletto. Instances of haunted Egypt and Chaldæa for the worn-out, houses are of rare occurrence ; but for but still publicly worshipped, state- many years a house in Rome, between gods; and, finally, after the establish- the Lateran and S. Maria Maggiore ment of Christianity, the elementary remained uninbabited, because at midspirits of Teutonic superstition raised night a monk was heard to read the into importance and celebrity by the mass and ring his bell. The Romans witch-tribu.als and other legislative attuch no importance to dreams and probibitions of Charlemagne, found omens, except as materials for hutheir way to Italy, in tales and legends morous and speculative discussion. Inwhich took a deep and lasting hold of deed, the superstitious faculties of the its imaginative inhabitants. It would Italians generally are so fully occupied not be difficult, even in the present by the miracles of their numerous day, to separate and class these heterosaints, and by the mysterious powers geneous elements of Italian supersti- of relics and pictures, that the beliet tion, were it worth while to trace them in any supernatural agency, unconto their respective sources. To gene nected with their religion, lays but ral readers, however, some illustrative slender hold of their credulity, and is details of their actual working, and nearly confined to the fair sex, who, wide diffusion in the lower classes of in Rome especially, are prone to bem Italian society will be more acceptable. lieve in the existence and active agenAmidst the numerous vestiges of an- cy of witchcraft. The meetings of the tique customs, discoverable in modern Roman witches, who are numerous, Italian life, occur not a few of the pu- and composed of young as well as old rest heathenism. For instance, in the women, take place in the ancient For Cathedral of Isernia in Molise is still rum, or Campo Vaccino. Here are preserved, and honoured under ano, celebrated the nocturnal orgies, of ther name, the Egyptian Phallus. which the most festivous and importSome of the female peasants in the ant occurs on St Jobn's night, when rural districts of Naples wear small they assemble in great numbers, and figures of Priapus on their bosoms to in the shape of black cats with fiery prevent sterility, while others, for the eyes. This transformation is accomsame purpose, wear smail pictures of plished by the aid of a mysterious certain Christian saints. l'hus have ointment, supposed to consist in great many objects of heathen worship, measure of the root of pimpernel or masking their origin under modern burnet. With this they anoint them. names, maintained their ground amidst selves from head to foot, a process the images and relics of the Romish which will remind the classical reader Church.

of the Thessalian enchantresses. These The tales of spectral appearances witches are said to compound beveraand haunted houses, which occasion- ges which provoke love or hatred ; ally occur in Italy, are modified by the they create bad weather, and operate cheerful habits of the people, and ge- upon the absent by incantations. The nerally assume a lively and even ludi- greatest crime imputed to them is the crous character. The midnight ghost, sucking of children, who become, in which, in northern Europe, is associa consequence, by quick or slow grada

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tions dry and emaciated, and a thin young Germans, in their black dresses,
child is said to have been “ Succhiato untrimmed beards, and long hair, are
dille Streghc.The belief in philtres especial objects of suspicion.
is peculiar to Naples, where young The Oriental fairies, who followed
men, who fall away in flesh and the fortunes of Charlemagne and his
strength, without apparent cause, are paladins, established themselves in va.
said to have taken love-potions. The rious parts of Italy, where they still
Neapolitan lover is afraid to accept a hold a distinguished place in the tra-
lock of hair from his fair-one, from a ditionary superstitions of the people.
prevalent belief that some pernicious These local fairies, who are more po-
influence may be thus conveyed. The tent than witches, and generally of a
Romans partake not of this apprehen- benevolent character, are not unwor.
sion"; but, during the Carnival, they thy of record. One of the most cele-
beware of eating the confetti, which brated is the Fata, or Fairy, Morgana,
are showered upon them by the female whose realm is the strait between Rege
masks, and will sometimes warn stran, gio and Messina. Here her glittering
gers of the perilous consequences. palaces sometimes rise above the waters,
These precautions often provoke the and dazzle the eyes of mortals with a
lively retort of the Roman females : transient glimpse of those splendours
Mangiate, mangiate i confetti. Non which are so magnificently described
siete tanto bello, per aver paura do

in the Orlando Amoroso of Boiardo. fattura.

This fairy is said to fall in love with The dread of storm-raisers is uni- young sailors and fishermen, whom versally prevalent amongst the coun- she lures into the deep by this display try people, and especially in moun- of her power and grandeur. The tainous districts. A Danish botanist, causes of this optical illusion are now journeying alone upon an ass through well understood, but the adjacent inthe mountains of Abruzzi, was invols habitants will not be reasoned out of ved in several perilous adventures by this highly poetical tradition ; and in this superstitious terror of the pea- the popular ballads composed in me. santry. They had for some time seen mory of young men drowned in the him collecting plants amongst the Straits of Messina, the surviving relaunfrequented cliffs and ravines, and tives are said to console themselves watched his proceedings with suspic with the belief, that the departed are cious curiosity. A few days later reposing in the arms of the Fairy More their district was ravaged by a succes- gana. sion of storms, their suspicions grew In Tuscany the mothers and nurses into certainty, and, assembling in con- terrify naughty children by telling siderable numbers, they attacked the them that the ugly fairy, Befana, is unconscious botanist with a volley of coming, and the Carnival of Florence stones, and cursed him as a storm- is opened on the night before the fesraising enchanter. He made vehement tival of the Three Kings, by the proprotestations of his innocence, but the cession of the Fata Befana, who is enraged peasants took forcible posses- paraded through the city by torchsion of his collection, which they mi. light, accompanied by the pealing of nutely examined. Finding only some drums and trumpets, and the acclaharmless leaves and blossoms, and no mations of the people. The fairy is roots, their fury abated, and, although personified by a colossal puppet, reit was suggested by some that he had presenting a sorceress in flowing garprobably used the roots in his incan- ments, and the tigure is so contrived iations, the unfortunate herbalist was as to appear taller or shorter at the at length dismissed with fierce mena. pleasure of the bearer, whose person ces, that if he dared to take a single is concealed by the long draperies. root from the ground, it would cost This monstrous fairy frightens the him his life. In the mountains near children by looking into the upper Rome, the peasants regard with suspi- windows of the houses ; and after thus cion a singular costume, a stern cast passing through the principal streets of countenance, or any striking perso- of Florence, the huge puppet is thrown nal formation, in the strangers who ar- from a bridge into the Arno, amidst rive there. All travellers, thus pecu. the shouts and imprecations of the liarly marked, are supposed to be en- multitude. The Tuscan nurses also chanters and treasure-seekers, and the call by the name of Befana, or Befa

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