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is only necessary to state that in 1877 the of the Humboldt building. Six rooms were heated amount of iron manufactured into appa. An excellent opportunity was thus afforded of con

by this system, and six by the old hot air furnaces. ratus was about two hundred thousand paring the two systems as to efficiency and economy. pounds, while in 1887 over five million A careful account for the entire year was kept of

each side, and the result showed that the new pounds were used.

system was what was claimed for it. It heated and The Smead Warming and Ventilating thoroughly ventilated the rooms, and the schools on apparatus, together with the sound and that side were not dismissed for a single day. A economical principles which they so hap- test with an air meter showed that on ordinarily cold pily illustrate, have gained almost univer- days the air could be changed from six to eight times

per hour. As to economy, it cost two hundred and sal acceptance, being favorably reported thirty-six dollars less to heat and ventilate these six upon by the most intelligent and practical rooms than it did to heat the other six by the ordicommittees of public buildings, schools and nary hot air furnace. So successful was the experi

ment and so well pleased was the board, that the colleges, both in the United States and in

new system was ordered placed in the six new buildforeign countries. We have space for only ings subsequently erected. The unsatisfactory contwo or three extracts from these reports.

dition of the heating apparatus in the old buildings,

and the constant complaint of parents and teachers Opinion of a member of the Ohio State Board of

on account of having to dismiss school on cold days, Health. Dr. T. Clarke Miller, of Massillon, Ohio.

led the board to investigate the expense of introducS. S. GRAY, M. D. :

ing the new system into the old buildings. After a Dear Dr.-Your letter to the State Board of Health careful investigation, the committee on buildings of the sixteenth instant received. It was referred to reported that an introduction of the Smead system Dr. Jones mistakenly; he was not at home, and into six old buildings would secure the same results now he refers it to me. Steam heating which makes as were secured in the Humboldt building, and at a proper provision for ventilation is a very expensive saving of fuel of about one thousand eight hundred luxury, not adapted to public buildings. Direct dollars per annum. This saving of fuel alone would radiation ought not to be thought of-being away in seven years pay for the cost of making the change, behind stoves. The Smead system is philosophical to say nothing about the saving of valuable time of in principle, practical, effective, safe, cheap, durable. the pupils on account of no dismissals of school from The dry closet system is almost a new sun in the the cold condition of the rooms. The change recsanitary heavens. It would be a matter of interest ommended was made. to understand the motives which determine officials, It is a matter of congratulation to the patrons of when they adopt a system of heating which never was the schools that we now have one hundred and sixtysatisfactory, costs a good deal originally, is a constant two school rooms thoroughly heated and ventilated. expense as well as danger, disabled or insufficient It is safe to say that there is no city in the United when most needed, and which requires the skill States that has its school rooms better heated and of an engineer to run, against one which is perfectly ventilated than the city of Toledo. (Annual Report, adapted to the situation and necessities, costs mod- 1884.) erately and almost runs itself. I hope you will con

At this writing (January, 1888) there tinue to make the fight, in the interest of humanity and sanitary science.

are twenty-one of the public school build. Yours respectfully,

ings of Toledo containing the Smead apT. CLARKE MILLER, M. D.

paratus. The folluwing is from the Toledo In 1885 Mr. Smead issued a volume of School report for the year ending August one hundred and thirty quarto pages in 31, 1884:

which he reviewed the history of the rise Two years ago the board introduced the Smead and progress of the Ruttan-Smead system. system of heating and ventilation into the new part It is a work that all should read who would understand the history and working which occur in his extensive business. of this, the only perfect system of warm. His power of organization and his execuing and ventilation. But the best test of tive ability enable him to systematize and it and that which has given its great pres- easily manage a large force of employés, tige and popularity is its practical success and his uniform courtesy to all secures in all the places where it has been applied. him the good-will not only of everyone

Mr. Smead is not wholly occupied with in his employ but of the many committhe management of this large business; tees and of the large number of public his energetic nature finds occupation in men and private citizens with whom he is various other directions and public ser constantly in business relations. His revices. He owns and cultivates a large or- markably frank and genial manner and his ange grove in Florida, and is vice-president direct and fluent style of speaking render of the Toledo Marine company.

