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tious, though so fearless, and would nat obliged, in January, 1778, to send a party urally seek to impress his own spirit and to Blue licks for more. They fully appreprinciples upon his family. But whether ciated the danger of the undertaking and it was that this incident excited among the carefully deliberated over the number and Indians a new thirst for blood, or that its choice of the men who should be sent. failure aroused their spirit of revenge, for Of course Boone must be one, and with months afterward they kept the garrison in twenty-seven others of their best and a continual state of alarm. None could bravest they set out, leaving some anxious venture outside the palisades for any pur- hearts behind. pose whatever, except at the risk of life. Rebecca Boone had seen her husband In April a regular attack was made upon start off with a little handful of men into the fort by a large body of the Indians, and the unknown wilds of Kentucky, and though driven off, they reappeared in July though the parting grieved her sorely, she with still greater numbers. There were had very little idea of the perils that no fainting nor screaming women in that awaited him there. Even after that first fort, you may be sure. If terror they felt, fearful encounter with the Indians which it rather inspired them with true courage she herself had witnessed, she only half to help those who were defending them, guessed the meaning of death or captivity to load their guns, to bring them water, to at their hands. But now visions of tor: help them watch, and even, if need be, to ture and cruelty haunted her. She knew fire the guns themselves. Although the it all only too well. She had the most Indians were beginning to be pretty well inplicit faith in her husband's sagacity as supplied with guns, and in this, as in well as courage, but could they get there almost every instance, greatly outnumbered and back without being discovered ? and the garrison, their attack was again re. if discovered, could not the Indians at pulsed, and for a little while after there any moment outnumber and overpower was comparative tranquillity.

them? Her fears were by no means unWhatever was left in the gardens was reasonable, as the result proved. As the brought into the fort and stored away, the salt had to be evaporated from the water winter supply of wood secured and the it was a matter of time, and while Boone hunters went out as of old, only taking was hunting to get provisions for them care always to leave a sufficient guard at the Indians came upon him and captured home. There was one need common to first him and then the whole party. Taken so many forms of animal life which they thus at a disadvantage, none escaped began to feel sorely—that was salt. Its except a few who had gone back to the importance was always considered in the fort with the salt already made. All the choice of a location for a settlement, and rest were carried off-who could tell it had not been forgotten here ; but the whither, or to what fate ? salt lick near which Boonsborough had Truly, those were times to try the soul been built did not prove a sufficient sup- of a woman. The months of agony and ply, so the garrison found themselves suspense were almost insupportable. Besides, Rebecca Boone must needs be de- stalks so boldly into her presence on an pendent in great measure upon the bounty autumn day! of the other hunters, for now, woma

nan-like, Ah ! she knows it is real flesh and blood she felt that she could never be willing to when she sees that quiet smile and feels see her son go out with the rest. As day his strong arms about her once more. by day the certainty of her husband's And-yes--after lingering a year or two death grew stronger, her thoughts began to in the old settlement she is ready to folturn back to the home and friends of low him back again to their home on North Carolina, and finding at last a safe the banks of the Kentucky; for she opportunity she gathered up her little knows now that the loneliest wilds of the family and returned.

west, with his protecting love and care, can It had been only five years since she never be so desolate as any other home left, yet what a lifetime it appeared to without him. We might well leave her look back upon, and how long it would there on her glad return in the midst of take her to tell all she had seen and the pleasant reunion with old friends and known. As she talked her heart would enjoying to the full the honors paid to her go back in happy memories to the bounti- husband because, in her absence, by a ful land which her noble husband had so daring escape and timely warning, he had bravely struggled to win for the white man. saved the fort from utter destruction. Or Yet it had proved cruel to her, for it had we might go on to tell of the many afterdrunk the blood of her first-born son and deeds of daring and self-sacrifice by which now of her husband. The comforts of he proved himself worthy of their graticivilized life are more to a woman than to tude and admiration. Truly, stirring a man, and she comes back to them with events did by no means cease, but the more of a relish after being deprived of gradual encroachments of civilization and them for awhile, and yet, in the mind of white settlements drove the Indians farther Rebecca Boone, all the hardships and and farther back into their native forests, privations of her life in Kentucky were so rendering life in that region much safer. indissolubly connected with her husband They also, alas! brought with them the that she could not think of them without lessening of the game, the limiting of the regret. People who have known so much free life, political discord and increasing that is real in life are apt to be less litigation over the land titles, which luxdemonstrative, especially in sorrow. And uries the independent old forester did not so we can picture the wife of the pioneer at all enjoy, especially as he became himback in the haunts of her girlhood, going self the victim to the extent of losing, by quietly through with her duties with no some trivial legal flaw, nearly all of the land outward bewailings but with a true wife's which he had so long considered his own. unforgetting love for her lost hero. But Thus in course of time his wife is again behold! hath the dead come to life again! called upon to leave her home and follow or is it the spirit of the departed that him, first to the borders of West Virginia,

