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John R. de Camp, by Elizabeth Wright, parentage is John R. De Camp, vice-pres. his wife, was a native of Westfield, Essex ident of the Metropolitan National bank, county, New Jersey, and was five years who was born in Cincinnati, December old when, in 1812, he first saw Cincinnati. 20, 1848. After acquiring a liberal eduIn the twenty-second year of his age, he cation in the public schools of Cincinnati, began business in Cincinnati as a carpenter Mr. De Camp entered the bank of Larand builder. During the next thirty years, kin, Wright & Co., as a clerk, in 1863, and he built more houses than any other single served thus two years. In 1870 he reperson in that city. Among the principal turned to the same bank and remained structures which he built and superin- until 1877, when he was made acting cashtended are the Wesleyan Female college ier with a power of attorney to sign the and St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal church. firm's name. The death of his father He also built and owned-one of which left this son as his representative in the was his residence-four stone front resi- bank, the estate having a large investment, dences upon West Fourth street. He as stated therein. His interest in the welengaged in the manufacture of paper, as fare of the bank was therefore redoubled De Camp, Haldeman & Parker, now the when, as successor of his father and as Haldeman Paper Company of Lockland; cashier of the bank, he applied himself all was five years a member of the city coun- the more assiduously to becoming proficil ; was one of the founders of the First cient in the profession thus chosen for him National Bank of Cincinnati; was one by his lamented father. of the founders and a director of the In 1881, three years after his father's Union Central Life Insurance company; death, Mr. De Camp conceived the idea was the founder of the Farmer's Insurance of converting this private institution into company and president of the same at a National bank. Obtaining the concurhis death, and a director of the Strobridge rence of all interested, he addressed himLithographing company. He was a partner self to the task with his accustomed in the bank of Larkin, Wright & Co., and energy. The stock of the old bank was had the largest investment of any other sold at 11272; the capital, $500,000 of individual in the business. For nearly the new bank, rapidly taken, and the fifty years he was a member of the Meth- name "Metropolitan," adopted ; and thus odist church, holding all the offices in the the “Metropolitan National Bank” had its church and Sabbath school, besides being origin. a director and constant benefactor of vari- All this was chiefly the work of Mr. ous charitable institutions.
De Camp--the conception, the execution, Thus Harvey de Camp, the son of and the particular designation — MetroEzekiel, the son of Moses, the descend- politan ;-being the first instance under ant of Normanus de Camp, was one of the National banking law where a private the most useful and honorable citizens institution whose stock sold at a premium, Cincinnati ever had. He died in 1878.
was converted into a National bank. of such family genealogy and such From 1881 to 1883 Mr. De Camp served as cashier ; but in 1883 was elected vice. assistant cashier, F. M. Riegel. Its president, upon the accession of the Hon- capital stock is $1,000,000, with a surplus orable William Means as president, whose and undivided profits exceeding $200,000. name brought to the bank the strength of Mr. De Camp, though yet in middle life, his unlimited credit and whose reputation has the reputation of being one of the as a born and professional banker is not ablest financiers and one of the safest surpassed even by his popularity as a dis- bankers in southern Ohio. Nothing but tinguished citizen of Ohio and the west. success has attended his career. His
The splendid proportions into which judgment upon the every-day affairs of the business of this bank has grown are the bank is regarded as almost unerring. the immediate results of the management It is a common saying—“De Camp is of President Means and Vice-President all business." This is emphatically true De Camp.