him an agreeable and instructive companA Republican in politics, he is sound ion. While as an employer he is exacting and firm in fealty to his party, anything and strict in discipline, he is never overlike neutrality or compromise where duty bearing or unjust in his demands. No and principle are involved being foreign employer was ever more popular with his to his nature. He believes in his party employés, as he impresses upon all his because he regards it as the best exponent sincere desire to be fair and equitable in of political principles and of a sound Na- all his dealings with them. Coming from tional policy. Although he has never the ranks of the laboring masses, he is sought or solicited any political office or moved by their impulse, inspired by a appointment, he has held and filled with clear perception of their rights, and no his usual energy and competency for the man would be less inclined to unjustly use discharge of the executive business, since power. The high regard in which he is 1886, a place in the board of managers of held by those in his employ is attested in the Ohio State penitentiary, to which he many ways. The many souvenirs which was appointed by Governor Foraker. He is grace his home-gifts from those long in his also by appointment of the executive board employ-are the best testimonials to his commissioner to take charge of the de- constant kindness and interest in their partment of machinery at the Ohio Cen- welfare. tennial in 1888.

But it is in the circle of his homeThe career of Mr. Smead thus imper- graced as it is by a most estimable wife, fectly outlined will indicate somewhat his the daughter of Honorable J. N. Armmental endowments and traits of charac- strong of LaSalle county, Illinois, whom ter. One of his distinguishing characteris- he married in 1874, and his two bright tics is his intuitive sagacity in judging of and promising boys--that Mr. Smead finds men. He seems to know by intuition the his highest enjoyment. Here his virtues right person to fill any place which he as an exemplary husband and father teswants filled ; and perhaps this is the se- tify to the noblest qualities of his manhood. cret of the little friction and disturbance The home of Mr. Smead, on the corner of Woodruff avenue and Horace street, and is a restful retreat from the engrossToledo, Ohio, is one of the most attract- ing cares of an extensive business. ive for home comforts of any in the city,



The footsteps of a hundred years

Have echoed, since o'er Braddock's Road,
Bold Putnam and the Pioneers

Led History the way they strode.

On wild Monongahela's stream

They launched the Mayflower of the West,
A perfect state their civic dream,

A new New World their pilgrim quest.

When April robed the Buckeye trees

Muskingum's bosky shore they trod;
They pitched their tent, and to the breeze

Flung freedom's star-flag, thanking God.

As glides the Oyo's solemn flood

Their generation fleeted on:
Our veins are thrilling with their blood,

But they, the Pioneers, are gone.

Though storied tombs may not enshrine

The dust of our illustrious sires,
Behold, where monumental shine

Proud Marietta's votive spires.

Ohio carves and consecrates

In her own heart their every name;
The Founders of majestic States,
Their epitaph-immortal fame.


* The Founders of Ohio landed from their boat, the Mayflower, at Marietta, April 7, 1788, and established the first English settlement in the Northwestern Territory. Oyo was the Indian name of the Ohio.


The interest in the anniversary celebrations heavy for the journey. Mr. Foote is the only to occur this year in Marietta, the gateway to one spry enough to travel across the state, and the Ohio country, increases as the days of re- should he conclude to go alone we fear he would union approach, and much valuable historical feel like Rip Van Winkle when returning from matter is being placed upon record here and his long sleep in the Catskill mountains to find there in connection with those events. The in his native village of • Falling Water,' a new paper of Mrs. Alderman in this issue of the generation that knew him not. We regret ex. MAGAZINE OF Western History is one of the ceedingly that the infirmities of age will pre. most entertaining furnished in that connection, vent this reunion, as it would be a scene equally and should be read by all who have a desire to interesting to the parties of the reunion and learn the facts connected with the memorable those who might witness the meeting.” events of 1788.

SPEAKING from no personal information, but The paper recently published in these pages from only what we know of the man, we can from the pen of Honorable Isaac Smucker upon guarantee that Mr. Foote will be there. If the Ohio legislature of 1837 has aroused a new

the train should desert the track en route, Mr. interest among several of our pioneers, that

Foote will take to the ties” and be in on turns also in the direction of Marietta. We time; the first man in the grand stand, and the take the liberty of quoting from a private let- last to leave. He belongs to that class who ter from Mr. Smucker, under date of Newark, never grow old; who are kept up by a pure Ohio, February 22, in which he says: “I re- heart, temperate living, with no stings from ceived a letter from Honorable John A. Foote conscience to wear life away before their time. (of Cleveland). He wishes the surviving mem- He is one of the youngest old men in Amerbers of the legislature of 1837–38 to join him ica; and when the people are told that he was at the Centennial anniversary of the first set- a member of the Ohio legislature, they will tlement of Ohio' at Marietta, April 7. I know

ask if it was that of last year or the one beas yet of only four survivors, viz., James J. fore, instead of 1837. He helped to make hisFaran of Cincinnati (one of the former propri- tory a half century ago, and has lived to enjoy etors of the Enquirer); French W. Thornhill the fruits of the planting begun so long ago. of Coshocton, and Mr. Foote and myself. May many years see him still an active part in Perhaps some of the survivors will meet Mr.