The war-whoop and the panther's screams

No more his soul shall rouse, For well the aged hunter dreams

Beside his good old spouse.

A dirge for the brave old pioneer !

Hushed now his rifle's pealThe dews of many a vanished year

Are on his rusted steel ; His horn and pouch lie mouldering

Upon the cabin door ; • The elk rests by the salted spring,

Nor flees the fierce wild boar,

A dirge for the brave old pioneer !

Old Druid of the West ; His offering was the fleet wild deer,

His shrine the mountain crest. Within his wildwood temple's space

An empire's towers nod, Where erst alone of all his race

He knelt to nature's God.

then farther west, where he can have once more no enemies to contend with save nature, nature's creatures and the redskins—foes much more to his fancy than lawyers and lawless speculators. Here, in the new wilds of Missouri, they lived the remainder of a long life and died in the midst of their children and grandchildren.

More than twenty years after, the slumbering patriotism of Kentucky awakened to the fact that the brave pioneer couple, to whom perhaps the state owed more than to any other one man and woman, were sleeping their last sleep in the soil of another state. The subject was broached in the legislature and measures adopted for having the remains brought to Frankfort. Kentucky enthusiasm at once took fire. An immense crowd gathered from every part of the state to receive and conduct the honored dust to the spot prepared for it, forming a procession more than a mile in length, the most distinguished living pioneers being selected as pall-bearers.

Thus the aged couple were at length laid to rest with fitting, though tardy honors, in a spot beautified both by nature and art, and in the heart of the country they had loved so dearly. And shortly after a handsome monument was erected to mark the graves of “the brave old pioneer” and “his good old spouse." Yet a still nobler, more lasting monument to their memory has been left us by one of Kentucky's poetic sons, Theodore O'Hara, when he sang :

A dirge for the brave old pioneer!

Columbus of the land! Who guided freedom's proud career

Beyond the conquered strand: And gave her pilgrim sons a home

No monarch's step profanes, Free as the chainless winds that roam

Upon its boundless plains.

A dirge for the brave old pioneer !

The muffled drum resound! A warrior is slumb'ring here

Beneath his battle ground. For not alone with beast of prey

The bloody strife he waged, Foremost where'er the deadly fray

Of savage combat raged.

A dirge for the brave old pioneer !

A dirge for his old spouse ! For her who blest his forest cheer,

And kept his birchen house. Now soundly by her chieftain may

The brave old dame sleep on, The red man's step is far away,

The wolf's dread howl is gone.

A dirge for the brave old pioneer;

Knight-errant of the wood; Calmly beneath the green sod here,

He rests from field and flood;

ANNIE E. Wilson.

LORENZO DOW, THE ECCENTRIC ITINERANT PREACHER.

An Ohio farmer many years ago saw at

which he was raised was one of extreme his kitchen doorway a strange looking man religious fervor, and he showed signs of with long hair hanging over his shoulders, its effect from his earliest years. While a book under his arm, his shoes and at play one day when but four years of age, clothes dusty and stained with travel, and he “suddenly fell into a muse about God his whole appearance indicative of hard and heaven and hell," about which he living, hard work and scanty fare. The had even then heard much. When his stranger begged for a piece of dry bread. companion observed his abstraction and He was asked to remain for dinner but de- asked him concerning it, Lorenzo reclined, and when the bread was given him sponded : “Do you say your prayers ?” took it to a stream of water near by, sang

