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mountain, whence I could espy Shan. unsatisfactorily diminished the glory bally, the seat of Lord Lismore, on a which I hoped to acquire by its acqui. tock romantically beetling over the sition ; nevertheless I rejoiced with Suir, and surrounded with plantations, an unselfish joy, that, for the sake of and beyond it was pointed out to me its true owners, it was recovered. the town of “ nale Clogheen,” famous And now, might I not speak of our in song, as that in which the gallant further journey to Mitchelstoun, and Sergeant Snap first met the captivating of the magnificent castle thereof, and Mrs Pbaidrig Carey.
the noble lord iis owner, 10 whose I should have said that, as we passe magisterial presence we brought the ed along, various places, according to captives, not of our bow and our spear, the instructions of our prisoner, were but of the falling wall of turf ; touchcautiously approached, as being possi- ing which, one of the prisoners feel. bly the hiling place of his confederates; ingly implored, "May bad luck saize but as he still maintained that the the sowls of thim that made it !"most likely place to find them was But I reckon, by my wearying fingers, farther on, we proceeded without feels that this sketch has got well nigh far ing much disappointment. As we now enough, and that it is time to close it; entered upon an enormous boggy waste, yet I would linger a little longer, we perceived towards its centre an en- while I call to mind my second inter. ormous“clamp" of turf, as they call itin view with that fair and gentle lady, Ireland, being the general collection of for whose sake I should have been the labours of the district in the way of glad to have encountered something peat-cutting, and piled there, to be more difficult than that which fortune drawn away as it might be required presented to me in the adventure I for individual use. Within the recesses have related. of this “ lone and dreary pile," our It was a fair and sunny noon when prisoner informed us we might cal. I approached Mount Evelyn for the culate upon meeting with the man of second time the traces of the rude whom we were in search, and we there. devastation of the robbers had already fore now began to make preparation disappeared, and the appearance of for the somewhat hazardous service in every thing around exhibited a happy which we were about to be engaged. union of Irish ornament with English The danger, however, as it turned neatness. Within the house, too, all out, existed only in anticipation, as, was changed, and what, alas ! seldom potwithstanding all the caution we strikes us when we remark a change, could use in making our way through all was changed for the better. The the meandering allies of this huge age rifled room was elegantly in order gregation of peat-sods, the robbers in the harp was restored to its proper their lurking place got the alarm, and place, and so were the vases and ihe fed in an opposite direction, gaining fowers. The old lady had recovered the bog, where no one less acquainted from her fright, and wore that air of with it than themselves would dare composed politeness which so well beto follow. Two of them, however, comes old ladies; her daughter was as who were so unlucky as to tumble lovely as beauty and gracefulness could over each other in their flight, and make ber, and thanked me with such thereby overthrow a wall of peats energetic gentleness for the trouble I upon themselves, were so entangled as had had on their account, and the to be unable to get out, and we not great benefit I had conferred upon only captured them, but the entire them, that I was ashamed of the slight baggage of the enemy, which they had service I had performed. I assured leti behind in their hiding place. I her, that all the trouble I had had proceedel to examine this, and as was much more than repaid by the chance would have it, the very first pleasure of seeing her again, under thing I took up was a leathern bag circumstances less unpleasant than tied with a string, from whence, after those of our last meeting, and of feel. pulling forth a dead goose, a bottle of ing that I had, even in the slightest whisky, and a pair of old breeches, I degree, contributed to the restoration extracted the very parchment of which of the property of which they had I was in search. I felt that there was been so violently deprived; "but," I a most unromantic facility about the continued, " are you not afraid to conrecovery of this document, which yerytinue to live here? I expected to find you preparing to leave a part of the " Their lives ! did you say?" she country where outrageous crime is so replied, with much emotion”; “ Oh common. I am myself almost terri- Heaven, how selfish I have been, nefied at the thought of what you will ver to have thought of the unhappy be exposed to by continuing here." condition into which I might have
* Oh," she replied, “ you are too known they have brought themselves. severe upon our neighbourhood; it is indeed ! Indeed! they were not brutrue there are many outrages to be la- tal-not inhuman. If I might enmented, such as you know nothing of treat of you to trouble yourself fur: in England, but we are not so very ther about this matter, do, for the sake bad."