when he is seen within the precincts of his When, therefore, a trained and trust- elegant banking house and office. There worthy banker was needed as receiver of he meets all alike on business principles the Fidelity National, when it suspended, —those principles which are hereditary Mr. De Camp was selected and, for the with him as a descendant of a family time being, had charge of the affairs of whose well-known characteristics-honthat unfortunate bank. It was a high esty, integrity, industry—have rendered compliment to Mr. De Camp. The fact them nearly all wealthy, while they have not that he did not continue in that position failed to maintain their ancient respectwas owing to his expressed intention to ability. resign when he ascertained that to remain In tracing this family to its origin, the as receiver would necessitate his resigna- writer found their old armorial bearings tion as vice-president of the Metropolitan; and their heraldic motto-Honestas et a step he never for a moment seriously veritas—a motto also adopted by Vicecontemplated
President De Camp, because of its associaIt was during the past summer that the tion with the remembrance of his father, Metropolitan removed from No. 230 West who, acting upon that sentiment, achieved Third street to the present magnificent the most gratifying success in the business building The United Bank building world, and dying, left to his children, to is one of the noblest structures of the church and to the state the grateful the kind in the west. The engravings memory of a useful life and a stainless will afford a conception of the ex- reputation as a man. quisite finish, and of the superb adapta- Mr. De Camp is president of the tions of the bank to the speedy and safe
Thomas Sherlock Transportation comtransaction of its growing business. The pany; president of the New Orleans present officers are : President, Honorable Wharfboat company; is a director in the William Means; vice-president, John R. Farmers' Insurance company; of the De Camp; cashier, Charles W. Edwards; Evans-Newhall Music company; of the Strobridge Lithographing company; of the vain upon him when the church of his Covington Railway and Transportation fathers and all charitable institutions company, etc.
need a helping hand. In 1868 Mr. De Camp married Miss Esteemed by his neighbors, admired Adele Sowles of Urbana, Ohio. They for his business qualities, and commended live in a beautiful home in Avondale, by every unenvious tongue for his success where their domestic circle is enlarged in the battle of life, John R. De Camp and enlivened by their children, Sarah- has proven himself to be a worthy deAlice, Edna and David Ralph De Camp. scendant of a family distinguished for its Between business occupations and the “worthies” in the history of the church pleasurable care of his family, Mr. De and state both of England and America. Camp has little time to give to the outside world. But calls are seldom made in
HENRY DUDLEY TEETOR.
HISTORY AND FACT VS. HENRY GEORGE.
Few persons suspected six years ago who, pulling up the stakes or filling the when Henry George first prominently ditch, had cried out to his equals : advanced his theory against private “Beware of this impostor. You are property in land, that it would end in ruined if you forget that the earth does anything beyond the transient airing of not belong to any individual." Gardezsome abstract notions. Upon his reme- vous d' ecouter cet imposteur ; vous etes dies for existing evils most men looked perdus si vous oubliez que la terre n'est as they would upon any visionary a personne ! Is it not very nearly the scheme. Nor were the doctrines wholly same statement, the same sentiment new, for before the French Revolution even, that our modern innovators make substantially the same principles were use of and on which they do not seem not quietly avowed merely but were to have much enlarged or improved ? loudly and zealously proclaimed by For a few years but little heed was some of the most gifted men of the age, taken of Henry George's ideas. They such as Voltaire and others. Surely no were relegated by the public mind to the modern enemy of private property has list of utterly impracticable, harmless gone beyond Rousseau, who said : speculations. But recent well-known “ The first man who, having inclosed events have entirely changed the aspect some ground, dared say, “this is mine,' of the question. If there is anything and found persons simple enough to that arrests American attention and believe him, was the true founder of quickens American thought, it is politicivil society.” He would regard as a cal bearings and tendencies, and thither benefactor of the human race the man the George ideas have suddenly and rapidly drifted. A political party has considering. Here are odds that are been hastily organized which in the short greater, and a change to be brought space of one year has just succeeded in about which delves far deeper, is more commanding a following of seventy radical, more revolutionary. The mer- . thousand voters in a single state. Some chants of England, a large, powerful had predicted more, some less, while and growing class, had to be heard and others, as soon as the result became had to have justice. The agitation was known, asserted that the new party hav- for the redress of a grievance. The ing suffered a great defeat was virtually corn laws, first passed in 1670, were for
an end. It is a poor cause and worse the benefit of farmers and imposed so grit that cannot stand its first reverse, high a duty on grain as practically to and when at a late hour on the night prohibit importation. They raised the of the last election, with the news of de- prices of wheat and bread to enormous feat before him, Henry George ex- figures. Petitions and remonstrances claimed : “ Now we will go forward from the manufacturing and commercial without the weak ones. You have seen classes were sent to parliament against votes bought to-day, but there remain them. Almost from their first passage thirty-five thousand men who can't be they were looked upon as an iniquitous bought. Now from this moment let the measure, and on their renewal in 1815 new campaign begin,"—he announced they were attended with riots in various himself as undismayed by defeat and as parts of the kingdom. When, thereone resolved to try the issues of yet an- fore, two among the ablest men in Great other contest. The outcome can be Britain Richard Cobden and John told in November, 1888.