“No." "Then I will not play with you; a hymn, prayed, moistened his bread and you are wicked,” and into the house he ate it, and then went on his way. Some went. When but twelve years old he bedays afterward ano:her farmer, further gan to have those dreams, or half trances, south, saw the same man leaning against which followed him all his life and in his gatepost, and apparently very weak which he placed such implicit belief. He and hungry. On being noticed and ac- thought on this occasion that the prophet costed he responded that all he wished was Nathan came to him and told him he a chance to preach. It was granted, and would die at ewenty-two. It made a deep when the neighbors had gathered in the impression on his mind and remained to evening they listened to a powerful revival harass him until after that period was sermon from the text : “I was a stranger passed. and ye took me in : hungry, and ye fed

When less than fourteen years of age a

conviction of his lost condition came upon This man was Lorenzo Dow, on one of him and carried such a weight of woe that his remarkable journeys through the south he determined to put an end to his life and west. Such a mass of exaggerated and know the worst.

He loaded a gun and insignificant anecdotes have been told and went into the forest, but before putof this great and eccentric missionary re- ting his idea into execution the thought vivalist that it is hard to imagine or dis- came to him that if he would wait some cover him just as he was. Yet there are means of relief might be granted him. safe sources through which a picture of him About that time the Methodists made may be obtained. That he was no hum- their appearance in the neighborhood. bug, every point in his life and character One of them, Hope Hull, preached with goes to show. He was earnest to the very such power that when Lorenzo heard him verge of fanaticism. The atmosphere in he was terribly affected. “I had liked to

me.”

cure

have fallen backward,” to use his own know what it might imply. Again, he language, “but saved myself by catching sets these words down in his diary : “Satan hold of my cousin, who sat by my side ; pursues me from place to place. Oh! and I durst not stir for some time for fear how can people dispute there being a lest I should tumble into hell. After the devil! If they underwent as much as I assembly was dismissed I went out of do with his buffeting, they would dispute doors; all nature seemed to wear a gloomy it no more." He notes a case of faith aspect, and everything I cast my eyes even in those early days, in that upon seemed to bend itself against me of one Mary Spaulding, who had been and wish me off the face of the earth. I “suddenly and miraculously restored from went to the funeral of one of my acquaint- an illness which had confined her to her ances the same day, but durst not look on bed about the space of nine years." the corpse for fear of becoming one my- During the first eight months of absence self; I durst not go near the grave lest from home he traveled over four thousand I should fall in and the earth come in miles, through heat in the valleys and upon me." This condition of mind re- cold on the mountains; frequently sleepmained for some time. He half expected ing with a blanket on the floor, where he to see the devil pick him up and carry could see the stars through the roof, while him off bodily. One night he dreamed the frost was sharp and nipping; going that Satan and an assistant came into his through rain and snow, often with no path room, bound him with chains and carried at all, traveling all night sometimes 10 him to a place of torment. Out of all this reach his appointments, preaching from agony came peace at last, and when the ten to fifteen times a week, and often cold, conviction came to him that he could be hungry and in want. This describes the saved, “the burden of sin and guilt and main features of all the working years of the fear of hell vanished from my mind as his life. Once, in the space of twenty-two perceptibly as an hundred-pound weight days, he traveled three hundred and fifty falling from a man's shoulder."

miles, preached seventy-six times, visited When he heard the call to preach he many at their houses, and spoke to a was amazed and terrified, and tried to be number of class meetings. lieve that it was but a false call from Because he was not recognized by many Satan. He tried as many devices of es- of the ministers of his church at that time, cape as Jonah, but they were of no use. he gave up the name of Methodist. He Many difficulties lay in the way, but he was afraid he would become insane, and finally mastered them all and commenced many called him “the crazy preacher his wonderful itinerant career. Even then from the start. He was at times eccentric he had hours of the deepest doubt and to the borders of lunacy, and one cannot most severe buffetings of spirit. On one marvel that many odd and unfounded occasion he dreamed that he had an in- stories got afloat concerning him. One terview with Adam and Eve in the Garden day as he was riding along he became so of Eden, and was much concerned to depressed in soul that he leaped from his

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