the world of men. Foote at Marietta. I hope so, but they can all be represented by letter or by substitute.” WHILE Marietta does not intend to be conIn commenting upon this suggestion, the New- tent with one celebration - and ark American, published in Mr. Smucker's see no reason why she need be, with so much home, says: “But the prospect is not good to celebrate, and so much of enthusiasm to be for the proposed reunion, as the patriarch utilized—that of April 7 comes first, and so Thornhill has been confined to his home for deserves the first consideration. A circular has eight years. The present status of the venera- been received, signed by I. W. Andrews, A. ble proprietor of the Enquirer is not known. J. Warner, R. R. Dawes and others, in which Mr. Smucker feels the infirmities of age too the events of that day are fully set forth. To



quote the opening paragraph: “The landing Cincinnati Pioneer associations, and other or. of the pioneers at the mouth of the Muskingum ganizations have appointed delegates to repreon the seventh of April, 1788, has its parallel sent them on the occasion. Great historic inonly in the landing of the pilgrims at Plymouth terest centres in the event to be commemoin 1620. At a meeting of the directors of the rated, and many descendants of the pioneers Ohio company, December 3, 1788, a resolution will make a pilgrimage to the old home.” was adopted, “That the seventh day of April be forever considered a day of public festival in the territory of the Ohio company, as their

The paper of Honorable Amos Townsend of settlements in this commenced on that day.' Cleveland, in this issue, upon his experiences The first anniversary of the day was duly cele

in Kansas with the congressional committee of brated in 1789, Dr. Solomon Drown delivering 1856, possesses an unusual value, as it contains an oration. The day has been generally ob

much information in the possession of but a served in Marietta, and for many years the few, and upon a point around which the interPioneer Association of Cincinnati has held its

est of the people will ever be centered. The annual meeting on the seventh of April. The

Kansas-Nebraska question was

one of the words of Honorable Arius Nye, in his address great avenues through which the slaveholders in 1836, voiced the universal sentiment: Here forced war upon the people; and the outrages commenced on the seventh of April, 1788, the perpetrated upon the soil of the territory first State of Ohio, and here its history properly be

named had a powerful effect in the election of gins.' In 1858 the great audience that gath- Lincoln, and the solidifying of the Union ered to celebrate the seventieth anniversary

sentiment of the north. Mr. Townsend has was addressed by Ohio's most eminent citizen

told his story in a manner that gives it an unand son-Honorable Thomas Ewing."

usual interest and that must chain the atten

tion of the reader from first to last. " The celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of the settlement was determined on The election of Professor B. A. Hinsdale of some years ago, and a committee appointed by this city to a chair in the faculty of the the Washington County Pioneer association to University of Michigan, places the right man make the necessary arrangements. Honorable in the right place. He had outgrown Hiram George E. Hoar, United States senator from college years before he departed from it, and Massachusetts, will deliver an oration, and it was largely because he felt the need of an Honorable J. Randolph Tucker will represent enlarged field that he accepted the position of Virginia, the state whose delegates in congress superintendent of the Cleveland public schools. were so efficient in securing the great ordi- While he was a recognized power for good in nance of 1787, the ordinance itself having been these schools and made his influence felt in enacted with special reference to the colony many ways during his short incumbency, it founded at Marietta on the seventh of April, was not the place for him-school board tac1788. The Ohio Archäological and Historical tics, the rush and push of aspiring politicians society will hold its annual meeting at the and the hot-house methods of many school same time, and addresses will be given by supporters not being forces to which he was Honorable Thomas Ewing of New York city, accustomed or that could be at all congenial. Judge Joseph Cox and others. Appropriate But in the great institution to which he has exercises will be held on Sunday, the eighth, gone, among scholars, and engaged in teaching and a discourse will be delivered by Rev. to others what he knows so well—the theory Henry M. Storrs, D. D., of New Jersey. The and science of education-he has found the American Historical association, as well as right place and will command a success as ex. state historical societies, state societies of the tended as his best friends could wish,

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