Bright-entered into an alliance and The new movement has been likened began their famous agitation, many by some of its adherents to the great causes had already conspired, and anti-corn law agitation in England, others followed, to sustain them. There which ended just forty years ago in was an already existing and widespread complete triumph. Similar results, they sentiment. In parliament were to be Alatter themselves, await this that were found members whose voices had been achieved by that if they will but bring already heard on the side of repeal, men to the task the same energy, persever- even of the aristocracy and landed ance and resistless skill. In this hope, class, foremost among whom' was we think, they shall be disappointed. Charles Villiers. The corn laws were
Let us consider briefly the anti-corn justly described by Lord John Russell, law movement. Although that agitation who was not one of the agitators but was waged against great odds and the leader of the Whig party-as “ the vested interests, effected a marvelous blight of commerce, the bane of agricul. change of both opinion and law and was ture, the source of bitter division among attended with splendid success, yet it classes and the cause of penury, fever, was quite unlike the movement we are mortality, and crime among the people.”
And finally toward the close of the agi- disclose that their authors have not tation came famine in Ireland, during read his books. Nobody can which to have maintained such duties casually read Mr. George's book · Prowould have seemed but cruelty and gress and Poverty' without being conbarbarity in the government.
Here vinced that its author is a clever man, were potent influences that hastened that he has reasoning faculties of a the agitation that had been waged for high order, that he is deeply and touchbut eight years and that enabled its ingly in earnest and that he possesses leaders to bring it on to success, even a vast fund of information relating to during a conservative administration, his theme, greater, perhaps, than any as was done under the premiership of other man that has ever handled it, who Sir Robert Peel in 1846. There is no is, however, so stirred by existing evils such cause of action for the land move- and so much engrossed with his own ment, and no similar forces to operate favorite theory as to fail to see its error a cause, were there one.
or its fatal tendency. ful classes are found in any state, the The prominent connection last aumerchants and traders in the cities tumn of Rev. Dr. McGlynn of New and towns, the landlords and farmers York with the movement gave it a fresh throughout the country. On Cobden's impulse for awhile but as great a check sid e lay the interests and was arrayed soon after. The doctor's open advothe united influence of the whole trad- cacy of the theory led to his being at ing and manufacturing class as well as once censured by his church and it the voice naturally of every laborer who would seem to a speedy summons to ate bread and was not engaged in the repair to Rome. The direct citation to tillage of land. (Neither of these classes appear at Rome is significant as not is with Henry George ; nor is it too being the usual mode in accordance much to say that the sentiment on which with the canons of the Roman church his agitation relies is not yet, but must and its common practice. A priest in be created. And history will show that church is tried before his ordinary, that great reformers have not, as a rule, or bishop, from whose decision he may created sentiments, but have had the appeal to Rome; or, what is as frequent genius to discern and sieze the right in practice, his bishop may "ex informoment to use and control a great sen- mata conscientia," “ if his conscience so timent and thus carry their measures on instruct,” suspend and condemn him to triumph.
without a trial, from which extra-judiOf Mr. George's ability to create a cial act there lies no technical appeal sentiment in the difficult field he has but merely what is known as “a recourse chosen, or to control a great movement, to the holy see.” Whether the summons most men will think unkindly. His came from Rome because Dr. Mcnumerous critics are severe and in Glynn's immediate superior, Archmany instances the strictures too plainly bishop Corrigan, shrank from the re