of mercy, make interce:sion for them." “ “We,' do you say? If your coun- Fair ladies, if you would know what ty were more wicked than that city of it is that gives to beauty the most old, which Heaven smote with fire for beautiful expression, it is to plead earits sins, yet still such a place as Mount nestly in the cause of mercy—the raEvelyn would secure for it that inercy ther, I believe, if you have dark blue which is given to many wicked for the eyes ; but that is a matter concerning sake of one good.”
which the learned are not unanimous. “Oh," she replied, smiling, “ you I assured Miss Evelyn, that if the have been travelling to the South, and men were found guilty, when they brought home the privilege to flatter, were tried, I should use every exertion which they say is acquired there ; but to represent their conduct as favourin very truth, though I have lived ably as it deserved to be represented, much more in England than in Iree for a commutation of punishment. land, and, I am afraid, after all, like it They were convicted, and the applicabetter, still I do not think Ireland so tions made were successful. Their very savage as it is commonly thought lives, after much deliberation and he in England. The kindness and devo- sitation, were spared, and once more ted attachment of the common people I earned thanks that I shall long reare very great, and though they are member. liable to frightful explosions of pas- It was some three or four months sion"
after this, when I was taking some " And to breaking into houses in coffee in the Imperial Hotel in Cork, the night," I maliciously interrupted. that I chanced to take up a Clonmel
“Nay,” she said, “ that is appeal- newspaper, and accidentally looking to ing too much to personal feeling in that important corner of a country the present instance; yet, if I were to paper, dedicated to the names of those tell you how kindly they sometimes who have been so ungracious as to get spoke, and with a certain air of pro. married before us, I read the followe tection in their tone and manner, even ing:-" Narried, on the 10th instant, when they were robbing the house, by the Very Reverend the Dean of you would exonerate them of some of Cloghran, Captain Frederick Clutterthe sullen brutality which is to be buck of the — Regiment of Lancers, found with the banditti of other coun. to Louisa, only daughter of M. Evetries."
lyn of the Mount, near Clonmel, “ I am very glad you have told me Esquire." of that,” said i; "it may save the The coffee in Cork is extremely bite lives of the men who have been ta. ter-perhaps they roast it overmuch, ken."
MODERN REFORMATION IN IRELAND.
TO THE EDITOR OF BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE. Sir, The paper which I now send you, after being prepared for publication, I narrowly rescued from the flames. Its author was of opinion, that the time had gone by when it might be useful ; and as the view which he has felt himself obliged to take of the important subject to which it relates, is in opposi. tion to those of his most valued friends, he was not desirous to give it a publi. city, which might give pain to those whom he dearly loves and venerates, while he feared it could be productive of no advantage. I have, however, succeeded in overruling his determination; and I hope you will give it a place. I do not, however, by any means desire that you should pledge yourself to the line of argument which he has adopted. It does not transgress those limits of fair discussion to which your pages have been always open ; and while the writer differs from those whom he opposes, in the means, he agrees with them in the end. He is as sincerely anxious as they are for the progress of the prin. ciples of the Reformation, only he doubts the expedience of the precise line of proccedirg at present adopted, for the purpose of producing a result so desirable. I am, Sir,
AN IRISH PROTESTANT. Dublin, 13th June, 1829.
Report of the Proceedings at the first Meeting of the Dublin Metropolitan
Auxiliary to the British Society for Pronoting the Religious Principles of the Reformation. Held at the Rotunda, the 14th and 15th of December, 1827. Dublin : Printed for the Society.
