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to, and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other place.
25. No senator or representative shall, during the term for which he was elected, nor for one year thereafter, be appointed or elected to any civil office of profit under this commonwealth, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased, during the lime such senator or representative was in office, except to such offices or appointments as may be made or filled by the elections of the people.
26 No person, while he continues to exercise the functions of a clergyman, priest, or teacher, of any religious persuasion, society, or sect; nor whilst he holds or exercises any office of profit under this commonwealth, shall be eligible to the general Assembly; except attorneys at law, justices of the peace, and militia officers: Provided, that justices of the courts of quarter sessions shall be ineligible so long as any compensation may be allowed them for their services: Provided, also, that attorneys for the commonwealth, who receive a fixed annual salary from the public treasury, shall be ineligible.
27. No person who at any time may have been a collector of taxes for the State, or the assistant or deputy of such collector, shall be eligible to the general Assembly until he shall have obtained a quietus for the amount of such collection, and for all public moneys for which he may be responsible. >
28. No bill shall have the force of a law until on three several days it be read over in each House of the general Assembly, and free discussion allowed thereon ; unless, in cases of urgency, four-fifths of the House where the bill shall be depending, may deem it expedient to dispense with this rule.
29. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose amendments, as in other bills: Provided, that they shall not introduce any new matter, under the color of an amendment, which does not relate to raising a revenue.
30. The general Assembly shall regulate, by law, br whom and in what manner writs of election shall be issued to fill the vacancies which may happen in either branch thereof.
Concerning the Executive Department.
Sec. 1. The supreme executive power of the commonwealth shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the commonwealth of Kentucky.
2. The Governor shall be elected for the term of four years by the citizens entitled to suffrage at the time and places where they shall respectively vote for representatives. The person having the highest number of votes shall be Governor; but if two or more shall be equal and highest in votes, the election shall be determined by lot, in such manner as the legislature may direct.
3. The Governor shall be ineligible for the succeeding seven years after the expiration of the time for which he shall have been elected.
4. He shall be at least thirty-five years of age, and a citizen of the United States, and have been an inhabitant of this State at least six years next preceding his election.
5. He shall commence the execution of his office on the fourth Tuesday succeeding the day of the commencement of the general election on which he shall be chosen, and shall continue in the execution thereof until the end of four weeks next succeeding the election of his successor, and until his successor shall have taken the oaths or affirmations prescribed by this Constitution.
6. No member of Congress, or person holding any of lice under the United States, nor minister of any religious society, shall be eligible to the office of Governor.
7. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the term for which he shall have been elected.
8. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this commonwealth, and of the militia thereof, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States; but he shall not command personally in the field, unless he shall be advised so to do by a resolution of the general Assembly.
9. He shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint all officers whose offices are established by this Constitution or shall be established bylaw, and whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for: Provided, that no person shall be so appointed to an office within any county, who shall not have been a citizen and inhabitant therein one year next before his appointment, if the county shall have been so long erected; but if it shall not have been so long erected, then within the limits of the county or counties from which it shall have been taken: Provided, also, that the county courts be authorized by law to appoint inspectors, collectors, and their deputies, surveyors of the highways, constables, jailers, and such other inferior officers, whose jurisdiction may be confined within the limits of a county.
10. The Governor shall have power to fill up vacancies that may happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of the next session.
11. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, grant reprieves and pardons, except in cases of impeachment. In cases of treason, he shall have power to grant reprieves until the end of the next session of the general Assembly; in which the power of pardoning shall be vested.
12. He may require information in writing from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.
13. He shall from time to time give to the general Assembly information of the state of the commonwealth, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient.
14. He may on extraordinary occasions convene the general Assembly at the seat of government, or at a different place, if that should have become, since their last adjournment, dangerous from an enemy, or from contagious disorders; and in case of disagreement between the two Houses, with respect to the time of adjournment, adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper, not exceeding four months.
15. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
16. A Lieutenant-Governor shall be chosen at every election for a Governor, in the same manner, continue in office for the same time, and possess the same qualifications. In voting for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor, the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as Governor, and whom as Lieutenant-Governor.
17. He shall, by virtue of his office, be speaker of the Senate, have a right, when in committee of the whole, to debate and vote on all subjects ; and, when the Senate are equally divided, to give the casting vote.
18. In case of the impeachment of the Governor, his removal from office, death, refusal to qualify, resignation, or absence from the State, the Lieutenant-Governor shall exercise all the power and authority appertaining to the office of Governor, until another be duly qualified, or the Governor absent or impeached shall return or be acquitted.
19. Whenever the government shall be administered by the Lieutenant-Governor, or he shall be unable to attend as Speaker of the Senate, the senators shall elect one of their own members as Speaker, for that occasion. And if, during the vacancy of the office of Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor shall be impeached, removed from office, refuse to qualify, resign, die, or be absent from the State, the Speaker of the Senate shall, in like manner, administer the government.
20. The Lieutenant-Governor, while he acts as Speaker to the Senate, shall receive for his services the same compensation which shall for the same period be allowed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and no more; and during the time he administers the government as Governor, shall receive the same compensation which the Governor would have received and been entitled to had he been employed in the duties of his office.
21. The Speaker pro tempore of the Senate, during the 'ime he administers the government, shall receive in like manner the same compensation which the Governor would have received had he been employed in the duties of his office.
22. If the Lieutenant-Governoi shall be called upon to administer the government, and shall, while in such administration, resign, die, or be absent from the State during the recess of the general Assembly, it shall be the duty of the secretary, for the time being, to convene the Senate for the purpose of choosing a Speaker.
23. An attorney-general, and such other attorneys for the commonwealth as may be necessary, shall be appointed, whose duty shall be regulated bylaw. Attorneys for the commonwealth, for the several counties, shall be appointed by the respective courts having jurisdiction therein.
24. A secretary shall be appointed and commissioned during the term for which the Governor shall have been elected, if he shall so long behave himself well. He shall keep a fair register, and attest all the official acts and proceedings of the Governor, and shall, when required, lay the same, and all papers, minutes, and vouchers, relative thereto, before either House of the general Assembly, and shall perform such other duties as may be enjoined him by law.
25. Every bill which shall have passed both Houses shall be presented to the Governor: if he approve, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it with his objections, to the House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large upon the journal, and proceed to reconsider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of all the members elected to that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall be likewise considered, and if approved by a majority of all the members elected to that House, it shall be a law; but in such cases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each House respectively; if any bill shall not be returned by the Governor, within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been prer sented to him, it shall be a law in like manner as if h# had signed it, unless the general Assembly by their ad