Of the “ new Reformation” in Ireanxious to build up a better system, land much has been said. We have upon more solid foundations, we must not been inattentive or incurious ob- be content to pass as being marvel. servers of the progress of events in lously cold and dull to the business that country, and only waited for such which they have in hand. Theirs are a developement of the principles which not our notions of faith and orthodoxy; have been at work, as might afford with us the exposure of error is no sube some certain indication of their ulti- stitute for the discovery of truth ; and mate result, and justify us in calling we have studied the providence of God, the attention of our readers to them both in the moral and in the natural with an earnestness proportioned to world, to very little purpose, if the their importance. But although, as violent extirpation of opinions long yet, it would be bazardous to pro. received, before a suitable provision nounce a definitive sentence, we can- has been made for the inculcation of not any longer forbear offering such better, be fraught with any other congeneral observations as the case sug- sequences than those of scepticism, gests : an association has been formed, extravagance, and eccentriciiy: but comprising many of the best and most wariness and circumspection by no influential members of the communi. means argue indifference in a good ty, having for its object the diffusion cause; and great injustice would be of those principles by which our fae done us if we were supposed indiffethers achieved their emancipation from rent to the evils of Popery in Irethe see of Rome ; and the wisdom of land.— Far, indeed, are we from unthe plan suggested, and the efficiency der-rating the mischiefs which must of the measures pursued, come fairly ever attend upon that demoralizing before us as topics of most interesting systern, even as the shadow attends speculation.
upon the substance. It may be briefly With those in whom zeal for the described as the eclipse of the Gospel: demolition of Popery outruns the dis- wherever it exists, deeply rooted and cretion which should render them widely extended are the errors which must prevail ; errors concerning, not subsisted by counivance, if not by tconly the rule of faith, but the tound- leration; the rigour of the law was ation of government in civil society. tempered by the humanities of life
The state of the Roman Catholic and the courtesies of society; and the Church in Ireland is very peculiar, repeal of the heaviest part of the penal and not to be fully understood with code, when it afterwards took place, out adverting to mixed religious and was almost like a sentence of death political considerations. The penal against a dead man, so completely had laws, enacted at the period of the Re- the obnoxious enactments been supervolution, were of the severest charac. annuated by neglect or desuetude. ter, and must, if persevered in, have But what failed to crush was effectual crusheil those against whom they were to combine. Instead of extinguishing directed. Had they been vigorously the Roman Catholics as a sect, the enforced, even for three generations, measures which were taken only serPopery must necessarily have been ex- ved to unite them as a party. Continguished. But, although there was cession followed concession, untilevery much reason to apprehend danger to galling enactment was repealed. Every the then newly-established govern- thing, in short, was conceded, but what ment, from the faction upon whose alone was thought necessary to gua. overthrow it was founded, yet were rantee the integrity of the constitu. the privations inflicted upon them, as tion. But it is easier to remove the much the fruits of party zeal as of po- reality of grievance than the habit of litical foresight. Popery was the bug- complaint. An appetite for political bear by which the atheists, the libere power may be excited and encouraged tines, and the republicans, who, to a to such a degree, that, literally, it large extent, wielded the Whig inte “grows by what it feeds on.” And it rest, were enabled to excite the fere has been remarked of the Roman Ca. ment necessary for their own selfish tholics, that they have waxed bolder ends; and the penal laws were enacte and more audacious in their demanis, ed as much for the purpose of spiting in exact proportion as they have expetheir rivals, as of crushing those whose rienced liberality and favour. The principles might lead to the overthrow inuch that bas been granted seems of the constitution. It is not a little only to have exasperated their resentcurious and amusing to observe, atment for the little that has been rethe present day, how completely that tained ; and the agitators seem more party have changed their ground. For- disposed to glory in martyrdom under inerly the popular topic was the dane the few privations that still remain, ger of Popery; and then they were than to acknowledge or enjoy the vac foremost in getting up fictitious plots, luable constitutional privileges for which remain the disgrace of British which they are indebted to legislative history, and enacting a code of laws, indulgence. the severity of which justified the Had the desire of converting the saying " that it was written in blood.” Irish natives been sincerely entertainNow that it is fashionable to regarded by the government at the time of loptry as only ridiculous, and that the Revolution, other measures unmen's apprehensions are converted in- doubtedly would have been adopted, to contempt, the Whig party have af- concurrently with the laws intended fected popularity by be wailing the un- for the securing the succession of the happy condition of their poor Rumish house of Hanover. The church would brethren, deploring the privations to have been upheld with dignity, and which they are subject, and clamo- exhibited to advantage; promotions rously contending for “ Catholic would have been regulated by moral Emancipation."
and theological, rather than personal It will readily be supposed that and political considerations; attempts enactments, proceeding more from would have been made with earnesto faction than principle, (no matter ness and efficiency to soothe the prewhat the danger which would, in reale judices and enlighten the minds of the ity, have justified them,) were not Roman Catholics ; and a series of mea• very literally enforced when no party sures would have been instituted and purpose was to be answered by their continued, by which, despite all obobstrvance. In the very worst of structions, the circle of light must gratimes the Roman Catholic religion dually have gained on the circle of darkness, and under the opération of then, that enlightened Protestantisen which it would have been morally im. should not have made very rapid adpossible that Ireland should have con- vances; and nothing but the overtinued so long unreclaimed. But the ruling providence of God could have Whigs were lords of the ascendant. prevented it from having very sensiLow church principles bore sway. The bly declined. highest qualifications for the episcopal But it has not declined ; on the conoffice would have been neutralized by trary, we have good grounds for bethe suspicion of any undue attachment lieving that Protestantism, notwithto the doctrine of the divine right of standing all the causes that have been kings. A single error in the political in operation to let and retard it, has creed attainted the competency of the made more way than, humanly speakbrightest parts, the profoundest learn, ing, could have been expected. We ing, the isost exalted virtues. The refer the reader to the digest of the church, in a word, was used for the evidence, taken before both Houses of convenience of the state ; it was de Parliament, on the state of Ireland, by secrated by a subserviency to merely Messrs Phelan and O'Sullivan, for a secular and political objects. In Ire. most lumiuous summary of the vari. land, it was regarded by the lay com- ous opinions respecting the comparamunity with a ravenous rapacity; and, tive numbers of the Roman Catholics by the flagitious with holding of thé and Protestants, and the grounds upon agistinent tithe, the clergy were, in which they are entertained. From the many instances, reduced to the condie most extensive enquiries, it appears tion of paupers. This measure, as that they bear to each other the proiin politic as iniquitous, necessitated portion of a little more than two and the union of small livings. Thus, a half to unity. But any statement while the flock was multiplied, the of the comparative numbers of Roman pastors were diminished; and this to Catholics and Protestants affords but a degree that amounted, in some cases, a very imperfect view of the actual to the with holding of all religious in- circumstances of Ireland. The state struction. Meanwhile, the same prin- of society requires to be considered, as ciples which led to a neglect of all the it has been affected by the various spiritual concerns of the church, and causes that have been acting upon it to a disregard for its rights and inte during the last century, and which rests, were favourable to the progress render any suggestions, founded upon of dissenterism, and gave no inconsi- a supposed analogy between that counderable countenance and encourage. try and this, to the last degree misment to Popery. The Church of Eng- taken and dangerous. land was viewed with suspicion, and To maintain that laws, of the dee treated with neglect and injustice, scription of the disabling statutes, as while sects of all descriptions increa- they were in force in former times, sed and multiplied under projects of must have had a very injurious effect toleration and bills of indemnity, as upon the character of the people, is not, if dissent were a privilege, not an in- by any means, to maintain that there dulgence. Popery itself became, at existed no necessity for their enacte length, subordinately established by ment. As long as they continued to law; and an annual parliamentary operate with full severity, they must grant, for the support of the seminary have reduced one party to a state of at Maynooth, is a principal means of abject slavery, crushing energy, and educating and equipping a large pro- extinguishing hope ; and inspired the portion of the Roman Catholic prieste other with an intoxication of triumph, hood in Ireland.
very likely to manifest itself in acts of Thus, while the prevalence of Whig severity and injustice. Although it principles served to pauperise and dee is an undoubted truth that their operasecrate the church, they served also to tion was mitigated by Protestant phis increase dissent, and to enrich and lanthropy and benevolence, yet who establish Popery. The church was so can deny that their effects, considered ill administered as to furnish an ex- merely with reference to those who cuse for the one ; and the state was were obnoxious to them, were humiso ill advised, as to be induced to con- liating and deplorable? The maniac, tribute to the support and mainte- whose frenzy renders it necessary to nance of the other. It is no wonder, hold him in strict confinement, not